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Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the leaders of the greatest historical development in Western civilization. He foresaw both the cause of this historical change and its consequences, and proposed great and revolutionary ideas as possible solutions to this change. He is one of the greatest and most important thinkers of modern history.

Nietzsche witnessed the inevitable faltering and collapse of the strongest pillar on which Western civilization has relied for centuries: Christianity and faith in God. He knew that when religion and faith lost their importance, they would leave a great rift, the result of which would be nothing but meaningless torment for man. In other words, Nietzsche stood at a crossroads that led to religion on one side and pessimism and absurdism on the other, and he knew that sooner or later humans would collectively enter the path of pessimism and absurdism.

Nietzsche was born in 1844 in Saxony, Prussia, now part of East Germany. He was born into a middle-class family and had a quiet childhood.

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His father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was the city's Lutheran priest. Thus Nietzsche grew up with Christian values from an early age. However, as little Nietzsche introduced himself to Christianity, he found an excuse to be pessimistic about it, because his father, the same man who preached about godliness, had a brain disease.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

Image of Nietzsche's parents

His father for a long time He suffered for a year and died at the age of 35. The following year, Ludwig, Nietzsche's younger brother, also died. Although Nietzsche grew up with religious ideas, he saw around him the suffering of good people who did not deserve it. He realized this dichotomy, and these observations probably formed the basis of Nietzsche's philosophy in his philosophical works. He paid in the field of theology. During school and university, he showed great intelligence and initiative, especially in the field of Christian theology. However, after spending a semester at university, Nietzsche had no choice but to renounce his faith in Christianity, given that his critical intelligence was growing stronger and after studying a number of critiques of Christianity. . Thus the flame of innocence and blind devotion was extinguished in him.

After overcoming this inner transformation, he studied linguistics and the history of language at the University of Leipzig. His performance at the university was so good that even though he was 24 years old, he was selected as a professor of linguistics at the University of Basel. To date, he is the youngest professor employed at this university.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

After teaching for several years, Nietzsche resigned. One of the reasons for this decision was that he felt limited and dissatisfied in the academic environment, and another reason was his deteriorating health, which was due to genetic diseases and syphilis, which he contracted in the brothel.

From then on, he continued to live in relative isolation. He traveled in Europe and usually went to places where his climate was good for his deteriorating health. His source of income was the small pension he received from the university. He spent most of his life (at least at a time when he had not lost his mental health) in the Swiss Alps.

During this time he had many unpleasant experiences. He spends a lot of time in bed, experiencing a broken romantic relationship that has a bad emotional impact on him and gradually weakens his relationship with his friends and family.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

Nietzsche spent most of his time walking, thinking and writing in this depressing and absurd state. His goal was to find enough peace, meaning, and reason to pursue philosophy.

During this time, he wrote his most influential works. These include: Human All Too Human, The Gay Science, Thus Spoke Zarathustra, Beyond Good and Evil, and On the Genealogy of Morals.

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In these works, Nietzsche laid the foundation for a new kind of philosophy, one that aimed to deprive us of all things. That we trusted them to be insecure; That is, all the ideas we had about good and bad, all the knowledge we had about right and wrong, and right and wrong.

God is dead. God is dead and we have killed him. As the biggest killer, how can we calm down? The holiest and most powerful creature the world has ever seen bled under our knives Isn't the magnitude of such an act too great for us? Shouldn't we also become gods ourselves to deserve to do so?

The paragraph above is one of Nietzsche's most famous and repeated quotations. The phrase "God is dead" has an ambiguous meaning: in this phrase Nietzsche not only praises the lost faith of humanity, but also intends to warn us of the consequences of this lost faith.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

In Nietzsche's mind, the collapse of Christianity meant the collapse of everything based on Christianity; That is, the moral system of the people of Europe, their rational thoughts and their values. He predicted with concern that in this new system, if no suitable alternative was introduced to Christianity, humanity would be meaningless, and pervasive helplessness and misery in the form of nihilism would prevail over human societies.

One of the main ideas of Nietzsche, which forms the basis of his philosophical system for solving this problem, is to accept the claim that there is no objective and irrefutable truth in the world that can be discovered. "There is no truth," he was quoted as saying. "[The only thing that exists] is the interpretation of truth." For life. In his view, the attempt to find a universal objectivity or meaning beyond the material world makes what man experiences on this planet seem insignificant, while all human experiences are subjective, independent, and dependent on his inner being.

This is why Nietzsche turned his attention to the arts and humanities. He believed that creative fields such as music, philosophy, literature, theater, etc. could be used as a tool to convey deeper meanings and fill the void of a higher meaning.

Of course, as Nietzsche is expanding this It was a theory, he realized that the arts and humanities are in danger of becoming boring, academic or becoming a commodity, and therefore may lose their effect.

From now on, he turned his attention to He turned to a philosophical goal that sought to separate the individual from any dependence on collective experiences or cultural relations. In this philosophy, the goal of each person is to express their individual creativity and reach great degrees internally. In such a case, the creation of meaning is entirely up to the individual.

