25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Cultural symbols introduce and spread the culture and art of a particular country to other parts of the world. Playwrights are among the cultural symbols of every land. Just as Shakespeare evokes the name of England and Antoine Chekhov evokes the name of Russia, Akbar Radi, Bahram Bayzaei, Ali Nasirian, Mohammad Rahmanian, Mohammad Rezaeirad, etc. also remind us of Iran. Iran goes back to the solar year 1220. Mirza Fethali Akhundzadeh wrote the first play in Turkish and Mirza Agha Tabrizi published the first Persian play following him. But most of the plays that were performed on the stage were translated or adapted from foreign plays.

BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Cultural symbols introduce and spread the culture and art of a particular country to other parts of the world. Playwrights are among the cultural symbols of every land. Just as Shakespeare evokes the name of England and Antoine Chekhov evokes the name of Russia, Akbar Radi, Bahram Bayzaei, Ali Nasirian, Mohammad Rahmanian, Mohammad Rezaeirad, etc. also remind us of Iran. Iran goes back to the solar year 1220. Mirza Fethali Akhundzadeh wrote the first play in Turkish and Mirza Agha Tabrizi published the first Persian play following him. But most of the plays that were performed on the stage were translated or adapted from foreign plays.

During the constitutional period, Mirzadeh Eshghi, Abolhasan Foroughi, Ali Nasr, Sadegh Hedayat and Reza Kamal Shahrazad were the playwrights of Iran.

After the twenties, with the opening of the country, the conditions for extensive cultural and artistic activities were provided and many names were written in this field. From the year 35 of the year, playwriting continued with the play "Balbel Sargashte" by Ali Nasrian.

The beginning of theater festivals in the year of the year 44, a wide space for the activity of names such as Bahman Farsi, Gholam Hossein Saedi, Bijan Mofid, Ismail Khalaj. , Bahram Bayzaei, Ali Nasirian and... were provided to put their works on the stage.

After the victory of the Iranian revolution, together with the extensive social, political, cultural and economic changes, a kind of national drama with regard to local spaces was popular.

With the beginning of the 1970s, a new generation of young and talented playwrights emerged - Mohammad Yaqoubi, Alireza Naderi, Mohammad Rahmanian, Chista Yatharbi, Alireza Burhani Marand, Hossein Mehkam, Mohammad Rezairad, Hamid Amjad, Amirreza Kohestani, Rima Raminfar, etc. - who have now become the greats of this field, were provided.

Iran's playwriting is supported by its hundred years of history. Sometimes it is abandoned and sometimes it shines on the stage. In this article, the works of Iran's best playwrights over the past sixty years have been introduced.

  • 19 classic plays that theater lovers should read
  • 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

1. The book "Moosh"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Bahman Farsi was born in 1312 in Tabriz. After dropping out of school and trying different jobs, he got employed by the government. Farsi started writing stories in addition to plays and criticism in his youth and worked on them.

He was a contemporary of Dr. Jamshid Laeeq, one of the artists of theater, television and cinema, he cooperated with Saadi Theater and suggested the formation of a theater group with Ali Nasirian, Fereydon Farrokhzad, Mehdi Fathi and a few others, who himself became the head of this small group. For more than seven years, their citizenship rights have been taken away and they have left the city. Some have entrusted their children under the age of seven to the new government. A group of seven-year-olds have also joined Tarfanj from all over the world.

This city-country is supposed to be governed by "personal ritual" from then on. The person is right. Even at the cost of collective condemnation. A person is burdened by society. It is the society that is a part of itself, i.e., it makes the individual to make any mistakes.

On the other hand, at the same time as the new system started, a citizen of Tarfanj who voluntarily gives his body and life to those who have They study the subject of human immortality, he will inherit astronomical wealth. That citizen, as a believer in the system, gives his wealth to the new system based on an official contract. During the registration of the contract, when asked his name, he says Mosh. His job is introduced by a laboratory mouse.

In a part of the play "Mouse" by Bahman Farsi published by Bidgol Publishing House, we read: The director of security, the director of health, and the manager of Nafus are on the stage. It is night. Everyone is occupying one of the seats at will, and according to their body. Everyone is calm and silent and do not speak to each other. The manager of Nafus enters hurriedly and sweating.)

Nafus manager: Yes, half an hour late, hello, hello guys, you can see that I tried my best, but it's half an hour late...

Pasdari manager: Again, you are giving too much explanation. .

Nafus Director: Ah yes, the ridiculous habits of the past, hehehe.

Pasdari Director: In those days, there was only talk about punctuality. (Everyone laughs. The government manager gets up. The others keep quiet.)

Government manager: Gentlemen!... I think we shouldn't be able to joke and laugh so easily with this problem in front of us.

Guard manager: Finally it will be solved. If it doesn't work?

Nafus manager: Will you let me drink water down my throat? It would be great if you could climb these 70 floors with something other than an elevator. It takes one's breath away. (He goes to leave.)

Guard manager: You are suggested after This is the way of your legendary ancestors. (Everyone laughs loudly.

Nafus manager returns to the stage with a glass of water in his hand. He takes another sip. He straightens his chest. The others stare at him in silence. The atmosphere becomes serious.)

Nafus manager: Yes, mouse!"

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2. The book "Aramsayishgah"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

This play, written in two acts, has a metaphorical and mysterious theme of society that makes people It gradually grinds and crushes.

In this play, the doctor, the supervisor, the patient's wife and others are trying to cure Khosrow, a man with mental illness. But this is only the appearance of the case. The characters in the story struggle with mental problems and need to be treated. Khosrow is not the only one who is perplexed and looking for a solution to his problem. Everyone is looking for the missing key to their life. The doctor sees the root of all problems in lies, the key to solving them is the truth. The creator of the game is an expert in code and hints. It is with his hints that the codes are revealed or remain hidden. The world has a sub-universe "sanctuary" where the crisis is continuous and increasing. Its four unwalled walls are separated from the outside world by a plastofoam wall and an iron fence.

The newsboy boy comes behind the fence from time to time and throws a "super" inside. It's just awesome out there. The man repeatedly starts the engine, but the engine does not start. The group readings of the patients, the elegiac singers who circumambulate the huge anvil in the area announce a self-destructive chaos.

In a part of the play "Aramsayishgah" by Bahman Farsi published by Bidgol Publishing House, we read:

"Dr. Toma means again with a lie. Let's assume that our patient will be completely cured and go out of here. Be careful, old lady. I didn't say it got better or cured. I said he was cured. (Pause, in itself) The magic religion of science used to heal before the religion of magic. Then religion healed. Now science actually heals. It is not about treatment and recovery. Well, what do you think this healed being will face in the first step, out there? with lies Grown with lies. "Outside" that has not been healed. "Outside" is not a bed. "Outside" that was not under the control of science. Science is useless out there. This is that Khosrow Shahriari will return sooner or later forever. no no no! Because of that, I don't know how many particles of true essence there are in my being, and it has never been dissolved and disappeared, because of the white and non-financial spirit of science, which only teaches work, truth and honesty, I have decided from this moment on, very open. And act naked and victorious. If this true desire that is in me is not a special and complicated disease that only I have, then, get rid of it, old lady. pick up The circus is closed again. Discussions and consultations are closed. From now on, I will only rule. And you, and you too, if you feel that you only have to obey, then obey.

