1. Earth Fruits by Knut Hamson
Knut Hamson was born on August 4, 1859, in a rural area of Norway. Not much is known about his childhood, when Hamson immigrated to the United States at the age of 22 for a better future. His first famous work was The Hungry Novel, a psychoanalytic autobiography inspired by some of the leading writers of the twentieth century, such as Kafka. Many writers consider him a descendant of Dostoevsky and influenced by Nietzsche's thought.
The most controversial part of Knut's life is his defense of Nazism and National Socialism. He awarded Goebbels the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1943 and remained a defender of the Nazi regime for the rest of his life, leading to his isolation. Some believe that his political views have prevented his works from being properly respected. Some critics believe that Hamsut's interest in National Socialism was driven by his hatred of British imperialism and the Anglo-Saxon governments. Regardless of the author's political mindset, his work has placed great emphasis on European and American writers. Knut Hamson's most important writings include Hunger, Secrets, Pan, Game of Life, and Victoria. The author died on February 19, 1953, at the age of 93 in his native country. Is. The main character of this story is a person named Isaac who leaves his village to prepare for a barren land. The novel emphasizes issues such as the importance of land and family formation, and seeks to show what humans are identified with. There is a kind of optimistic attitude towards rural people in the fruits of the earth. Although Isaac has gone to these barren lands for farming, strange things happen in his life and mines are discovered under his fields. But the attainment of such wealth does not impress or seduce him, Isaac has the potential to keep his soul healthy. In this book, Knut Hamson somehow touches on the foundations of capitalism and the urban way of life. The novel Earth Fruits was first published in 1917, and its author won the Nobel Prize in Literature for such a work.. Thomas Mann 's Book of Being Brooks
Thomas Mann is without a doubt one of the most important writers of the first half of the twentieth century, with fascinating novels and short stories.
Thomas Mann was born on June 6, 1875, in the German city of Lbeck. He belonged to a wealthy bourgeois family and his father was a grain merchant. The family's financial means enabled Thomas to be trained by the best teachers in his city. He lost his father when he was 19 and decided to move to Munich to survive. Munich was one of the most important cities in Germany at that time. After arriving in Munich, he went to Ludwig Maximilian University to continue his education.
Five years after attending the University of Munich, he moved to Rome with his brother, returning from a trip in 1905 while At the age of thirty, he married Katia Pringsheim. Katya was the daughter of a professor at the University of Munich. Gradually, Thomas Mann became more famous for his writing. During this time he published books such as Tristan, Her Majesty and Death in Venice. But the book that revived him was The Magic Mountain, published in 1924.
He was one of the first to warn of Nazi rule in Germany, and two years ago The rise of the National Socialist Party, they called them barbarians because of their racist beliefs. When Hitler came to power in 1932, Thomas was not in Germany but was able to live in his country for a year by taking a softer stance. But in 1933 he was persecuted by the security services of the Third Reich and was forced to leave his homeland and go to Switzerland.
Finally in 1936 he was stripped of his German citizenship due to his outspoken criticism of the Nazi Party. He could not return to his country. During World War II, between 1940 and 1944, the author worked for VOA, but remained in the United States after World War II until he was accused of defending Stalinism and was forced to defend the United States. He left for Switzerland. In the same year he settled in the village of Erlbach, near the city of Zurich, and lived there for the rest of his life. He eventually died of a heart attack on August 12, 1955, at a hospital in Zurich. He also has the French Donor Legion.
And began in 1897. This book was published 4 years later. In The Decline of a Family, Thomas Mann tells the story of a nineteenth-century bourgeois family living in their hometown of Lbeck, narrating four generations of the family's life and referring to the decline of their lives.
Some The book is considered a reference to German history. The modernization of Germany was very different from that of Western Europe, and they never had much power in the German-occupied territories of the merchant or bourgeoisie. Some believe that the modernization and formation of Germany has not been ineffective in the outbreak of two world wars. In this work, Thomas Mann depicts the gradual decline and destruction of a weak class by the state bureaucracy, the aristocracy and the military, which ultimately has a significant impact on the fate of Germany and the state of the world. Thomas Mann received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1927, 26 years after it was written, and was the third German-language author to achieve this great success.
