Nobel Prize winner Hermann Hesse is one of the best and most influential German writers who was deeply influenced by Eastern mysticism and Chinese culture and civilization. India was very interested. Hesse is very interested in the freedom of thought and action of the world and the world, and this interest can be seen in the lines of his works, both poetry and prose.
Anna Karnina; A picture of Russian history in the context of a love story
Biography of Hermann Hesse
Hermann Hesse is a German novelist and poet, born July 2, 1877 in Kahlo, Germany. Hesse wrote many brilliant novels, stories and articles throughout his life. His parents were Protestant missionaries. His father worked for a publishing house run by Herman's grandfather; These publications published textbooks and religious textbooks. As a child, Hesse was influenced by narrower Protestant views (one of the three main branches of Christianity) and a wide range of Eastern religions and philosophies, both of which are inseparable. They were out of his mind.
Hesse's brother "Theo" entered the Conservatory of Music despite the protests and opposition of his family, and his efforts to pursue his goals and career had a profound effect on Hermann Hesse in his youth. Hesse went to school for a short time in Gppingen, Germany, at the behest of his father, and in 1891 studied Protestant theology at the Maulbrunn ecclesiastical school; Although he was an exemplary student, he could not adapt to the environment and left less than a year later. He worked as an antiques dealer in Tbingen and Basel.
He became a Swiss citizen in 1923 and settled in the village of Montagnola. Hesse wrote about militarism and nationalism during World War I and edited a magazine for German prisoners of war and detainees. He was considered a traitor for his anti-war sentiments, anti-propaganda behavior, and peaceful attitude, but after World War II, Hesse became very popular among German singers.
He married Maria Bernoulli in 1904. The couple had three children and settled in Gainhofen, Germany. Hesse's efforts to deal with the depression and frustration of war and separation from his wife Maria became the subject of some of his novels. His call for self-knowledge and Oriental philosophy made him a sectarian figure for English-speaking youth in the 1960s and '70s. Switzerland dies.
Theme of Hermann Hesse
Hermann Hesse was a very inquisitive person throughout his life, not only in his outstanding literary works but also in his resume. Hesse is very interested in Jungian concepts of introversion and extroversion, public unconsciousness, idealism, and symbols, and his work focuses on the search for self-awareness and genuine individual spirituality. Most of his writings express his passion for the past of Romanticism, which is deeply rooted in the pathology of the modern age and expresses his emotional turmoil; Nevertheless, he introduced the concept of the ideal world and utopia, which can be considered a remnant of the Romantic school of thought. But they did not influence him as much as Indian and Chinese philosophy. He is constantly fighting with the conflict of mind and body and the spiritual and sensual dimension. Throughout his life, he grappled with issues such as nationalism and pacifism, and went through two world wars that almost devastated his homeland.
Books by Hermann Hesse
Most of Hesse's works are fiction and show the course of his life, and the protagonists of his stories experience the same problems that he has struggled with throughout his life. Hesse was associated with Roman Roland, a militant novelist, thinker, and pacifist, and wrote numerous articles against German nationalism. Hermann Hesse received the Goethe Frankfurt Prize in 1946 and the German Booksellers' Peace Prize in 1955. He achieved great literary success in 1904 after writing a few minor works with the publication of Peter Commensind, a very popular book written for the German Romantic movement. Hesse wrote his first collection of poems, Romantic Poems In 1899 he published his first novel, Peter Commensind, in 1904, about the failed author. Hesse's second successful novel, Under the Wheel, was published in 1906, followed by Gertrude in 1910 and Rosalde in 1914. Rosalde's brilliant novel reflects the marital tensions of Hesse's personal life. The novel, about the spiritual journey of a man named Siddhartha, raised Hesse's fame and became an international success. His work has been translated into 34 living languages of the world during his lifetime. In the following, we have taken a look at some of the famous works of Hermann Hesse.
The story of Siddhartha begins six centuries before the birth of Christ in India. Siddhartha is a young Brahman; This is the same class of Hinduism that is made up of priests and teachers. is not. He believes that his father and his peers have studied the wisdom of religion extensively, but he does not feel that they have really reached enlightenment. Siddhartha wonders whether the mantras and rituals of the religion have become more commonplace or a real worship and a way of enlightenment. Presents the case of life to the audience. The writing style of this work is very simple and has an Indian background. While reading this book, you will feel the environment of ancient India. Simplicity in the way of writing the content and teachings of this book is one of the main values of this book.
