If we liken the mind to a car, we imagine that we are sitting behind the driver's seat and making decisions according to our conscious will, but if a little If we look inside, we find that in many situations an automated routing system is installed in our minds, the mechanism of which is beyond our knowledge and understanding. What we see is just a display screen showing the output of complex software running on more complex hardware.
If we do not try to become more familiar with this routing system, its mechanism To learn where to go and how to start over if we fall into the wrong path, we may wander aimlessly around the world, ending up in a dull place at best and a catastrophic place at worst.
Carl Jung, a Swiss psychologist, was one of the greatest and most powerful figures of the twentieth century who sought to discover the mind from within and gain a full understanding of this system of mental and inner navigation.Jung was born in 1875 in Kesswil, Switzerland to a relatively low-income family. His father, Paul Jung, was a village priest, and his mother, Emilie Jung, was a depressed and strange woman who thought she could see ghosts.
A picture of Carl Jung's parents
Jung was a very introverted and isolated child And he spent most of his time alone, doing things like fantasizing, projecting, sorting things out, and analyzing the adults around him.
As a kid, he hated school and his performance was so bad. He was suffering from a nervous breakdown and was fainting so that he would not have to endure school. However, as Jung matured, and when his father questioned his abilities, Jung underwent an inner transformation and pursued education with great enthusiasm, so that in his spare time he also began to study, especially the study of philosophical texts and After completing middle school and making sure he did not intend to pursue his family business, religious work, Jung studied medicine at the University of Basel. In 1902, after receiving his medical degree from the University of Zurich, Jung worked at the Psychiatric Hospital under Eugen Bleuler, a prominent and influential psychologist. A few years later, he left the hospital and opened his own office.
As Jung became more successful and well-known in his field, he became one of the most well-known, revolutionary, and controversial psychologists of all time, or perhaps of all time. Introduced: Sigmund Freud.
These two first appeared in 1907 They met. They sometimes talked for about 13 hours during their meetings. Their acquaintance gradually led to a strong friendship and working relationship. They traveled the world and gave lectures together, analyzed each other's dreams, and discussed various aspects of their psychological studies and theories.
However, given that Freud He had more professional careers and was older than Jung, defining their relationship in a way that was more like a father-son-teacher-student relationship than a friendship. Unfortunately, this continued to cause problems for them as Jung progressed and Jung's credit equated with Freud's credit, and they began to oppose the most fundamental aspects of each other's theories. Finally, due to:
- differences of opinion
- Jung's tendency to pay mystical attention to the human mind and Freud's tendency to pay scientific (or quasi-scientific) and reductionist attention to the human mind
- Father-son dynamics of their relationship
- Jung's desire for work independence
Their friendship ended in 1913. Following this separation, Jung suffered a mental breakdown between 1913 and 1918. During this time he devoted much time to introspection and writing about the psychological experiments he performed on himself, the main purpose of which was to explore the depths of his subconscious mind. During this period of transition, independence, and mental turmoil, he developed a relatively consistent view of the human mind and established his identity as an independent theorist in the field of psychology. What is the personality of the world?
In short, Jung's main goal was to understand the human psyche and to develop theories and methods that would help him to connect all the separate parts of his mind. And created a single, harmonious whole.
In this context, the psyche refers to a person's complete personality and includes his feelings, thoughts, and behaviors: that is, the combination of his conscious and unconscious mind. According to Jung, the main goal of life and psychological understanding is to constantly strive to explore the psyche through the process of self-understanding and to become a person who adheres to his principle. Jung wrote:
"It is the duty of man to be aware of what is coming out of his subconscious mind, as far as can be understood, the purpose of man's existence is to shine a light in the darkness of existence." .
According to Jung, the conscious and subconscious mind of the mind are constantly interacting, and this Interaction shapes our whole personality. However, this character develops mainly in the subconscious mind, under our consciousness and control of the moment. So much of our true personality, what we love from the bottom of our hearts and what we are capable of doing, and why we do what we do, is in a realm of mind that we do not directly understand and do not have access to. Therefore, in order for human existence to be more complete and more committed to its principle, each person must strive to access this part of his mind and integrate it with his conscious conscience. Jung called this process "Individuation."
To better understand this, it is necessary to understand Jung's model of the human psyche. He divided the human psyche into three parts:
- Individual Unconsciousness
- Collective Unconsciousness Collective Unconsciousness)
Conscious conscience is the part of the human mind in which man It is self-aware and recognizes itself consciously and directly. Jung stated that there is another structure in the center of the conscious mind called the Ego. The ego is at the center of the conscious mind, and from it arises a sense of our individual difference and distinction. Everyone tells a story about themselves to create a coherent identity for themselves. The ego is the part of the mind that defines the story.
In the realm of the conscious mind, what Jung calls the "Persona" expresses the ego to the outside world. A persona is an active effort to present an image of oneself to the outside world. This persona is largely separate from the real self, because the persona is essentially a character that each person wants to be, or thinks he or she is, according to what the ego dictates based on the norms of society and the individual's role in it. The individual is not the same.