With the help of Mademoiselle Youngman and Nadima, the consul, the maid, with her bare, reddish arms, thick skirt, and red hat and small hat on her head, served hot vegetable soup and toast from above, and they all started with caution. To eat. Mr. Kopp's resounding voice suffocated the scattered conversations: What vastness, what splendor I must say, happy to live in such a house. "Yes, I have to say." His lineage did not extend to the aristocracy, and unfortunately he could not eliminate some of the speech defects, such as the repetition of "I have to say." Instead, he used to say "really": "Waqa"
Mr. Curtins, who was usually aware of many things. "Not much money was spent on the purchase," he said dryly, and then carefully watched the bay through the ring. Be as diverse as possible. But such a thing was not possible with everyone. So the Ordicans, as usual, sat tightly together and nodded sincerely to each other. Krueger Sr., with his broad chest and raised head, sat between Senator Langhalls and Madame Antonte, turning his hand alternately to one of the ladies and jokingly jokingly.. The Thibaut Family Book by Roger Martin de Guar h Roger Martin de Gugar was born on March 31, 1881, in the aristocratic district of Neuve-sur-Seine on the western outskirts of Paris. Opened. The author's childhood was spent in peace, and in 1892 he went to the cole Suprieure de Paris, one of the most prestigious high schools in the country, and spent the last two years of his education at the Johnson de Gaulle High School.
He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for his 1937 book The Thibaut Family. Rouge Marin was a very sensitive writer and was obsessed with writing his books. From 1941 to 1958, he devoted himself to writing a lengthy novel called The Memoirs of Colonel Momor, which he repeatedly abandoned, and which, due to his death on August 22, 1958, remained incomplete. He was 77 years old at the time of his death and had experienced two world wars during his lifetime.
This prominent writer was buried in Nice, France. Among the works of this author, we can mention the drama of the silent person and two humorous plays of Baba Lulu's will and inflation.
The Thibaut family is without a doubt the most important work of Roger Martin Dugar. This author deals with the history of France in the form of the life story of a French family. In its early volumes, the book paints a picture of the world before the outbreak of World War II and tells us what moral and cultural issues French society struggled with from the beginning of the nineteenth century until the beginning of World War I. In general, this story revolves around the lives of two brothers named Antoine and Jacques. Antoine is a conservative and wise man who is interested in the legacy of his social class, but Jacques can be considered a rebellious man who likes to change the world and hates the relations of the capitalist world. As a two-fire socialist, he is stubborn to the Roman Catholic Church. In other words, it can be said that Antoine and Jacques are the symbols of two ways of thinking in France, one that seeks gradual and gradual change and the other that seeks fundamental change. Both brothers also undergo many mental changes along the way. Antoine, for example, loses his faith in the Catholic Church and becomes a secular human being. But with the outbreak of World War I, both brothers face a similar fate.
The Thibaut family novel can be considered an anti-war work. The final volumes of this book deal with the consequences of the First World War in Europe.
The above work has been translated into Persian by Niloufar Publications and by Abolhassan Najafi.
Antoine tried to prevent Be amazed. How obsessively Jacques hid the truth from his closest friend! Why? Was he ashamed? Perhaps the same shame that owed Mr. Thibaut to his penitentiary where his son was imprisoned. In the eyes of the people, it looks like a "religious institution by the river Avaz"? Suddenly the suspicion came to his mind that maybe these letters were spelled by others to his brother. Maybe they are scaring this baby? He recalled the struggle of one of the revolutionary newspapers in the city of Boeh against his father, who made serious accusations against the "Foundation for the Protection of Society." Of course, Mr. Thibaut claimed his status in court and forced the clerks to pay compensation in all areas. But still?