(Dr. Toma remains silent and goes to a corner. The old lady slowly goes to the garden, takes some of the keys and He goes to the white stairs. There is the sound of a car approaching and its engine shuts off. The sound of the car starting, one after the other. Dr. Toma is fully aware and attentive to this sound. It is as if this sound is basically a sound in the doctor's mind. The old lady is back, the rest of the keys collects and takes away. The man in the car slowly approaches Dr. Toma. It's as if a mental factor attracts him to the doctor. The boy who sells newspapers is found behind the railings. The old lady has reached the fifth step. The boy shouts.)"

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3. The book "The Sound of Breaking"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The play "The Sound of Breaking" narrates the life of a young man named Farhad who committed suicide but before From his death, he predicted the reaction of those around him to this issue and recorded them on tape, which was played in the presence of everyone after his death.

Farhad, the main character of the play, is a crazy, depressed and somewhat rebellious youth. who is not physically present in the story and scene and should be called absent in the first person. On the one hand, he was in love with Totia, a pure and platonic love that had an unsuccessful end, and on the other hand, he was in the conflict of his dark and aggressive thoughts. His reasons for ending his life are both known and unknown. Farhad was a young man who was disappointed and disheartened by life.

The play "The Sound of Breaking" narrates Farhad's emotions, turmoil and strange and complicated struggles in life. But the turning point of the play is Farhad's strange and mysterious action before his suicide. Before his death, he records in an audio tape loop predictions of the reaction of those around him to his death and all his unsaid in life. Farhad made his brother responsible for playing this audio tape, but he does not appear in front of the survivors, and by playing the tape, he puts the survivors in a complicated situation that is similar to the trial of Farhad's death.

In a part of the play We read "The Sound of Breaking" written by Bahman Farsi and published by Bidgol Publishing House:

"Game: Totia is sitting on the couch. He picks up the glass and takes a sip.

Toya growing and flying, tree and bird, life had no other meaning for him. The last time I saw him, he was very upset. He was crazy. It was stuck and empty. It was a moment when everything was cut. And it was cut. He said with anger and hatred (quotation voice) I am afraid. yes i am scared But instead of running away, I spit. (pause, still in quote voice) No one sees me anymore, no one, not even you. (Pause) That means me. (Pause) You're addicted to me, we're all addicted to each other. We hate each other but we need each other. But you, everyone sees and believes you. They accept They agree that this is a bird, a bird, a woman, which cannot be tied to any tree forever. (Pause) He was right. It was a big tree. Frankly and naked. He lived standing all his life. And standing and openly killed himself. It cannot be forgotten.

Ramin (from the darkness without being seen) but you want to forget it. If it was different, you wouldn't have thought about whether it can be forgotten or not."

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4. The book "Pot, Spring and Doll"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Two plays "Pot" and "Spring and Doll" narrate an unfulfilled love They do that they are prevented by tradition or human fears.

The elements of the play "Goldan" which can be called poetry and mystery of the stage are familiar. Receiving and understanding its entirety requires re-reading and revision. In this play, the power of tradition rules in the body of the earth-shattering father. The earthen balance of the celestial stars has divided the people equally: each person is a star. Boy and girl are in love. But they do not reach the season of picking the fruit of love. Their hands and feet are tied from the inside. Guldan's house is on the street, and on the other side of the street is the army training ground. The sound of car brakes comes from the street. The sound of the howling of an animal that has taken a wound, and from that street the sound of trumpets, soldiers' drills, whips, shots, etc.

The play "Spring and Doll" is a journey from the abandoned and innocent love of Guldan to complicated love and Modern now. A man has been in love with a woman, and still is. A woman was, willingly or unwillingly, contaminated by loyalty and persecution, and still is. They are both tater tots. Now, after a period of isolation, the man has written a play and returned to the woman to perform it.

The story of Chistan's play is the old love between them. Its wound-filled and scratchy narration goes back and forth with its root and fashion in the context of "game" and "life". There are thousands of example saws in cutting and parting. Finally, a huge saw descends to the width of the opening of the stage with a lot of noise and cuts the trunk of the theater from the stage where it is located. which was published by Bidgol publishing house, we read: "Man, do you know what I wanted to say a minute ago that I didn't say?" I wanted to say that here, in this face, in this brain, in these eyes, something new has grown. you know what Throwing abacus to celebrate the moments of this shitty life. Do you know what is green? (He looks at the woman's face for a moment with torn and staring eyes.) Old age! Old age! You are old and worse. (Pause) But I can only like you anyway. (Pushes the woman's head to his chest.) No, no, I don't love you anymore. (Separates the woman's head from her chest. In a woman's face) Do you hear? (Screams angrily) I don't love you anymore. But I know you a lot, a lot more. (Holds the woman to him.) The poor old bankrupt, he sits and listens to the sad American screen on Sunday. We started dating on Sunday, do you remember anything? And the day I left your house, I left and I didn't come back to you again, it wasn't Sunday, don't you remember that? And today is Sunday, did you think about it? Today is Sunday! It might be boring for an American, but not for me. I might be like this on Friday.

But this morning, I've spent twelve hours in the glass cage of that damn book store with all kinds of people, and I haven't even had time to think about the day's longing. But now, after all these troubles, I want to start a job, and it's Sunday. A job! A work in which all my desire, will and intelligence have been stored. So Sunday is not sad at all. If there was, I would not be able to find you with all these temptations and hardships and share my work with you. do you understand (with hatred and anger) To be separated, to be separated, do you even know the meaning of these things? Have you ever lived purely in either of these two worlds for a single moment in your entire life? No, I don't want to start a court at all, do you understand? I don't want to organize a court, I hate the court! Disgusted! (Separates the woman from her own chest.) Awakening?

(The woman is pulled away from the man like a lethargic and sleepy cat. She stares at the man for a long moment without saying a word and then turns her back to him.)

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5. The book "Tomar Sheikh Sharzin"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Bahram Bayzaei, writer, playwright, screenwriter, director, editor, researcher and prominent essayist It is in a cultured family And Adeb was born in Tehran. As a child, he often ran away from school and watched movies at the chest club. In 1330, with the suicide of Sadegh Hedayat, he became familiar with Hedayat's work and history and was influenced by him. Years later, he withdrew from studying Persian literature at Tehran University's faculty of literature. But he published the results of his research in the form of the book "Performance in Iran", which became the only important history of Iranian drama.

At the same time, he started writing plays using the methods of ta'ziyeh that his ancestors established in Aran. "The Scroll of Sheikh Sharzin" is one of his plays that tells the story of misunderstood people during the time when the Mongol Tatars ruled Iran.

One of Sheikh Sharzin's students, while burning some of the scrolls in the library, By chance, he comes across a scroll from his teacher. "Sheikh Sharzin Petition", which was written for a lawsuit from Sahibdiwan, is a part of the biography of the secretary of the Sultani Library, Sheikh Sharzin bin Rozbahan. The one who was accused of apostasy and blasphemy by the rest of the sheikhs for writing a petition to Darnameh.

Sherzin, the main hero of the play, is a person who has a firm belief in wisdom, and in his petition to Darnameh He has spoken in praise of wisdom. The narrow-minded and short-sighted sheikhs, who consider themselves to be pure servants of the principles of the predecessors, are angered by Sharzin's words because of his new and innovative speech and try to interrogate him. To save himself from this danger, Sharzin attributes his writing to Avicenna. But with the admiration and acceptance of the Sultan and the sheikhs for the work that they thought was attributed to Ibn Sina, Sharzin admits that he wrote it himself. Reading it, they want to know what happened to him.

