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Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

George Orson Welles was born on May 6, 1915, in Wisconsin, USA, to an artisan father and an artist mother. Wales 'parents soon separated, with Wales' mother dying at the age of nine and her father dying at the age of 15 after a long period of alcoholism. After the death of his father, Orson traveled to Europe with what he had inherited and entered the world of acting and theater. It was not long before young Wales came to the attention of American producers.

Wells made his radio debut. The day before Halloween, 1938, he was able to direct and perform the radio show The War of the Worlds, written by Herbert George Wells on the CBS network, and terrified many Americans. The same radio show and its great impact on the people made Wales famous and led to many offers from Hollywood film companies that are always looking for the best.

Wells, who was an independent man , Initially resisted the offers, but George Schaefer, director of the film production and distribution company R. . He (RKO) offered Wales that he could not refuse. The offer is considered by many artists to be the best contract in the history of cinema between a company and an artist. The offer gave the director all the authority over the film.

BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

Wales accepted the offer And brought Citizen Kane to the screen. Although Orson had traveled a hundred years overnight, he still had big plans in mind. After Citizen Kane, Wells went on to make The Magnificent Ambersons, once again proving to history that the birth of a masterpiece called Citizen Kane was not accidental.

In his filmmaking career, Wales always faced many problems, including lack of funding, restrictions imposed by studios, conflicts with producers, and so on, and could not fully reflect his thoughts on the silver screen. However, Wales' repertoire is still replete with cinematic masterpieces in which he has cleverly managed to place his art and creativity out of the sight of CFOs.

Films such as The Trial, Othello, Macbeth (Macbeth) and 4 of them are recorded in the history of cinema. Filming of Wales' last film in front of the camera began in 1970, but remained unfinished due to economic, political and other problems, until in 2018 Netflix released it after forty years. Wells passed away on October 10, 1985, at the age of 70.

Here are the top 10 films of this legendary Hollywood director:

10. Alien (The Stranger)

BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

  • Product: 1946
  • Cast: Orson Welles, Lerta Young
  • Raton Tomitoz Score: 97 out of 100
  • Metacritic Score: 76 out of 100

Four years after his second feature film, The Magnificent Ambersons, Wells went into the noir genre and made his first noir film. The story of the film is about a war crimes investigator who seeks to find a fugitive Nazi. The Alien is the first Hollywood film to feature documentaries from the Holocaust. Trivas was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story for his story. The cinematographer was Russell Matthey, the music was composed by Branislav Kier, and with a budget of $ 1.034 million, the film grossed $ 3.22 million.

9. Mr. Arkadin

BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

  • Product: 1955
  • Cast: Orson Welles, Robert Arden
  • Raton Tomitoz Score: 74 out of 100
  • </"> A rich man named Gregory Arkady claims that he does not remember his past and uses someone to discover his past, but every witness to Gregory Arkady's life is eventually killed." Orson Welles wrote Mr. Arkady's screenplay himself, and it was his seventh directing experience. The film was released in the United Kingdom under the name Confidential Report.

    Wells made Mr. Arcadine in Europe and in France, Spain, and Switzerland, trying to escape the restrictions imposed by Hollywood. "No other film is as destructive as Mr. Arkady," said Shinji Aoyama, a Japanese director, screenwriter and novelist. Every time I watch a movie, it conveys different feelings to me. "Achieving this kind of uncertainty in a film is something I have always sought, but never succeeded in creating."

    8. Macbeth

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: 1948
    • Cast: Orson Welles, Janet Nolan
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 86 out of 100
    • Metacritic Score: 71 out of 100

    Wells in his fifth directing experience decided to look back and incorporate his theatrical experience into his cinematic career, and what to do about it. Could anyone have chosen better than Shakespeare? In the first step, he went to a five-act tragedy and chose one of the best plays in the history of cinema, Macbeth, for cinematic reconstruction, in which he himself played the role of Macbeth in front of the camera.

    Made by Iber, photographed by John L. Russell did it and the screenplay was written by Wells himself. In Macbeth, Wales pays close attention to costume design and also focuses on open views. Macbeth was filmed in a remnant of a Western film, and Wells later said in an interview with Peter Bagdanovich that he was disappointed with the film's lack of funding, as most of the actors' costumes were made from remnants of Western films.> 7. Othello

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: 1952
    • Cast: Orson Welles, Doris Dowling
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 93 out of 100
    • strong> Metacritic Score: 77 out of 100

    Wells continued to transfer his theatrical experience to the cinema, and three years after making Macbeth, he turned to Shakespeare again, this time out of jealousy. And narrated regret. In Othello, Wells creates a masterpiece of light and shadow, and with his close-ups he gives new life to the world of cinematic adaptations of Shakespeare. The role of Othello is played by Wales himself, who succeeds in creating one of the best cinematic adaptations of Shakespeare's work in the history of cinema and wins the Palme d'Or at the 1952 Cannes Film Festival in France. Ankeze Brittie has done. Wells, who had taken refuge in Europe to pursue his ambitions and to pursue his frustrations when making Macbeth, filmed the film in Italy and Morocco, although Europe failed to live up to Wales' ambitions and again resisted his lead. Return.

