The changes that took place in the cultural structure of the country during the seventies, made the society waiting for an improving trend. But with the beginning of the 1980s and the end of the reform government, a different cultural trajectory prevailed in the country. This decade was the beginning of the formation of the so-called left and right currents in Iran. The government and parliament adopted separate policies, and the country was inflamed in every way. With the coming to power of the ninth government and the arrival of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the presidency, the cultural structure of the country, and especially the cinema organization, underwent many changes. The Fajr Festival, like in the 1960s, saw changes each year that created more fringe for filmmakers. But during this period and the changing conditions that existed, brilliant works were screened at the Fajr Film Festival. Iranian cinema continued to shine in international festivals, and a new generation of filmmakers and audiences, all born after the Islamic Revolution, entered the fields of acting and filmmaking that could not be easily ignored. This week, we look at the eighties and the history of the Fajr Film Festival, between 1981 and 1990.
- Fajr Film Festival 1400
The 21st Fajr Film Festival/1381
At that time, Ahmad Masjed Jamei in the early years of his work as Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance The second government was behind the reforms. The twenty-first period, however, had different margins for the Ministry of Guidance, especially in the field of cinema. During this period, as in the previous year, the Farabi cinema Foundation was again responsible for holding the festival, with Mohammad Mehdi Asgarpour as its secretary. In the commemoration section, Dariush Mehrjoui, Saeed Poursamimi and Hamideh Khairabadi were honored, and besides them, the artistic efforts of documentary filmmaker Manouchehr Tayab and cinematographer Mehrdad Fakhimi were also appreciated.
Structure: One of the inefficient changes that took place during this period was the removal of six awards from the list of awards. In the 21st edition, the Male and Female Complementary Role Award was completely eliminated. Simorghs for Best Sound Recording, Sound, Editing and Special Visual Effects were also removed and two awards were given as the Best Technical and Artistic Achievement. In the international section, these Simorghs were removed and an inter-religious section was added to the side sections of the festival. An important event of this period was the mechanization of ticket sales, which took on a more evolved form in the following years. It's clear. They won the main prizes of this period. Crystal Simorgh won the best Film for "Crazy Jumped from a Cage" by Ahmad Reza Motamedi and the Best Actress award was given to Nikki Karimi for the same film. Reza Mirkarimi, the director of "Here is a Bright Light", won Simorgh for Best Director, and Habib Rezaei received the Best Actor Award for his role in the same film. Simorgh was the best screenplay but it was awarded to Parviz Shahbazi for "Deep Breath". For the first time in this period, the audience-selected Film was not among the main award winners. This award was given to Kamal Tabrizi "Carpet of the Wind" in the 21st period. In the first films category, two main awards for best director and best Film were awarded to "Kagoman" by Mohammad Rasulov.
Phenomenon: Perhaps the most important phenomenon of this period is the presence of Asghar Farhadi with the first His feature Film was "Dancing in the Dust". The Film won the Special Jury Prize in the International Section. Was. This happened while even the festival catalog was published with a message from Mohammad Hassan Pezeshk, as the deputy director of the cinema organization. But then Ahmad Masjed Jamei appointed Mohammad Mehdi Heydarian to this position.
Ignored works: It may not be possible to name the ignored work, but Kamal Tabrizi There was another Film period at the Festival; "Look at the sky sometimes" with a transcendental story. The Film had several nominees in most fields, especially acting, but did not achieve any success at the festival.
The 22nd Fajr Film Festival/2003
During this period, Alireza Rezadad became the festival secretary and Mohammad Mehdi Asgarpour returned to directing. The festival was accompanied by important works and there was a lot of excitement among the audience, so that the best Film was chosen by the audience with 93% of the votes.
Structure: Change The mistake that was made by removing a number of Simorghs in the previous period has returned to its original state. During this period, the Review of works related to the commemorations section was also removed from the festival process. One of the interesting events of the 22nd period was the addition of a play at the closing ceremony with a theater directed by Mohammad Rahmanian, which received a lot of attention.
