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Akbar Radi; A closer look at the father of modern Iranian playwriting

BingMag.com <b>Akbar</b> <b>Radi;</b> A <b>closer</b> <b>look</b> at the <b>father</b> of <b>modern</b> <b>Iranian</b> playwriting

Akbar Radi is a famous playwright whose works have been compared to the works of Anton Chekhov and Henrik Ibsen and whose influence over more than four decades of playwriting has influenced his work. Is. In most of his works, he pays special attention to the subject of place and poetic spatial identities, and in his plays, he refers to concepts such as comfort, attention and care, stress, imagination, warmth, love and holiness.

Akbar Radi Patterns Our country has created a new era in playwriting in terms of "choosing the type of" subject "and especially" theatrical language ", and what has laid the groundwork for his sociological critique is the social dimension of his works.

We have brought the works of this famous playwright.

Biography of Akbar Radi BingMag.com <b>Akbar</b> <b>Radi;</b> A <b>closer</b> <b>look</b> at the <b>father</b> of <b>modern</b> <b>Iranian</b> playwriting

Akbar Radi is a contemporary Iranian playwright and novelist born on October 1, 1958 in Rasht. He graduated from the University of Tehran with a degree in social sciences.

Radi was born into a middle-class family and grew up in Rasht, where he spent the first eleven years of his life until his father. Who owned a confectionery factory went bankrupt; As a result, he moved to Tehran with his family in 1329. He completed his secondary education at Razi French High School and, after completing a one-year teacher training course, was employed by the Ministry of Education.

" I am the third child in a middle-class family of two sisters and four brothers. My father was a confectioner in Rasht, and during World War II he had a small sugar factory that supplied sugar to a part of the city with the same factory, and his hand reached his mouth and his table was open, and this was perhaps one of the miracles of war that coincided with my childhood. Radi received his bachelor's degree from the Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Tehran in 1341, and began his studies in the same field to continue his master's degree, but before completing his master's degree. resigned. He started teaching playwriting in 1976 at the Art Instructor Training Institute affiliated to the Ministry of Education, and retired from there in 1373, where he taught playwriting as a freelance teacher.

The Norwegian poet, playwright and playwright Henrik Ibsen became very interested in theater and playwriting. . He was last seen in public at the Tehran Theater Complex at the closing ceremony of the play "Mr. Gil's Magnificent Smile".

He died at the age of 68. The Radi Foundation was established after his death through the company of his wife Hamideh Angha, in cooperation with the Tehran Municipality in 2009.

The theme of Akbar Radi's works

Forced Migration From their hometown to other cities, Radi developed a strong nostalgia for his hometown and birthplace, and this nostalgic feeling and fascination for his hometown can be seen in most of his plays.

Many signs in Rady's works There are also sociological issues, and despite his repeated statements that he shunned political themes, he was almost always involved in the idea of democracy and freedom in his plays. The play The Fishermen, in which a group of fishermen rebelled against a large fishing company, is a valuable example of the impact of his work. In fact, he reconstructs the conditions, situations and political and social figures of the revolution in the characters of his play. In The Savior on a Wet Morning, he explores the inevitability of a vague destiny as well as the idea of a lost identity; This play carries the burden of the author's dreams and expectations.

In the play "Stairs", Rady has designed a corner and a narrow world based on five metaphorical stairs made of human bones; The protagonist ascends to fulfill Machiavellian ambitions (a personality trait that focuses on psychological manipulation, ruthlessness, and disregard for morality), and as he ascends the ladder, he descends further into the abyss of a world devoid of justice and human values. Radi has been hailed by many critics as an "outstanding playwright." In his plays, he has created characters who, in various ways, have pursued the utopia (a flawless political system in which people work well together and are happy), to get rid of their "existence" and their "happiness". The theater director, Hadi Marzban, who has worked with him on many projects, has said of him: "The master wrote every night until 3 or 4 in the morning, and we talked more at that time. When I talked about the box office and the crowd, they emphasized to me that the hustle and bustle behind the box office and the queues are not a measure of the value of a theater, and this argument never came to fruition because I believed that more spectators could be one of the values of a theater. Akbar Radi has helped to preserve the dialects of the northern provinces by including colloquial Persian in his works.

Akbar Radi's works

Iranian theater giants. He was very interested in his childhood memories and depicted this in his plays with scenes and decorations such as large houses with several rooms, wooden ceilings, Kashan carpets, gardens with lots of flowers and even foggy and rainy weather.

As mentioned earlier, "Henrik Ibsen, one of the most prominent figures in the world of playwriting, was a turning point in Akbar Rady's literary career, and he himself admitted of the Puppet House Theater: "If I had not seen that play, I would never have become a playwright." Rady's first two plays, "Blue Hole" and "Decline," were hailed by many critics as an "innovative step in dramatic literature," including acclaimed critic, translator, teacher, and director Shahin Sarkisian.