In a part of the play "Tomar Sheikh Sharzin" by Bahram Baizai published by Roshangaran Publishing House, we read:

"-... from One of you is a woman who has cheated on you... one of you has taken the property of widows and orphans... one of you brags about a warrior while he is more fearful than a man saying... people there see that all this is true and think that he is a person that everyone with this situation, people can no longer live in that ten while he only knew the society. The people there kill him and throw him into a well so that the order of the society (based on lies) is not disturbed. They suddenly see Sharzin sitting in Ten Square and saying only: Knowledge cannot be killed. - Sharzin : ... the subject is zero. The sultans and rulers are the highest number, the sultan is nine, and the ministers, chakras, rulers, and diwanis are eight, seven, six, five, four, three, two, and one, and the subjects are zero. With all this, the value of every sultan is to the subjects, and no number without zero should be increased so that its thousand without zeros is not more than one, know that the subject does nothing and is more than everyone.

- Sherzin: Yes, this is It's all about practice. The executioner practices beheading and the shooter practices shooting. If you tie a hand, it remains artless, and this is not the sin of that hand, it is the sin of practicing and you practice a lot so that no one can think, you who are now brave for my blood, and many practice spears. So that you, who shout training, will prevail over me, and I practice death."

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6. The book "One Thousand and One Nights"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

"One Thousand and One Nights" consists of three one-act plays. The opening act of the show tells the story of the girls of Jamshid with laughter, which begins with them from the perspective of the author of One Thousand and One Nights. Shahrnaz and Arnawaz voluntarily marry Zahhak and put him to sleep every night with a story so that another young man whose brain is food for Zahhak's snakes can be saved. This story continues until "One Thousand and One Nights" and fate shows its other side to Zahhak.

The second play is a story of an Iranian who translates the Thousand and One Nights or Thousand Tales into Arabic, but The caliph betrays him.

The third play is a story that has a new flavor and takes place in the house of a khan and his wife. His wife sings One Thousand and One Nights, but the superstitions of the age say that women should not sing One Thousand and One Nights, otherwise they will die. The woman, whose name is Roshank, takes the risk and waits for her death by reading One Thousand and One Nights, but she is also another princess and something else happens to her in "One Thousand and One Nights".

"One Thousand and One Nights" portrays six women in narratives in which women are active and decide their own fate.

In a part of the play "One Thousand and One Nights" by Bahram Bayzai, published by Roshank published, we read:

"- Roshank: Come, sister, bring this indigo rug, maybe even black! Banal and bruise your clothes, sister! Rukhsan: Real mourning? Roshank: If I die, won't you mourn? Rukhsan: I'm not here to see. God did not bring that day. But your husband; Maybe it will clear the template. Roshank: This is your dream that you imagine that men are so in love that they become empty with our deaths. Roshank: As much as he loves a bird in his cage.

Rokhsan: [Protests] To God, you are unfair.

- Roshank: Wisdom. Until it reaches women, its name becomes deceitful. Not? And cunning takes the name of wisdom until it reaches men. Mirkhan: There are also stories about bad women! Roshank: which is the result of evil men.

- Shabestan Dhahak: gold-woven curtains are hung in every corner. Poster - right - wooden bed, with coiled snake legs; And with a mosquito net. Before - left - the royal throne with the legs of a falcon and the head of a snake.

Arnavaz: He is lying on the royal throne with a golden chevron and snoring mockingly. Shahrnaz approaches him with Simin's face - like a spirit. The night is the end of you.

Arnawaz: He quickly shakes his head to the right and left as a sign of nine.

Shahrnaz: You reigned for a thousand nights, Dahhak; This is the night of one thousand and one!

Zahak: The screamer jumps out of sleep.

Shehrnaz and Arnawaz jump at his scream of fear and each of them quickly runs to one side or retreats. Breathless laughter comes.

Dahhak: You are Shahrnaz and Arnawaz. Or are you dreaming that I see you?

Shahrnaz: We are not your dream, Zahhak. you are asleep And our insomnia."

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7. The book "Sohrab Kashi"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

"Sohrab Kashi" is a play written based on the story of Rostam and Sohrab of Ferdowsi's Shahnameh. This story begins with Rostam, an Iranian warrior, falling in love with Shah Samangan's daughter, Tehmina.

The result of Rostam and Tehmina's love is a son named Sohrab, who inherited his father's arm and arm. Young Sohrab comes to Iran on behalf of the Turanians to meet Rostam, and this meeting does not go as it should. Rostam goes to the battlefield from Sistan to help the Iranian army and confront the Turanians, and there a battle between father and son takes place. Another aspect of tragedy highlights this story and turns the text into a trial story.

In a part of the play "Sohrab Kashi" by Bahram Bayzai published by Roshangaran Publishing House, we read:

" half dark In the middle of the war, a bloody cloth on the ground; Bloody curse on it. Sohrab stands on it; Unmoved And with a white lace on his face. The time-keepers and the bearers get up from the ground when rolling and slowly; Or they step on the ground slippery and shadowy from every corner. the same clothes; There is only redness on Rostam's hands, and Sohrab's side, and also on his trunk. Every barkhan is also punctual; And only when he shows someone, he adds a sign of him, such as a crown, armor, skullcap, whip, fly swatter, sword or shield or shield; And because the work is past, he keeps it away from himself. Timekeepers bring things on time and take them away, and they take care of the games. Every barkhan has his own recitation; And the words can be read all over. From behind the arrangement, there is nothing at the time, except for two walking ladders, and in the background twelve matching black stools, with equal distances, in a line; And twelve troops with spears on their faces and heads, who sometimes sit on them and sometimes stand on them to watch, and sometimes they ambush them, and sometimes they put them together and make a rampart out of them. , and sometimes a platform; And they are also friends and supporters of the game. ] [ Multiple wounds on the instrument. Light on Gosan. He looks at his hand like a cup] Gusan: O cup, reveal those who are not; They have written our destiny with their actions! Those we step on; If they were, they would say what they were on! Did we misunderstand their way? Or right, and it was not wrong? Did we get lost without knowing? Or were they all missing?"

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8. The book "Nadeba"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The play "Nadeba" is a work of Bahram Baizai, which is specifically related to the events of the first and second constitutions. will pay. The atmosphere of the play represents the suffocating and miserable times of the Iranian people before the constitutional revolution until the parliament was closed by Liakhov.

The whole play takes place in a brothel. A place where, according to the author, all strata of society with any kind of thinking can step into it. The women who work in this brothel get to know the issues of the day through their customers and look at the issues of the day through their eyes.

The main character of this play is a woman. Zainab faces many problems in Iran's patriarchal system. At the beginning of the show, she is sold to a brothel by her father and her fianc. After enduring many problems and dilemmas, this woman gradually gained self-awareness and reacted to the conditions and joined the constitutional movement.

"- The secretary of the assembly: don't be afraid, gentlemen, my administrative servant, I have no opinion. They pay for this. And what is your obligation? The main entrances are from the client's gift, which should be taken from Lataif Al-Hail.

- Dar al-Funun's student: Your eyes are bright, you are dressed in shabroi clothes and your hair is like a bandit's, don't you hear the moans when you comb your hair?

- My servant is before the constitution, but my sustenance comes from tyranny. I do not know what to say. Can't be bothered The sea is full of mud. They were the men who did it."

