Arthur Schopenhauer; Understanding the wisdom of life from the perspective of a pessimistic German philosopher
Arthur Schopenhauer was one of the leading philosophers of history influenced by Kant, Plato and Eastern teachings, especially Buddhism and Upanishads. Inspired by his aesthetics of various artists, he has been dubbed the philosopher of the artist. Schopenhauer is known as a pessimistic philosopher because he presents a worldview that challenges existential value. He greatly influenced Richard Wagner, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Thomas Mann, Sigmund Freud, Leo Tolstoy, Carl Jung, Emile Chouran, and many other important artists and thinkers of the twentieth century. Schopenhauer in Philosophy After Kant, who was basically based on "epistemology", he made a fundamental change and tried to explain the world on the basis of "the power of the will".
"What emerges in this conception is what I first discover as the metaphysical core of my being, and that is the will; Blind and irrational wills. "Everything else in nature is nothing but part of the objectification of universal, blind, disordered, and irrational wills." One of Europe's most famous philosophers, he was born on February 22, 1788, into a very wealthy family in Danzig, Poland. His father, Heinrich Floris Schopenhauer, was a successful businessman with a keen interest in urban life, travel, and bourgeois culture, and his mother, Johanna, was in love with the wonderful culture of writers and dissidents. Heinrich wanted Schopenhauer to become a successful businessman like himself. So he went on many trips with him. He sent Schopenhauer to Le Havre in France in 1797 at the age of nine to live with his business partner family for two years. According to him, he enjoyed his stay there and learned French fluently.
Schopenhauer wanted to achieve this as a child. Instead of forcing his son, Heinrich offered him these two things: you could go on a two-year trip with us and then study with a businessman, or you could stay home and prepare for college; Arthur chose the first option and traveled extensively with his family, and his observations of these trips and the deep suffering of the poor gave rise to his pessimistic philosophical worldview. Heinrich in 1805 when Schopenhauer was 17 years old. , Committed suicide due to anxiety and depression. Arthur behaved similarly to his father from a young age, believing that he had inherited these behaviors from his father. His father left a remarkable legacy for the family, which was divided between Johanna and her children. Schopenhauer inherited and conservatively invested it in government bonds, earning an annual income of more than double the salary of a university professor. Schopenhauer began his studies at the University of G ttingen in 1809 and He studied medicine first and then philosophy. At the age of 25 he went to Rudolstadt, Germany, where he stayed for a long time in an inn called the Zem Ritter, and was later employed as a professor of philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1819.
Schopenhauer and his mother He was cultured, they did not have a good relationship. One day he wrote in a letter to his mother: "I am losing your temper, you are still a woman and unbearable, and I consider living with you the hardest thing"; Schopenhauer also cites the text of the letter in his book, Treatment. Arthur eventually left his mother, Johanna, and they never met for 24 years. His philosophy became widely known in Europe and the United States in the late 19th century, believing that reality is ultimately nothing more than a meaningless effort or will without a divine origin, and that people involved in the cycle of will are always miserable and sad. He believed that the main characteristic or nature of everything, including human beings, was not intelligence, rationality, or the soul, but "will." Schopenhauer's main focus was on love and relationships, and he always considered himself a unique philosopher. He knew the subject of love; According to him, when we fall in love, we subconsciously choose a person who corrects all our flaws. Schopenhauer, inspired by Plato and Kant, who saw both worlds as more rational. In the face of a world full of endless strife, we must minimize our natural desires in order to achieve a calmer frame of mind. Kant knew true philosophy, but he believed that the world was fundamentally irrational. On the wall of his office was a portrait of Kant and on his desk was a statue of Buddha; He had a special respect for Kant and considered himself his true heir. He may be considered one of history's great skeptics, but many people even non-philosophers are interested in reading his work because of his relatively devoid of original terms and his focus on everyday problems. Schopenhauer had few friends, and in the final years of his life he preferred to live alone with his dog to socialize with others. 1860 - Suddenly dies in his apartment in Frankfurt while eating breakfast. Since his death, his philosophy has been of particular interest to those interested in the meaning of life, as well as to those involved in music, literature, and the visual arts.
Arthur Schopenhauer 's books Arthur
Schopenhauer developed a system of metaphysics, ethics, and
aesthetics centered on the concept of "will." His work greatly
influenced European philosophers, artists, and other intellectuals
in the second half of the nineteenth century. He is also known as
the first German philosopher to include Oriental thought in his
Schopenhauer published a book in 1851 that made him famous; Called "Parerga" and "Paralipomena", it was a collection of very wise and instructive articles and acronyms. The style of the book was probably the main reason for the book's rapid success.
