A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

The second week of October is named Children's Week in the national calendar. In the seventies, children's programs were usually broadcast on this day from morning to night, and for this reason, such a day was very dear and memorable for children. But today, with the emergence of virtual networks, home shows, and on the other hand, satellite channels for children and teenagers, which are broadcasting animations, cartoon series, and musical programs 24 hours a day, children's day does not have a different meaning on television.

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

The second week of October is named Children's Week in the national calendar. In the seventies, children's programs were usually broadcast on this day from morning to night, and for this reason, such a day was very dear and memorable for children. But today, with the emergence of virtual networks, home shows, and on the other hand, satellite channels for children and teenagers, which are broadcasting animations, cartoon series, and musical programs 24 hours a day, children's day does not have a different meaning on television.

Perhaps, the advancement of technology, the benefit of children from all kinds of networks, programs and easy access to world-famous animations at any hour of the day and night, has caused the way of paying for the children's field to be different. In the world, despite the presence of big animation companies like Walt Disney and Pixar, in a tight competition, a new product is produced every year, which has made significant improvements compared to the previous products. This progress is not only in the structure and technology of making movies and animations for children, but also generational changes, increasing children's awareness and such factors are also included in new children's works. A subject that is not considered at all in domestic works.

Children's and adolescent cinema, or in fact the same genre of children, was once one of the most important types of cinema in Iran. But from the 80s onwards, as technology progressed and children found other ways to entertain themselves, due to mismanagement and lack of acceptance by producers, cinema could no longer move the children's genre in an expected direction along with the generational change. to give Domestic children's and youth cinema has not been able to satisfy its audience for years, and in the days and weeks that are dedicated to children and named after them, the necessity of this genre is felt more.

But this story is It's cinema days. The genre of children in Iranian cinema has spent a brilliant time and now it has reached this point. Dealing with the peak days of this genre, the causes of success in that period and the path that has led to the decline of this genre in recent years, is a topic that we will discuss further.

  • 11 best children and teenagers movies Iranian cinema

The formation of the center of intellectual education, a turning point

Children's cinema in Iran has a history of almost 70 years. In the 1330s, several films, the most important of which was "Fear and Hope" directed by Ahmad Gerji, used a new model centered on a child character. But these works, which sometimes reached great fame like "Sultan of Hearts", were made and broadcasted in the same main body of cinema at that time. Neither the producers nor the audience insisted on placing these films in a separate genre. This trend continued until the late 40s. But at this time, with the establishment of the center for the intellectual development of children and teenagers and the strengthening of the filmmaking branch in it, in 1349 the center's cinematographic center was formed. This center provided conditions for making films by young filmmakers in the field of children. Bahram Bayzaei, Abbas Kiarostami, Amir Naderi, etc. were people who started their work in the center and created their first works in this center. One of the outstanding works of this era is "Sazdehani" by Amir Naderi, which won awards from foreign festivals.

Sazdehani

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Amir Naderi
  • Actors: Masoud Guderzi, Mehdi Javadi, Shahla Darvishi
  • Produced: 1352

"Sazdehani" is a realistic film that originated from the society of the 50s of Iran. In this movie, a boy named Amiro, powerful with a fat body, in one of the southern cities, is known among his friends as a person who does not talk under pressure. On the other hand, there is another boy living in the same neighborhood named Abdulo who is weak and stays at home and is ridiculed. The story goes on like the story of life and the page turns. Abdullo's father buys him a harmonica and now this weak boy dominates all the local children. He takes gypsies from children in exchange for lending him a harmonica. In the meantime, Amiro is more interested in Abdullo's musical instrument than the rest of the children, which causes him to be humiliated with all the power he had among the children. But after a while, the children make him realize his condition by making fun of him. Amiro steals the harmonica and throws it into the sea so that everyone can get rid of it. Amirnadri received several prestigious international awards for this film, and most importantly, he established the first foundations of the children's storyteller cinema. Iran's children's cinema was remarkable in the fifties. But one of the other important events that happened in these years was the attempt to make Iranian animations. By that time, nearly 40 years had passed since the birth of the Walt Disney Company, and most countries in the world had an animation industry, but Iran was far behind in this field. Nuruddin Zarinkalk, Farshid Mothaghali, Ali Akbar Sadeghi, etc. were the people who laid the initial bricks of Iranian animation. Although the works that was short, did not reach general acceptance and was seen only at the level of intellectuals in society.

