One of the topics that has received a lot of attention these days about Iranian cinema is the addition of an Indian film to the summer release. This happened exactly in the days when the Iranian cinema, except for a few films, has almost a weak release and the financial circulation of the cinema is in a worrying situation. According to cinema managers, the issue of screening foreign films is one of the approvals of the Supreme Screening Council in the new period of the country's cinema management. A decision that was implemented for a short time years ago, but due to the protest of some producers, they spared the continuation of this plan. Now, as the first foreign film, it has entered the official screening cycle of the country's cinemas after many years. That this film and its similar works can save the box office of Iranian cinema is a specialized discussion that we will not discuss in this article, but we want to go to the place of Bollywood in the cycle of Iranian cinema and the history of the presence of Indian films on the screens of cinemas in Tehran and other cities. p> A review of the history of the presence of Indian cinema in Iran
One of the topics that has received a lot of attention these days about Iranian cinema is the addition of an Indian film to the summer release. This happened exactly in the days when the Iranian cinema, except for a few films, has almost a weak release and the financial circulation of the cinema is in a worrying situation. According to cinema managers, the issue of screening foreign films is one of the approvals of the Supreme Screening Council in the new period of the country's cinema management. A decision that was implemented for a short time years ago, but due to the protest of some producers, they spared the continuation of this plan. Now, as the first foreign film, it has entered the official screening cycle of the country's cinemas after many years. That this film and its similar works can save the box office of Iranian cinema is a specialized discussion that we will not discuss in this article, but we want to go to the place of Bollywood in the cycle of Iranian cinema and the history of the presence of Indian films on the screens of cinemas in Tehran and other cities. p>
A review of the history of the presence of Indian cinema in Iran
If we want to examine the influence and position of Indian cinema in Iran, we must refer to the first productions of Iranian cinema. As one of the first Iranian directors who made works such as "Ler's Girl" and "Shirin and Farhad", Abdulhossein Sepanta introduced the bold factors of Indian cinema into Iranian films without any specific pattern and only according to the environment in which he was making films. . He made his first films with the help of Indian investors and in a studio in India.
However, the beginning of the release of Bollywood works in Iran dates back to the middle of the 1930s. After the coup on August 28, 1332, Iran had entered a new stage in terms of political and social characteristics. Components such as entertainment, regardless of the economic issues that existed, were among the main goals of the cultural movement that the government wanted. Inviting Indian cinema works to be screened in Tehran and other cities was one of the steps taken in this way.
In the middle years of the 30s, the big star of Indian cinema, Raj Kapoor, released new products with a combination of themes. Love, revenge and progress in life for the people of this country. On the other hand, the high sales of his films in India were not satisfactory for him and he was looking for the international market, in this way his works reached Iran after Russia. It was so well received in Iran that Iranian producers were worried about their works. During this period, the sales of Indian films at the box office were always higher than American films, and Iranian films were the third priority of the audience. There are statistics that show that in 1335, more than 20 Indian films were screened in cinemas in Tehran and other cities, and among them, the share of Iranian cinema was only 13.
Since the mid-forties and successfully An impressive film like "Sangam" made by Raj Kapoor in Iran, created a new wave in Iranian cinema, as a result of which filmmakers decided to start imitating these works instead of competing unsuccessfully with Indian cinema. For this reason, the structural form of many Iranian films became similar to Indian works, and elements such as dance, singing, love triangles, betrayal, etc. entered the stories of the films. But with the difference that Indian works still had one advantage over Persian films and that was observing moral principles and not having obscene scenes. The issue that made families, especially in the cities, prefer Indian films to Persian films.
In the fifties, with the formation of a new wave in Iranian cinema and the entry of intellectual and militant movements into cinematographic works, Persian films were gradually marginalized. . On the other hand, Iranian producers demanded to prevent the screening of Indian films with a massive protest. This path continued until the year 1957, until with the victory of the revolution, the shape of cinema and the works that reached the screen were completely changed.
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In the sixties, due to the changes in the audience's taste and the society's conditions, fewer Indian works made their way to cinemas. But the same number were very interesting. Even the classic and old works of Bollywood were reviewed with new frameworks by Ershad and went to the cinema screens. In those years, there was not much opportunity to talk about love in Iranian cinema, and it was Indian films that filled this void. In the meantime, we should not forget the role of television. Sed and Sima, after weighing the situation for several years, finally broke the taboo of broadcasting Indian films on television in the mid-60s by broadcasting the famous movie "Law". A work that brought back fond memories of Indian cinema fans in the 50s and 40s.
