Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

Jordan Peel along with Ari Ester and Robert Eggers started a new season for horror movies; A promising filmmaker who reminded moviegoers at the very beginning that the horror genre has something to say in terms of aesthetics, the abandoned genre that we had forgotten over time can be precious, philosophical, sociological and of course debatable. But now we have to consider Peele more than a genre filmmaker, he has come with the film "Nope" to show off the glory and awe of cinema, and how blessed is this sweet meeting with that exciting and dreamy cinema that has been with us since childhood. And we remember our youth, the movie that gave us "Jaws", "The Shining", "2001: A Space Odyssey" or "Close Encounters of the Third Kind"; We used to look at images that we had never seen before, and sometimes we forgot to breathe properly due to the magnitude of events.

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

Jordan Peel along with Ari Ester and Robert Eggers started a new season for horror movies; A promising filmmaker who reminded moviegoers at the very beginning that the horror genre has something to say in terms of aesthetics, the abandoned genre that we had forgotten over time can be precious, philosophical, sociological and of course debatable. But now we have to consider Peele more than a genre filmmaker, he has come with the film "Nope" to show off the glory and awe of cinema, and how blessed is this sweet meeting with that exciting and dreamy cinema that has been with us since childhood. And we remember our youth, the movie that gave us "Jaws", "The Shining", "2001: A Space Odyssey" or "Close Encounters of the Third Kind"; We used to look at images that we had never seen before, and sometimes we forgot to breathe properly due to the magnitude of events.

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Pale points out in one of his interviews that "no one could have made this film five years ago". He is not wrong, such ambitious ideas often do not receive huge budgets, and in recent years only a handful of filmmakers like Christopher Nolan or Ang Lee have had the chance to translate their ambitious ideas into cinema with complete freedom. Peele is close to Nolan and Ang Lee from another point of view: his works, like those two author filmmakers, both converge with the standards of high culture and satisfy popular culture. If you're looking for pure entertainment, the answer is no, an exciting commercial with horror and neo-western elements can make for an exciting weekend, but if you're interested in digging into the depths of events and reaching a deeper meaning, the film will definitely not disappoint, with which is slightly behind "Go Out" and "Us" in terms of content.

Warning: in the review of the movie "Negative Answer" there is a risk of revealing the story. It exists.

Cinema, animals, loudness, wealth and the impossible

Go out to overt and hidden racism, modern slavery, the shortcomings of liberal ideologies and the abuse of social status and Power paid, and "we" focused on repression, totalitarianism of powerful systems, secret anti-human activities of governments, the duality of human nature and the desire for survival. The discussed themes of the negative answer are interesting in their own way, but some of them are not considered universal compared to the two mentioned films. For example, Dean Peel's tribute to the "factors of film production" who are usually on the sidelines and are not mentioned, as well as his criticism of the neglect of artists and actors of color in the history of cinema, may be more interesting for activists in this field.

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

His criticism of the structure of Hollywood and the cinema industry is also more personal. It's as if he wants to shout his disgust with the studio systems, an extravagant system that has a commodity-like view of all the people and beings present in this area; From the director who stands ahead of the rest to a trained animal who is supposed to act in a short shot, they all have an expiration date and one day they will be thrown away. In the meantime, no one is worried about their mental and psychological condition and the pressures they bear. In order for these messages to attract the attention of the common audience, Peele has linked them directly with the theme of "violence against animals" and "human-animal interaction" to arouse the emotions of the audience. In the movie world, nobody cares why Gordy suddenly went crazy or why nobody but Augie is willing to respect Lucky because the movie industry doesn't care about authenticity anymore and the animal can easily be replaced with special effects. By using this chimpanzee and horse (and an alien), Peele condemns animal abuse in any form, warns about the dangers of raising animals, and at the same time uses them as a metaphor for the film industry's treatment of them. and they are caught in similar situations, from "Father" who was forced to sell his horses due to the recession and "Holst" who inevitably takes over the filming of Nazl's works and advertising videos to Oji whose father's job in the cinema has become worthless and if If there is no change, he will lose his family heritage altogether.

I will pour filth on you, and I will humiliate you and make you a finger.

The above sentence from the book "Nahum" which is inserted at the beginning of the film, reveals the other theme of the film: human tendency to record sights, exploit phenomena and take risks to gain fame in the virtual age. This quote is at the end of the movie Religion becomes more clear, you understand its meaning better and you come to different perceptions, including that perhaps it is a threatening message from us humans to newly discovered events and beings (depending on your understanding of the story, the opposite is also true , that is, assume that this sentence is addressed to humans by a space creature). The interest combined with self-harming of the unknown is not hidden from anyone, we are afraid of everything we have not seen yet, but there is also a profit-seeking attitude hidden in us, which comes to us in the same moments of surprise: to record the mentioned phenomenon in our name or through it. To be permanent and rich. All the characters in the film have this point of view at least at some point, and no doubt they all realize their mistake, even "Emerald", who barely survives at the end, takes the "impossible photo" and sees his brother's ghost in the distance (here again, that Oji was killed Whether it happened or not depends on your personal interpretation of the final events, but the main hero is Emerald, not Augie, that's why the alien in the story is named "Jean Jacket". , an opportunity that was denied to the girl in her childhood).