Awards Main: The best Film award went to Dariush Mehrjoui for "Mom's Guest". But the award for best director and most of the Simorghs of the technical section went to the Film "Duel" by Ahmad Reza Darvish. Acting awards, however, were distributed among actors from various films. Bahram Radan received his first award, Simorgh Blorin, for Best Actor in a Leading Role for "Candle in the Wind". The award for Best Actress in a Leading Role went to Gohar Kheirandish in disbelief for "Drawing Love". Meanwhile, most of Golshifteh Farahani's audiences and critics considered her deserving of this award for her role in "Cold Tears". Best Supporting Actor, Kambiz has long been recognized for her role in "Duel" and Simorgh was awarded Best Supporting Actress to Merila Zarei for "Friday Soldiers". During this period of the festival, the award for the best first Film went to Hamid Nematollah for the controversial Film "Boutique". "The Lizard", which was a different comedy, was the most popular among all the drama films presented at the festival, and with the highest vote, Crystal Simorgh won the best Film in the eyes of the audience.
Phenomenon: Peyman Ghasemkhani, who was experiencing his second appearance at the Fajr Film Festival, received a Crystal Simorgh for his screenplay "The Lizard". He received a lot of attention with this film, and although the lizard was banned after a short release, Ghasemkhani became one of the most famous contemporary Iranian satirists after this film.
Margins: The name of the movie "Mom's Guest" was not in the list of films of the Iranian cinema competition due to the lack of technical steps. But on the last day before the start of the festival, he finally reached this event and was placed in the out-of-competition section. However, the jury chose it as the best Film of the festival. This choice created a lot of margins while there were more probable options for this Simorgh.
Ignored works: "The Silent King" is the only Film by Homayoun Shahnavaz after the Islamic Revolution. He was present at this festival. But this film, which was the director's latest work, was not considered at all. Before the revolution, Shahnavaz was very much in the spotlight with the production of the series "Daliran Tangestan". Also, "Beautiful City" directed by Asghar Farhadi and "Bloody Cow" directed by Behrouz Afkhami failed in the Iranian cinema section and were awarded prizes in the international section.
The 23rd Fajr Film Festival/2004
This period was the last year of the presence of the Reform Government and the Ministry of Ahmad Masjid Jamei. This led to conservatism in holding the Fajr Film Festival. Also, several films screened in the 23rd period were not allowed to be shown to the public until many years later. International cinemas added. There were no significant changes in the judging structure and sections of the Iranian cinema Competition. But in the structure of movie distribution, the number of chances reached 7. Of course, the two morning chances were for student sections. During this period, with the advent of digital cameras and the danger of unauthorized filming in cinemas, the festival's Film distribution cinemas were equipped with CCTV cameras. Abdullah Eskandari and Faramarz Gharibian were also honored during this period for a lifetime of artistic activity.
Main prizes: In this period, the Film "Very Far, Very Close", made by Reza Mirkarimi won many awards, the most important of which was the Best Film Award. Majid Majidi's "Crazy Willow" also won Simorgh in several categories, and the awards for best director went to Majidi and best actor in the lead role went to Parviz Parastavi. The Film also won Simorgh the best Film from the viewers' point of view. During this period, the Film "Transit Cafe" by Kambozia Partovi had attracted the attention of the judges, and the award for best screenplay and best actress for this Film went to Partovi and Fereshteh Sadr Arfaei. The Best Supporting Actor award went to Khosrow Shakibaei for his different performance in "Salad of the Season" and the Best Supporting Actress award went to Leila Zare for "We Are All Good".
Phenomenon : Kianoosh Ayari, a year after the Bam earthquake, made a documentary Film about this incident, a Film that received a lot of attention from judges and critics due to its real and sharp images, and also won a special jury award. But he could not get a public release license, and after 13 years, he was shown in the Art and Experience group. Again, a Film of him was banned from the festival a few days ago. "In Purple" was not allowed to be screened at the festival by the security agencies and then by the public, and was banned for six years. The Film was replaced by "Salvation in Eight and Twenty Minutes." A Film that was not in the initial list, but was eventually nominated for several categories. A Film that, despite its global success, is not only ignored at the festival Was taken but remained in detention for 12 years.