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9. The book "Four Chests"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The two-act play "Four Chests", which has a political-critical theme, is one of the most symbolic plays It is an oval that has a pattern similar to "Takht Hozei" shows, and its basis is imitation and play. But like other norm-breaking experiences of Elizai, in the end, in terms of content, it is a kind of anti-imitation.

Four people who are marked with red, yellow, green, and black colors and are respectively a symbol of the market, intellectual, religious and There are masses of people, trying to make a scarecrow to protect them from any danger.

They make the scarecrow fully equipped and armed. The scarecrow comes to life and opens his mouth to speak. This initially makes all four of them happy, unaware that the scarecrow gradually dominates the situation and eventually dominates the environment.

The scarecrow forces them to build a fund for themselves to imprison them in their funds and keep them separated from each other; But then they leave their funds and decide to rise against the scarecrow. But in the end it is only black who breaks his chest to face the scarecrow. In the end, he becomes a victim of others' fear.

In a part of the play "Four Chests" by Bahram Bayzai published by Roshangaran Publishing House, we read:

"Green is strange, sir; like me I have seen this respectable existence before.

Yellow (intellectual) is possible

Green but where?

Yellow is possible everywhere; maybe at a crossroads.

p>

Green (laughs) Yes, maybe we bumped into each other.

Yellow (laughs) Maybe in the demonstration! Years ago.

Green (laughs) Maybe, maybe. (Pause) But since that day, where were we, what were we doing? Maybe we were asleep.

Green (with excitement) is an interesting expression; A forced sleep!

Yellow (excited) all night long.

Green (excited) Correct. Unfortunately, it is true.

Yellow (stays) But, how long was the night?

Green (dumb) I don't know. I was sleeping. The book "Majlis Ghorbani Sanmar"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The play "Majlis Ghorbani Sanmar" takes place during the reign of Numan I, which is supposed to be hosted by Yazdgerd First, be the king of Iran. Khornoghi is supposed to be built in order to welcome the Shah of Iran. The one who is responsible for the construction of this khornaq is a person named "Sanmar".

The legend of khornaq and Sanmar has been mentioned many times before in Persian literature, especially in Ganjavi's seven military figures. Where Yazdgerd decides to hand over his infant son Bahram, who we know as "Bahram Gur", to Noman. In the military story, "Sanmar", which is a famous architect, is called from Rome to build a palace that deserves to be proud of the prince. In addition to the story narrated by Nizami, Noman's daughter also plays a role in this story.

In a part of the play "Majlis Ghorbani Sanmar" by Bahram Baizai, published by Roshangaran Publishing House, we read:

- One (shouts): Why should he not regret the one who did good? Another (shouting): Why shouldn't he regret what he did? The other one (screams): Why should he not regret what he thought? Sanmar: I said that if I resume my life and know that my death will be higher than that, which I will make myself; Death - forty deaths! And in every brick, if I hear the sound of my bones; I'll make it as loud as possible! To the height of the human soul

- Blessed are the people who did not build, or built short, that when they fell, they did not break a hand or lose a life! Happy short-sightedness! It's better that he didn't take it from the soil himself; That did not overturn like that! - Not! If everyone did not build, the world would be at the beginning of its beginning; You are crazy! - Yes, people are worth what they make! And what they make is their image! - Hmm, yes; "Khornaq is the face of Sanmar, and death is the face of Naman."

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11. The book "IBKlah, IBAKlah"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Gholam Mohsin Saedi, an Iranian writer and doctor, is one of the prominent figures of Iranian playwriting. He was born on the 24th of January 1314 in a family of employees in the city of Tabriz. His father, Ali Asghar, was a government employee and his mother, Tayyaba, was a housewife. Although his maternal grandfather was one of the constitutionalists of Tabriz and his paternal family had a job and position in the then Crown Prince Muzaffaruddin Shah's administration, but the economic situation of the family was not suitable. In October 1321, he started elementary school in Badr Primary School and in 1327 he was able to get his sixth grade certificate.

He started writing during his studies in medicine and after getting to know Samad Behrangi. . His first plays were published in 1332.

The two-act play "IBKalah, Aibakalah" brought many issues under the microscope, of which drunkenness and sobriety, superstitions and truth, life and death, awareness and lack of awareness are only a part of them. Is. The people of a neighborhood because of the head and The scary voices that came from an uninhabited building, they are terrified and they are arguing with each other about this incident and related issues. With the noise that came from that abandoned building, fear falls on the lives of the local people and everyone guesses that a monster is hiding in the building. One of the characters in the book, a man on the balcony, wins the trust of the local people and convinces them that a monster is lurking to destroy them. At the end of the first act, the truth or falsity of this claim will be clarified, but the events that took place will cause people to become indifferent to the words of the man on the balcony in the second act called "Ai ba Kolah", and an unpleasant result will be reached for them.

In a part of the play "IBKalah, IBakalah" by Gholamhossein Saedi, which was published by Negh Publishing House, we read:

"A new neighborhood on the outskirts of the city. The stage is the area created by the intersection of several alleys. The houses are all newly built and beautiful. On the right side of the stage, there is an old abandoned house with a rough door and brick walls. Most of the windows of this house are boarded up. In the corner of this house, there is a long and frameless window that illuminates the stairs. On the left side of the stage, two houses with two doors next to each other and several windows. The front house has a balcony and a large window facing the stairs of the abandoned house. Behind the scene is the view of another house with several windows and a large door. It is the middle of the night. There are some sleeping lights behind some windows. Only, the light of the house with the balcony is on. The moon has come, soft light covers everything. The door of the opposite house opens, first the old man's head and then the girl's head are found through the door, both of them are terrified. It seems that they just woke up. The old man is wearing a used "Reb Duchamber". For a few moments, they stare at the abandoned house with fear and panic, they listen, they look at the windows, they both hesitate." . The book "The Serpent in the Temple"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

This four-act play is the story of a revelation in a backward society. The people of the city in this play, wishing to realize their dreams, give all their property and wealth to a fortuneteller, while they face the man's fraud. This group, who are businessmen, teachers, photographers and bakers, turn to the ruler of the city to find a solution. Together with the government officials, they go to Soudagar's house, where they are confronted by his flatterers. Sodagar's wife denies his presence in the house, but the officers go inside the house. The government's search for a smart businessman drives the play forward.

The society depicted by the author in the play "Snake in the Temple" is a reflection of the ignorant and simple people that different classes of society, both educated and What market are they present in? They were deceived by the promises of profiteering so that they could have more wealth and savings. This play is the narration of the actions of unfortunate people in a totalitarian society.

In a part of the play "Snake in the Temple" by Gholamhossein Saedi, published by Negh Publishing House, we read: To give free food to the nation.

Teacher: I bought thirty under the condition that, in addition to food, he solves the problem of clothing for my family.

Photographer: He told me that I will make you get out of trouble. Stop traveling.

Grocer: He made many promises to me. For example, he said that a deacon would buy me two mouthfuls on the main street. Butcher: He made these promises to everyone. Baker: I gave all my capital and pledged everything and that's all. I bought one of these.

Trader: Now he's been fooling everyone for a whole year, for a whole year, he's doing today, tomorrow, today and tomorrow.

Teacher: He's disabled everyone.

Congregation: We became poor, we became helpless, we fell out of life.

Trader: (takes a step towards the officers) Now we have brought you to clarify our task.

Teacher: The task of such a cheater and swindler is obvious. The officers should attract him.

Butcher: What is attracting him? Dare to take it. Take him to jail, put him in prison.