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

The negative answer also refers to the "creature's desire to sit in the place of the creator", a theme that happened to be present in both of Peel's previous works and, along with the human tendency to repeat past mistakes and instrumental use of phenomena, is one of the constant themes of the "Park" collection. "Jurassic": there we meet people who, in the role of creators, have brought dinosaurs back to life, and now these amazing phenomena are a source of great income. have become Subsequently, these decisions end in a disaster, but people do not learn from these mistakes and repeat them again. In the negative answer, "Jope" is a young man who remembers the past in a different way and plays with the lion's tail to find himself in a similar situation. Although Jope alone causes all the events of the film (by providing food for a territorial animal that led him to choose the "Egua Dulce" area to live), he is not a negative character, we should consider him a product of the surrounding circumstances and society. In some ways, this character is also a victim of the inappropriate behavior of the cinema industry towards artists and activists in this field, who now wants to compensate for the trauma and shocking experience of his childhood with money and fame. But Jopp has forgotten one thing, the reason he survived was a "bad miracle", a shoe that suddenly became unresponsive to gravity and remained impossibly still to hypnotize the boy so he wouldn't stare into Gordy's eyes. Jupe's take is something else, he thinks he had a unique connection with Gordy; So it can have the same connection with the jean jacket and tame it too, can't it? Jope realizes his mistake, but when he is swallowed along with his wife and three children, and in the digestive tract of a huge space creature, he waits for his bones to be crushed one by one. He gives back to the animals but he is not alone, in fact the "ultimate wish" of the other four main characters in the story is not much different from him: Augie, Emerald, Holst and "Angel", all of them somehow want to tame the rebellious Jean Jacket for a moment. After all, they "show the world the impossible" but their personal motivations are different and, unlike Jupe, they know what kind of creature they are dealing with. By recording the image of the alien, Augie wants to earn enough money to maintain his father's house and horses, and of course to appear on the Oprah Winfrey show (for him who has followed the world through television, being on Oprah is the ultimate fame. Is). Growing up in the suburbs has made Oji a recluse who prefers communication with horses to humans. In the first few minutes of the film, it may seem that he is a useless person and cannot be a suitable replacement for his late father, but gradually you understand that he is really disappointed with the situation, with the film industry that does not respect his horses and the horses that he sold to make ends meet. Until the sister who also does not consider her father's business very important. Oji is an introverted and quiet person who doesn't talk much and doesn't get excited by the events around him, so his reactions are far from the usual horror movie characters who commit themselves to killing. Of course, he is not a complex character, he is a simple man with simple dreams who finally gives up everything to buy time for his sister to escape and become a hero in her eyes.

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

Emerald is a first-class complement to Oji; A motivated and lively girl who is the opposite of the cold and silent brother of the story. Compared to Oji, Emerald has seen more of the world, wants to be famous, and does whatever she can (directing, writing, producing, acting, singing, and riding motorcycles!). So when he becomes aware of the presence of the jean jacket, he sees it as a launching pad that will probably lead him to his long-held dreams.

For Angel, the jean jacket is a window to the knowledge of the truth. He is interested in the phenomenon of aliens and "UFOs", he has a lot of information in this field and now he does not want to miss the opportunity to meet an unidentified flying object. Of course, he also has a glimpse of wealth, in his house you can see digital currency mining equipment. And finally Holst, who wants nothing but the legacy he hopes to leave behind. He is an underappreciated cameraman who doesn't care about money or fame, wants to capture the impossible and ultimately sacrifices himself to achieve his goal. Holst's suicide is understandable, he represents artists who are ready to sacrifice their lives for art and value art above all else. Of course, another interpretation can be taken from his suicide, that by observing the impossible, he has reached absurdity and life no longer has meaning for him: "We don't deserve the impossible".

Jordan Peel, filmmaking for all seasons

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From the beginning, Peele knew what he wanted to make. He has marketed the film as a horror film, but the turning point of the negative answer may be that it is not an objective horror film, and in the final third, it turns into a classic epic sci-fi work, with elements of action and "Tarantino" music. it is visible It is in this closing chapter that Peele hits the final chord, shocking the audience as he abandons conservatism and unceasingly disrupts the equations. The last moment stares at the camera (characters looking at the camera is one of Peele's signatures, and there's a negative answer in one of the final shots). Then another shocking event is shown: a coin from the sky hitting the father's eye and his unexpected death. But Peele is well aware that the main idea of the story about aliens and UFOs may seem ridiculous and clichd to the modern audience, so he sets the rhythm slowly and seriously for the next events. For the next hour, he uses clichs to trick the audience while evoking nostalgia in the viewer. Many of us have heard a lot about "flying pigeons" during our childhood and adolescence, or even sometimes had the illusion that we saw it in the sky. These UFOs often had the same appearance and the ship in this movie is designed in the same way that we know and remember. Peele even reminds us of various theories about UFOs and extraterrestrials through Angel in a part of the story to make sure that it will not be an outdated memorable story, but minutes later, Peele deceives the audience once again and witnesses Oji's encounter with three creatures. We have a space with a familiar appearance, which eventually turns out to be Joop's children. So what is this spaceship with a repetitive design? A living space creature that is neither intelligent nor intelligent (it doesn't even distinguish an artificial eye from a real one). Jean Jacket is considered a predator, a hunter who hunts not for fun but for survival, he is the great white shark of Jaws.