To perform and maintain this pretense, the ego either removes or deepens different aspects of the individual and the real self's experience. What the ego filters, limits, and suppresses in the mind is sent to the subconscious.
One of Jung's most unique and profound insights that distinguishes him from other psychologists is that he divides the subconscious into two. He divided the distinct section: the individual subconscious mind and the collective unconscious mind.
The individual subconscious mind is no different from the definition given by Freud and other psychologists of the time. According to this definition, after the ego suppresses and discards the undesirable aspects of experience and the real self, these aspects are hidden and stored in the subconscious mind, in the layers below our ordinary conscious mind. However, these repressed aspects continue to actively interact with the conscious conscience.
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But the collective subconscious is different from the individual subconscious and other preconceived notions of the human psyche. According to Jung, the collective subconscious contains universal elements inherited from the entirety of human history, and its mechanism is very similar to the biological aspect of generational inheritance. Jung wrote:
"Slowly and steadily humanity, in the process that took many years to reach the age of civilization, has been developing its mental consciousness, there is still a long way to go until this evolution reaches "It will come to an end, because large parts of the human mind are still in darkness." A psyche has formed that continues to the point of the beginning of human history. Every human being, therefore, automatically inherits a set of psychological tendencies, structures, and memories created by this chain.
1. One was his own work as a psychologist, during which he realized that in the subconscious minds of many of his patients, a series of similar elements were constantly being repeated.
2. The second was his own historical and mythological research, during which he realized that the motifs, symbols, and themes he had observed in the subconscious of his patients were also prevalent in works of art, mythology, and literature of different cultures at different times. The fact is that these cultures often had no interaction with each other.
According to Jung, these common themes, symbols, and themes embody the various psychological structures that are institutionalized in the minds of all human beings. Jung called these structures archetypes.
In Jung's paradigm of the human psyche, these archetypes form the basis of each individual's personality and form the basis of a number of mental tendencies. In the combination of the individual and the collective subconscious, all the repressed, rejected, and unknown aspects with which the ego does not want to be attributed form the shadow of man. Inside the shadow are also Animus and Anima Anima) are located. Anime refers to repressed feminine features in men and animos refers to repressed masculine features in women.
An image of the human mind, as defined by Jung
According to Jung, all the mentioned structures of the psyche work together to create what is at the center of the human psyche Bring: It means the concept of The Self, which is the perfect combination of the conscious and unconscious human conscience in its most basic state. , What it really is capable of doing, and in a nutshell, the ultimate goal of individualization, and consequently of having a satisfying life, is to bring the ego and the large amount of persona as close as possible to the ideal of the "real self." Through methods such as therapy, introspection, Authenticity, or a combination of these, for Jung, each person's goal is to discover his or her own reality and strive to achieve it.
In all areas, d Real self-acceptance is Radical Self-acceptance. In order to accept oneself, one must be honest with oneself. To reach the depths of the psyche, each person must use every opportunity to review and analyze his feelings, thoughts, and actions, and he must do so by observing an important condition: one must understand the meaning behind each feeling, thought, and Accept what he does with the utmost sincerity, even if accepting it means accepting a bitter and unpleasant truth about himself; Accepting the fact that he may not be the person he hopes or aspires to.
Taking advantage of any of these opportunities, whether personal or professional, is like taking a small step to the depths of the subconscious. However, the lower one goes down this ladder and encounters the deeper and darker aspects of one's being in this dreadful crypt, the more one must try to accept its shadow - that is, all the shortcomings and potential it has for being filthy - as part of one's being. , Not to climb the stairs quickly out of self-denial and deception, and to close the crypt firmly behind him.
The shadow of the human psyche is not something that can be destroyed by ignoring it, as The faster you run, the faster the shadow of your physical body will follow. There are no tricks or tactics that can be used to separate a person from his shadow. In fact, the shadow becomes a serious danger if it tries to ignore and deny it. Jung wrote:
"Goodness gets worse not by magnifying, but by getting worse, and if it ignores or suppresses a small evil, it becomes a great evil." "Shadows are an integral part of human nature, and it is only at night that there is no shadow."
Identified and managed his presence. To solve any problem, one must first become aware of it, and the first step to healing is to admit that one is sick. Radicalization and individualization are not at all a simple and clear process. In fact, if we want to have an absolute view of these concepts, it seems almost impossible to do them, and for a person who has a normal life, accepting himself is one of the hardest things he can do in his life.
- If you can honestly acknowledge your shortcomings, your weaknesses, your capacity for filth, and your shameful and unusual traits and tendencies
- If you can acknowledge the traits of others that cause you to fear and hate, Be yourself/
- If you can convince yourself that you will never be completely the person you think you are, or want to be,
- if you can accept that as much as you think You are not a good person/
- If you can deal with things that your mind has spent a lifetime trying to avoid
then your psyche will change However, doing these things is essential to a full and satisfying life.
Jung's purpose in writing his work was to present insights, theories, and methods. To help each person follow this process more easily, and in this way, not only fixes the problems of the navigation system of his mind, but also somehow accesses the command room and from there enters the coordinates of a place where he can and wants to go. Go.Buy Red Books from BingMag Buy Young Books from Fidibo