The sixties, a rebirth

In the early years after the revolution, cinema and cinematographers were undecided and There was no clear path to continue. In the meantime, children's cinema, which took its initial steps in the fifties, was marginalized. But since 1360, with the establishment of the Children and Adolescent Unit at the Farabi Cinema Foundation, there have been many changes in the field of making children's works. In the first few years, due to the start of the war and the mood that dominated the art community, works were made about the war and children were also addressed on the sidelines. But until 1963 and the making of the movie "Runner", nothing significant happened in the field of children.

Runner

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Amir Naderi
  • Actors: Majid Niromand, Musa Turkizadeh
  • Product: 1363

The revolution has won and the war has created many problems for the people of Abadan. A boy named Amiro lives in this city, who has big dreams and spends his time waxing shoes. He is trying to achieve his dreams when he realizes that the best way to get out of this situation is to study. In the meantime, the victory in the second race next to the Abadan refinery makes Amiro a real hero. Just as Amir Naderi created a new direction in children's cinema with the film "Sazdehani" before the revolution, in the days when Iranian cinema was involved in uncertain days, he portrayed the fighting spirit in the children's world with "Runner". This film is the first work made after the revolution, which made its way to foreign festivals as a representative of Iran and brought many awards with it.

Amir Naderi's second film in the field of children is a rebirth for It was Iran's children and youth cinema. A year after that, Marzieh Broumand, also from the Center for Intellectual Development, made a puppet movie called "City of Rats" by gathering some young actors. This movie became famous as one of the first movies that broke the box office stagnation after the revolution. /p>

  • Director: Marzieh Broumand
  • Actors: Fateme Motamedarya, Iraj Tahmasab, Hassan Pourshirazi, Hamid Jabali
  • Product: 1364

In the mid-sixties, to encourage children to go to school, a puppet series was made on TV called "Mice School". This collection was very well received with cute and sweet characters, each of which represented a range of children. At the same time, Marzieh Broumand decided to make a movie based on these characters. This movie is about a black cat who was going to attack the city of mice. The parents handed over the children to the school principal so that he could take the children to a safe area by another route. On the way, the cat attacks the baby mice and after a fight they survive. This movie was one of the best-selling works of the sixties in the cinema, and the music and words of its characters became one of the most vivid nostalgias for children born in the sixties and late fifties. raised from the genre of children. Since the mid-sixties, two different paths were defined, both of which happened to be in the structures of children's cinema. One was works with a different tone and arising from the pure reality of Iranian children's life, which Abbas Kiarostami worked as a stylist director in this direction. Until the late sixties, he made several famous works of his career with exactly the same structure and based on children's characters, such as "Where is the friend's house?" and "night practice". Or Puran Derakhshandeh, who made films to better understand the world of the deaf, such as "Little Bird of Happiness" or "Relationship". Also, the works of a young director named Abulfazl Jalili, who had a different style but was less seen, such as the movie "Gal".

But in the second path of children's cinema, cinema meant a tool for imagining and creating a happy atmosphere for children. . Famous and enduring works were also created in this direction, the most memorable of which were "Doll Thief" by the artist Mohammad Reza Artman and "Patal and Small Dreams".

Patal and Small Dreams

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Masoud Karamati
  • Actors: Reza Kianian, Mansoureh Shadmanesh, Ahmad Aghalo, Alireza Raisan
  • Production: 1368

From the famous films of Iranian children's cinema, which is one of Children's fantasies had become reality. In this movie, a boy fulfills his strange wishes through a wonderful doll named Patal. Dreams like his father going to school instead of him. On the other hand, her sister and her friends' familiarity with Patal makes them wish for their wishes from this doll. After a while, things get messy and the kids wish for things to go back to normal. "Patal and Small Dreams" was one of the storyteller's works with appreciation of children's sense of imagination, which in Fajr Film Festival that year was noticed. This movie was released again after 20 years. Fereshte Tayerpour, the producer of it, was supposed to make the second part of it, but this project was never completed.

