Humans have always loved to live in lands where there is abundant prosperity and where one can find peace. Lands where everything is perfect are usually called utopia. The utopia is more of a political idea, and although the origins of utopianism go back to Plato's Republic, the first person to use the term was the prominent sixteenth-century English writer and philosopher Thomas Moore.
He published the same name in 1516, saying that his motivation for writing it was more entertainment, but that the book Utopia had a profound effect on the minds of thinkers. p>
But the effect of this work was not only on thinkers, but also
on some religious sects, such as the Jesuits, who claim that the
design of its preferred political structure was influenced by this
book by Thomas Moore.
anti-utopia or dystopia is also gradually formed. In this memo, we refer to a number of books written by Russian authors in the style of anti-utopia.
What is anti-utopia? Negative characteristics are completely
These negative characteristics are very diverse, for example,
some of them warn of the destruction of civilization and depict
societies that with the collapse of modern government and
institutions due to a natural crisis of life. A fierce environment
or war is rampant.
Most anti-utopia books focus on the political structure and nature of government. In these works, individual liberties are completely lost and human beings are constantly monitored. Their historical experience of communist rule has enabled them to produce many valuable anti-utopian works. In the above note, we will get acquainted with three Russian anti-utopia books.
Vinovich is still a familiar name to those interested in Russian literature, and his works are very popular all over the world. It happens in 1982, Leonid Brezhnev dies this year, and some are worried about the future of the Soviet government. Although few people think about the collapse of this political system, the minds of analysts are still involved. The main character of this story is called Vitaly Kartsefa. Vitaly is in many ways like Vladimir's character, he was forced to leave his homeland because of his critical approaches and spend his life in exile.
Vitaly thinks of the future of Soviet rule in Munich He knows what will happen to his homeland. But no one knows the future and there is no expression to understand it. Vitaly accidentally finds out that there is a travel agency in Munich that offers time travel services, but this trip is very risky and it is not clear that the travel agency will guarantee people a return to their time. On the other hand, the cost of such a trip is very high and an exiled writer can not afford it. For this reason, Vitali refuses to go on such a journey very soon, but very soon individuals and organizations come to the aid of this author in exchange for making commitments to this unknown journey. He decides to move to Moscow sixty years later, in 2042. In the interval between financing this trip and doing it, events and meetings take place that may seem unnecessary to us readers. But in the final parts of the story, their importance becomes clear. During this time, Vitaly talks to one of the author's friends who opposes the Moscow government and a KGB officer who thinks about the survival of the Soviet Union, and promises to give them a detailed description of the future.Russian thinkers to Genasimos. People are obliged to worship Genasimos like an idol. Society, on the other hand, is being re-categorized, and the elderly, political opponents, and the sick are being transferred to the third orbit, where they are exposed to less food and risk of death or execution. But the end of the story is strangely significant, and we realize how quickly such an iron order falls apart. But there is no need for tyranny not to be reproduced in any other way after this collapse. Moscow 2042 literally reflects the worries and concerns of Vladimir Vainovich.
This work has been translated into Persian by Zeinab Younesi.
This translation, while faithful to the original text, has a fluent
and understandable tone.
In a part of the Moscow 2042 book, we read:
On family and marriage
Men from the age of twenty-four and women in Twenty-one-year-olds are rented out to get married - albeit on the recommendation of five-year-old local headquarters. The recommendation is given only to people who perform their productive duties, participate in socially beneficial activities, and do not write alcohol. The marriage contract is concluded for a period of four years, and at the end of the period, with the consent of the Five-Headquarters, it can be extended for another period. In case of anti-social behavior of either party, the contract is terminated prematurely. After the age of production (women 45 and men 50) the marriage is automatically terminated.
I asked Iskrina: It happens that two communes fall in love with each other and want to live together, but can not get a recommendation or some Do they want to continue their life together from the age of production?/
Of course it happens.
In this case, how do they solve the problem?
He said: They do not solve. They just stay together, that's all. Of course, if they have room. Otherwise, they will see each other somewhere, in the bushes or under the stairs. Available at lunch time.
This author was born in Kiev, Ukraine in 1964 and belonged to a
Russian family. At the age of 26, he became a professional
writer and published a number of short stories and literary
critiques. Yevgeny had a special interest in ancient Russian
literature, which is why he worked at the Pushkin Institute. This
author is one of the most prominent scholars of ancient and
medieval Russian literature; He uses ancient Russian
literature to create his novels.
Yevgeny Valadzkin has won several national and international literary awards for his literary works.
