The book “When Nietzsche Wept”; A fictional story with traces of reality

Many scientists and philosophers were contemporaries of each other, but they did not meet and talk to each other. The novel "When Nietzsche Cried" tries to tell us what would happen and what conversations would take place if one of these encounters took place. The novel "When Nietzsche Wept" is the result of an imaginary conversation between Friedrich Nietzsche, a prominent German philosopher, and Josef Breuer, a prominent Austrian psychologist and Professor Sigmund Freud, the father of modern psychoanalysis. The facts are subtly intermingled and we encounter details of Nietzsche's life that are fascinating and readable. It is interesting to know that both "Nietzsche" and "Breuer" lived at the same time, but they never met each other. In this note, while introducing and criticizing the above book, we will also get to know the biography of its author Ervin Yalom. Yalom was born on June 13, 1931 in Washington, D.C. Si was born. Erwin's parents had immigrated to the United States from a small village called Celts in Russia (near the Polish border) some time after World War I. They belonged to a Jewish family and were experiencing a very horrible life due to population displacement policies caused by war operations.

BingMag.com The book “When Nietzsche Wept”; A fictional story with traces of reality

Many scientists and philosophers were contemporaries of each other, but they did not meet and talk to each other. The novel "When Nietzsche Cried" tries to tell us what would happen and what conversations would take place if one of these encounters took place. The novel "When Nietzsche Wept" is the result of an imaginary conversation between Friedrich Nietzsche, a prominent German philosopher, and Josef Breuer, a prominent Austrian psychologist and Professor Sigmund Freud, the father of modern psychoanalysis. The facts are subtly intermingled and we encounter details of Nietzsche's life that are fascinating and readable. It is interesting to know that both "Nietzsche" and "Breuer" lived at the same time, but they never met each other. In this note, while introducing and criticizing the above book, we will also get to know the biography of its author Ervin Yalom. Yalom was born on June 13, 1931 in Washington, D.C. Si was born. Erwin's parents had immigrated to the United States from a small village called Celts in Russia (near the Polish border) some time after World War I. They belonged to a Jewish family and were experiencing a very horrible life due to population displacement policies caused by war operations.

But the presence of the Yalom family in America did not mean the end of their problems. They were not wealthy immigrants and had to settle in a poor neighborhood on Seton Street in Washington. At that time, the American capital consisted of neighborhoods with racial divisions, and Seaton was a neighborhood reserved for blacks and full of crime. The Yalom family's house was located on the top floor of their grocery store. He has talked many times about their untidy and old house, which did not have many facilities.

Yalom himself says that due to the inappropriateness of their living place, he spends most of his free time at home and has been friends with books. . He never had a guide or adviser to choose his books because his parents did not benefit from public education and because of poverty, they were often worried about financial issues. He has described his initial studies happily.

Erwin went to the biographies at the beginning of his neighborhood library and occupied himself with the shelves of those books for a whole year to learn about the lives of great people. These people were a source of inspiration and wisdom for young Yalom, and he discovered a different world by reading their biographies. But Irvin found peace and liberation in novels and stories, and since his teenage years, he dreamed of becoming a novelist. After high school education, he went to medical school to study. He has explained about his choice in this way that he was forced to do such a thing due to the financial situation and the prevailing mindset of the American Jewish community. Because young people of his age were either going to become doctors or doing business with their fathers. For this reason, Yalom distanced himself from his childhood dream and entered the world of medicine. Because such a world is closer to him than the world of "Dostoyevsky" and "Tolstoy". Psychiatry was very attractive to him. He explains that he has always loved to understand the secrets of his patients' lives and use their unique treatment method for them. But according to Yalom, the path of specialized psychiatry had taken a different form and the treatments were deep and long-term instead of radical. They had become predetermined, repetitive and short-term methods. The above challenges caused Yalom to take a critical look at the main currents of psychology. The critical mentality of this author towards psychology is quite evident in his specialized writings and early articles.

Writing professional books and gaining fame in the world of psychotherapy

Yalom's first book "Theoretical and Applied Group Therapy" had a name This work was used as a reference for trainees and its first edition was printed in seven hundred thousand copies. This book was published by "Basic Books". "Theoretical and Applied Group Therapy" has been translated into twelve living languages of the world and reprinted four times and is still considered a valid reference for group therapy. Yalom believes that the reason for the success of this book is the reliance on empirical evidence and the use of story writing language to explain the issues. Until then, there was no written resource for group therapy for patients hospitalized in psychiatric wards, and this book is very useful and necessary for psychotherapists.