This philosophy manifested itself in the form of a concept called bermensch. He first introduced this concept in the book Thus Said Zarathustra. Superman is described as a bold, independent, and self-confident individual who pursues his or her personal desires in an unyielding manner and adheres to his or her personal beliefs without fear of anyone. A superhuman is someone who is not a member of any group, is strategically selfish, and behaves domineeringly and magnificently.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

Of course, some have rightly criticized this view, and some have misunderstood it. What is more important to Nietzsche, however, is the concept behind the superhuman as a symbol.

According to Nietzsche, the superman is the ideal equivalent of every individual; An image of a powerful and perfect creature who has managed to overcome all his fears and shortcomings. In other words, the superhuman is not an external being that we have to wait for to appear, but is an ideal that any person can strive to achieve. Of course, given that the superhuman is an ideal, it cannot be achieved, but that is the point.

Nietzsche was of the opinion that the whole world, including man, is based on the Will to Power. Is. The will to power is the insatiable desire of every living thing for power. Nietzsche is quoted as saying: "The world means the will of power; That's enough!

According to Nietzsche, the will to power manifests itself in the form of a desire for personal growth and a sense of satisfaction arising from striving in this direction. It should be noted that in this context, the concept of "power" does not necessarily mean physical power or domination over others, but this concept means having power over oneself. These two factors:

1. Psychological power in the form of self-control

2. Continuous growth

Both indicate the perfect harmony of the individual with the will to power and, consequently, complete harmony with the meaning of life. It is the motivating factor in this process of personal growth. During this process, each person is constantly moving between three states:

1. Self-dissatisfaction

2. Improve yourself

3. Rediscovering

For Nietzsche, this process, which he calls self-overcoming, is of great importance in solving the problem of meaninglessness and devaluation in life. If one sets one's goal for growth and excellence under the pretext of achieving an ideal equivalent of oneself, this process turns life's suffering into a valuable and liberating experience, like a kind of alchemy for the soul that lives on in torment. The inevitability in which it lies is valued. Nietzsche wrote: "If we have a 'why' to live, we will overcome any 'how'."

Unlike Arthur Schopenhauer, a pre-Nietzschean philosopher, Believing that the best solution was to minimize the suffering of life, Nietzsche believed that suffering was a good thing. Suffering must be accepted with open arms, because it is the motivating factor for achieving physical and mental strength. Suffering is inevitable in life, so the question we should ask, instead of "Can we get rid of suffering?", Should be: "What should the suffering we suffer be about?" Nietzsche wrote: "The calamity that has befallen humanity so far has been the meaninglessness of the torment, not the torment itself."

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While Nietzsche was still living in the Alps, while his isolation was increasing and he was in the early stages of completing his most ambitious philosophical works, there were signs of a decline in mental health from Showed itself. When he was forty-four years old, he saw the scene of a horse being whipped by its owner on the street. Seeing this scene, he suffered a mental breakdown, rushed to the horse, hugged it, and shouted sympathetically: "I understand you. I understand you.

This strange event, which was the starting point of Nietzsche's mental decline, was in stark contrast to his own philosophy: he was immersed in pity, weakness, and compassion at this moment.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being

Shortly after this incident, Nietzsche went completely insane and eventually plunged into Catatonia. . One of the most powerful minds in modern history has collapsed under its own heavy burden. It sank to its depths and had no way out. Nietzsche died of a stroke in 1900 at the age of 55, without regaining his sanity.

BingMag.com Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophy; Suffering is the means to become a great human being/p>

Nietzsche's life was a failure by the standards he set. Before Nietzsche went insane, he could not prove himself to the world and had very little success. His books did not sell well, and he never gained considerable respect or fame. Found. Unfortunately, this reputation was not entirely positive and led to misunderstandings by Nazi Germany that had disastrous consequences. Today, however, Nietzsche's works are recognized as profound and important works that have shaped modern thought. . Nietzsche suggested that we should die symbolically in life so that we could step out of our way and discover our true potential; Sometimes we have to sacrifice our interests, our physical health and even our mental health in order to become a bigger person. Nietzsche's life and death were perhaps exactly what he preached: the process of overcoming oneself, sacrificing oneself, and becoming a greater person. The idea of overcoming oneself, sacrificing oneself and reaching greatness. While his predictions and statements about modern man's problems are largely accurate, his solutions are not necessarily for everyone.

Is it really a good thing to achieve an unattainable goal? How can we look at these goals positively when we have a negative outlook on life? How can we create a transcendent interpretation of life when our interpretation of the nature of life is so negative? In other words, if life seems negative and meaningless to someone, trying to set a goal based on such an interpretation brings him back to zero: he needs to find a truth or meaning beyond himself, beyond what he sees, or It experiences and cannot have it.

Furthermore, if one disagrees with Nietzsche's basic hypothesis - that suffering is good for progress - the rest of Nietzsche's career may be misleading.

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Of course, Nietzsche is a philosopher whose philosophy does not follow a linear or systematic structure and may even sometimes violate himself. Nietzsche's ideas are highly interpretable, and in this short article only one of his many ideas - which is, of course, one of the most famous - is summarized.

More importantly, given that Nietzsche's philosophy is inherently interpretable and instead It teaches us how to think in a certain way, it teaches us how to find our own way of thinking, even if we disagree with him, we can do what he did and create a new path for ourselves. Buy books by Friedrich Nietzsche from Book stories Buy books like this Zoroaster said from BingMag Buy books Will of Power from BingMag Buy books on the genealogy of ethics from BingMag


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