Arthur Schopenhauer wrote a famous philosophical book called The World as Will and Imagination, the most controversial sentence of which is: "Life is not worth living." And he has two main reasons for this belief; The first is his religious orientation as a person according to the teachings of Buddhism, and the second is the biography of his personal life, which he was disappointed to find in a serious relationship and never married.
, The World as Will and Imagination (1819), Two Fundamental Issues of Morality (1841), The Art of Always Being Right (1831), The Art of Aging (1850), The Art of Self-Knowledge (1850), Fears and Mental Nonsense (1851), About Women Wisdom for Men (1851), The Art of Preservation (1998), The World and the Philosopher's Reflections (1976), on the Wisdom of Life (1851).
On the Wisdom of Life
The book "On the Wisdom of Life" is a short and philosophical book written by Arthur Schopenhauer, first published in 1851 by Mohammad Mobasheri He has translated it into Persian. In this book, the most famous pessimistic philosopher of history examines the nature of human happiness and tries to understand how to organize one's life in order to achieve maximum pleasure and success; This was one of the first things that the early Greek philosophers turned to.
In this book, Schopenhauer offers many ways to achieve the highest degree of success and pleasure. He believes that a wise man can provide a solution to almost any kind of hobby that is needed to survive and grow happily. In this book, he states that 90% of our happiness is based on our health. Everything is fun if there is health; Conversely, without health, there is no external gift that is enjoyable.
Schopenhauer believes that if one really wants to have a successful life, one must focus more on mental growth and strengthening one's intelligence on various issues; Because mental pleasure is one of the best, most different and most continuous pleasures.
According to him, personality is the best and most important characteristic on which the whole human being depends. Therefore, for happiness in life, what we are, that is, our personality, is the first and most important thing; Because it is always effective in all situations.
The book "On the Wisdom of Life" offers very interesting and new ideas that may greatly affect your thinking; Remember that this book was written in the mid-19th century in Germany, so there are aspects that would be difficult to do in today's world.
/p> "If one of the ten decisions of a person suffering from depression is not implemented successfully, that person will not feel happy, but will be angry about one unsuccessful case. On the contrary, a happy person can comfort himself and be happy with just one success. But just as there is seldom a calamity that does not at least be remedied, so it is here that depressed people, that is, sad and anxious characters, are less likely to experience imaginary misfortunes than happy and relaxed ones, even though they generally suffer from imaginary misfortunes. "They are really caught." Buy a book about the wisdom of life from BingMag Buy a book about the wisdom of life from Book stories
The art of always being right
The strategies presented in the book "Art is always on Being Right can have many benefits for business people, salespeople, consultants, lawyers, and anyone who needs to sell their ideas in any way.
In general, the main purpose of the book is not that you Use these tricks, but recognize when people are using these against you; Awareness of these tricks allows you to deal with the right people in a way that does not affect your arguments.
In the introduction, Schopenhauer says of the book's main theme: When arguing, are they just looking for victory and ignoring the truth? "It's easy," says Schopenhauer. This is the natural instinct of human nature. This is the result of inherent arrogance and the fact that people do not think more than they speak, but are talkative and deceitful. They take a position quickly, and from then on, regardless of the correctness or incorrectness of that position, they cling to it simply out of pride and arrogance. Pride always triumphs over the truth. This work describes many of the (bad) behaviors we see in our world every day, and it is certainly worth reading.
In an excerpt from The Art of Always Being Right, we read: p> "Opposition and controversy provoke a person to exaggerate in his words. By opposing hostility, you can force him to extend hardship beyond his real limits, which, in any case, are true within those limits and in himself; When you reject this exaggeration, it seems as if you have also rejected his original statement. "In return, you must be careful not to be misled by his opposition and not to exaggerate or expand it." Buy a book about art always being right from DigiCala Buy a book about art always being right from Book stories
The world as will and imagination
The unique book "The World as Will and Imagination" begins with the phrase: "The world is my imagination." The whole book is just a picture of a single idea that wonderfully explains metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, epistemology, and even political philosophy.
It becomes. According to him, the secret of life is to know that this insatiable will only leads to suffering because the will leads to desire and desire leads to suffering.
He argues that all happiness is only the absence of suffering. We always want something, and our desires are painful and annoying to us. But the gratification of desires provides only momentary relief.
In fact, from the author's point of view, the will is a kind of vital motivation that springs from nothingness and a reality like the world, time, taste and touch, which we understand is just an illusion. It is a group that tells us nothing about the real truth. Our experience of reality is shaped by the ways in which we perceive and think.
In a section of The World as Will and Imagination, we read: They are transformers of beautiful art and poetry; Especially in our youth when we do not yet know this point. "A large number of young people will find considerable peace of mind if someone helps them understand this." Buy the book of the world as will and imagination from BingMag