The trend of showing Bollywood films in Iran continued until the late 60s, but with the end of the war and the entry into the 70s, other cinema Iran had expanded enough to force film producers and distributors Ban Indian cinema. Of course, according to the statistics published after the revolution and until the early 70s, nearly 700 Indian films were screened in Iranian cinemas, which is a significant figure. Also, it should not be forgotten that due to the special conditions of the Ministry of Guidance and Film Audit, almost half of these works were not very significant and memorable.
After the 70s, the structure of Indian films changed drastically. Kurd and most directors and producers used the characteristics of Hollywood cinema in their films. Also, with the entry of actors and works of Indian cinema into world festivals, Indian films, which always moved on a fixed story line, have found a more modern and coherent form. Even Iranian TV, which is aware of the popularity of these works among the public even in recent years, usually broadcasts Indian movies on official holidays. For example, one of the most famous works that we saw repeated on TV in the 1980s and 1990s was the movie "The Gardener". came into existence, no more Bollywood films had a place in the cycle of Iranian cinema. In fact, broadcasters prefer to screen famous American or European movies in Iranian cinemas. Attempts were made in this way in the early 90s, but they did not succeed. On the other hand, in the last decade, we saw the production of films in Iranian cinema that were made jointly with Indian cinema. These works, without considering the quality or story content, were able to have an acceptable box office due to the use of superstars like Mohammad Reza Golzar. But the same incident had its supporters and opponents, and it did not respond to the fans of Indian cinema in Iran.
After the spread of the Corona virus, the popularity of the home theater network among the people and the increase in the price of cinema tickets, watching movies in cinemas has increased to a large extent. Removed from the cultural portfolio of families. This dealt a huge blow to the film's turnover and release cycle, which has yet to recover after the reopening of theaters and wide release as expected. But now it seems that after many years, we have reached the days when the directors think that only the version of the past decades will work for the cinema and its poor turnover.
A number of blockbuster and popular Bollywood movies that were released in Iran h2>
- Director: Raj Kapoor li>
- Stars: Raj Kapoor, Nargis Dutt, Prithviraj Kapoor
- Production: 1951
The film "Displaced" is one of Raj Kapoor's first works in Indian cinema. This film violated the old characteristics of the head cinema and became a phenomenon in those years. The story of "Awara" is about a poor thief who falls in love with a rich girl. In the meantime, due to the boy's misdeeds, he faces a judge who is actually his real father. The social and economic criticism of this film distinguished it from other works that were produced in those years.
In addition to representing India for the first time, "Displaced" was able to attract the attention of critics at the Cannes Film Festival. , was the first film that reached Iran for release three years after its production in India. This movie had reached a very high sales in the neighboring countries of India and when it was shown on the Iranian cinemas in 1334, it was very well received. The famous song of this movie called "Avaram" was repeated among ordinary people for a long time. "Awara" is actually the beginning of the release of Bollywood works in Iran.
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2. Mr. 420 (Shree 420)
- Director: Raj Kapoor
- Actors: Raj Kapoor, Narges Dutt, Nadre
- Product: 1955
420 penal code number in India is for fraudsters. The movie "Mr. 420" is the story of a village but educated boy named Raj who comes to the city on foot to achieve success. At the beginning of his presence in the city of Mumbai, the mannerisms and clothes were largely taken from the main character of the film "The Little Tramp" made by Charlie Chaplin. But little by little, this simple village youth gets to know a fraud gang and reaches a fabulous fortune by selling fake bonds under the pretext of housing people. Meanwhile, Raj falls in love with a moral girl who disagrees with his actions. "Mr. 420" is one of the most famous films in the history of India, which has won many awards in the domestic festivals of this country. Dealing with the issues of the society from a new angle, this film was very well received.
The international broadcast of this film, especially in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, greatly contributed to the fame of this film in the region. People's acceptance of this film went so far that the modification of Adam 420, which means clever and swindler, became one of the adjectives used in the common language of Iranian people. Old people from past generations still use this term. But it was not only the film itself and its story that made the film popular among Iranians. Rather, Raj Kapoor's trip to Iran to start the movie screening was met with a flood of fans and the Iranian press published numerous specials about this trip and the movie "Mr. 420". This incident made the sale of this film at the box office one of the special events of those years.