In the late sixties, this type of children's genre film gained a lot of fans and almost every year is a large part of the sales of Iranian cinema. , was in the hands of producers of the children's genre and especially fantasy works. Works like "Golnar" and "Singing Cat" directed by Kambozia Pertoi or "Best Dad in the World" directed by Dariush Farhang fit into this category. But perhaps the most memorable children's movie at the end of the sixties, which is a combination of children's and fantasy genre, was the film "Magical Journey" by Abolhassan Davoudi. A film that simultaneously combined children's educational issues with time travel and managed to achieve very high sales. Also, its independence from the Fajr Festival in 1370, the importance of this genre in Iranian cinema was increasing day by day. Many great and well-known filmmakers also tried their luck in this field, and this made important works in this genre to be created and preserved. One of the important features of this decade was the presence of Iranian children's cinema in international festivals and even making its way to the Oscars. Mohammad Ali Talebi, who were exactly from two different spectrums of children's cinema, showed that this genre is going to remain one of the strong types of Iranian cinema. "Maryam and Mithil" was a film that was very close to the imagination and colorful world of children, and on the other hand, "Chatkeme" told a simple but interesting story about a plastic boot from the back alleys of the city.

Since the late sixties, Iraj Tahmasab has been running a program for children on TV called "Mailbox". In some episodes, there were puppets as guests of the program named Red Hat and some other characters. In 1373, Tahmasb along with Hamid Jabali decided to make a movie about these puppet characters. The movie "Little Red Riding Hood and the Cousin" changed all the box office metrics in those days by selling very well in the summer of that year. This showed how popular this genre is and has potential for new ideas.

Little Red Riding Hood and Aunt Boy

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Iraj Tahmasab
  • Actors: Iraj Tahmasab, Hamid Jabali, Fateme Motamedarya
  • Product: 1373

The title of one of the best-selling films in the history of Iranian cinema is still held by this film after nearly 30 years. "The Red Hat and the Cousin" is the story of a doll who comes from the village to Tehran to visit Mr. Modri. Meanwhile, his efforts to find a job also have funny stories. The presence of this doll and her cousin in a family fight is another thing that creates interesting events in the movie. Iraj Tahmasab along with his long time friend Hamid Jabali decided to bring the character of the red hat that became popular on TV into the cinema. This decision made this doll, with its simple clothes and almost dumb look, become one of the most famous characters in the world of Iranian drama. and was able to sell well at the box office. Despite these back-to-back successes, from the mid-seventies, children's directors decided to introduce more realism into children's stories. On the other hand, when the previous generation reached the teenage stage, the movies went more towards the world of children over 10 years old. "Cow Horn" by Kianoosh Ayari, "Children of the Sky" and "The Color of God" by Majid Majidi and "Girl with Sneakers" by Rasool Sadr Aamili are products of this era. Films that were more appealing to teenagers than to children, and brought global success to Iranian cinema.

During this period, directors such as Kyomarth Pourahmad had the largest share of children's cinema. In 1370, he was broadcasting the series "Majid's Stories" on TV, when he decided to screen a long episode of it in a cinematic form, and the result of this work was the movie "Shame". But in the mid-seventies, following the accepted form in children's cinema, i.e. the narration of a child-centered drama, he made the film "Strange Brothers". In those years, the imaginary atmosphere needed by children in children's cinema was gradually fading. Despite being a musical and having attractive sequences for children, a work like "Kahvaran Gharib" was a film to express the feelings of adults.

The 80s, the beginning of decline

It may be considered the weakest period of children's cinema in recent decades. The main direction of cinema was towards stardom and youth, and the production of family comedies and social works was the priority of the directors. For this reason, the children's genre was gradually marginalized. Even people like Marzieh Broumand, who were stylists in children's cinema in the past decades, could not contribute much to this genre. The failed movie "Sweet Jam" made by Broumand or "Yike Bode Yike". Nobod" and "The Little Red Hat of Saronaz" directed by Iraj Tahmasab, did not receive much attention either at the box office or among the children of the new generation.

The generation had changed and new children were going to go to the cinema. But the cinema did not move along with them, and this caused no significant works in the field of children to be made in the 80s. If you examine the results of the children's film festival competitions from the beginning of the eighties to the end, you will notice this obvious weakness. In these years, most of the foreign works entered into the festival were praised. On the other hand, a work with low quality and weak storytelling like "Half of my property, half of you" directed by Vahid Nikkhah Azad from Iranian cinema participated in this festival and surprisingly even won awards.

90s Insisting on internal technology

With the beginning of the new decade, the infrastructural changes of children's cinema were not much of attention to directors and managers. In the meantime, people like Hossein Zwanat had realized that if they included the change of generation and the use of technology in children's works, it could lead to a better outcome. For this reason, he made a movie like "Nagin.com" directed by Zawant and it was released. But it was not much noticed compared to its previous similar examples. Iraj Tahmasab, who in the beginning of the 90s was a TV leader in producing a program with a high reception with the same lovable character as the red hat, decided to try his luck in children's cinema once again. Tahmasab made the movie "Red Hat and Grandma's Baby", but the quality of the movie was not at all comparable to its previous examples. This caused his return to cinema to fail.