Old woman: (to the officers) God bless you, look at your youth, first take our money and then do whatever you want.

Jamaat: First money, first our money.

The officers who were standing silently until that moment move together and come forward.

First officer: (to the first pado) where is your master?

The first officer: (scared and with a chuckle) Master?... Heh heh heh.

The first officer: Where is your master?

The first officer: Which master ?

First officer: How many masters do you have? The one who gives you bread and left you here to listen to the people; Where are you now?

First officer: Heh heh heh... I don't know.

Second officer: (to the second officer) What about you? Do you know where you are?

Second Padua: Who?

Second Officer: (shouting) Your boss, my lord. The one who started these pranks. the master? (to the first student) Do you know where the boss is?

Businessman: They are playing, the burnt-out fathers.

Teacher: This is a regular job, please. Don't be fooled by their actions.

Trader: He must be sitting in his house right now (pointing to the inside of the house) and laughing at our beard.

Teacher: No one has seen him for a long time, he is safe. He does.

The first officer: He is not home, by God, he is not home.

The second officer: He went out to God, he went out.

The first officer: (The first officer ) Let go and get lost.

The second officer: (He pushes the second pado) Go next to Mertike.

The officers enter the house. The Pados are scared and cling to the two corners of the house. Everyone is silent and motionless. Screaming from inside the house. do you want He is not home, what are you doing? what are you doing Don't let him go."

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13. The book "Dictation and Angle"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Gholamhossein Saedi in two plays "Dictation" and "Zavieh" succeeded in portraying human characters with It shows a disturbed mind and a disturbed mind. Both stories are successful in describing political suffocation, society's ignorance and misunderstanding of democracy.

The play "Dicta" tells the story of a student who stands by his beliefs and is not ready to write a dicta that is against them. A group, from the moderator to the teachers of different grades, try to force him to write "dictation" in different ways, be it insistence, intimidation or flattery.

The play "Zavieh" is also a story with The presence of characters such as an old woman at home, a poet, a thief, an agent, a philosopher, a reporter and a common person. In this play, each of them tries to prove their point and say that others are wrong.

In a part of the plays "Dictation and Angle" by Gholamhossein Saedi, published by Negh Publishing House, we read:

"Poet: Scream, Scream, Scream... Dry Scream... All together: Suffocate! Suffocate! Shut up!

Philosopher: In the current situation, a bunch of raw and simple feelings has no value and credibility.

Poet: My words, a bunch of raw and simple feelings Not.

Old woman: Everything is nonsense.

Man with glasses: Dirty.

Man with mustache: Rubbish.

Philosopher: No Scientific worldview, art has no value.

Mustachio man: It means that nothing has value.

Poet: I will not fail, I believe in my way.

>

Old woman: (angry) Iman! the faith! the faith! You know what faith means! Faith means destruction, faith means the enemy of life, faith means petrification, loss of freedom, giving up on growth and development, restraining fluid and flowing thought." 14. The book "Hot egg tango" He was born. In 1329, due to the bankruptcy of his father, he migrated to Tehran with his family. He completed the last two primary classes at Saeb Elementary School in Tehran and completed his secondary education at Razi French High School.

He studied social sciences at Tehran University and after completing the teacher training course, he started teaching in schools. started. In 1338, Radi wrote his first play "Rozneh Abi", but published it two years later due to the efforts of Ahmed Shamlou.

In the play "Hot Egg Tango", Radi deals with the contrast between tradition and modernity. There are two families in this story. One is a landlord and the other is a tenant. Musa is the owner of the house. His wife's name is Anis and he has three sons and one daughter. Aghabala is a tenant. He lives with his wife and two children, a son and a daughter.

Moses is a representative of all traditions, but his living environment is not compatible with his beliefs. His children do not agree with him either. Even his eldest son has separated from the family after becoming financially independent. Aghabala informs Musa one day that he has decided to move. Now Musa has to pay him his debt of ten tomans, but he can't. This issue causes Musa to give up some of his beliefs and do things that he did not even think about while he was in a bind of providing his tenant's money.

Moses: Yes, God created the tree for this reason. Hit a pole?

Aghabala: I have a wife and children here, hajaga. Tomorrow is Chale Tavesone. Well, it's a man's house, he wants to open the window to let the wind blow. It's not possible.

Mosei: OK... I'll cut it.

Aghabala: (shakes his cigarette on Zilo.) No, it's no use.

Mosei: What are you talking about, father?

Aghabala: The tree should be uprooted.

Moses: I emptied a sack of manure and leaf litter at the foot of that tree. ? I can even say it.

Aghabala: Well then, our house might think differently.

Kaiser's voice: Esi... Esi... God, I miss you because you are shaking me so much.

p>

Aqabala: Loudly, he has come!

Kaiser's voice: Now how can I go behind Boon?

Kaiser enters the corridor. She is a settled woman with water and color and a fat figure. Throwing his white cloak over his shoulder, his arms and chest shine with gold. He comes carelessly and heads into the living room... Musa Ja He has finished the prayer.

Qaiser: Hasn't Hossein sir come?... Hello! (He turns and pulls back a little.)"

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15. The book "Khanmcheh and Mehtabi"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

This play, written in the form of a fluid flow of the mind, depicts the story of an old woman who Her life is spent in a nursing home and because of her forgetfulness, she creates imaginary stories in her mind.

The old woman, the main character of the play, lives in her mental stories in different times and places and becomes a different person every time.

In a part of the play "Khanmcheh va Mehtabi" by Akbar Radi, published by Nasha Negh, we read: You are looking at this tree. How long will you eat dinner and pray sitting on the chair and nothing else. In the spring evenings, there is a reasonable breeze and the garden is refreshing with violets and those silver cypresses and cheerful sparrows chirping among the leaves.

- Then there are colorful people and with flowers and plants and sweets from At the end of the street, there is a tree in the middle, and you are looking around, but you can see a man and a black man and children down there, but one of your glasses is broken and everything is blurry in that crowd. At that time, the crowd overflows in the lobby.

- You didn't pay attention to my words, my dear, I wanted to stop you from drawing the end of life painting and you were tying a rope, when you went on the chair. Then you put your head in front of the ring and closed your eyes for a moment. If you don't pray, you don't have anyone's sorrow and ask for forgiveness! Not! You just put your heel on the edge of the chair and slowly pressed, you pressed so much that the chair turned and collapsed. Ah... what a wonderful age, what a terrible sight! You were flailing in the air and I was standing two meters in front of you and looking at you."

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16. The book "Blue Hole"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Akbar Radi in the three-act play "Blue Hole" written by Ahmed Shamlou and Shahin Sarksian published and released on the screen, it deals with the rebellion of the new and young generation against the patriarchal rule of the market, for which the value, prestige and dignity of human beings are defined only by the abacus. which was published by Nash Ghatre, we read: "The scene is a glass-enclosed rope room on the second floor of an old-fashioned Russian-style house located in Rasht's "Bulurchian" alley. The room is decorated with two pairs of Kerman carpets, flower lace behind the doors, sofa, table, asali, chandelier, and everything else that is suitable for the reception room of a Rashti summak.

Two doors, on the left and It can be seen on the right side of the room. The long window facing the porch of the house with blue wooden columns is open. A thick fog has descended outside, and the view from this open door is a vague outline of autumn green tree branches, moss-covered black earthenware, and the distant misty truss of the neighbor's house.

