The roots of literature in the land of matadors begin with epic and lyrical odes that have been passed down from chest to chest since ancient times.
The roots of literature in the land of matadors begin with epic and lyrical odes that have been passed down from chest to chest since ancient times.
Bercio can be considered the first The Spanish poet knew that in the 13th century, a number of religious odes were sung and now these odes are among the lasting literary heritage of this land.
In the first years of the 15th century, the influence of Italian language literature on the land of Spain is undeniable and the emergence of two An important poet in this period, both influenced by Italian literature, is one of the turning points of Spanish literature: Juan de Mina and Marques Santillana.
Right at the end of the fifteenth century, in the land of Spain, dialects and local languages A variety is prevalent: including Catalan, Valencian and Andalusian.
The Galician language was also used in the Portuguese sub-group, as well as the Castilian accent in official situations. Since then, the Spanish language developed based on the Castilian dialect, and later poets and writers of this land created wonderful works in this language. which themes such as love, war, religion, heroic and epic stories are their dominant themes.
Don Quixote, the masterpiece of Cervantes, can be seen as the pinnacle of these epic stories, of course, with Cervantes's special elements of humor, that the story of Don Quixote's delusions, which Sancho Panza is traveling on an unknown journey, he discovers.
Also, a romance such as "Diana in the Trap of Love", written in 1542 by Jorge Montemayor, is one of the texts that base its narrative on a romantic story.
Although it may be considered an obvious imitation of the book Arcadia, which was written in 1504 by Sannazaro, a half-Italian-half-Spanish poet.
In the 16th century. Another literary form slowly opened its foothold among literary works: playwriting.
d During this period, one-act plays were written and performed in front of halls, squares or in the palaces of nobles and emirs. Lupe Drueda is the most important playwright who wrote one-act plays at this time.
The most comprehensive history of Spain, as well as the most famous Spanish novel in the 16th century, was written by Diego Mendoza. Mendoza had mastery in the field of regional culture, Latin, Greek, and Arabic languages, as well as law and philosophy, and based on this knowledge, he was able to collect many classic texts for the Renaissance princes. Detres is a shameless thief who was homeless as a child and first hires a blind beggar to be his henchman, but little by little he learns pickpocketing and thieving, and commits heinous acts! He gets busy.
This critical novel, with its satirical language, cleverly presents social criticism under its layers. Mendoza's novel has been copied many times, the most important of which is Gilles Blass, written by Alain Lusage.
But the fate of Mendoza's life was also strange. After a sword fight, he was expelled from the court of Philip II and isolated in the city of Granada. During his seclusion, Mendoza spent his days writing poems, none of which were allowed to be published.
In the middle of the 16th century in Spain, there was a great enthusiasm for education among the general public. So that in 1551, 5850 students were studying in Salamanca alone. Also, during this period, history writing became extremely important, and a historian named Dumariana wrote the history of Spain with an interesting tone, a history that is trustworthy and eloquent.
- 10 prominent Syrian writers. that lovers of contemporary Syrian literature should know And the people of Spain were so bold that people, from the world and the common people, were very eager to hear them. This public attention caused the story writing to progress step by step, which automatically increased attention to the novel in literature.
In 1553, a novel called Lazarillo Tormesi was published The first novel is in the style of witticism, in which a number of humble people are the heroes of the story, and poverty is mixed with rebellion and witticism in this novel, and it is a work to be read.
It was in 1599 that a writer named Matteo German He started writing a novel based on the humble and half-crazy and relatively witty personal life of Kuzman Dovalfrache. Several years later, Cervantes created the masterpiece of Spanish literature, Don Quixote, by mixing the spaces and the melancholy genre of these two novels.
Miguel de Cervantes, the creator of Don Quixote, was born in a middle-class family. Came. His father was a doctor, but because he had no license, he had to practice itinerant medicine.
Miguel went from city to city with his father, and because most of their time was spent traveling, this made Cervantes, a teenager, not even have a regular education. does not have But with all these words, he is the creator of a work that shines on the world and Spanish literature: Don Quixote.
Of course, it should be noted that Spanish literature is not limited to the borders of Spain and Spanish-speaking countries such as Mexico. It also includes Peru, Chile, Colombia, Argentina, etc.
Therefore, writers such as Isabel Allende, Octavio Paz, Carlos Fuentes, Pablo Neruda, Garca Mrquez, Javier Maras, Jorge Bocay, Enrique Villa Matas, Julio Cortzar and Roberto Santiago are the inheritors of Spanish literature.
