A look at the life and works of Gholam Hossein Saedi; Painful bone in the throat of Persian literature
Gholam Hossein Saedi, better known as Gohar Morad, a contemporary novelist, poet, playwright, journalist, political activist and psychiatrist, was born in Tabriz on December 15, 1961.
He has published more than forty books, which show his great talent in writing plays, novels, screenplays and short stories. In addition, he has left works in the non-fiction genre, such as numerous cultural and artistic critiques, a number of travelogues and several works in the field of ethnography.
It was considered to be Saedi's greatest work in 1348 by Dariush Mehrjoui and it is believed that this work was the beginning of a new wave of Iranian cinema.
Saedi went to France after the revolution and until his death on 2 Azar In 1985, he remained in Paris, one of the most prominent and prolific Iranian writers and intellectuals at the international level.
Gholam Hossein Saedi in Tabriz, the cultural and economic center of northwestern Iran He was born in the province of Azerbaijan.
His father was Ali Asghar Saedi and his mother was Tayyeba. His father, who was from the Saad al-Malik clan, worked as a government director. Economically, the Saedi family lived in relative poverty. His older sister died when he was 11 months old, but he and his younger sibling survived childhood.
In 1320, after the Soviet invasion of Tabriz, he and his family moved to a remote village. They fled to Azerbaijan province. Saedi fell in love with Iranian rural culture there. As a child, he was very interested in reading and spent most of his time reading the works of Anton Chekhov. He wrote in his memoirs many years later that it was in those days that "my eyes suddenly opened."
In 1324, his hometown became an autonomous socialist republic. Although the separatist government lasted only a year, it temporarily introduced the Azerbaijani language as an official language, which was very inspiring and influential for the young Saedi.
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He joined the Youth Organization in 1328 He joined the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan, an illegal and separatist party.
In addition to inciting the villagers against the big landlords, he published three magazines; Faryad, Saud and the youth of Azerbaijan helped a lot. In 1943, he and his younger brother were arrested and imprisoned in the Tabriz police prison after Ajax and the CIA's coup against Mohammad Mossadegh, the Democratic Prime Minister of Iran. In the aftermath of this event, although he relinquished his allegiance to the Tudeh Communist Party of Iran, he continued his literary, critical, and socio-political activities.
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Although Saedi began writing as a child, he began publishing his first short stories in the early 1930s. She published many stories during this decade, including her first play, "Lilajha", which she published in 1336, alias Gohar Morad, which was a female name.
After moving to Tehran in the early 1940s, he and his brother Akbar established a clinic in the south of the city, a poor area, and There he became acquainted with a large number of Iranian literary intellectuals. In addition to living with Ahmad Shamloo, the famous lyricist, he became friends with Jalal al-Ahmad, the author of the book "Westernization", Simin Daneshvar, Parviz Natel Khanlari, Jamal Mirsadeghi, Mina Asadi and many other literary figures of his time. He also traveled many times to the south of Iran, especially the coastal areas of the Persian Gulf, and wrote many ethnographic works based on these trips.
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Freedom of expression in Iran declined sharply in the 1940s. Saedi and other intellectuals of the time objected to the policies of the Ministry of Culture and Arts in 1345, which forced all publishers to obtain government permission to publish literary works. Saedi and other writers formed the Writers' Association of Iran in 1347 after the defeat of their protests.
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Although censorship of some of his works continued, Saedi continued to publish his writings. In addition to plays, stories, novels and screenplays, Saedi also participated in the publication of literary magazines and scientific journals and also published many translations of scientific works related to the world psychiatric field.
In 1329, Amirkabir Publications Saedi was the editor of Alphabet Magazine, a literary quarterly. However, in 1943, the Pahlavi government banned the publication and SAVAK arrested and tortured Saedi in this regard. Saedi's depression began almost a year after the incident and his release from Evin Prison.
In 1977, he participated in the "Ten Nights of Poetry" ceremony in Tehran, which was organized by the Iranian Writers' Association in collaboration with the Goethe Institute. At the event, a representative of the International Committee to Freedom of Expression and the American Publishers Association invited Saedi to New York City, where he accepted the lawsuit, where he spoke and met with American playwright Arthur Miller.
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During the revolution, he joined the National Democratic Front, a liberal left-wing party (in Mossadegh's honor) founded in opposition to the right. Paris founded the Association of Iranian Writers in Exile and re-launched the Alphabet Magazine. In addition, he founded the Iranian Theater Association in Exile and wrote two other plays with several articles.