- Director: Raj Kapoor li>
- Starring: Raj Kapoor, Vijinthimala, Rajendra Kumar
- Production: 1964
"Sangam" is the story of two friends who both fall in love with the same girl. This love triangle overshadows the lives of all three people. "Sangam" is one of the most famous romantic movies in history, which has many fans in Asia. This film was the first color work of Raj Kapoor, which could be a great success for his cinema. But after this film, Kapoor abandoned the usual social criticism that was in his works and moved towards more popular works. Screening in Iran is known to this day. This movie was released in Tehran in 1343 and sold a lot in cities and provincial centers. Even the Sangam book was published in a pocket size with a photo of the movie printed on the cover, and the photos of the movie actors were sold in different parts of Iran.
4. Sholay (Sholay)
- Director: Ramesh Sippy li>
- Stars: Amitabh Bachchan, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar
- Product: 1975
Title The longest release time of a movie in the world has reached the movie "Flame". This film was so well received by the audience that it was on the screen of one of the big cinemas in Mumbai, India, for 5 years without a break. The story of this movie was a combination of several different genres including incident, action, musical, police and comedy. The story of "Shaleh" is about two young prisoners who were hired by a man to fight a big criminal. Besides this, love issues, dance and singing and other factors of Indian cinema also helped the body of the story so that people would watch it with more interest. It is known in Indian cinema that "Shaleh" is the longest story that can be told to someone.
The fame of "Shaleh" was not only limited to the borders of India, but it was also shown in America and Asian countries. According to published statistics, almost 250 million people around the world have seen this movie. But there is an interesting point about the release of this film in Iran. "Flame" was shown twice in two different decades on the screens of Iranian cinemas. After its initial release in India, it reached Iran nearly a year later, i.e. 1355. The movie sold well during its release in Tehran and other cities. But nearly ten years later and after the revolution, when Indian films were released in Iran, "Shaleh" appeared on the screen again. In the second screening, despite the audits, it was still welcomed.
5. Law (Shakti)
- Director: Ramesh Sippy li>
- Actors: Amitabh Bachchan, Dilip Kumar, Rakhi
- Product: 1982
"The Law" is the story of the tumultuous life of a police officer. This movie mixed a police action with emotional and family stories and became one of the lasting works of Bollywood in the 80s. The story is about the son of a police officer who creates strange situations for his father with the events that happen to him in life. This movie has been immortalized in the history of the country's cinema due to the co-starring of Amitabh Bachchan and Dilip Kumar, two important Indian stars. Of course, this was the first and last collaboration between the two.
Shakti means power in Hindi. But this movie was translated and published in Iran under the name "Law". Of course, this film was never released in Iranian cinemas, but its release was one of the most important theatrical events in Iran. After the revolution and up to 1363, the directors of Radio and Television and Irshad were trying to fix the situation of television and cinema. But in the conditions of the war and the new structures defined for television, there were not many opportunities to resume broadcasting and screening of Indian films. Finally, after many meetings, in May 1963, the movie "Law" was aired on Iranian TV channel Two. This event broke the taboo of broadcasting Indian films and after that other works of Indian cinema made their way to television and cinema.
6. Rise, Roar, Fire (RRR)
- Director: S. S. Rajamouli
- Stars: NT Rama Rao Jr., Ram Charan, Ajay Devgn
- Production: 2022
"Rise, Roar, Fire" is one of the different works of the last decade of Bollywood cinema. This film is adapted from the lives of two Indian revolutionary figures who fought against British colonialism. Of course, the background of the story and the meeting of these two characters is derived from imagination is the author Because these two fighters have never faced each other in their lives. The story goes back to the 1920s and shows the efforts of these two fighters to save a girl. "Rise, Roar, Fire" is one of the most expensive works of Indian cinema in recent years. But the very high sales of this film in India and in world cinema has made it one of the ten best-selling films in India this year. Hindi refused in the screening cycle. But now "Rise, Roar, Fire" has marked a different event in Iranian cinema. Of course, the Indian distributor was not very happy with sending the film version to Iran at first. Because with this, he had to accept the risk of sanctions. But finally "Rise, Roar, Fire" reached Iranian cinemas. This movie has been able to gain attention in these few weeks. On the other hand, many opponents have written harsh criticisms about its release. Anyway, this movie is now on the screen and its tickets are available to the public through the official websites. Of course, official and accurate statistics about its sales have not yet been published.