Familiarity with 4 classic Chinese novels; From the source of the adaptation of "Mountain Warriors" to "The Legend of the Three Brothers"
Classical Chinese fiction is one of the great literary treasures of the world, which, due to the difficulty of the Chinese language and the very large volume of these works, is still to be explored as it should be. It does not, but its impact can be seen in a variety of popular Oriental works: From Korean historical series to fantasy manga. Among the works are four novels that are a head and neck higher than the rest of Chinese literary works and are officially known as the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese Literature. The following four novels are as follows:
- Water Margin, also known as The Outlaws of the Marsh - a work of the bread crumbs - published in the 14th century AD - In the 1960s, an adaptation of the series "Mountain Warriors" aired on Channel 1
- Romance of the Three Kingdoms - a work by Lu Guang Zhang - published in the 14th century - In the 60's, a series of adaptations of this work entitled "The Legend of the Three Brothers" aired on Channel 2
- Journey to the West - a work by Wu Chengenen - published in the 16th century - A translation of this book called "Sir Bakhtar" translated by Shahrnosh Parsipour has been published. Published under the title "Dream of the Red House" translated by Mohammad Hossein Aria
Whenever Western writers need new insights and refreshments of their contemporary literature, turn to Dante and Shakespeare and the great writers of their pastThey refer; In the Orient, these four novels have a similar function for contemporary writers. Hopefully one day a quality and complete translation (and with detailed footnotes! ) of all four works will be published so that we too can benefit From this valuable treasure.
Historical background of the four great novels strong>
These four novels were published during the reign of the Ming Dynasty (1989-1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912). These four works are considered the pillars of Chinese literature and their sphere of influence can be seen From Japanese and Korean mythology to Indian mythology. The authorship of these four works promised the emergence of the literary form of the "novel" in China and put an end to the absolute domination of philosophical works and poetry in China. The breadth of the novel allowed the authors of these works to combine history and myth and to define them in a more accessible and easy-to-read narrative for the people. For this reason, these works were a symbol of the limited but significant prevalence of democracy in literature. The greatest sign of this democratization was the use of slang in the text of the novels, because until now all literary texts had been in complete dominance of classical Chinese.
Other than these, these works showed that the novel It is a suitable form for defining a multi-voiced story, or telling events From the perspective of several people From different angles. The novel form also provided a platform for the use of irony. These two factors caused the voices of different classes of Chinese people to be voiced and criticized in the context of the ruling class novel, criticisms that had previously been suffocated.
Water Lip, published in the 14th century, the first novel published by It was one of four classic Chinese novels in which a folk/local writing style was developed, which was followed by later novels. The title of the novel has been translated in different ways: Swamp Rebels, Every Man Is a Brother, Swamp Men, Liang Mountain Swamps. Although there is some skepticism about the author's identity, most scholars attribute it to Shi Naian, a writer From Suzhou. The novel is set in the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) and tells the story of a group of rebels who eventually serve the emperor to fight foreign invaders.
This story is about the life of a rebel. Inspired by a real name, Song Jiang, who was defeated by the emperor in the twelfth century, the gang of 36 rebels who served him became part of Chinese folklore. These folk tales made Sung Jiang and his gang a Legend among the people, and dramatic adaptations and printed retellings of their stories spread among the people. The novel compiled and combined many different anecdotes about Sung Jiang. Some attributed the novel's success to its ironic depictions of common complaints against the ruling class. The depiction of the novel's uprising was very tangible for the people of the time and the hatred they felt for the Ming Dynasty, and for this reason the publication of the novel was banned for a while, because the authorities thought it was a pretext for sedition and unrest. The novel has had many modern adaptations and is still remembered for its archetypal story about Defines rebellion, repression and flattery, is important.
Travel to the West
Journey to the West, by Wu Cheng'en in the 16th century, is perhaps the most influential of the four classic novels and is undoubtedly the most famous Chinese literary work outside China. This story is about the pilgrimage of a Buddhist monk From Xuanzang to India and his related travels in the western provinces of China with his Three disciples. Although the general idea of the story is based on Buddhism, traces of Chinese folk tales, Chinese mythology, and schools such as Pantheism and Taoism can also be found in the novel, and this cultural diversity along with diverse and imaginative characters and creatures. The story has led us to a truly all-encompassing and wide-ranging story. They take the form of a human being, he pointed out. Among the animal spirits are the Three disciples, known as monkeys, pigs, and river ogres, and as they try to repent of their past sins, an inseparable bond is established between them and Shuangzang. Arthur Waley wrote one of the first incomplete English translations of the novel, Monkey. This translation was entirely devoted to the adventures of the character - the adventure monkey - and many adaptations of the novel did the same. Known generally as the Monkey King and Sun Wukong, the monkey is the novel's most famous character. Gods and Demons, as its name implies, focuses on the adventures of various gods and demons and played a pivotal role in the emergence of popular Chinese literature during the Ming Dynasty, as it was during this period that many folk tales date back to Hundreds of years ago, they were first written and made available to the public. . The novel's permanence is a testament to the change it brought to Chinese literature. Just as many ancient Greek myths were first written in Homer's travels, a trip to the West provided the first written depiction of ancient Chinese mythology, and to this day remains a referenced treasure trove of these myths.
Three Kingdoms Romance
Three Kingdoms Romance is a historical novel that is tricky And The Conspiracies of The Three Kingdoms Period deals with Chinese history. The novel combined history, myth, and myth to define the tumultuous history of this time period. Written by Luo Guanzhong, this epic story contains hundreds of characters and combines several complex storylines to depict the disintegration of China into Three warring kingdoms and then their reconciliation and reunification. These Three kingdoms were called Cao Wei, Shu Han, and Eastern Wu. China's nationalism, because this story tells one of the nation's most fundamental myths in history: disintegration and reunification. Belief in the nature of the cycles of history is briefly mentioned in the first sentence of the novel: "One of the obvious truths of this world is that long separations will surely lead to union, and long unions will undoubtedly end in separation."
The complexity of the world The politics that the novel depicts, along with its high volume and dense narrative, make it challenging to read. However, the novel's status as a profound work is preserved and its influence can be seen in the current Chinese political mentality, so that in this respect it can only be compared to the influence of Shakespeare on the national identity of the British people.
The Dream of the Red Hall
This novel is set in the mid-eighteenth century during the reign of the Qing Dynasty. Written, it was the last of four classic Chinese novels to achieve prominence. The Dream of the Red Hall is a semi-autobiographical work that deals with the economic and moral decline of the family of novelist Cao Xuequin, and subsequently the Qing Dynasty.
This novel is known for its beauty and Fermi innovations. An academic discipline has been developed to study it. This field is called Redology and is still a thriving academic subject in China.
This novel is more subtle and accurate than its predecessors, and it is an extremely detailed picture of the life of eighteenth-century Chinese aristocracy. Depicts. The novel focuses specifically on describing the complexities of social's rituals in this world It is a mystery.
In this sense, the novel is a valuable treasure for those interested in Chinese culture and provides readers with a deep insight into the religious, social and political world of the Chinese aristocracy. The novel also deals with various aspects of Chinese culture: From medicine and medicine to myth and art; Many of the elements described in the novel remain in Chinese culture to this day, and their effects can be seen in the daily lives of the Chinese people.
Source: The Culture Trip