Although the migration of his literary activities did not stop him, BingMag
aggravated the pain of exile, depression, and Saedi alcoholism. In 1985, after years of excessive alcohol consumption, Saedi contracted liver cirrhosis. However, he continued to drink until he was admitted to Saint-Antoine Hospital in Paris on Saturday, November 2, 1985, and finally died on Saturday, November 2, 1985, while his wife and father were with him. A few days later, during a memorial service organized by the Iranian Writers' Association in Exile, he was buried in the Per Lachez Cemetery in Paris near the tomb of Sadegh Hedayat.
Saedi In 1321, he went to Badr Primary School. He started high school in Mansour school in 1327, but later he was transferred to Hekmat school. He graduated from high school in 1333 and entered the medical school of Tabriz University in the same year. After graduating in 1940, he completed his compulsory military service as a doctor in the Sultanabad barracks in Tehran. In 1341, he enrolled in the medical school of the University of Tehran and received his medical specialty in the field of psychiatry, and at the same time spent his medical residency at Roozbeh Hospital.
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Saedi wrote his first play, Pygmalion, at the age of 21.> 1339 - Carbafka in the trench
1340 - Kalateh Gol
1342 - Ten games (10 pantomime plays)
1344 - Varzil sticks> 1344 - The best father in the world
1345 - Five plays from the Constitutional Revolution </46> 1346 - Ai Baklah, Ai Bikolah, Nil Publications
1346 - Home Roshani (five plays)
1347 - Dictation and angle (two plays)
1348 - Fatteners
1349 - Woe to the defeated
1349 - We do not hear (Three plays
1349 - Successor
1350 - Eye to eye
1352 - Snake in the temple
1354 - The end of writing (two plays)
1354 - Hengameh Arayan
1355 - Zahak
1357 - Honeymoon
Collection of stories
His first work of fiction called Houses of the city of Rey in 1336 in Tabriz Published
1334 - Houses of the City of Rey
1339 - Magnificent Supper
1343 - The Mourners of Bail (eight continuous stories)
1345 - Dandil (four stories)
1345 - Tomb and Cradle (three short stories)
1346 - Fearless of their anonymous (six short stories)
1347 - Fear and trembling (Six continuous short stories) 1377 - Turbulent awakening (ten short stories)
1344 - Murder
1348 - Ball 1353 - Smiling Tatar
1355 - Stranger in the City
Place of Claw in the Air (Unfinished)
p> 1348 - Season of Arrogance, Tehran: Nil Publications
1349 - We Do Not Hear, Tehran: Payam Publications
1350 - Cattle
1357 - Sanatorium, Tehran: Spark Publications 1982 - Molus Corpus unpublished - Enamel Circle unpublished - Renaissance 1351 - Peace in the presence of others (from the book "Anonymous fears and signs")
1342 - Ilkhchi
1343 - Khiav or Meshkinshahr
1345 - Ahl-e-Hawa
1342 - Heart, heart disease and blood pressure, by H.
Yeshexley, with Mohammad Ali Naghshineh
1343 - USA America, written by Elia Kazan, with Mohammad Naghi Braheni
1342 - "Poor" pantomime, starring Jafar Wali, on TV
1344 - The play "Woods of Versailles", directed by Jafar Wali; The play "The Best Dad in the World", directed by Ezatullah Entezami, at the Sangalaj Theater </45>
1345 - the play "Roofs and Sub-Rooms" and "From the Fallen", directed by Jafar Vali, on television; "Nene Ensi", directed by Jafar Vali, at Sangalaj Theater; The play "Wolves" and "Cows", directed by Jafar Vali, on television in 1346 - The play "I Baklah, I Bikulah", directed by Jafar Vali, at Sangalaj Theater; Plays "Bright House", directed by Ali Nasirian; The play "Invitation", directed by Jafar Vali, at the Sangalaj Theater; The play "Hand on Hand", directed by Jafar Vali; "Blessed are the tolerant", directed by Davood Rashidi, on TV 1347 - play "Dictation and Angle", directed by Davood Rashidi, on Sangalaj Theater
1348 - play "Parvabandan" ", Directed by Mohammad Ali Jafari, in Tehran and other cities
1349 - The play" Woe to the defeated ", directed by Davood Rashidi, at the Sangalaj Theater
1351 - The play" Eye to Eye , Directed by Hormoz Hedayat, in the student hall
1363 - The play "Othello in Wonderland", directed by Nasser Rahmaninejad in France and several other European cities
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