The 24th Fajr Film Festival/2005
A few months had passed since the beginning of the ninth government headed by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The ministers had changed and the ministry of guidance had passed to Mohammad Hossein Saffarhandi and Mohammad Reza Jafari Jelveh had been appointed deputy director of cinema. But contrary to expectations, the secretary of the Fajr Film Festival did not change and Alireza Rezadad remained in this position. One of the most important issues of this period of the festival was the donation of Samand and Pride cars to the winners, which happened with the agreement between the Ministry of Guidance and the Ministry of Industry. Added to the group of Simorghs. On the other hand, the number of popular cinemas showing the works of the festival increased, which also increased the public reception of this event. The phenomenon of sleeping in the long lines of the festival had reached its peak during these years. In the international section of the festival, the Foreign cinema Competition, the Semantic Film Competition and the Asian cinema Competition were separated from the main part of the festival and held in a separate closing ceremony. Gulab Adineh, Khosrow Sinaei and Majid Entezami were also honored during this period. It was in its 24th season and won the Best Picture award. The cast of this Film was also considered by the jury and Parviz Parastavi received the third Crystal Simorgh for the best male actor in his artistic career to play in this film. Crystal Simorgh for Best Supporting Actress also went to Mahtab Nasirpour to play in "In the Name of the Father". "Chaharshanbe Soori" was another Film of this period, which won the Best Director Award for Asghar Farhadi and the Best Actress Award for Hedyeh Tehrani. This Film was also selected by the audience.
Phenomenon: A young actor named Samin Vazirian was present in the movie "Hoo" made by Alireza Davoudnejad, whose acting and type of expression received a lot of attention. He even received an honorary diploma from the jury during the festival, but never returned to the cinema.
Margins: Since 1984, the number of banned films in cinema. Iran increased. But one of its special cases, in the twenty-fourth period, is the Film "Workers at Work" directed by Mani Haghighi. This was the director's second Film after "Abadan" to enter the Fajr Film Festival. However, both of these films have been banned by the Ministry of Guidance to this day and have never been released. Interestingly, "Workers Are Working" received a lot of attention during this period and was even able to achieve the best screenplay of Crystal Simorgh among its competitors.
Ignored Works: Jafar Panahi's Film "Offside" made its way to the festival and received a lot of attention for its different story. But not only did the jury ignore it, it was banned and lost its chance to attend the Oscars due to lack of screenings.
Twenty-fifth Fajr Film Festival/2006
This period had one of the most tumultuous closing ceremonies during the festival. There was also an inflamed atmosphere in the Film Review sessions. , But held differently from previous years. For example, in no period was a prize awarded to a guest Film at the festival, but in this period a prize of one and a half million Tomans was awarded to the director of the Film "The Last Queen of the Earth". On the other hand, no one other than himself was to come of age to receive the award. But this was done with disorder. Also in this period, a celebration of a lifetime of artistic activity was held for Ali Nasirian and Yadollah Samadi.
Main prizes: The main prizes of this period were very controversial. Although all the attention was drawn to the two films "Santouri" and "The Dismissals", and at the same time they received the award for the best Film from the viewers' point of view, but the main prizes of the festival were divided among the other films. Crystal Simorgh won the best Film for "The Third Day" by Mohammad Hossein Latifi, and for the first time in the history of the festival, the best director award was given to this Film and Amir Shahab Razavian for "The Enamel of the Silent City". The only other "Santouri" award was the second Simorgh of Bahram Radan's artistic career, which was introduced as the best actor in the lead role of this period. But the award for best actress went to Baran Kowsari for her role in two films, "Khonbazi" and "The Third Day". If "Khonbazi" had broken the rules due to its pre-festival release, it also won other awards such as Best Screenplay, Makeup, Editing and Best Art and Experience Group Film. Simorgh for Best Supporting Actor was awarded to Afshin Hashemi for "Barefoot in Paradise" and Pantea Bahram for Best Supporting Actress for "Eternal Children" was awarded.
Phenomenon: A special event in this period was the donation of a crystal Simorgh weighing 550 grams to the movie "Iranian Carpet". This Film was made by Reza Mirkarimi and directed by 15 famous directors of Iranian cinema. "Iranian Carpet" is an episodic Film about each of the directors' views on the carpet and its lasting legacy. On the night of the ceremony, there was so much inconsistency in decision-making and organization that the voices of artists, spectators and even the host, Hossein Pakdel, were raised in protest. Many artists remained behind closed doors and many journalists could not enter the different floors of Vahdat Hall. On the other hand, Massoud Dehnamaki, whose Film had not won any award other than the best Film from the viewers' point of view, spoke at the award ceremony in a sharp tone about this award and the right that was lost from the actors and actors of his film. Even Bahram Radan received Simorgh expressed his displeasure that the work of Dariush Mehrjoui and the production team of "Santouri" had been neglected. Ignored. "Parkway" by Fereydoun Jirani was one of them.