In the continuation of this article, we have taken a look at Akbar Radi's most famous works. img src="https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2112/30/14986-3.jpg" alt="BingMag.com Akbar Radi; A closer look at the father of modern Iranian playwriting" loading="lazy">

The play "Blue Hole" is the first work by Akbar Radi, who wrote it in 1338. The story of this beautiful play shows the ideological gap between the old and new generations. Language plays a key role in the survival of the patriarchal system and the verbal violence of men, and this can be seen in the play The Blue Hole.

, "Ehsan Pirbazari", "Homayoun Saberi", "Anoush Samiei", "Goldaneh" and "Gol Ali" and these characters are more or less present in other radio plays.

The story of this play in the fall of the year 1338 takes place in Rasht and in the house of a fish merchant named "Agha Pirbazari cocoon". Cocoon Agha has bothered his family with his rotten and old thoughts, to the point that his son Ehsan escapes to Tehran. According to Pileh Agha, their wall-to-wall neighbor, Anoush Foumani, has misled his children with his intellectual thoughts.

The characters and atmospheres are specifically related to the city of Rasht, and the characters in the story are sometimes attached and sometimes run away from it.

The description on the back of the cover reads:

"Look! Behind those misty mountains stands a man, a wounded animal, whom you would love to call a child, a child who, in awe of one glance, clutches his shoes in fear for fear he throws himself from moment to moment with his helplessness, and He knocks on closed doors with pleading eyes, and on this day I give you the good news: This house no longer sees itself in peace. "I am extincting your family." The play "The Blue Hole" by Akbar Radi has been published by "Qatreh" Publishing House and is available to those interested.

Buy the book "The Blue Hole" from BingMag https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2112/30/14986-4.jpg ">

A play behind glass is a four-act play that tells the story of thirty years of the couple's life. The first version of this play was published in Payam-e Novin monthly in July 1967. This well-known play by Radi has complex psychological and psychological characters and can be examined from psychological perspectives. The characters are tormented by mental problems such as sadness, despair, alienation, loss and violence, so they run away from reality by distancing themselves from society and by writing and reading books, creating a different world for themselves and watching life flow through the glass. In this work, the author depicts the contradiction between tradition and modernity and the unfavorable living conditions of intellectuals, which was an important issue in Iran at that time. Bamdad Jalili is an intellectual, isolated and isolated writer, and on the other hand, Maryam is a social teacher whose life is very dull. On the other hand, another couple who are very happy and are looking to progress and gain status and wealth; The lives of these two couples are very different from each other.

In the morning, during the story, he is busy writing a book, which we finally find out is a repetitive story of his and his wife's life. The couple's life goes on without any special social events, and sometimes Maryam tries to get Bamdad out of this isolation and asks her to read pages from her book and spend time with her, but Bamdad refuses to do so and does not allow her to. Maryam to disturb her privacy. Ms. and Mr. Derakhshan are the only ones who come to their house and sit and stand with them. 1345, which is the scene of many events, is well revealed.

In a part of the play, we read behind the glass:

If someone looks at Amun, it's a coincidence. Here, here it is so quiet that the sound of a human fly flutters its wings. (His tone gradually turns into a complaining whisper.) August 1st, we have been in this house for exactly two years; If it weren't for the bell in the alley, we wouldn't even know the name of this downstairs. In such a situation, it is good to go back and forth for a while. They are living people. One falls in love with them. Besides, Ms. Derakhshan loves me very much. Ever since I was transferred to this high school, his voice has suddenly stopped; But his lips move. This is because he can no longer hear in the morning. " jpg ">

The book" Fall "is one of the outstanding works of Akbar Radi, which is one of the most important literary events in Persian literature. This play was published in five scenes by Tarfeh Publications in 1343 and was rewritten in 1351.

The story of this play is about a young engineer named "Jahangir Meraj" who is with the daughter of one of the major landowners of Narestan village in northern Iran. , Gets married and stays in their house. Against the wishes of his father-in-law, he undertakes reformist measures to change the lives of the Gilemards in this small village.

They show a true picture of a landlord society in which masters and landlords took the hard work of farmers and villagers while harvesting and returned only about a third to the villagers.

The young generation in this play is each deconstructive They are fond of change and although they are many, they are very weak in the face of the small number of the traditional generation and the elders of the village. Jahangir, unlike all the villagers, relies on his pen and mind instead of on the power of his arm. And the traditional relations prevail in that period.

In a part of the text of the play, we read:

No, I can not decide. I want you to understand. This is not selfishness; Sacrifice. This is our life: to the shed, a few cows and a lightless corner. So what makes me so attached? We have a problem ahead, baby. Our future is unknown, I say this to you who are my wife. I say that you should know that there should be nothing for us and even a little bit of happiness. A little later, he becomes proud and smiles surrenderingly and sadly to Jahangir. Taqi Milani enters. "One hand is a fishing hook and the other is a thin wire with a few gypsies hanging from the end. He has a cigarette in his mouth and a thick diary under his armpit."


Tags: akbar, radi;, closer, look, father, modern, iranian, playwriting

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