20 outstanding Spanish novels
1. The novel "One Hundred Years of Solitude"
- Author: Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Year: 1967
- Translator: Mohammadreza Sahabi
- Publisher: Jami Publications
This outstanding novel by Colombian author Gabriel Garca Mrquez is usually the first novel that comes to mind when one thinks of Spanish literature. You name the language, it comes to your mind. The novel tells the story of the different generations of the Buendia family, which takes place in the fictional city of Macondo and symbolizes the story of Colombia, its civil wars and its destiny as a nation. This work is influenced by modernism and the Cuban Vanguardia movement and is a symbolic work of Latin American magical realism. This book has been translated into 37 different languages and more than 30 million copies have been sold worldwide.Buy the book "One Hundred Years of Solitude" from BingMag
2. The novel "The Shadow of the Wind"
- Author: Carlos Ruiz Zafon, Year: 2001
- Translator: Sohail Sami
- Publisher: Phoenix Phoenix
This book, which is the best-selling work of the Spanish author Carlos Luis Zafn all over the world, is an exciting romantic novel that It takes place in Barcelona. The book follows the story of a young writer who is approached by a mysterious unknown character who asks him to write a book that begins with the Industrial Revolution and ends with the end of the Spanish Civil War. The novel "Shadow of the Wind" has sold 15 million copies worldwide in different languages, making it one of the most popular books published in the world.Buy the book "Shadow of the Wind" from BingMag
- Iran Droodi's biography book; "At the distance of two points...!" Portraying freedom among words
3. The novel "Frozen Heart"
Author: Almodena Grandes, Year: 2007
Almodena Grandes was one of the greatest and most popular Spanish women writers, whom Pedro Snchez, the Prime Minister of Spain, named her called "one of the most important writers of our time". His death in November 2021 left the whole country in mourning. The Frozen Heart book is one of his best books in which he practices historical memory and explores the unpleasant past of the Spanish Civil War.
4. The novel "The Chronicle of a Foretold Death"
- Author: Gabriel Garca Mrquez, year : 1981
- Translator: Lili Golestan
- Publisher: Center Center
The fourth book in this list by Colombian literary giant Gabriel Garca Mrquez because of the style Very original here. The chronicle of a foretold death is written from end to end. That is, the book starts from the end and then moves to the first. Its opening line is: "The day he was killed, Santiago Nasar woke up at 5 in the morning." You know he was killed, but throughout the book you will find out who did it and most importantly, why.>5. The novel "Bad Girl"
Author: Mario Vargas Llosa, Year: 2006
This love story by the Peruvian author Mario Vargas Llosa, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010, is certainly It will be of interest to lovers of Spanish-language literature. The hero of the story is a diplomatic translator who is stationed in different cities around the world. He starts in Lima, Peru in the 40s and 50s, then goes to Paris, London, then spends some time in Tokyo, and then arrives in Madrid. Vargas Llosa takes this opportunity to depict the different histories of these cities and how they were at that time. He depicts hippies and the AIDS epidemic in London in the 70s and in Madrid in the 80s, the artistic boom in Paris and the worst revolution and guerrilla war in Peru.
6. The novel "Like Water for Chocolate"
- Author: Laura Esquivel, Year: 1989
- Translator: Maryam Bayat
- Publishers: Enlightenment and Women's Studies
The popular novel of Laura Esquivel, a Mexican writer, called Like Water for Chocolate, a novel A classic in the magical realism genre. A traditional Mexican family uses cooking and the mysterious mystique that surrounds them to escape their dull lives where they are constrained by society's expectations and prescribed gender roles. They try to express their feelings realistically and fulfill their dreams. Laura Esquivel originally published the novel as a monthly magazine with a recipe each chapter It was different. So by reading this book, you will also learn how to prepare delicious Mexican food! The novel Like Water for Chocolate even became a popular movie in 1992.Buy the book "Like Water for Chocolate" from BingMag
7. The book "Twenty love poems and a song of despair"
- Author: Pablo Neruda, year: 1924
- Translator: Farood Khosravani
- Publisher: Marwarid Marwarid
Chilean poet Pablo Neruda published this collection of love poems in 1924, when who was only 19 years old. The collection is controversial for its strong imagery, especially given the author's young age, but it remains to this day the best-selling book of poetry in the history of Spanish literature. With more than 20 million copies sold. This book has also been translated into English by the English poet WS Mervyn. Neruda's memorable lines in this book are frequently quoted by Spaniards, such as: I want to do what spring does to cherry trees.