Another specialized book by Yalom, "Encounter Groups: Preliminary Principles" It is called a report of an important research in the field of psychology.

The book "Existential Psychology", the foundation of a new branch of psychotherapy

"Psychology "Existential" can be considered Yalom's most important work, before that there was no book or reference for existential psychology. The approach of this psychology is dynamic, and in it, the ultimate and main concerns of people, which are the result of their encounter with certain realities of life, affect their decisions, moods, and mental state. In other words, these regrets are rooted in our existence. Our encounter with each of these concerns may create a sense of panic and panic for us, which are called existential anxiety.

But what are these ultimate concerns? Existential psychologists say that death, freedom, loneliness and emptiness are the four main concerns of humans.

We are always struggling to survive, but we know that sooner or later, we will die. This issue creates a contradictory situation for us. In the field of freedom, we can say that our human history is summed up in the effort to gain freedom. But with the collapse of many traditional structures and constraints, we humans feel a heavy burden of responsibility on our shoulders. Loneliness is another one of these fundamental concerns. Loneliness should not be confused with isolation within or between groups. No matter how close we get to each other, there is still a definite and unbridgeable gap between us and the outside world. Therefore, a conflict is formed between the awareness of absolute loneliness and our desire to relate to others and be a part of a whole. We know that: "There is nothing but a handful of dirt at the end of this world." But nevertheless, we spend a lot of effort and struggle to get many things.

Existential psychology began in the late 19th century, but such an approach, until the writing of the above book, was a documented form of therapy. did not take In "Existential Psychotherapy", the client's individual life and circumstances, his lived experience and worldview are specially examined, and the treatment method of each person has significant differences.

Yalom's return to childhood interests and writing psychological stories /h2>

Yalom did not forget his childhood dreams and wanted to try his hand at writing stories. On the other hand, this psychiatrist believed that the knowledge of psychology did not start from the 19th century and the time of "Sigmund Freud", but from the ancient times and in the works of Greek philosophers.
That's why Yalom decided to write educational novels, books such as "When Nietzsche Cried", "Lying on the Sofa" and "The Midwife and the Meaning of Life" are included in this division. Of course, ordinary audiences can also read these stories.

Yalom and his family

Yalom is currently 91 years old and lives with his wife Marilyn. "Marilyn" received her doctorate in the field of comparative French and German literature from Johns Hopkins University and is a very successful person as a university professor and author. Yalom's four children all live in San Francisco and work in the field of photography, medicine, creative writing and theater.

Now that we have briefly learned about Arvin D. Yalom's biography, let's go to "The Book When Nietzsche Wept" We are going.

Introduction of "The Book When Nietzsche Wept"

BingMag.com The book “When Nietzsche Wept”; A fictional story with traces of reality

"Nietzsche" in In the last years of his life, he faced many mental crises and was tormented by a kind of loneliness and isolation. In addition to his mental illnesses, physical symptoms also appeared and caused "Nietzsche" to spend the last part of his life in a sanatorium under the supervision of doctors. This philosopher had experienced many emotional failures during his life and some believe that his lived experience had an effect on his philosophy and worldview. This book assumes that Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche with one of the greatest psychotherapists. The work itself is revealed and "Joseph Brewer" tries to find out the origin of his depression and anxiety and treat it. During the attempt to treat "Nietzsche", various things happen and this philosopher talks about his dreams, beliefs and problems. At the same time, Nietzsche shows a lot of resistance to treatment, which makes the story more exciting.

"Nietzsche" is considered one of the most important German philosophers, and according to many thinkers, his thoughts have been distorted. . In the early 20th century, after Nietzsche's death, his sister Isabel tried to explain her brother's thoughts. "Isabelle" had anti-Semitic tendencies and by choosing her brother's writings, she practically made "Nietzsche" the favorite philosopher of the Nazis. Many people ask themselves the question that if Nietzsche's final years had not been spent in isolation and illness, would it not have been possible to prevent the distortion of this writer's thoughts. Researchers of a generation after the death of "Nietzsche" and in the fifties were only able to understand the thoughts of this author.

In fact, "The Book When Nietzsche Wept" also contains a kind of wishful thinking and tells us that If "Nietzsche" was treated, what could happen to him and even the world would take a different path.