The author's aviator novel in a special atmosphere It eats and has an anti-utopian face. The main character is a man born in 1900 who saw the October Revolution (1917) with his own eyes but was frozen in 1930. With the advancement of science, they were able to get him out of a coma in 1999, and now he has to retrieve his memories and, by reading newspapers and magazines, understand what has happened to Russia over the course of these 69 years of sleep. As a young man, many intellectuals and thinkers followed the developments in Russia with optimism and were optimistic about the future of the October Revolution, but he himself remembers that at first their family's share of food fell, they confiscated their homes and finally went to camp under Stalin. Forced labor was sent. On the other hand, the new world in which he was revived; There is a lot of chaos. The aviator's book narrates the decline of an utopia and tells us about the history of Russia in the last century.
But this story is also different from other anti-utopia
books. The decline of hope and aspiration is also reflected in
people's personal lives. After recovering his memories, the
protagonist remembers the love of his youth, Anastasia, and after
searching, he realizes that he is alive. But he has grown old and
lost his memory.
Platonov's encounter with technology and the new world also gives the story a fascinating face. He has no understanding of modern technology and devices such as computers, and considers them too luxurious and unnecessary. At first glance, this may seem silly, but Platonov wants to tell us that technology has failed to address the problems and concerns of modern humans. Let the suffering of human beings be.
In a part of the aviation book, we read:Do not beat me during the first interrogation, interrogator Babushkin interrogated me. He just paid the profile He wrote to Ray and then said: You were involved in a conspiracy that Varunin had arranged; Do you accept this? He added that if I confess honestly, I will be safe from many sufferings and misfortunes. I denied all the allegations and Babushkin listened thoughtfully. That day, his face was tired. I even thought how compatible his appearance was with his family.
I got stuck in something and fell to the ground. I had been lying on the ground with my face for a while. My eyes were closed, but my nose smelled of violence there, and my hands felt the soft, rotten wooden floor; Something that used to be wooden, but now has changed its nature due to moisture and dirt. I had fallen and I did not move. It was as if I was still hoping that all this was a dream, and I was afraid that if I breathed or lay down and woke up in this place, everything would come true.
My hopes were illusory. I finally got up. First on all fours and then on both feet. I saw the shadows of my cellmates. There was nothing to see before. One of them showed me my bed indifferently. Nobody asked me anything and I did not say anything.
During the second interrogation, Babushkin beat me. He must not have been well for the first time, and he had decided to stop working when his hands were full, perhaps because it was night, and he was busy and in a hurry. But this time Babushkin was on his nose and in no hurry to go anywhere. He put me on a chair. He tied my hands and feet and then rolled up his sleeves and laid them on my face with the back of his hand. Blood dripped from my nose to my lips and chin. I could feel the traces of blood on my face. I fell to the floor with a chair. Babushkin took off my shoes and fell on my feet with an oak stick. The pain was unbearable but did not leave a scar. Buy our aviator book from BingMag
Our novel was written by Yevgeny Zamyatin. The author was born in Russia in 1884, and although his father was a priest in the Orthodox Church, he joined the opposition to the Tsarist government at a young age and joined the Social Democratic Front. His political orientations led him to spend long periods in government prisons and to be tortured. But the victory of the 1917 revolution and the end of the tsarist rule also failed to satisfy Zamyatin. He was concerned about the tyranny of the Soviet Union and in his notes emphasized the danger of a return to tyranny. His criticism reached the Soviet ruling body and he was expelled from the Soviet Writers' Association, where the publication of his works was banned altogether. Can be expelled from the Soviet Union. He was deported and spent the rest of his life in France and Paris.
Our author's book is one of his most prominent works. This
anti-utopian novel has inspired George Orwell and many other
European and American writers.
In this book, everyone lives in a glass city and has lost their individual identity. Humans no longer have a name for themselves, and each of them is coded and has a consonant (for men) and a vowel (for women) and a number that distinguishes them from others.
The glass of this city for it So that the government can have
more control over its people and citizens. Of course, the
advancement of technology in this structure is very significant and
all people perform their tasks with careful planning and have the
maximum possible productivity. But all their relationships are
monitored and they have no independence from themselves. Every
person has certain tasks when they wake up that they have to do in
the best possible way.
In fact, this anti-utopia book has a semi-dark look to the future. The tremendous advancement of technology and the existence of prosperity under the communist government, but the lack of any political freedom and decision-making power in which there is no individual identity left and there is a central planning organization that decides everything.
This book has been translated into Persian by Babak Shahab. Detailed about the work and life of the author. In the first part, we will get acquainted with the terms used in our book to make it easier for us to read.
In the first part of the book, we read:It is also useful. Finally, it can be said with certainty that throughout human history, as far as we know, it is a history of transition from migration to settlement. But on this basis it can not be concluded that these are the trade and discovery of other Americans. But now what is the need for these things and who will use them?
I agree. Getting used to the sedentary lifestyle has not happened effortlessly and in the short term. Buy our book from BingMag The eighth online exhibition of BingMag with the title of lovely shelves will be held from May 6 to June 6, in which more than 100,000 book titles with up to 80% discount. Book lovers are offered.