A rainy morning. Gol Ali clumsily sits on a sofa, while waiting, he rotates his sheepskin hat in his hand and looks around. Then, with boredom, he takes a cigarette from the ashtray on the table and lights it.

After one or two packs, there is a sharp and muffled sound of female feet on the wooden stairs. Gul Ali puts out the cigarette. Guldane enters while singing a slow song. She is a lively young widow with broad rural cheeks, wearing a flowered chit shirt and long braided hair that is visible from under her hair. He left until next year.

Gol-Ali: You're overdoing it, girl.

Goldane: Wow, now I said tomatoes; What happened?

Gol Ali: What you said.

Goldane: That's Gilan tomato! You know that...

Gol-Ali: There is no god but God... Now he said something bad to us.

Goldane: (Mischievously.) I am fainting because of tomatoes!

Goli Ali: Shall I tell you now?

Goldane: So say it!

Goli Ali: They say...

Goldane: What are they saying?

Gol-Ali: Dude Hadi Khan crimson water!

Gol-Ali: (Baada.) Nonsense!

Gol-Ali: If he is telling the truth, why doesn't he come forward?

Gol-Ali: Why are you checking now, my dear?

Gol-Ali: Me? Go, dad, you too! who are you Another vase.

Vase: Yes, your death; Not that you are the grandson of Otul Khan Rashti!

Gol Ali: Yes, golden liver!

Goldane: please freeze it!

Gol Ali: We have enough eyes and hearts. Gulli Khanum!

Goldane: Eh?... I didn't know!

Gol Ali: Now the daughter of a Sarhangi is sitting for me, what, sun paw!

Goldane: That Gul Ali Khan Badgoje, my dog doesn't pay attention to him!

Gol-Ali: So what did you imagine?

Goldane: (She laughs happily, starts cleaning and sings under her breath.) Another sky... Rrrrr...

Gol Ali: (Gets up.) Isn't he the master?

Galdaneh: He is down.

Gol Ali: He must have gone first thing in the morning with his orange and apple trees. Secret and needs.

Galdaneh: (in front of the window.) It's raining, it's raining. like powder There was a smell of mud in the yard.

Gol Ali: Now the sea is the dawn; They are catching a lot of fish.

Goldaneh: Rrr, rrrrr... When his body was taken from the sea, I was in the rain in the paddy field.

Gol Ali: Where are you from?

Goldaneh: Khamam.

Gol Ali: I have made so much water there, I have killed so many snakes. I used to grab the snake's tail, swing the whip in the air and beat its head against the stone... Are you crying? Let me light a candle.

Gol-Ali: Obviously, you wanted to remember it a lot."

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17. The book "Dream Report"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Mohammed Rezaeirad, screenwriter, playwright, director and researcher, was born in 1345 in Bistun neighborhood of Rasht city. became. Since 1358, Rezaeirad participated in the theater classes of the Center for Intellectual Development of Children and Adolescents. In 1366, he also finished high school. In 1364, he participated in the classes of the Young Cinema Society. After finishing high school, he went to Rasht Azad University and studied Persian literature there. After finishing his military service, he continued his studies at Tehran Azad University in the field of culture and ancient languages.

In 2006, he started teaching drama history and playwriting at Tehran, Sourah and Tehran universities. In the play "Sleep Report" he deals with an antique dealer named Mr. Binder who has not slept for a long time.

"Sleep Report" includes various characters, each of them representing people, views and methods of the past and present society. are. The appropriate and conceptual dialogues of this show shout the dream of Iran among all its generations. Dream of freedom! "Sleep report" is the story of freedom seekers who have sought to be freed from captivity in every period of history.

In a part of the play "Sleep report" by Mohammad Rezaeirad published by Bidgol publishing house, we read: /p>

"Moon: Sam Alik... Mr. Shamsi! Three didn't pipe it...

Shams: My son?

Qamar: Your son... Mr. Mashdi himself was also the tip of the attack... After the game, those guys came and threw gold that we threw at their heads. ,

We messed them up...

Shams: Ah... The cup is empty.

Qamar: It's empty.

Sahafi: Heesh...

p>

The sound of thunder.

Mahgol: I have to go home before it rains. Gularah did not take an umbrella either.

Sahafi: The old people used to say that it rains wine from the sky.

Mahgol: (Shows a photo of a man in a Qajar period folk costume.) That's it.

Journalist: Mirza Saleh Meshakat, author of Bidari magazine and an activist of the progressive movement. In the last years of Naser al-Din Shah's rule, he formed the occult association of Bidari. But no one knows his fate. The newspapers of the same period wrote a lot about her unknown fate.

Mahgol: What was her picture doing in front of the old lady?

Sahafi: The old lady? Yes, you said it...your father's mother.

Mahgol: He never said a word.

Sahafi: And that photo.

Mahgol: In that photo, the same man... who did you say?

Sahafi: Mirza Saleh-e Meshkat.

Mahgol: Yes, that's it... In that photo, he is standing behind the lecture table and there are several other people next to him. All dressed in black."

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18. The book "Verb: Verbs in Order"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

This play tells the story of a young student who works as a literature teacher. He steps into a girls' school and creates strange incidents.

A 35-year-old young student named Farhad Kateb, who is studying at the senior level of literature, enters a girls' school for the first time as a literature teacher. He, who is the only male teacher of this high school, has a new theory about the definition and role of the verb in grammar. With this theory, Mr. Kateb unconsciously creates a lot of confusion in the school environment and among students.

This young teacher, who is working on his thesis entitled The Theory of Verbs in Grammar, aims to strengthen students to participate in the Olympiad. Elami steps into this old girls' school. The presence of a young man in a completely feminine atmosphere and the unprecedented nature of this event in this place creates a unique and controversial situation. The strong and passionate feelings of young girls towards the presence of this man form interesting stories.

In a part of the play "Verb: Shtahiati der Tastur" by Mohammad Rezairad, published by Bidgol, we read:

"Farhad: I have hope for Leila.

Arash: She loves you very much.

Farhad: Leila is kind.

Arash: A key .

Farhad: What?

Arash: Shut up, don't say anything!

Farhad: Let me

Arash: Get off You don't leave here until the police come! I will make you poor! Just pray for him to stay alive, otherwise I will send you to death.

Farhad: Calm down for a moment!

Arash: No, why should he stay alive at all? A girl who took away my honor like this is better dead.

Farhad: Mr. Arash, Leila is not dead yet.

Arash: And if she dies, will she turn into Darna?

Farhad: What?

Arash: How can a dead girl become a Dorna?

Farhad: This is a legend.

Arash: About What is this legend?

Farhad: About the moment when a person has to decide to do something, and that moment lasts as long as his whole life and at the cost of his whole life.

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19. The book "Angel of History"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Mohammed Rezaeirad in the play "Angel of History" by entering the heart of history to examine the life and thoughts of Walter Benjamin is one of the most different and famous German philosophers.

This play is a section of the last night of the German philosopher's life. By reviewing his life, the author tries to examine his thoughts and opinions and show his circumstances.

The play begins with an imaginary journey. While Benjamin is interviewing to review his essays to qualify for a university seat, he suddenly goes fifteen years later. When the interviewer turns into a Gestapo commander and promises him a bitter and terrible fate. Benjamin spends the last night before being handed over to the Gestapo. During this time, he travels to his past and thinks about everything.

In a part of the play "The Bitter Angel" by Mohammad Rezairad published by Bidgol Publishing House, we read: pushes into the scene. A chessboard is arranged on it.