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Which publisher should we buy the book "When Nietzsche Wept" from?

Translations The book "When Nietzsche Wept" has been published by various and sometimes unreliable publishers. Our recommendation is to purchase the published editions from reputable publishers such as Qatre, Nii, Jami and Alam.

Characters of the book "When Nietzsche Wept"

The book "When Nietzsche Wept" consists of 4 main characters that we will get to know.

Lo Salom : "Lo Salom" is a very beautiful and seductive woman and the lover of Friedrich Nietzsche. He strongly influenced "Nietzsche" and his thoughts. Of course, the romantic relationship of these two did not reach a conclusion in reality and in the story. In fact, the story begins with "Le Salome" going to Dr. Joseph's office and worrying about the destruction of German philosophy.

Historically, "Le Salome" is a beautiful and attractive character, who is associated with the famous people of the 19th century. European, has had friendship and meeting. "Le Andreas Salome" was an aristocrat from St. Petersburg and was very interested in philosophy and literature. Nietzsche found a fiery love for him, but Salome chose not to be with him. For a long time, he hid any relationship with Nietzsche in public and official circles. It can almost be said with certainty that Le Salome's behavior had a direct effect on the aggravation of Nietzsche's mental illnesses. Salome herself is considered one of the famous writers of her time.

Joseph Breuer: Dr. "Joseph Breuer" is a prominent and well-known Austrian doctor. Most of the story is told in his language and he plans to use a special treatment method for "Nietzsche" which is called speech therapy.

Dr. Joseph Breuer can be considered one of the founders of modern psychoanalysis. brought He developed the science of psychology. People like "Sigmund Freud" were among his students and colleagues. Joseph was born on January 15, 1843 in Vienna, Austria. Yosef's father was one of the Jewish professors at the University of Vienna and taught there. He lost his mother when he was a child and his grandmother was responsible for his education until he was eight years old. After finishing high school, he studied medicine at the University of Vienna. He did important and lasting research in the field of neurophysiology and played an essential role in the formation of modern psychoanalysis. He finally died at the age of 83 on June 20, 1925 in Vienna. He left five children. A number of his children and grandchildren met a bad fate and died in Nazi concentration camps.

Sigmund Freud: "Sigmund Freud" is an Austrian neurologist who is considered the father of psychology. Coming. In this story, he has not yet found his world fame and is spending his time as a student. At the same time, a conversation with his teacher Joseph is also the story that gives more excitement and charm to the story.

"Freud" saw on May 6, 1856 in the city of Pribor located in the Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Czech Republic) He opened to the world and after studying at the University of Vienna, he worked there as a university professor and doctor. The theories and therapeutic methods of this doctor created a huge revolution in the knowledge of psychology and he is considered the founder of the branch of psychoanalysis. "Freud" belonged to a Jewish family and at the end of his life and the influence of the Nazis in Austria, he was forced to emigrate to England. He died on September 23, 1939 in London at the age of 83.

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche: "Nietzsche" in this story is at the height of his fame as one of the greatest modern European philosophers. He suffers from anxiety, panic attacks and terrible headaches for various reasons. "Nietzsche" is in an era that has become isolated and somewhat proud. This issue has made the story more attractive. Here, we will not mention the biography of "Nietzsche" because there are detailed explanations with readable details in the book. Yalom was supposed to write this book as an educational and therapeutic novel for psychology students and trainees. But very soon this book was also studied by ordinary readers and literary critics. Many people welcomed this book and "When Nietzsche Wept" soon found its way to the Amazon and New York Times bestseller lists. It teaches young doctors and psychiatrists to pay attention to the patient's non-verbal behavior: that the details of the patient's face, clothes, tone, and the smallest movements of the patient's face and limbs are important signs that give important information to the therapist. The presence of these details is also attractive for non-specialist readers and offers them a readable story. They can easily imagine a classroom where two of the most important celebrities in the world are sitting and talking to each other.

The novel "When Nietzsche Wept" is not just an entertaining story or a book for indirect education. Rather, in that history, the science of psychology and the branch of psychoanalysis have also been investigated. We are with characters at the end of the 19th century who are just looking for new discoveries and, of course, have an optimistic view of the future. In fact, the book is trying to indirectly show the atmosphere governing the scientific circles of that era to the readers and take us to Vienna. the end of the 19th century.