Antoine only trusted his personal views. He asked:
Can you show me one of these letters? (And when he saw Daniel blush, he apologized with a late smile :) Let me see just one of them. Whichever you want ..Buy Thibaut family book from BingMag Buy Thibaut family book from Fidibo
4. Ernest Hemingway 's The Old
Man and the Sea Ernest Miller Hemingway was born
on January 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. . His father was a
doctor and his mother a singing and piano teacher. Ernest's
childhood vacation was spent mostly in northern Michigan. He found
out there that he was very interested in fishing. After
graduating from high school, he worked as a reporter for a local
magazine, and when the United States entered World War I, he
decided to join the military, but military doctors recognized
that he did not need to be due to poor eyesight. Participate
in the war. However, Ernest worked as a Red Cross ambulance driver
in Italy and was injured while on duty. The severity of his
injuries left him hospitalized for months. At the end of the war
and his return to Oak Park, the townspeople hailed him as a hero.
Ernst resumed his journalistic work, writing many books between
1921 and 1926, and his reputation as a writer grew.
One of the most important parts of Ernest Hemingway's life was reporting on the Spanish Civil War. And it made the people of the United States more aware of this war and its catastrophes. It was during these battles that he became interested in socialism. The author was also very interested in the Cuban communist government and spent several years of his life there. Travels and as a reporter. The American author received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 for his book The Old Man and the Sea. The last decade of the novelist's life was spent in peace. He finally passed away on July 2, 1961. Ernst's family initially claimed that his death was due to a mistake in cleaning his gun, but five years later his wife, Marie Welch, confessed to Ernest's suicide. that Hemingway began writing in 1951 while living in Cuba. The book is Hemingway's latest work of fiction, and Ernest's novel has not been published since. In this story, an old fisherman is trying to catch a big fish spear. This is not easy for him, and yet he has many scary experiences to reach his goal and goes to distant seas. In this book, the old man remembers his youth and glory when it was not difficult for him to catch big and strange fish.
This novel was first published in the first issue of Life magazine in 1952 and in just two days 5 million copies of the magazine were sold.
As mentioned, Ernest Hemingway has been interested in fishing since he was a child. In addition, his main hobbies during his stay in Cuba were sailing and sailing. He inspired the old man's character with a real person named Gregorio Fuentes, who was hired to protect Ernst's boat.
This book has been translated into Persian by Najaf Daryabandari and published by Kharazmi Publications.
In the cottage, the mast leaned against the wall. In the dark he found a blue bottle and drank a sip. Then he lay on the bed. He pulled the blanket over his shoulders, then threw it over his back and legs, and fell asleep with his face sunk in the newspapers, his arms wide open, and his palms facing up.that the inflatable boats could not go to sea and the boy had slept until late and had come to the old man's hut like every morning. The boy saw that the old man was breathing, and then he saw his hands and cried. He went out slowly to get some coffee and cried all the way.
Most of the fishermen had gathered around the boat to look at what he had brought with him, and one of them had raised his ankles. And he was measuring the length of the fish skeleton in the water with a string. The Book of Dan Aram by Mikhail Sholokhov Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov, a prominent Russian writer and novelist, was born on May 24, 1905 in the village of Krozhlenin in The south side of the Dan River was born. The author's parents were simple peasants who lived on agriculture. Mikhail's mother was of Ukrainian descent. Participation in this bloody battle had a profound effect on young Mikhail's beliefs, and he gradually became interested in writing. The political apparatus of the Soviet Union was very interested in this novelist and did not consider him an undesirable element. He won the Stalin Prize in 1941 at the age of 36, and the Lenin Prize in 1960 for his valuable work in Russian literature. Among the well-known books of the above novelist, we can mention works such as Dan Aram, Zamin Noabad, The Fate of a Man and a Mole. Mikhail was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1965 at the age of 60 for his novel Dan Aram. Many literary critics place him next to Bulgakov and consider him one of the greatest Russian-language writers.
Dan Aram can be considered a masterpiece of Mikhail Sholokhov. This author devoted from 1928 to 1940 to write the above work. Dan Aram's four-volume novel is a story about the life and times of the Cossacks living around the Dan River, and in particular the biography of a family called the Malkhov. The story begins in the last years of Tsarist rule in Russia and deals with the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War and its aftermath, which is one of the most important periods in Russian history and has been able to change the face of the world. .
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