    6. Chimes at Midnight

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: > 1965
    • Cast: Orson Welles, Gene Moro
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 96 out of 100
    • Metacritic Score: 94 out of 100

    Empiricism to the last moment; This is perhaps one of the main differences between Wales and other great directors in the history of cinema. Midnight Bells is the 11th film in Wales and he is 50 years old at the time of its production, but he still tries his best to do new tricks and never thinks for a moment to repeat himself.

    The story of the film is about one of William Shakespeare's lifelong characters are Sir John Falstaff and his close relationship with Prince Hall, who has to choose between being loyal to him and his father, Henry IV of England. As the story goes, Wales is set to once again put a character in a moral dilemma and create a visual masterpiece using environmental possibilities.

    5. The Lady from Shanghai

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: <1948
    • Cast: Rita Hearst, Orson Welles
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 83 out of 100

    The screenplay was written by Wells himself based on the novel If I Die Before I Rise by Sherwood King, filmed by Charles Lawton and edited by Viola Lawrence. In his fifth cinematic experience, Wells has continued to empiricize and try to continue the path he has established in Kane. He still uses mirrors and tries to put his characters in social trouble. In this film, like many of his other films, he plays the role of director, actor, writer and producer. How a man this year could have done all this work together and fought in a Hollywood studio at the same time is a question that has yet to be answered.

    Trial (The Trial)

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: 1962
    • Cast: Anthony Perkins, Jean Moro
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 83 out of 100
    • Metacritic Score: 75 out of 100

    Wells has turned to Kafka this time and has successfully made one of the best cinematic adaptations of Kafka's complex and unique career. In the trial film, like the book, the story of Joseph K. It is narrated that one morning after waking up, he was summoned to court for no reason. Wells succeeds in portraying Kafka's unfinished story in the best possible way. Anthony Perkins is deceased. The man who tied himself to the role of Joseph K. It is submerged and conveys his helplessness and loss in this modern world and bureaucracy to the audience in the best possible way. The film was shot by Edmund Richard, composed by Jane Lordat, based on the work of Tomaso Albinoni, and adapted by Wells himself.

    3. The Magnificent Ambersons

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: 1942
    • Cast: Joseph Cotton, Dolores Costello
    • Raton Tomitoz Score: 89 out of 100
    • 93 out of 100

    The great Ambersons were made by Wells two years after Kane and created his second cinematic masterpiece. In The Magnificent Embersons, Wells once again showed off his extraordinary mastery of the depth-of-field sharpening technique, and once again he was able to turn a simple story into a compelling and lasting film. In addition to Wales' brilliant directing, the cinematography and stage design of The Magnificent Ambersons is one of the best in the history of cinema. Best Cinematography, Best Scene Design, Best Supporting Actress and Best Film. At the box office, however, Wales again failed miserably, and the magnificent Ambersons sold $ 1 million with a budget of $ 1.1 million. The music of the magnificent Umbersons was made by the late Bernard Hermann and the glorious filming was done by Stanley Kurtz. The film was also edited by Robert Wise, Wales' constant friend.

    Touch of Evil

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product:
    • Cast: Charlton Heston, Janet Lee
    • Ratnatomitosis Score: 95 out of 100

    Wells turned to the noir genre in his ninth directing experience. Wells made a mark of evil for Universal and had trouble creating with the company due to his creativity. The initial long film was the reason why the company went to war with Wales and decided to fire him from directing, but years later and today, the long film is one of the main reasons why the Welsh film makes it to this list and other tops.

    Evil tells the story of an American detective and a Mexican detective who seek to solve a case and get in the way of each other. Wells films are one of those films that are still original in the 21st century, more than 50 years after they were made, and can successfully make their way to the top of the list of cinemas.

    Screenplay Based on a novel by Robert Ellison et al. Written and filmed by Russell Matthew, Bill Miller. The soundtrack was also composed by Henri Mancini. With a budget of $ 829,000, Signs of Evil managed to sell $ 2.2 million at the box office.

    Citizen Kane

    BingMag.com Top 10 Orson Welles films as director; Hollywood astonishment

    • Product: 1941
    • >
    • Cast: Orson Welles, Joseph Cotton
    • Ratnatomitosis Score: 99 out of 100
    • Metacritic Score : 100 out of 100

    Citizen Kane is the story of the rise and fall of a man who does not give up his destruction; A story of love, lust, loneliness and power. A narrative that Orson Welles reflects in the best possible way by using the Renoir and Wheeler depth of field technique and combining it with Eisenstein's theory of assembly. Wells is one of the directors who has had a direct impact on many subsequent directors, and many film critics and theorists have based their views on his films.

    Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Coen brothers Dipalma, Sergio Leon, Michael Mann, Ridley Scott and Steven Spielberg are big fans of Wales and Kane, and Wales has been mentioned many times as one of the directors who has influenced them. Alfred Hitchcock's Citizen Kane and Vertigo are two films that compete for the title of best film in the history of cinema on most reputable movie sites and are constantly topping the list.

    Non-adapted screenplay The film was made by Herman J. Menkovic and Orson Welles have written and won Oscars for it. The brilliant shooting of the film, which is undoubtedly one of its strengths, was done by Greg Toland, and its permanent editing was done by Robert Wise. The film's stunning soundtrack was also composed by Bernard Herman, the composer of Taxi Driver, who was only 30 years old at the time. Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Scene Design, Best Cinematography, Best Editing, Best Soundtrack, and Best Sound Recording.


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