In the book "When Nietzsche Wept", how to establish a proper therapeutic relationship is also taught. This will be very useful for psychotherapists and their clients. Psychotherapists must be able to have a proper and standard communication with their clients, and their clients, knowing the right behaviors, can notice the mistakes of their psychologist and change it. Despite its scientific nature, the above novel lacks specialized terms, and experts and ordinary audiences can read it. read like a story and at the same time learn important things from it.

After reading the book "When Nietzsche Cried", what works should we go to?

If I read the novel "When If you like Nietzsche's Griest, we recommend you to read the books "Lying on the Sofa" and "Schopenhauer's Therapy" by the same author. It has Philip and Julius. Philip is one of those isolated people who accepts Schopenhauer's ideas. In fact, it is in the form of Philip's character that we get to know Arthur Schopenhauer's opinions and thoughts, characteristics and worldview. represents Yalom. He is diagnosed with cancer and seeks to understand the meaning of life and death. Julius and Philip's encounter with each other leads to fascinating discussions about the nature of life, human nature, and other such issues. In this book, he explains about the lies that clients have told their psychotherapists. The above story is very interesting, readable and entertaining.

About the translation of the book "When Nietzsche Cried"

The book "When Nietzsche Cried" was soon published in the United States of America. The living languages of the world were translated. Currently, there are several translations of this book in Persian language. Mrs. Sepideh Habib has translated this book with the help of Ghatre Publishing and the above translation can be considered the most popular and well-known translation of this book. The translation of "Reza Pilvaran" from Nedaya Mazazer publishing house and the translation of "Fateme Mokhtari" from Nik book publishing house are also among the other translations of this book into Farsi.

About the audio version of the book "When Nietzsche Cried"

Currently, the audio version of the book "When Nietzsche Wept" has been published by Avanameh. You can listen to this book with the voice of "Arman Sultanzadeh".
Shindar Publications has also published the summary of this book with the voice of "Masoud Ashouri".

If you have enough time to read the text version Or you don't have this book online, you can listen to it in audio and enjoy listening to it.

Buy the book When Nietzsche Wept by Fidibo Buy a summary of the book When Nietzsche Cried by Fidibo

Reading the book "When Nietzsche Wept" Who is it for?

If you are interested in the world of psychology and would like to learn more about it. Or if you are interested in the life of philosophers like "Nietzsche". The above book will be very suitable for you. This book has attractive and pleasant prose and all literature lovers will enjoy reading it.

You don't need to spend a lot of time to read the book "When Nietzsche Wept". If you want to devote half an hour of your time to reading this book every day. Its study will be completed within 15 days.

In a part of the book "When Nietzsche Wept", we read

Brewer and the visiting woman spent some time in silence. Then Lou Salome looked directly into the man's eyes and started the conversation: My friend is so depressed and hopeless that I am afraid very soon. Commit suicide. Of course, I consider myself responsible in this regard and losing him is painful for me. But

He leaned forward a little towards Brewer and added in a lower tone: Losing him is more than my pain, it may be worse for you and European culture and all of us. Have it... believe my words."

Brewer wanted to say: "I have no doubt that you are exaggerating Miss..." but he could not say these words. Which in Brewer's opinion about any woman was extravagant. Regarding that young lady, it seemed different and a serious matter, and he knew that it was contrary to the young lady's belief in her words. It is impossible to resist. He asked: "Your friend! who is that man? Do I know him too?"
" Maybe you don't know him yet. But in due time, everyone will know him. That man's name is Friedrich Nietzsche. Perhaps reading the letter that Richard Wagner wrote to Professor Nietzsche would be enough to introduce him."

He took out a letter from his bag. He opened it and gave it to Brewer. Then he added: "I must remind you that Nietzsche does not know that I have come here or that I have this letter in my possession". ? Professor Nietzsche does not know that Miss Salome gave me his letter and does not even know that this woman has his letter. Good. Where did you get this letter? Borrowed? Didn't he steal?"

Brewer to many of his qualities such as loyalty and generosity, at least for He was proud of himself and had great skill and reputation in diagnosing diseases. He was the family and private doctor of great scientists, artists and philosophers, including Brahms, Broke and Brentano in Vienna. At the age of forty, everyone in Europe knew him, and famous people living in Western Europe; They traveled long distances to consult. come to him Dr. Brewer praises his honesty above all other good qualities. He had never caused a scandal in his life and he never wanted to do such things.

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