Brecht: Moving with you, dear Benjamin.

Benjamin: And more eloquent...

Brecht: The horse is in danger.

Benjamin: And funnier...

Brecht: With two more moves, you will die.

Benjamin: I'm remembering you, Brecht.

Brecht: Yes, you remember. The last time we played in Finland was incomplete.

Benjamin: After that I went to France.

Brecht: I insisted you not to go, otherwise you wouldn't be here now.

Benjamin : So I don't remember you. We are here now, in the Pyrenees. We are not in Finland.

Brecht: So let's go back to Finland.

Benyamin: Tomorrow they will hand me over to the Gestapo.

Brecht: There is still a long way left until tomorrow.

Benjamin: All my morphine pills were in my bag. When I was arrested, they took me.

Brecht: You shouldn't commit suicide, Benjamin; This is weakness.

Benjamin: Yes, I am weak, Brecht.

Brecht: Move.

Benjamin looks at the chess board.

The game had reached this point.

Benyamin: My mind is not working.

Brecht: Move. This is your salvation in this moment. "Remembering the past is to free our present." You wrote this yourself, or something like that. The book "Dance like this..."BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

"Dance like this..." is a poetic and allegorical play that tells the life story of an unlucky soldier He finds himself on the threshold of a painful and imminent death by stepping on the anti-pressure mini.

In this work, the life of a soldier is narrated who, due to carelessness and distraction, approaches a minefield and is unaware of it. And unconsciously, he steps on the anti-pressure mini. Now, leg removal is the same for him and instant explosion is the same. Of course, in the beginning, several efforts are made to save the poor soldier. But it goes without saying that these efforts are not going to bear fruit. Because the audience immediately realizes that the image of the soldier standing on the mine has taken on a mythical character from the very beginning and gained an eternal effect... How long will the soldier remain like this? What is going on in his head in this strange situation? Is there any hope to save him?... or not.

In a part of the play "Dance like this..." by Mohammad Rezairad published by Bidgol, we read:

"Young man under the canopy He is squatting down and digging a hole with a piece of wood. He dries his sweat. He is gasping for breath from exhaustion.

Joan: Damn, I'm finally getting to you. If there is nothing here, then what is this snake doing here?... They say that wherever there is a snake, there is a treasure... (Still persistently digging the ground.) It was here... or maybe this way... I know that something is here, maybe something A hundred centuries ago, a small insect buried in a piece of amber (looks at a rabbit staring at him.) What is it? what you want to say? I know what you are saying in your heart... Well, I guess I saw that treasure in a dream! Didn't everything start with a dream? I was guarding behind that embankment, sleepless for three days... the sound of gentle waves of the sea came. I just closed my eyes for a moment. (He closes his eyes.) When I opened my eyes, I thought, I was in the garden of my house. When I saw the barbed wire, I thought that it was the fence that my father had built around the garden so that the chickens and roosters could not enter it. It was under my feet. I said no, I crushed my mother's atlases... then the lamp turned on everywhere. (He opens his eyes and looks at his feet.) Then I slowly lifted my foot. It lit up a blinding light everywhere, and when I heard the voice of a small tilik, I saw my hands and feet dancing in the light... Why don't I walk in my sleep anymore? Who knows, maybe he is gone to be Maybe when I sleep, I dared and took my foot out of the way... I sleep... I go to the sea behind that pine forest. Then I will come back here, under this canopy, on this potted thing, this thing that I thought was my mother's atlases. Mother planted them with her own hands. Why don't you send me any more letters?... They must think that I'm missing... I'm captured... or I'm dead! Maybe I'm dead too? Otherwise, the moment I put my foot down, I picked it up."

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21 The book "Nakja and two other plays"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

In "Nakja and two other plays" there are three different plays written by Mohammad Rezaeirad It is included.

Nakja (a play for teenagers): This is neither a character nor a curtain, a poetic narrative of a war-torn father and daughter. The author has depicted the difficulties and painful world of father and son. The father is old and visually impaired, they have lost their whole lives, they are displaced and wandering looking for a way to save them.

Jackal's wedding (play in one scene): This play is full of paradox with visual creativity to The description of the inner realities of human beings without masks in life and society. The root of these paradoxes goes back to human aloneness. The main essence of the show is the emotional relationship between a man and a woman with many personality and class conflicts.

Above the turrets: two soldiers are guarding the border in two turrets in the country at an unknown time. Many people, either alone or in groups, are fleeing the borders. In this critical situation, soldiers must protect the borders.

In a part of the play "Nowhere and Two Other Plays" by Mohammad Rezairad published by Bidgol Publishing House, we read:

"General : Colonel! Explain to this young officer, who just came from the officer academy, what kind of situations we were in during the war years.

Old officer: Generals always have a special interest in individual bravery. In that famous attack on the 21st axis, they single-handedly destroyed a battalion. For this reason, generals always emphasize the bravery and tact of individual soldiers. General: A soldier who is not afraid of anything and puts his duty before everything and does not shy away from anyone and anything. He even told his commander that if you want to escape, I will target you, such a soldier is an example of dedication and loyalty to our country. The country that will stand still even if the spirit and zeal of its commander is lost. Only such soldiers remain steadfast and faithful to the goal.

Young officer: General... My general, you are the perfect example of a patriotic general.

General: Order to protect the fifth axis and Increase the sixth.

Young officer: General's eye.

General: In recent months, the number of people jumping over there has been high. This is a source of sleep for the army and the nation! I won't tolerate such a thing anymore."

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22. The book "Travel of Purgatory"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The events of the play "Travel of Purgatory" take place in an old inn, a place where a middle-aged couple have to They share their room with a stranger and this forced cohabitation brings back past memories for them.

It took thirty years to write this play. The seed of this play was closed in the summer of 1370, when the author was spending his time in the army, in the form of a play titled "Moonlight Night". A play that was never published and went to the archive along with the other writings of the author. The location, atmosphere, people and story process of that play became the basis for writing a play which is now called "Journey to Hell".

In a part of the play "Inferno" by Mohammad Rezaeirad published by Bidgol, we read:

"Woman: I know what you want to say.

Man: What do I want to say?" Will you start a fight?

Woman: Because I know you want to say something but you don't say it, and because you can't say it clearly, you start sarcasm... Today you said on the way that not everyone is going to study architecture and civil engineering like us.

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Man: Is this sarcasm?

Woman: Yes, it is sarcasm to the core. Because you want to say that if Parand didn't like to study architecture, I shouldn't have pressured him; Because you want to say that if Perand gave up architecture and went to the field of tourism, I shouldn't have been so hard on him. Because you think I made the bird drop everything and go.

Man: I didn't say any of that, though... if he wanted to go to another field-

Woman: He didn't like her, he changed his major because of that girl.

Man: Your main objection was to that girl, not to that major.">23. The book "Gol and Qadareh"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

Behzad Farahani is a well-known actor, playwright and director who after studying in Iran and France has had a serious presence in the country's cinema and theater since the end of the 40s. It was written by Sadegh Hedayat from the story "Dash Akel". In this work, he talks about the life of a mother who, after losing her husband, tells about her other suitors, who were Dash Akel and Kaka Rostam, for her daughter Marjan. which Tasher Goya published, we read:

"Balqis: (in a not-so-expensive sarcasm against Marjan's whispers) A good girl should be like a lily! And don't show your happiness all the time! (Morjan continues to whisper as if he is talking to his mother.) The flower of laughter, on a girl's lips, is auspicious and auspicious. It's good that everyone doesn't see this flower and this smile!