In a part of the book "Siddhartha" we read:At the time of austerity, he felt love for this man. He accepted the invitation and Aswada, and when they reached the river, helped him to close the boat. Vasuda led him into the hut and gave him bread, water and mango fruit, and Siddhartha ate it willingly. A little later, when the sun was about to set. "The two men sat on a tree trunk by the river, and Siddhartha informed him of his lineage and life story and how he had lived through moments of despair." Buy Siddhartha's book from BingMag Buy Siddhartha's book from Fidibo
My friend's story: Connolp Originally published in
Germany in 1915, The Story of My Friend: Connolp was Hermann
Hesse's most popular book in the years leading up to Damian. This
book was very influential in the 1950s against Jack Crook, author
of "On the Road" and "Dharma Wanderers" and other authors.
This is a short book of about 120 pages that can be easily read in a few hours. Is. The novel is divided into three separate sections, based on the life of the main character in the story, "Knollp". Kindly stays in their homes to eat and sometimes sleep. He makes many friends during his travels and because of his politeness and beautiful behavior, most people like him. Although Connolly is ill, he does not give up his work and continues to travel and travel.
He is a person with a very good and happy spirit and always lives in the moment, but after passing from his youth to He regrets his choices in life.
In an excerpt from The Story of My Friend: Connolly, we read:I often think that the most beautiful and delicate creation of God is a slender, golden girl. Then I see that it is not so, because it often happens that a black girl with black eyes is more beautiful. "But sometimes I think the most beautiful and best creatures are the beautiful birds that man can see flying freely in the heights of the sky, and other times nothing is more beautiful to me than a butterfly." Buy my friend's story book from BingMag
Under the Wheel Gears
Book Under the Wheel Gears Hermann Hesse was first published in 1906. This story combines Hesse's brilliant prose with his thoughts on life, aging, and love. Hans lives with his father in a small town in Germany. When it turns out that he is an exceptionally talented student, the whole society puts him under a lot of pressure on the way to education. At the time, academic growth was more valuable than personal and emotional growth.
He strives hard to study and pass exams to be accepted into a reputable boarding school. He never participates in childhood activities. When his peers are having fun, fishing or swimming, he is hard at work studying.
Hans gets very good grades on his exams and is accepted into boarding school. At school, he meets a rebellious friend who changes his outlook on life. He shows Hans that in addition to school success and the fear of social exclusion if he fails in school, there is another aspect of life."Hans threw the thread into the water from the Veblu branch, sat on the grass and stared at the green water. The fish rose slowly, several dark backs appeared one after the other on the surface of the water, swimming silently in magical groups, and the heat dragged them irresistibly up the river. Hans took off his shoes, put his feet in the water, the surface of which was completely warm, and inspected his prey. "The fish swam around large rings and sometimes made gentle movements. How beautiful they were, white, brown, silver green, dark gold, blue and other colors that shone with each movement and flutter." Buy the book Under Wheel Gears from BingMag
Bead Game Glasses
An imaginary named Castelli lives; Where only artists and intellectuals are allowed to live. The government has decided to divide the people of the city; Separates people such as educators, artists, historians, and scientists who are able to do intellectual work and builds walls around them in Castile to play glass beads.
Rules of the game never People outside the game are not mentioned, but are sometimes referred to. The rules seem so complex that it is almost impossible to imagine. To play this game, people have to spend years studying music, math and history. The novel then focuses on the short stories written by Joseph and revolves around his life. It focuses on the personal development of the characters in particular. This fascinating and readable novel is about a city that is a demonstration of the fusion of Western philosophy with Eastern mysticism and is a slice of Hesse's own approach to life.
It was during these years that the young Joseph Kunst wrote songs that have been recorded and remembered in the Fr Monte version. It is quite possible that the number of his poems has exceeded what we have now, and it can even be assumed that his poems, that is, some of his earliest poems, date back to before Kunst became acquainted with the game of glass beads. "They have helped him to play his part and to withstand the trials of critical years." Buy a book of glass beads from BingMag