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3 books you should read to get acquainted with dictators

BingMag.com 3 books you should read to get acquainted with dictators

According to The Economist, one third of the world's population now lives under authoritarian regimes. Democracy and human rights have declined in at least 80 countries with the spread of the corona, according to the publication. According to the Economist 2020 report, Norway is the most democratic country in the world and North Korea is the most closed government in the world. The magazine considers civil liberties, political participation, good governance and electoral health as criteria for measuring the degree of democracy of any political system and divides the countries of the world into four models of full democracy, floating democracy, semi-democratic system and authoritarian system. he does. According to The Economist, 48% of the world's population lives in governments that are considered a form of democracy, but only six percent of the world's population has full democracies. Reference is made to public opinion and the wishes of the people, and the rulers have no legal restrictions on their activities. Dictatorships do not take their legitimacy from the people. In this memo, we introduce the books that have been written about dictators and dictatorial regimes.

The Dictators' Tutorial is written by Randall Wood and Carmine Doluca. This book is very similar to Prince Machiavelli. This book discusses the way the country is governed in dictatorial regimes, culture and society, how to interact with the international community, and how elections are held in such systems. In today's world, many deep-rooted democracies have also been weakened by populist movements or the military. In this book, dictatorial systems are dissected and you understand how these systems work. The Dictators' Tutorial is not a theoretical textbook that explains the nature of dictatorial regimes in simple and understandable language. The dictators 'tutorials also point to specific cultural and social roots that led to the dictators' rise to power.

What do you think is the best part of leading a nation: destroying your enemies? To thwart coups and overthrow plans? Getting rich yourself and your family? No, none. The best part is that you become a legend; An extraordinary personality and beyond earthly and earthly standards. If you can achieve this goal. Rest assured that it benefits you politically. In fact, you will realize that this is an essential tool for overcoming the people of your country. The best case scenario is that your subjects and servants make you an invincible, unique, eternal, unique, godlike being. They have everything and beyond ordinary human beings. If you have washed your mind enough and advertised; The nation believes that without you the country will be destroyed and they will sit on black soil. If such a mentality prevails. Rest assured as long as you live. You are the ruler of the power of your country and no one will dare to even think of overthrowing you.

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School of Dictators is the story of two strange American characters named Professor Pickup and Mr. W. who seek to establish a fascist system in the United States of America and for this purpose throughout They travel to continental Europe to learn about dictatorial regimes and their implications. This story takes place in Switzerland and the city of Zurich. Mr. W. and Professor Pickup decide to talk to an exile who has spent all his life fighting the idols of dictators to find out the nature of a totalitarian system. This Italian person has chosen the title of Colby for himself. The above story has a humorous tone. Tomazo Colby seems to be the author himself. In this story, he criticizes authoritarian and dictatorial regimes and shows their faces well. The book is replete with references to historical events in Europe in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. Silone had a poor family. The horrific earthquake of 1915 in his hometown caused him to lose many members of his family. Two years later he joined the Italian Socialists and was able to become an active and influential figure. In 1921, he co-founded the Italian Communist Party with Antonio Gramsci and others. When Mussolini came to power, he was forced to leave Italy and live in exile. Stalin's rise to power and the expansion of his domination of the Comintern led Silone to resign from the Communist Party and start writing. Ceylon stayed in Switzerland from 1930 to 1944 as a political refugee. This powerful writer turned to politics in 1940 and accepted the leadership of the Socialist Overseas Association. When Italy was liberated by the Allies, he represented the Italian province of his hometown in the Italian parliament, and at the end of his term he avoided running in the elections and began writing. Ceylon died on August 22, 1978 in Geneva. He wrote the book The School of Dictators in 1938.

Mr. W. Mr. Colby, what do you think if democracy is not the same as popular vote?

Thomas Colby. It was in recent years that democracy took over the general concept of majority government. Until 1848, democracy meant a political power that relied on the poor sections of the nation, the peasants, the craftsmen, the workers, and the petty bourgeoisie. At that time, referendum was considered a tool for democracy. And not the essence and foundation. Experience has shown that referring to the votes of as many people as possible does not always mean consolidating democracy, and there have been numerous cases in which reaction has relied on the votes of as many people as possible precisely to suppress democracy. The majority that is not accompanied by conscience. It is a tool that can be used for anything.

Professor Pickup. This statement reminds me of the discussion we had with Guglielmo Ferrero in Geneva. He said the democratic reforms carried out by Umberto King of Italy from 1880 onwards. He had quite obvious reactionary goals in mind. As a result of these reforms. The number of those who could vote increased from one hundred and fifty thousand to two million. The Shah thought that a mass of two million people with a majority of poor and ignorant people could better rule than a population of one hundred and fifty thousand people. So it was. Under the guise of expanding democracy, King Umberto was able to strengthen the independence of the executive branch.

Tomaso Colby. Likewise, the rulers of Italian cities in the Middle Ages relied on the masses to oppose powerful families. Also, the absolute monarchy used the bourgeoisie to fight the aristocracy. Peter the Great overcame the Mazia national movement in Ukraine by supporting some of the demands of the masses, thus separating the Cossack masses and their leaders. But the advantage of fascism is that it has perfected the art of "destroying democracy by the means of building democracy."/ul>

BingMag.com 3 books you should read to get acquainted with dictators

Dictatorship is written by Frank Dickotter. Frank was born in 1961 in the Netherlands. Most of this author's work focuses on the contemporary history of China and the founder of the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong. Mao's The Great Famine, written by him, won the 2011 Samuel Johnson Prize for Literature. Frank Dickatter has taught for some time at the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies and is currently teaching at a Hong Kong University. In the above book, the author pays attention to an important component called the cult of personality of dictators. Most political scientists deal with the structures and mechanisms of authoritarian governments, and the book takes a different view of this man. In dictatorial regimes, loyalty to the individual is more important than loyalty to ideology, and political leaders have an aura of sanctity and immunity. According to the author of this book, dictators survive by relying on two tools of power, the cult of personality and terror. The book examines the characteristics of eight well-known dictators, namely Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin, Mao, Kim Il Sung, Duvalier, Ceausescu, and Mengistu.

By doing so, we are, in fact, downplaying what has happened in modern dictatorships. When democratically elected presidents and prime ministers retouch their images, they stand in front of children who sing poems in praise of them, or engrave their names on gold coins, or surround themselves with prostitutes. It may seem disgusting, or it may seem narcissistic or even deceitful, but it is not a cult of personality. In the first stage of cult of personality, the leader must be influential enough to humiliate his opponents and force them to pay tribute to him in public. But the cult of personality is at its peak, where no one can be sure who is in favor of the dictator and who is against him. Buy a book on dictatorship etiquette from BingMag

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