Marjan: I'm neither a lily nor a flower! My little coral, in the endless darkness of this house, I longed to be with my mother's hidden happiness.

Balqis: Really? Did you see your mother happy today?

Marjan: My mother can hide her romantic passion today from everyone except her daughter!

Balqis: I wish you always be happy, my dear; God willing, you will not forget that...

Marjan: My late father has just passed away! May God forgive him.

Balqis: People expect us to be troubled for a year.

Marjan: My father asked many things from many people; But he never asked me for anything. The high wall of this dark castle has eased his mind about me; Bed! He didn't see that he wanted anything from me at all. Because he knew more than my two eyes.

Balqis: Marjan! He brings blasphemy and money!

Marjan: He can bring whatever he wants! All these years when happiness didn't knock on our door, now that it's gone, we still have to remain frozen, without smiling, until people let us breathe? Why? Now I want to walk, breathe, laugh out loud, run, dance, wear, pour, sprinkle, I'm sure that at least today my mother wants the same.

Balqis: What are you doing today my dear? You are not tied to your feet.

Marjan: Are you? Behind this calm and restrained face, on the shore of the island of my mother's heart, a thousand sea urchins are drinking water and wagging their tails.

Balqis: Marjan!

Marjan: Mother!

Balqis: My dear, take care!

Marjan: Why? After years of waiting, a man came to our house, who is different from all men. A world of passion and emotion. Now I want to see how true my mother is.

Balqis: Who are you talking about?

Marjan: About the man my mother told me a thousand unbelievable and unbelievable stories about.

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Balqis: They were all for your entertainment.

Marjan: (with a smile as if repeating her mother's words.) A man deserves the name of a man, he is a gentleman.

Balqis: That's enough!

Marjan: The one who is famous in our city and has a right is Agha! The one who is an example of sobriety and greatness is Dash Agha. The one who....

Balqis: Will you stop or not, girl? I told you everything about that man, I was right! But I never said who this guy is and where he is.

Marjan: Does my infatuated mother want to say that her daughter is that young? Your cheeks are full of flowers, mother! Your hands are shaking like mad willow branches....

Balqis: (takes the girl's hands in friendship and walks with her regretfully.) I said about a man who is a man of dreams, a man far from fantasy, not the one who is today We are waiting for you.

Marjan: Do whatever you doubt, mother, but don't step on my intelligence and wit, (he just repeats the mother's past words.) When my beautiful daughter turned twenty years old, The definition of a man is young and dignified, noble and sober and handsome, as if he was in his twenties, sir. You're too busy today, mother.

Balqis: It's enough, dear girl! Go to the kitchen and see if everything is well prepared or not. (He is trying to lead her to the door, Marjan returns.)

Marjan: You also visit the garden! A bunch of red nasturtiums, with some yellow Shirazi rose branches, order them to be picked and brought here, so that this room should have its own fragrance. I will Coral! If I said, I said about a man who did not have a Qadara full of shawls, did not carry a bag of wounds and blood and fighting with Qadara Band and Darogha, did not have a relationship with Isaac's wines. I said about a man who brings poetry and songs to spring. Your mother will sprinkle the orange blossoms of spring.

Marjan: Mother, in Shiraz we have a dash of sense and a dash of stupidity.

Balqis: So your mother must be melancholy today!

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Morjan: Melancholy? Today, just today, my mother is Lily, but she is not insane.

Balqis: When I was your age, I was no less than you! The day this man left his foot in this house... the crisp smell of Farvardin, the wild serena of a mountain, Delhi that was beating passionately, according to Kash from the front with red and white crows, a head of a sheep that danced Qashqai and brought everyone after him.

The sound of the music played in the first place starts and the unsuspecting people start dancing. Mother and daughter are watching in Kenji. The offering plates are arranged in the middle of the scene. Kaka comes and sits among them. The old usher comes from the bottom of the stage to Haji Agha Bozur who is on the other side of the green stage, cutting the music. 24. The book "Maryam and Mardavij"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The play "Maryam and Mardavij" is the story of a marriage. Maryam is a bride from a rich family. He is waiting for the evening ceremony. But the maid of the house scares him. He tells Maryam that they are going to take her inside and lock her up. From now on, Maryam has one eye with tears and one with blood. Khatun tries to warn Maryam that a bad future awaits her, but the new bride does not listen. everything is ready. Maryam and others are waiting for the night to fall and the bridegroom to attend the wedding ceremony. But what fate awaits Maryam?

In a part of the play "Maryam and Mardavij" by Behzad Farahani, which was published by Eshar Goya, we read:

"Lady: My dear, because I love you." And I open the table of my heart to you with respect, tonight is not every night for you; Tonight, either a road to hell or a traveler to heaven, open the eye that tomorrow you want to close with tears and blood tonight!

Finished bouquets. Both look at each other. Khatun gives him her bouquet and they walk.

They pick the entrance, fruits, nuts and sweets, candles and flowers. Zia al-Mulk and his wife between Maryam and Khatun. Viceroys and Vice-Presidents. Everything has the color and smell of an aristocratic preparation. Maryam's mother, the wife of Zia-ul-Molk, gets angry more than anyone else and messes with the waiters. Maryam takes a flower branch from the vase on the table and smells it and leaves the hall, she comes to the spring of sleep on the balcony, sits alone on the Polish chair. There are two wooden beds in front of him. Maryam makes a petal from the flower and throws it on the ground and repeats this action. Naib has entered and respectfully.

Naib: Ma'am, a messenger from Mr. Basir Daft's son asks permission to express his service to you.

Maryam looking at the last petal left on the rose's cheek. p>

Maryam: Tell him to come!

Naib leaves. Maryam is waiting. A man who is the viceroy of another lord enters with a fat face and a short stature, smiling and lovely. Viceroy 2: Greetings to a nobleman, a nobleman, a nobleman of a noble face, a noble character, and an angel of features...

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Maryam: Until the end. Speak up, Khan Naib. Don't stand up on the hand of your master's son! And he tries not to be deficient in the performance of his duties.

Vice 2: Madam... I was obliged to attend by the son of my master, so that I may descend in your service and convey the message of my master's son.

Maryam. : Deliver, deliver!

Deputy 2: They said that because I am ashamed to be present, I will write the thoughts of my heart in a letter that the deputy will read to you. I will read it!

Vice 2: By their order, I must read it to express their compassion and kindness to you by imitating their feelings.

Maryam: Then do it! Say it!

The vicegerent sits on two beds side by side, straightens his chest and assumes the posture of emotional artists and recites the letter as thickly as possible."

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25. The book "Horses in the year 59 AH"BingMag.com 25 best Persian plays that theater lovers should read

The play "Horses in the year 59 AH" is the narration of Mehtari's life, which is the language of horses. knows and lives near Karbala at the same time as the Ashura event. Horses are the story of people separated from companionship and the wound that took their lives. It is the coming of age story of people who have not followed the steps of Hossein bin Ali, but miles away, only heard the fame of his masculinity.

In a part of the play "Horses of the year 59 AH" by Mohammad Rahmanian, published by Nila, we read:

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"In the darkness, the high sound of horses' hooves, which together with the sounds of drums and tibaras, make monstrous music. The sound of horses. The light comes suddenly. The image of a horse man, in front of us, with a severed head and the blood of a horse dripping in his hand; as if he presents to us. The cry of humans and the cry of horses..."

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