Twenty-sixth Fajr Film Festival/2007
The cultural atmosphere was becoming more and more marginalized, which made the Fajr Film Festival more conservative. Works that had the least social critique or political perspective on the story and its structure were ignored at the festival or removed from the competition. Unfair judgments astonished artists and audiences, and some likened the closing night of the festival to the night of the trophy-sharing looting. They received separate letters from what they had before. Press cards were equipped with barcodes, which made it easier for media people to enter and exit. One of the most important changes of this period was the separation of the days of screening national films from international cinema. In the twenty-sixth period, for the first time, a special Simorgh was awarded by the jury for a lifetime of technical and artistic achievement, the first choice of which was Alireza Zarrindast. Parvaneh Masoumi, Masoud Jafari Jozani, Ali Hatami and Rasoul Mollaqlipour were the figures who were honored during this period.
Main Awards: Although the Film "Song of Sparrows" was made Majid Majidi had won important awards at the Berlin Film Festival, but won only one of the main awards and two technical awards at the Fajr Film Festival. The Film won Best Director at the 26th Fajr Film Festival. The award for best Film went to "Easy" by Reza Mirkarimi. The Film also won Best Screenplay and Best Actress for Hengameh Ghaziani. But one of the most controversial awards of this period was Crystal Simorgh for Best Actor, which was awarded to Amin Hayaee for "Night". This was while important rivals such as Shahab Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Forootan, Habib Rezaei and Reza Naji were next to his name. The awards for Best Supporting Actor went to Mahtab Nasirpour for "Child of the Soil" and Mohsen Tanabandeh for "Martyrdom for God", respectively. But again, as in many previous periods, the audience voted for a critical comedy Film the most, and "There is always a woman's foot involved" by Kamal Tabrizi, Simorgh Blorin won the best Film from the viewers' point of view.
Phenomenon: The Film "Canaan", written by Asghar Farhadi and directed by Mani Haghighi, was selected as the audience of the international section, but the festival directors donated this section to the American Film "1408" as Simorgh Hospitality.>
Margins: The most important margins of this period were related to the removal of two films, "Familiar Soil" by Bahman Farmanara and "One Hundred years to These Years" by Saman Moghadam from the festival. Both films were removed from the festival due to audits and requests from security agencies. Another margin of this period was the renaming of two judges after the announcement of the jury.
Ignored effects: As we explained in the previous period, in the ninth government, The number of neglected works was increasing, which also led to protests. But perhaps the most important Film that the jury did not have the slightest idea of was Parisa Bakhtavar's "Circle of Life." A Film that, despite the director's first experience in making feature films, is one of the top social comedies of the last two decades. The Film also sold very well at the screening.
The 27th Fajr Film Festival/2008
This period was the last year of the ninth government. At the same time as the festival was taking place, various political currents were emerging for the presidential election, which took place a few months after the festival. The government was also trying to keep the festival away from inflammation To be completed.
Structure: For the first time, a section of video works that were not televised before the festival was added to the festival. After a few seasons, the festival secretary changed and Majid Shah Hosseini was in charge of organizing the festival.
Main prizes: In this period, the prizes were distributed among different films. The award for best Film went to "Doubt", a different work by the selected director of cinema, Varouj Karim Masihi. "About Eli", which had entered the competition section with a lot of margins, won the Best Director Award for Asghar Farhadi. But the award for best screenplay went to "Zadboom" by Abul Hassan Davoodi. Shahab Hosseini was awarded the Best Actor award for "Superstar" and Simorgh for Best Actress was awarded to Leila Hatami, who starred in "Bipoli". Alireza Khamseh and Mahtab Keramati also received complementary awards for their Film "Twenty" by Abdolreza Kahani. Bahram Beizai's Film "When We All Sleep" was also present during this period, which reached three Simorghs in technical fields. For the second time in the history of Simorgh Festival, the best Film from the point of view of the audience reached two films; "Bipoli" by Hamid Nematollah and "About Eli". An adaptation of William Shakespeare's play "Hamlet", it came to the Fajr Film Festival. The Film was nominated for Simorgh in eleven categories. This is the last Film of Karim Masihi.
