A look at the image of madness in literature; From “The Picture of Dorian Gray” to “Natur Dasht”

Nervousness of each of us in the real world is the cause of many sufferings for ourselves and those around us. And dealing with them will probably be extremely boring; But reading and watching the fate of an insane character in various movies and stories is definitely not like this. From the beginning of the story to today, from legends and myths to modern stories, we are faced with a multitude of characters who behave in a certain way for different reasons; A special kind that usually contradicts the normal behavior expected from people of the same period.

BingMag.com A look at the image of madness in literature; From “The Picture of Dorian Gray” to “Natur Dasht”

Nervousness of each of us in the real world is the cause of many sufferings for ourselves and those around us. And dealing with them will probably be extremely boring; But reading and watching the fate of an insane character in various movies and stories is definitely not like this. From the beginning of the story to today, from legends and myths to modern stories, we are faced with a multitude of characters who behave in a certain way for different reasons; A special kind that usually contradicts the normal behavior expected from people of the same period.

According to Roy Porter, British historian, all societies from the beginning of history until now They give part of people to madness; Apart from the clinical justifications, calling people crazy was generally based on the mechanism of labeling different and abnormal people. By labeling the differences between people, societies highlight them and then post those differences to blame the different people. It can probably be said that this process of labeling and creating opposites of the "us and them" type actually originates from the need of societies to maintain their existing identity order. Anyway, if we go back to the realm of culture and literature, we will come across many of these stories. In religious myths and ancient stories, insanity was usually seen as a punishment for humans by God (gods). As Euripides, the Greek poet and playwright, said: "Those whom the gods destroy are the first to be driven to madness." With the passage of time and the gradual complexity of societies and scientific advances, the view of madness also changed, and its manifestations in artistic and literary works also underwent changes; For example, the psyche of Shakespeare's heroes is nothing like Sophcle's Oedipus. People being played by supernatural forces gave way to individuality and will, and people were crazy for a much more varied reason. The meaning of insanity and neurosis became more complicated over the ages than it can be closed with the punishment of the gods and the possession of demons. It was almost two centuries ago that the representation of the inner world of the modern man and the pathology of his neurosis entered the fiction literature. We pay that it is an excuse to wander into the complex of human beings.

The sufferings of young Werther; Voluntarily Walking the Path of Destruction

BingMag.com A look at the image of madness in literature; From “The Picture of Dorian Gray” to “Natur Dasht”

Goethe's first novel was a romance that was published in 1774 and it can be The title of the pioneer and pioneer of the emergence of a type of stories that explores the inner psyche of the hero is one of its important aspects. Also, due to the novel's epistolary style, the field is more open to deal with the interior of the main character, and external events play a lesser role. The huge and widespread acceptance of this book all over the world is one of the special events in the history of literature; So that among the common people, the hero of the story named Werther found an independent existence from the novel and for years had followers who even chose their type of clothing based on his appearance descriptions in the book. But for Goethe himself, this first novel somehow acted as a self-discovery and cultivation in his personal life.

The story of an artist named Werther who goes into self-imposed isolation in a small village, where he falls in love with a girl named Charlotte. will be A girl who is the head of another man. From this point, Werther's obsessive love begins, and in the shadow of this failure and facing a personal abyss, he finds only self-destruction as a solution. Werther was the epitome of a Byronic hero before Lord Byron wanted to be born; A romantic hero whose destiny is drowned in ruin. A man who sees the only way to salvation is love, which leads to destruction. For him, Lotte's love was his revenge on nature and life. Although Werther tried hard to reconcile himself with nature and life, his depressed mind and insatiable desire for suffering captured him every time. Thomas Mann, the famous German writer, points to a place in the novel where Lotte says to Werther, "Don't you feel that you are deceiving yourself and knowingly ruining your life?..." and Werther laughs mockingly in response. yes He consciously ruins his life because he does not imagine any other destiny for himself. Werther was obsessed with liberation and saw death as the only solution before him. A solution that only a damaged and suffering psyche suggests; "I often feel like this too. I want to open a vein and thus achieve eternal freedom."

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Picture of Dorian Grey; Who has the patience to look inside?

