Biography of Mahmoud Darwish
Mahmoud Darwish is a Palestinian poet and writer born on March 13, 1941 in the village of Al-Birwa in Palestine. He was the second child of Salim and the dervish; His mother was illiterate, but his grandfather helped him read and write.
In 1947, at the age of six, the Israeli army destroyed their village, and Mahmoud Darwish and his family fled the village under a rain of bombs. After being expelled from their hometowns and villages, thousands of Palestinians fled to refugee camps in southern Lebanon and were unable to return to their villages.
He worked for Al-Ittihad and Al-Jadeed parties and later became the editor of Al-Jadeed magazine. He was repeatedly arrested and detained by Israeli forces on charges of political statements and activities, first in 1961 and then in 1965, 1966, 1967 and 1969, and lived in exile until 1970. He was not even allowed to leave his house, and the police would suddenly go to his house some nights to make sure he had not gone anywhere. Darwish moved to Cairo the same year and joined the Palestine Liberation Organization, then went to Lebanon and worked for the publishing houses of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Mahmoud Darwish describes his biography: "First What's important to the reader about my biography is in my poems. There is a proverb that says that every poem of music is a biography, while another theory states that the reader does not need to know the biography of a poet to understand and relate to the poem. Second, I want to feel that my biography is useful. My biography is normal and I do not like to complain too much about my personal life and its problems. Sometimes an autobiography makes a person show off. "I wrote features of my biography, especially about my childhood, in books such as Sad Diary." Darwish married twice, but both divorced. His first wife was Rana Kabani, a writer, and in the mid-1980s she married an Egyptian translator named Hayat Hini. He also had a history of heart disease, suffered a heart attack in 1984, followed by two heart surgeries in 1984 and 1998, and finally died on August 9, 2008 in the United States after heart surgery.
The theme of Mahmoud Darwish
In hundreds of poems published over nearly 50 years, Darwish expresses the deep regret and anger of Palestinians living inside and outside the borders of Israel and the Occupied Territories in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Is. In fact, the main theme in Darwish poems is the concept of homeland. He was influenced by the Arab poets "Abdul Wahab Bayati" and "Badr Shakir al-Sayyab".
Praise is welcomed. After returning to the newly established state of Israel, he began writing a poem expressing the sense of annihilation and exile that characterized his experience in Palestine. Darwish wrote in Arabic, and the intense emotions of his works inspired those in the Middle East who feared that the Arabic language would decline.
His poetic language created a metaphorical and symbolic atmosphere, transforming the ordinary meaning of words and containing hidden meanings. It was only discovered in that space. In fact, it is the atmosphere of Palestine in which words take on new meanings and new symbolic values and evoke different concepts and relationships. In one of his poems, Darwish mixed love for the land, woman and homeland (Palestine) and it became a symbol of dignity, life and future. When he returned to the Palestinian Authority, the content of his writings changed and the political landscape changed.
Darwish told the New York Times that readers sometimes misinterpret people's poems; "When I write a poem about my mother, the Palestinians think my mother is a symbol of Palestine, but I write as a poet and my mother is my mother and not a symbol of anything else." He proved that he could use his poetry to create longer narratives. Critics praised his ability to use symbols and translated his work more extensively, including into English. He published 30 volumes of poetry and eight books, including Adam of Eden, murals, The Stranger's Bed, Why You Left the Horse, Divan, and Eleven Planets. He published his first book of poetry, The Bumblebee Sparrows, at the age of nineteen, and published his poems in Al-Jadeed in the Literary Magazine of the Communist Party of Israel. He has won numerous awards, including the Lenin Peace Prize (1983), the Lenin Foundation Prize for Cultural Freedom (2001), and the International Association of Arabic Poetry Prize (2007). It received a lot of attention. His poems have been translated into more than 20 languages, including English, French and Russian, and won the Lotus Prize (1969) and the Lenin Peace Prize (1982), the Lenin Foundation Prize for Cultural Freedom (2001), and the International Arabic Poetry Association Prize (2007). His other famous works include Olive Leaves (1964), A Lover of Palestine (1966), Late Night (1967), My Beloved Awakens (1970), Sparrows Die in Galilee (1970). , I love you (1972); Action No. 7 (1974); Here is his picture and now Suicide of a Lover (1975), Celebrations (1976), Praise of the Long Shadow (1983); Siege for the Praises of the Sea (1984), That Song (1986), Less Red Rose (1986), Silver Comedy (1989), What I Want to See (1990), Eleven Stars (1992), Why did you leave the horse alone? (1996), The Stranger Woman (1995), Mural (2000), Under Siege (2002); He mentioned a case of Shahrbandan (2002).
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Some poems by Mahmoud Darvish
On this earth
There is something worthy of living on this land:
Doubt of May
The scent of bread in the morning
A woman's views about men
The writings of Aeschylus
The beginning of love
A plant on a rock
Mothers standing on the rope of a reed
and the attackers are afraid of memories.
There is something worthy of living in this land: p>
Last days of September
A woman in her forties at the height of her prosperity
Hour of sunshine and imprisonment in prison
A cloud of as many creatures
The cheers of a people for those who fill death with a smile
and the authoritarians' fear of songs.
the foreheads of my homeland
listen to me
and do not leave me behind these fences like a weed
like a dove in Do not leave me alone.>
Imprison me with a sunny hand
Come back to my prison window
to burn me, if you are eager,
I am eager with my stones, with my trees My olives,
with my windows with my glam
my homeland is your forehead
Hear my voice and do not leave me alone
I long for my mother's bread
eager for my mother's bread
my mother's coffee
and her hands
a child grows up in me
day by day
and I love my life
because if I die
I will be ashamed of my mother's tears!
if I come back one day
and cover my bones
that baptize ankle bone Keep my foot in a way of hair
of the thread that is Aviran from your shirt
May I become a god
If I touch the depths of your heart!
If I return
Put me in the oven like a piece of fire
and the rope on the back of the houses
that I can no longer stand
the noon prayer
bring back my childhood stars p>
to return with the little sparrows
to the waiting nest.
Tags: mahmoud, darwish, palestinian, national, poet, sings, love, homel