Margins: An important margin happened during this period of the festival. Due to Golshifteh Farahani's unveiled presence at the red carpet ceremony of the Film "Lie Boxes" abroad, the Film "About Eli" made by Asghar Farhadi and starring Farahani was removed from the festival by order of Ershad. However, by the direct order of the president, this Film was returned to the list of works of the festival on the condition that the popular cinemas in Tehran do not show this work. This issue caused clashes between people and security forces in front of public cinemas. The second side was the boycott of the closing ceremony by photographers and journalists, due to the lack of a specific place for the media in the hall of the ceremony. "Invitation", which had a story and a context far removed from all his works up to that time, was excluded from the competition section of Iranian cinema due to Hatamikia's presence in the jury. This is the only work of this director that, despite the large number of actors and controversial stories, was not considered in any part of the Fajr Film Festival and even faced negative criticism.
The 28th edition of the Film Festival Fajr/1388
88 was a year of inflammation. The people and the art community were pessimistic about the new government because of the events after the presidential election, and many talked about the boycott a few weeks before the festival. The spread of social networks and the release of various films from the margins of the festival made the situation worse. Also, the 28th period was held from 5 to 15 February due to coinciding with the days of Muharram and Safar mourning. During this period, the Minister of Guidance and the Deputy Minister of cinema also changed, and the government tried to reduce the inflammation by opening cultural spaces and regaining its lost trust in artists. But even the banning of some films did not help the government lose its trust at that time, and even the Fajr Film Festival jury was in danger of being dissolved.
Structure: During this period, due to the inflamed atmosphere and political margins, the general structure of the festival did not change. Only the officials tried to make this event look colorful and glazed. For this reason, for the first time, the festival had a specific place for the media. The Milad Tower was considered for this purpose, and Film screenings and press conferences were held in the same hall for several periods. For the first time since then, tickets for popular cinemas have been sold online. Crystal Simorgh was also added to the competition sections for the best animation. The owner of the three main Simorghs won the best film, the best director and the best Film from the viewers' point of view. It was expected that Hamid Farkhonejad would also receive the Best Actor award for this film, but the award went to Mohsen Tanabandeh for "Seven Minutes to Autumn". Negar Javaherian also received Simorgh Best Actress from this period of the festival for her role in "Gold and Copper". But the Simorghs of the complementary maps went to Mehdi Faqih for "King Suleiman" and Shirin Yazdanbakhsh for "Please Do Not Disturb".
Phenomenon: The works of the Iranian cinema section, for the first time in the history of the festival, a Film that had been made for six years and had been banned, entered the competition section. This was against the rules defined by the Fajr Film Festival.
Margins: This period of the festival with many margins in the judging section, Closing was accompanied by screenings of films and awards. In the days before the start of the festival, the festival office announced that the names of the members of the Darwan delegation would not be published. This caused many artists to protest. On the other hand, many important cinematic figures such as Abbas Kiarostami, Minoo Farshchi, Farhad Tohidi, Asghar Farhadi and Fatemeh Goodarzi did not accept the festival's judging. This was while the name of Fatemeh Goodarzi was announced among the finalists. Also, some judges, such as Massoud Jafari Jozani, did not even attend the closing ceremony. In terms of Film screenings, the audience was very low and there was no excitement of the previous years at all. Another noteworthy fact was that the press conference of many important films of the festival, such as "In Purple" and "Gold and Copper", was not held at all, and some meetings were disputed. Rakhshan Bani-Etemad also complained about participating in his documentary at the festival without his permission. The closing ceremony was also accompanied by many side effects. Among other things, there was a clash between the guards and the reporters who did not enter the hall. The last margin was the change of some of the winners of the sub-awards, one day after the closing. And a neglected work remained.
The 29th Fajr Film Festival/2010
The government also tried to maintain an open cultural space and avoid previous strictures on the selection of films applying for the festival. Perhaps this is the reason why 50 films, which is twice as many as in the previous period, were screened in different stages of the 29th festival. During this period, Javad Shamqadari was the deputy director of the cinema Organization.