BingMag.com A look at the image of madness in literature; From “The Picture of Dorian Gray” to “Natur Dasht”

This Oscar Wilde masterpiece was published in 1891. A masterpiece that at that time, like its creator, saw so much cruelty that he experienced both the carpet and the throne after many years. Wilde lived as he liked. He once said: "The life of an artistic man must be a complete life, and the climax." Perfection is when ups and downs, happiness and sadness, success and failure are all together." His only novel also suffered such a fate.

"The Picture of Dorian Gray" is the story of a young man who sells his soul in exchange for eternal youth. An idea that has a long history in the history of literature, but Wilde creates a new image by adding the complexities of his hero. Dorian Gray, the beautiful hero of the novel, becomes a subject to create a painting by Basil the painter. In the meantime, his acquaintance with Lord Henry, one of Basil's friends, and Henry's extreme philosophy in praising the beauty and symmetry of this discussion by watching his own portrait, begins his transformation. It is as if Dorian was never aware of this quality of his beautiful appearance and did not take advantage of it. It is here that he utters that cursed wish; That he himself remains young and his image tastes the world instead of him. He felt weak in front of his image and this was the beginning of his crazy fascination with beauty. He gets so immersed in the world without good and bad that he finally loses his power of discernment. Under the influence of Lord Henry, he sells his soul to his image and the image takes him captive as the devil. An image that reveals the monster face of his soul by committing every sin, and no matter how hidden from view, it clearly pulls him in its mouth. Moral analysis or trying to take advice from the story and fate of Dorian is not only a result of bad taste, but even a betrayal of the creator of the work. Wilde believed that there is no such thing as a moral or immoral book, stories are either well written or bad; This. And "The Picture of Dorian Gray" with all the edges around it is the true meaning of this sentence. A masterpiece story of a beautiful and innocent boy who sacrifices his ordinary life to stay beautiful; And this is where the monster is born.

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  • 68 memorable quotes by Oscar Wilde; The sultan of low competition, the witty words of Qasar

Natour Dasht; I rebel, therefore I am

BingMag.com A look at the image of madness in literature; From “The Picture of Dorian Gray” to “Natur Dasht”

J.D. With the publication of this novel in 1951, Salinger became one of the most attractive contemporary American writers, and "Natour Dasht" became one of the most controversial American novels in history. In such a way that even the book itself found an identity beyond a novel, and in connection with two terrorist attacks, its head was also found; One is the assassination of President Ronald Reagan and the other is the murder of the legendary John Lennon. This issue has continued to the point that even if we see "Natur Dasht" in the hands of the main character in a novel or movie, we unconsciously find ourselves ready for a tragedy to happen.

"Natur Dasht" is the story of an isolated teenager. There is a 16-year-old named Holden Caulfield, who has just been kicked out of his boarding school and wants to hang around New York Wall for 3 days before returning home. By adopting a first-person narrative, Salinger leaves us directly alone with his hero. Holden is going to tell us his story. He is not a normal boy. He shows too much sensitivity to the events around him and on the other hand blames himself too much. He sees himself in front of the society and hesitates between accepting and rejecting the norms of his time, and this makes him a strange and crazy character among the people around him. Like a sociologist, he observes his surroundings well, and by the way, he believes that conforming to what is the norm is madness. It is this observation and resistance to accepting society's standards that makes him sick, depressed and nervous. His bitter past and the loss of his brother at the age of 13 have made him pessimistic about any event and he has never been willing to go through the mourning process. What makes the experience of reading "Natur Dasht" terrifying beyond Salinger's humor is his precise description of Holden, which deeply touches a sensitive point of the audience's psyche. Following the monologues of a disobedient teenager with a dark past can be our return to the depths of our memories of the dark days we spent. Finally, in the darkest moments and on the edge of the abyss, nature is ready to save us from falling. As Holden visualized it in his imagination; "I know it's ridiculous, but I just want to do the same thing. Even though I know it's ridiculous." His younger sister, Phoebe, did this ridiculous thing to Holden, and in the end that's all that matters; This world and its people need more ridiculous things.

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  • How is Holden Caulfield, the main character of Natur Dasht, so real?

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