The Gnostics were a forgotten Christian sect of the 2nd century AD, so they may not have much to do with the modern world and especially the imaginary future of some popular sci-fi movies. However, important writers and filmmakers have been influenced by Gnosticism; A thought that raises questions like "where did we come from" and "why are we here?" These intellectual elements show themselves in some movie works such as "Matrix", "Immortals" and "Prometheus". Plus, as you'd expect from the best science fiction, they raise big issues that are very relevant to our lives today. Gnosticism is a term used to describe a group of Christian sects with common beliefs. Death, God and Extraterrestrials How did Thor become the most powerful hero in the Marvel Universe through his failures?
The Gnostics were a forgotten Christian sect of the 2nd century AD, so they may not have much to do with the modern world and especially the imaginary future of some popular sci-fi movies. However, important writers and filmmakers have been influenced by Gnosticism; A thought that raises questions like "where did we come from" and "why are we here?" These intellectual elements show themselves in some movie works such as "Matrix", "Immortals" and "Prometheus". Plus, as you'd expect from the best science fiction, they raise big issues that are very relevant to our lives today. Gnosticism is a term used to describe a group of Christian sects with common beliefs. Death, God and Extraterrestrials
One of the most important beliefs of this sect is that the world is not perfect and Created by a lesser god known as the Demiurge. The special knowledge of Gnosis can allow one to see the world beyond the illusion of perfection. The 1999 film The Matrix, directed by the Wachowskis, was not the first film to portray a hero who sees something beyond reality, but it was one of the best examples among them.
At the beginning of The Matrix, Thomas Anderson feels that something is not right about this world, this doubt when he meets Trinity It becomes certainty. Anderson's world of office cubicles is green and sickly, also conveying the feeling that someone is constantly watching the cubicles. Anderson's encounter with Morpheus is the moment when gnosis is presented as a red pill, a gateway to special knowledge. By taking this pill, Anderson is reborn from a false reality, both figuratively by receiving the name Neo, which means new, and literally.
Neo, like a newborn baby, Bald and wrinkled, he emerges from his shell and enters a world where humans are used as batteries by machines. Morpheus believes that Neo is the Chosen One, a messianic figure who will save humans from enslavement by machines. The Matrix is filled with ideas from Gnosticism, as well as other religious traditions such as Buddhism, which are alluded to when Neo visits the Oracle House. The key concept of Gnosis is that man can achieve salvation through a highly personal spiritual revelation. This helps Neo discover his inner strength.
For most of the movie, Neo is a skeptic and Morpheus is a true believer. Neo asks the Oracle how he knows if he is the chosen one, to which the Oracle replies that it's just like being in love, saying, "You feel it inside." The Gnostics believed that the discovery of the divine spark could be achieved through their mysteries. If the cult's beliefs are true about Morpheus and the Oracle, it stems from the Gnostics' emphasis on instilling secrets.
When Neo is called to fight Agent Smith, he finally discovers his inner strength. He is killed by Smith and resurrected. Resurrection is a familiar theme in the Christian tradition, and at this moment Neo shines with light in a remarkable way, discovering the divine spark that the Gnostics believed existed in all humans. With this goal achieved, Neo is fully capable of manipulating the realm of the Matrix, stopping bullets, and even levitating. He has finally accepted that the physical world is completely subordinate to the inner light. The Gnostics understood this concept well, they saw the physical world as an illusion and the task of people was to see beyond it by touching the divine.
The Matrix, along with Dark City, Existence, and The Thirteenth Floor, is one of several films of the late 90s that revolve around false realities. Many of these films were inspired by the idea of virtual reality and the feeling that technology might replace humans. However, they also have a root in the older science-fiction tradition, particularly in the tradition of Philip K. Dick, a spiritual seeker who showed an interest in Gnosticism in his books. The Matrix is the best of these films, especially because of the way its ideas are portrayed in the action sequences. Wachowski over-complicated things in the subsequent sequels of the film, and the first film is still considered the most fascinating, showing the main idea in the most sincere way possible.