8. The novel "A heart of this whiteness" li>
- Translator: Mahsa Malek Marzban
- Publisher: Cheshme Publishing
Here is another favorite work of Spanish literature lovers! Spanish writer Javier Mara tells the story of how the narrator, a translator named Juan, tries to use his newlywed wife Luisa to address her father's two previous marriages and their murky past. The novel uses its setting in decadent Havana, Cuba, and explores topics such as politics, love and of course the lives of translators. 12 misconceptions about writing and writing
9. Play "The House of Bernarda Alba" li>
If you prefer to read a play than a novel, Federico Garca Lorca's outstanding work called The House Bernarda Alba is a great book to start with. This play is about a family of matriarchal women and their leader (Bernarda Alba). The father of the family has just died and the whole house in Granada, Andalusia is in mourning. The play takes place after the Spanish Civil War, and thus serves as a metaphor for post-war Spain. Depicting the austerity and repression of Catholics that characterized the post-war era is the perfect platform to tell this story about women and how different girls react to the repression of their female characters. Some believe that the house of Bernarda Alba was Lorca's prophecy of his death.Buy the book "The House of Bernarda Alba" from BingMag
10. The novel "House of Ghosts"
- Author: Isabel Allende, year: 1982
- Translator: Heshmat Kamrani
- Publisher: Drop Drop
House of Ghosts is a book about love, death and ghosts (ghosts) told by a girl and her grandfather. Is. This novel was chosen as the best novel of the year in Chile in 1982 and has been translated into more than 20 languages (the best novel read in Spanish, of course!). This novel was also adapted for cinema in 1994 starring Meryl Streep and Antonio Banderas.Buy the book "House of Ghosts" from BingMag
11. The novel "Don Quixote"
- By Miguel de Cervantes
- Translator : Keumerth Parsai from Spanish
- Publisher: Third Edition
Don Quixote is the name of an eternal epic by Miguel de Cervantes, the first part of which was published in 1605 and the second part of it It was published in 1615, just one year before the author's death. According to many critics, this great novel is one of the greatest and best adventure novels in the history of world literature and is the first modern book in history.
Don Quixote (under the name Alonso Quixano) is an old noble After reading heroic stories, he puts on his armor and helmet with great enthusiasm and takes a sword and rides on a horse. He goes to the plains and deserts in search of heroic events. Meanwhile, the servant takes his ever-sassy companion, Sankopanza, with him on this quest. Despite his naivety, Sankopanza lives in the world of reality, unlike his master. Cervantes has also shown this contrast in the debates and actions of these two characters in a unique way, and in some places in the book, he has started to philosophize and analyze the world from the opposite point of view of these two people.
Don Quixote's novel can be considered an epic and heroic work, humor and irony, romantic and moral. The narrator of this novel is the third person and Cervantes himself, but when Don Quixote speaks, the perspective of the novel changes to the first person.Buy the book "Don Quixote" from BingMag
12. The novel "Fascinations"
- By Khabir Marias
- Translator: Mehsa Malek Marzban
- Publisher: Cheshmeh Publishing House
Novel "Shiftagiha", along with the novel "Heartful to this white", is the most famous work of Khabir Marias, which was published in 2011. For writing this novel, Marias has won the Dublin International Literary Award and has been nominated for the American Literature Critics Circle Award. It has a non-linear and multi-style story. Maria Doles one day in the cafe where she eats breakfast, she sees a couple who are perfect in her opinion and she falls in love with them. In the continuation of the story and after establishing this distant and strange connection between Maria and this man and woman, that man is killed in a strange way with a knife. Maria is trying to comfort the young woman and look for the killer, but until the end of the novel, Maria regularly changes the reader's opinion in choosing the person of the killer, and Khabir Marias presents a full-fledged mystery novel to the audience. /p> Buy the book "Fascinations" from BingMag
13. The novel "The Family of Pascual Duarte"
- by Camilo Jose Sella
- Translator: Farhad Ghobrai
- Publisher: Mahi Mahi
The Family of Pascual Duarte is a short novel by Camilo Jos Cela that was published in 1942 and was banned in Spain from the beginning became! Sela has received many prizes, including the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1898, the Storias Prize in 1987, and the Miguel de Cervantes Prize in 1995. The family of Pascual Duarte can be considered a gothic, bloody and much blacker version of the novel Alien by Albert Camus! He has grown up violent and miserable. The novel generally includes the tragedies of Pascual's life and his family, which seems to have no end! During the narration of the past and the fate of his family, Pasquale reveals the numerous murders he has committed. But this is not the whole story! This novel explores many philosophical and psychological issues among its dark and terrifying scenes. Also, the Pascual Duarte family novel can be considered one of the best novels of the existentialist literary school.Buy the book "The Pascual Duarte family" from BingMag
14. The novel "Soldiers of Salamis"
- By Xavier Serkas
- Translator: Mohammad Javadi
- Published by: Nilofar
