The term cyberpunk, which was first invented by Bruce Betke, is a combination of the two words cybernetics and punk. Cybernetics means the research related to the performance of human tasks by computers, punk was also a collection of nihilistic attitudes that were very popular in the 1970s and 1980s.
The world of anime, which has always been greatly influenced by the movie "Bild Runner" (1982). Created by Ridley Scott, it has always made a lot of cyberpunk anime to entertain the audience since the 1990s. These boundary-breaking classics are not only the passionate descendants of previous Hollywood examples, but they themselves have become revolutionary standards and have influenced subsequent Hollywood works.
1. Akira (Akira)
- Director: Katsuhiro Otomo
- Writer: Katsuhiro Otomo, Izu Hashimoto
- Year: 1988
Next to the warm anime of Studio Ghibli , "Akira" is undoubtedly one of the symbolic masterpieces of that era that brought the anime industry to the attention of the whole world. Neo-Tokyo takes place in 2019, when the city is overrun with criminals and anti-government movements. When motorcycle rider Shotaro Kanda discovers that his childhood friend Tetsu Shima has acquired superhuman abilities that could destroy Neo-Tokyo, it's up to Kanda to stand up to Tetsu and stop everything from being destroyed.
2. Psycho-Pass (Psycho-Pass)
- Director: Naoyoshi Shiotani
- Writer: Gen Urobuchi
- Year: 2013
The story of "Psycho-Pass" "Door" takes place in a futuristic Japan, when the country is under the control of a system called Siebel, a biomechatronic reality-based computer network that keeps the city safe by monitoring and identifying the level of danger each citizen can pose. In this anime, the assessment of citizens' criminal capacity is called Psycho-Pass.
The creators of "Psycho-Pass" have said that "Blade Runner" and "Gattaka" (Andrew Nicoll - 1997) are the main source of inspiration. They have been to make this anti-utopian anime. The result is an extraordinary anime series. By advancing the story and exposing the holes in the seemingly perfect Siebel system, this series provides the audience with a riveting narrative. Damentor, the extraordinary weapon of the characters in the story, is one of the interesting surprises of this series.
3. Memories (Memories)
- Director: Koji Morimoto, Tensai Okamura, Katsuhiro Otomo
- Writer: Satoshi Ken, Katsuhiro Otomo
- Year: 1995
This anime has three separate films of three different species, the general theme of all three works is nostalgia and memories, which is what connects these three single anime. All three animes were released as the movie "Memories" in 1995.
"Magnetic Rose" is a wonderful story of exploration of reality and fantasy, and a work of the master of surrealist stories, Satoshi Ken, this anime is a story of liberation and It is sad. "Stink Bomb" is a funny political satire with similarities to Stanley Kubrick's "Doctor Strangelove" (1964). The latest work, "Retreating Soldiers", is an experimental take on an apocalyptic future where artillery is everywhere.
4. Ergo Proxy (Ergo Proxy)
- Director: Shoko Morase
- Writer: Dai Sato
- Year: 2006
With anti-utopian visual design and philosophical themes In depth, ErgoProxy explores the complex relationship between humans and robots. In the romantic city of Ramdo, robots named Atorio are infected with a virus called Cogito, this virus causes the robots to become self-aware and start killing humans.
Inspector Real Miyar, who is the grandson of the leader of Ramdo, Agent Research and identify the cause of this virus. However, he gradually realizes that beneath all the blood and gore, there may be a more sinister phenomenon.
5. Ghost in the Shell (Ghost in the Shell)
- Director: Mamoru Oshii
- Writer: Kazunori Ito
- Year: 1995
As "Akira" The movie anime "Ghost in the Shell" played a big role in increasing the attention of international audiences to Japanese animations. This anime, which has one of the worst female characters in the history of animation, is the story of Major Motoko Kusanagi and his all-male cohorts from Division 9. It is public security that fights corruption and terrorism in the highly advanced and globalized city of Nihama. As philosophical as the movie version is, unlike the anime series "Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex" (2002), it has more action and introduces more side characters than Section 9.
6. Serial Experiments Lain (Serial Experiments Lain)
- Director: Ryotaro Nakamura
- Writer: Chiaki J. Konaka
- Year: 1998
Unlike today's world where the Internet plays a key role in people's daily lives, in 1998 the Internet had only been introduced for seven years. have been. In other words, at that time, people were still unfamiliar with the purpose of the Internet and were even afraid of it.
In "Lin's Serial Experience", an introverted girl named Lin Iwakura's connection with Wired (something like the Internet) begins at some point. that he receives a disturbing email from a classmate who has just died. As Lane becomes more and more attached to the complex world of Wired, the distinction between reality and this cyber world begins to blur for him, and he struggles with conspiracy theories, surreal hallucinations, and social isolation.
<7. Animatrix (Animatrix)
- Director: Koji Morimoto, Shinichiro Watanabe, Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Mahiro Maeda, Peter Chang
- Writer: The Wachowskis, Shinichiro Watanabe, Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Mahiro Maeda, Peter Chang
- Year: 2003
Fans of The Matrix (1999) will definitely have fun with this sci-fi anthology film. A film that not only has references to the original "Matrix", but also expands its world to new frontiers.
From swordplay in a virtual simulator of feudal Japan to an all-out battle between humans and machines, all kinds of stories. It can be seen in this movie. Directed by the Wachowskis, "Animatrix" consists of 9 short animes and is distinctive in terms of design and style. Each of these animes are about the relationship between humans and technology.
8. Trigun (Trigun)
- Director: Satoshi Nishimura
- Writer: Yusuke Kuroda
- Year: 1998
"Traigan" on a desert planet called No man's land passes. Wash Stampede is a happy elk who likes to spread his peaceful thoughts and lead a bloodless life. But the 60 billion dollar award set for him says something else.
Wash wants to stay true to his beliefs by avoiding violence at any cost. Despite the fact that a whole host of bounty hunters and thieves are looking to hunt him down and collect his bounty, this bounty is set for him because of his violent past. Little by little, as new friendships are formed and many deadly events occur, his painful past is also revealed.
9. Technolyze (Texhnolyze)
- Director: Hirotsugu Hamazaki
- Writer: Chiaki J. Konaka
- Year: 2003
"Technology" is another work of the creators of "Lin Serial Experience". The story of this anime is about a dilapidated underground city called Lux, the citizens of this city always have the fear of living under the shadow of various criminal groups. is about a prize fighter named Ichize who lost an arm and a leg during a fight. He later becomes the subject of a technologized lab that allows people to replace missing limbs with cybernetic limbs. After these connections, Ichize works in one of the criminal groups and soon finds out that Lux City is on the verge of destruction.
10. Cowboy Bebop (Cowboy Bebop)
- Director: Shinichiro Watanabe
- Writer: Keiko Nebumoto
- Year: 1998
Even if you are not an anime fan at all, Chances are you've heard the name "Cowboy Bebop." The much-loved space cowboy Spike Spiegel and his outlaw gang go on a bounty-hunting and self-discovery journey during this serialized space western.
It's best to ignore that disastrous Netflix remake of the series. The original series itself stunned fans when it was released, as it was an artful mix of various artistic and cinematic genres. Apart from music, which is one of the key and constant elements of the series, this series struggles with universal concepts of familiarity such as loneliness and existentialism.