Structure: No significant changes took place in the general structure of the festival. Only a section was added to the festival that would screen 3D films. A large number of filmmakers in various fields were also honored during this period; Masoud Kimiaei, Pouran Derakhshandeh, Mehdi Faghih, Jamshid Hashempour, Shahriyar Bahrani and
Main prizes: Although the judging of this period of the festival was not at an acceptable level, but important works They were present during this period, and each of them set a good box office for Iranian cinema the following year. But the most important Film of this period was "Rare Separation from Simin". The film, which won the Best Director Award and the Crystal Simorgh Award for Best Film from the People's Perspective, won the first Iranian Film Oscar in the field of non-English language Film the following year. One of the remarkable topics of the 29th period was paying attention to the work of Masoud Kimiaei who was present in this period. Chemical films were usually ignored by the judges, but "Crime" won the Crystal Simorgh for Best Picture and Best Supporting Actor for Hamed Behdad. The award for Best Actor went to Mehdi Hashemi for his role in "Alzheimer's" and "Mr. Yousef". Best Actress went to Vishka Asayesh in the comedy "Forbidden Gentlemen" and Simorgh was awarded Best Supporting Actress to Mahnaz Afshar for "Saadat Abad". One of the unforgettable events of this period is the awarding of the best screenplay prize to "Father's House" by Kianoosh Ayari. A Film that did not see the color of the screen until 7 years later. Had directed "Red Journey", which never had the opportunity to attend the festival. In the 29th period, however, this Film came to the festival with the permission of the Deputy Cinematographer after 10 years, and Farkhonejad received the award for the best Film in the first films category for his only work.
Ignored works: After the release of the movie "Purple" In the previous period, Ibrahim Hatamikia also had a Film in the 29th period There was a different name called "Report of a Celebration". A Film that dealt with issues and events after the 1988 elections. However, this Film was ignored by the judges at the festival and has not been allowed to be screened after 11 years.
30th Fajr Film Festival/2011
Less than a month before the 30th Fajr Film Festival, Seyed Mohammad Hosseini, the then Minister of Guidance of the 10th government, signed a decree to close the cinema. Following this ruling, many filmmakers issued letters of protest and statements on the issue. But this sentence was not revoked until the tenth government took office. This was one of the reasons why many artists did not attend the closing ceremony and receive awards. One of the important topics of this period was the festival secretary who reached out to Mohammad Khazaei. A young person who had only just experienced production. Of course, he is now the head of the cinema Organization after ten years.
Structure: One of the most important changes in this period is taking over the responsibility of holding the festival from the Farabi cinema Foundation after two decades and It was transferred to the Institute of Visual Media.
Main Awards: After many years, again during this period, no work was awarded the Best Film Award. But the Film that received the most attention from the jury was "Days of Life" by Parviz Sheikhtadi, which won the Best Director Award, and Hengameh Ghaziani also won the Best Actress Award for this film. Farhad Aslani won Simorgh Blorin for Best Actor in a Leading Role for "Bear" and "Private Life" and Yekta Nasser received her only award from the Fajr Film Festival for her supporting role in "Someone Wants to Talk to You" . But the award for Best Supporting Actor went to Akbar Abdi for "I Dream". Abdi was playing the role of a woman in the film, which led to marginalizing jokes by the actor at the closing ceremony. Crystal Simorgh is the best Film from the viewers' point of view, but it reached the first production of Peyman Maadi, namely "Snow on the Pines". Its producer, Mohammad Khazaei, was the festival secretary. Of course, its name was announced among the films of the out-of-competition section. But the remarkable thing was that due to the inflamed political atmosphere and the tense conditions that existed due to the closure of the cinema house, although the chance of showing this Film in the media cinema was announced, but in the end, this Film was not shown in the festival palace. It was shown to some officials only at the Ministry of Guidance. But they were opposed by the festival office. For this reason, they refused to attend the closing ceremony and other ceremonies of this event. Even people like Dariush Mehrjoui, Ali Mosafa and Farhad Aslani did not attend the closing ceremony to receive their awards. But in the meantime, Bahman Farmaneh-Ara returned the three Simorghs he had taken to the festival office to protest the conditions of Iranian cinema.
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Ignored works: Efforts were made to nominate all films in different fields or win honorary diplomas, but in the end many They believed that the Simorghs were not divided fairly.