Soldiers of Salamis novel is the best novel of Xavier Serkas, which was published in 2001. The name of this novel is an allusion to the battle of Salamis in which the Athenian army defeated the Iranians. This book is half a story and half a report of a history in which, at times, the border between dream and reality is lost. is interviewing the boys of Mazas. During these interviews, Serkas talks about Mazas' escape from the death sentence by the Republicans and after the Spanish Civil War, with the help of an unknown soldier. This narrative becomes so attractive to Serkas that he obsessively seeks to find this soldier. In the second part of the novel, we go to the past during the American Civil War and read a breathtaking biography of Mazas. In the third part of the novel, after Sarkars wrote the biography of Mazas, we again see Sarkas' fascinating search to understand all the secrets of Mazas's escape, which in this way, he discovers many historical secrets about the Spanish Civil War itself.Buy the book "Soldiers of Salamis" from BingMag
15. Love of the Plague Years
- Author: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
- Translator: Esmail Ghahrmanpour
- Neshar Roozerg
"Love of the Plague Years" was published in 1985 so that Gabriel Garca Mrquez, who won the Nobel the year before, this time for his lovers. brought an attractive romance. A story that takes place at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, and apart from the two main sides, Fermina and Florentino, it also finds another side in the middle. Marquez-style romance is naturally unlike any other example; In his world, the audience not only does not find it unfortunate to pass through the winding roads, but at every moment, they have a double desire to continue and abandon themselves to Marquez's pen to face new and surprising challenges. In 2007, a movie adaptation of this unique work of Spanish literature was released.Buy the book "Love of the Cholera Years" from BingMag
16. The Library of Babel: Fictional Stories
- Author: Jorge Luis Borges
- Translator: Mani Salehi Allameh
- Parse Book Translation and Publishing Company
The Library of Babel is a short story by Jorge Luis Borges, a great Argentinian writer and one of the most important figures of modern world literature and Spanish literature. Is. This story was first published in 1941 under the collection of stories called "Garden of Thousand Passages". The narrator of this story talks about a world with hexagonal rooms, except for one side which is the entrance and one wall where the necessary items for survival are located, the other four walls are bookshelves, a library. which contains every existing coherent book and strange things happen in it. The Library of Babel has unique and attractive features to the extent that it has attracted some scientists as well, witness this claim by William Goldblum Bloch who has presented an interesting analysis of this story in the book "The Unthinkable Mathematics of the Library of Babel by Borges".
17. A girl from Peru
- Author: Mario Vargas Llosa
- Translator: Khujasteh Kihan
- Parse book translation and publishing company
A girl from Peru is a romance novel by Mario Vargas Llosa, a Nobel-winning author and one of the geniuses of Latin American literature. A girl from Peru is beyond clichd romances; The pleasant story is a 40-year-old love that blossoms in adolescence and remains in the heart of Ricardo, the main character of the story, for a long time. Ricardo's lover is a girl named Lily, who is hot and passionate and has a different view of life and love than Ricardo. The author's historical perspective and powerful pen provide a different and multifaceted experience to his audience, which Yosa is an undisputed master at.Buy the book "A Girl from Peru" from BingMag
18. Me and Platro
- Author: Juan Ramon Jimenez
- Translator: Abbas Pejman
- Naghah Publications
Me and Platero is a tender poem with an interesting story by Juan Ramos Jimenez, a Spanish poet who won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The hero of this book, which was published in 1914, is a beautiful and lovable donkey named Platero, who rescued his owner from loneliness and filled the place of humans for him. Me and Platero was written for adults, but it was extraordinarily well-received by children.
Me and Platero has been read as the most popular book of Spanish literature after Don Quixote, and has spoken of its widespread influence on literature in the Spanish-speaking world. Some have considered the imaginative pen of Jimenez as one of the primary models of the mysterious and magical literature of Latin America.Buy the book "Me and Platero" from BingMag
19. Petal raised by the sea
- Author: Isabel Allende
- Translator: Zahra Cheflaki
- Neshar Roozerg
Golberg Berafrahet Darya is a romance that is told in the background of war and unrest. A novel by Isabel Allende, a popular and influential Latin American writer who is known mostly for her tendency towards magical realism. The story of Rose Petal takes place in the 1930s in the middle of the Spanish Civil War. The end of this war was the victory of General Franco and his fascist accomplices. A bloody war, after which many Spanish people were forced to flee the country, sometimes through difficult and difficult ways. The story of this book revolves around the couple Roser and Victor, who, like many in that dark period, were forced to leave their homeland and went to Chile. Pablo Neruda and Salvador Allende are the two characters of this novel whose presence adds to the charm of the story.Buy the book "The Rose Petal of the Sea" from BingMag
- Author: Carlos Fuentes
- Translator: Abdullah Kothari
- Nasher Mahi
"Constancia" is a story by Carlos Fuentes, a great writer of Mexican and Spanish literature, which takes place on the border of fantasy and reality. A complex story that presents the reader with a sweet challenge while reading, as he re-examines his position between fantasy and reality. The story itself begins with a strange challenge that happens to a couple after forty years of romantic life together. In this rather long work, Fuentes has shown clear signs of his interest in Kafka and Walter Benjamin. Reading the story of Constancia, like many of Fuentes' works, will be an interesting, surprising, enjoyable and valuable experience.Buy the book "Constancia" from BingMag.