The second key belief of Gnosticism is that the creator The world, the demiurge, did not have a pure and pure intention to create humanity. In the film "The Immortals" by Chloe Zhao, this issue is explored. The heroes of the story believe that in the mission from Arisham, the godlike leader The Celestials are tasked with fighting creatures called Perverts. It seems that Arisham is using the energy of the humans to birth a new Celestial so that he can destroy the Earth. The similarities of this movie with "The Matrix" are clear, in both of them they extract energy from humans.
But "The Immortals" is depicted from the point of view of Demiurge's agents. At the beginning of the film, the sentence "In the beginning..." is uttered, echoing the first line of the Old Testament Bible and perpetuating Arisham's lie, implying that the Celestials have established order in the world and the Perverts are an inexplicable force full of chaos. are. It is later revealed that the perverts were created by the Celestials and are imperfect creatures that have gone out of control.
In Gnostic thought, there is a concept called Archons, angels who serve the Demiurge by preventing man from achieving salvation. they do. Members of the Immortals may direct the development of human civilization, but this is only because the Celestials need humans to reproduce. The leader of the group, Ijak, is the only one who significantly questions Arisham's decisions and feels something special about humanity. To justify the cycle of destruction and creation, Arisham says to the heroine named Cersei: "The end of one life means the beginning of another." However, in an act of rebellion against a false god, Cersei leads a band of immortals against Arisham.
"Immortals", like many other works of Jack Kirby, questioned the idea of a benevolent creator. Takes. For Arisham, humanity is just a tool to be used in the celestial life cycle. This view is the complete opposite of the Christian view of the existence of a loving creator, and is actually the view of the Gnostics. This idea is consistent with the works of HP Lovecraft and his idea of ancient and cruel gods. Such concepts are shown even more strongly in "Prometheus" directed by Ridley Scott.
"Prometheus" opens with a scene of an alien being planting its DNA in the waters of the Earth. In this film, a human crew is sent on a mission to communicate with the species that created life on our planet. The giant, white engineers are reminiscent of classical marble statues, and the film's title is a reference to the Greek myth of creation. Unlike the benevolent creator of Christianity, creation in both Greek mythology and Gnosticism is fraught with problems. In Prometheus, the heroes discover that their creators are far from perfect, and that the planet they've been sent to is actually a weapons development facility from which the Engineers plan to attack Earth.
It is clear that the existence of the human race was a mistake that had to be erased. When one of the engineers is revived, he is destroyed by humans or, even worse, an android creature named David. If the engineers treat humanity as a mistake, it's doubly disturbing to see that mistake begin to build and develop a life of its own. The humans of Prometheus have a difficult relationship with the Engineers, but David's relationship with his creator, Peter Weiland, is even more problematic. Weiland is a deeply flawed individual with a morbid obsession with prolonging his life, David is both physically and mentally superior to him.
This can be clearly seen in the opening scene of the sequel to Alien: Covenant, where David says, "You die, but I don't. Wieland challenges his power to dominate himself. We later learn that the next generation of androids are less intelligent than David and were made more ordinary because humans found them annoying. These androids are not capable of creating things that challenge their creator. One of the important questions of the Gnostics was who created life and why, this is reflected in the characters of the film. David ends up fully rebelling against his engineers and creators, turning the biological weapons on them.
Where did we go wrong? Elizabeth Shaw asks of engineering in Prometheus. He then raises another question: "Why do you hate us?", this question is in the style of the questions of the Gnostic sect, trying to reach the depth of physical pain and oppression in the world. Why does the merciful God allow his creatures to suffer? Gnosticism's solution to this problem is to imagine a creator who is not so perfect and transcends the physical world. It's Ridley Scott, we're witnessing humans build artificial life to the surface Gods have been upgraded and have reached perfection in terms of creativity. Especially in Scott's films, the human creator seems pitiful to other creations. As technology advances in this century and we build artificial life in virtual worlds, we ourselves are in danger of becoming demiurges. The order of things in this world has remained with us until today. While traditional religions often uphold the status quo or old attitudes, Gnostics seem almost contemporary to question our identity. The characters in these films share a common root of rebellion against their accepted place in this world, whether it leads to redemption like The Matrix, chaos like Prometheus, or tension like The Immortals. Regardless of whether the viewer is religious or not, these concerns are a natural part of being human. However, these films show that the more answers we get, the more questions we have.