Since the mid-90s, two important things happened in children's cinema. The first was the production of "Shahr Moushhai 2" by Marzieh Broumand. This time, after 30 years, with the changes he made in the characters and story, Broumand produced one of the successful works of the box office and favored by most of the society.

Shahr Moushhai 2

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Marzieh Broumand
  • Actors : Lili Rashidi, Nima Fallah, Hengame Mofid
  • Product: 1393

After 30 years of the movie "Shahr Mice" Marzieh Broumand made the second part of it. Of course, due to the fact that Mohammad Ali Talebi, the art director of the first part, was not aware of the story of the production, legal problems and margins arose for the film. But "City of Rats 2" like the first part was very successful at the box office. The mice are grown up now, and Keppel, the old favorite character, is married to Orange, has established a restaurant, and has two children. In this movie, like before, the cat is a bad character that everyone runs away from.

The second thing that happened in children's cinema was the transition of productions to animation. Domestic productions, which were not given much attention in the beginning, gradually made their way even to the Fajr Film Festival. This process continues to this day and important works have been produced in this area, such as "Filshah", "Mubarak" or "Dolphin Boy", which just a few weeks ago managed to set a new record at the box office. These works were able to give life to children's cinema after a decade of decline and bring it out of its long-term stagnation. 25000-8.jpg" class="content-pics" alt="BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema" title="BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema" loading="lazy">

  • Director: Mohammad Reza Najafi Emami
  • Actors: Elnaz Shakerdoost, Manouchehr Azar , Daud Nasr
  • Product: 1395

This film is one of the few successful real animation experiences in Iran. "Mubarak" is the story of the life of a narrator who tells the story of the characters of the Shahnameh, Golpari, the grandson of this narrator, in the real world encounters the cartoon characters that came out of the Shahnameh. In the meantime, Ejidhak orders the murder and the story is combined with the narratives of the Shahnameh. The presence of Elnaz Shakerdoost as the main actress of this film helped a lot in its high sales. Storytelling and its payment was also able to attract the attention of the audience.

However, despite the considerable steps taken in the production of Iranian animations in this decade, on the other hand, a path taken by some new directors in the field of children's films Not only did it not help the children's genre, but the audience was not very happy with it either. Films that use heavy makeup and combine fairy tales with everyday stories to create fantasy for children. Examples such as "White-fronted Deer", "City of Cats" by Javad Hashemi or "Bazivo" and "Pastarioni" etc., are all unsuccessful attempts to create children's genre works. The main problem of these films was the insistence on using strange atmosphere instead of storytelling.

In addition to this, the production of drama works based on the same old formula, i.e. being child-centered, continued in the 90s in the children's cinema sector. had These films do not tell a story for children, but only the child is the hero of the film. By the way, in this decade, notable works such as "Twenty-one Days Later" by Mohammad Reza Khormedandan or "Tanhai Tanhai Tanha" by Ehsan Abdipour were of this type. But these works were seen and admired more by adults To entertain children.

If we consider the professional beginning of children's cinema in Iran at the beginning of the 50s, now almost half a century has passed since the life of this kind of cinema. With the ups and downs that children's cinema has gone through in this way, it is still one of the most important parts of cinema. But its importance has clearly decreased compared to the sixties and seventies. In this past week, as the days that are special for children, we see that there is no significant option other than "Dolphin Boy" in cinemas and even on TV for this important segment of society.

Dolphin Boy

BingMag.com A look at the progress of the children’s genre in Iranian cinema

  • Director: Mohammad Khairandish
  • Voice actors: Nahid Amirian, Soraya Ghasemi, Nader Soleimani
  • Product: 2019

Although the movie "Dolphin Boy" In 2009, it was withdrawn from the Fajr Film Festival, but this work has become one of the most popular films at the box office with sales of more than 10 billion. The story of "Dolphin Boy" is almost a take on the old story of Tarzan. With the difference that here a dolphin finds a baby at the bottom of the sea after a plane crash and raises him. After a few years, the boy, who becomes aware of the reality of his existence, decides to leave the sea and look for his real mother. "Dolphin's Boy" is a product of the Oj cultural and artistic institute, but this organization has announced several times that it has given up the right to publish it.

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