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

And it is very important to see the jean jacket through the eyes of an animal and place him next to the horse and the chimpanzee of the story, and that is basically why Pirang There is a Gordie sub in the movie. Gordy's part seems irrelevant at first glance, but in fact, Gordy is the same Jean Jacket who has been abused as a spectacular phenomenon to reach the border of insanity and kill those around him. Similarly, Jean-Jacket doesn't purposefully hurt anyone, his killings are out of necessity and hunger, and he only gets out of control when he's under pressure (when he mistakenly ate a fake horse and probably got a stomach ache). . Fortunately, Peele has drawn Jean-Jacket completely as an animal, he has no personality, he doesn't think like a human, he doesn't plan, and the electronics around him fail (probably by creating an opposing magnetic field or electric current), a defense mechanism that It is similar in some marine creatures. In the final chapter, Peele changes direction, focusing on the majesty of the animal rather than its obscure representation. The grandeur of the jean jacket in the final sections is stunning and breathtakingly beautiful.

Get Out and Us were technically acceptable, but Peele displays a distinct visual language in the negative. His camera is in the right place, in the parts where he wants to reveal the jean jacket in a mysterious way, the dynamic camera movements are excellent and the parts that take place in the darkness of the night are so well done that they make you want to applaud the filmmaker. . The editing of the work should not be overlooked, the images are not cut hastily, and Peele did not resort to editing tactics to create suspense, but on the contrary, by lengthening the shots, he created tense atmospheres. For example, pay attention to the view that Oji takes to the "Star" venue Lasso steps forward and calls out to Lucky while looking up at the sky. The camera stands behind Augie and follows him, then pans to the jean jacket wandering through the sky. We know something terrible could happen at any moment, and with a little delay, it does when Jean Jacket suddenly approaches the camera. Peele's and Huyte van Huytma's shots of the characters' encounter with Jean Jacket or the moment when the animal rains blood on the Heywoods' house are admirable. Like Ari Esther in "Midsummer", Peele is not afraid to show scary events in broad daylight.

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

But this does not mean that the negative answer is perfect. Although "Ma" had many story holes, it was at least a storyteller, the negative answer in this field faces serious problems because its initial story idea has made the characters passive. Without any particular character development, they experience a series of events over which they have no control, and these events are generally repetitive: the jean jacket comes, hunts, leaves. Until the final moments and the emergence of the possibility that the alien in the story may also die, there is no talk of confronting him and there is an absurdist feeling in the film that is somewhat reminiscent of "The Incident" by "M. "Night Shyamalan" or "Melancholia" is made by "Lars Von Trier".

The connection between Gordy's story and the main story may not be convincing for some audiences, and the special effects in some scenes are not satisfactory. On the other hand, there are contradictions in the jean jacket so that we cannot have a clear position about it. Is he an enemy or a victim? Or both or neither? Jupp calls him "the viewer" in the middle of the film, which creates the idea that he is a symbol for "spectators of events" or "cinema audiences", but this creature (which, ironically, no one is allowed to look into his eyes) can also be a symbol for those in power. Of course, both views trivialize Gordy's story and some of the film's messages. Jean Jacket's death is questionable in its own way, because with Gordy's unjust death and the filmmaker's insistence on the theme of animal abuse and respect for wild nature, the idea comes to the mind of the audience that this space creature is a victim of human abuse of nature and sights for personal gain, but regardless Since his murder is at the hands of Emerald, the moments of his destruction have been presented in such a way that we feel that something good has happened and that Emerald has achieved great success. Granted, Jean Jacket is considered a wild and predatory animal, but his exoticism gives him value, he is a phenomenon, something the film forgets in the closing scenes. With these details, the thinking audience is in a dilemma and does not know whether to be happy or sad about the death of Jean Jacket. Why some of Peele's words about the human-animal relationship do not apply to the jean jacket? Are the slogans of the movie about animals limited only to horses? From the importance of Jean Jacket (or Gordy) in the story, you can make some other inferences (from religious or symbolic to socio-political), but the problem is that most of them also cause a conflict between some of the themes and elements of the film. Thus, it seems that the filmmaker was unable to implement his desired concepts and ideas in a way that they do not interfere with each other, and this shows the weakness of Peele's script, which makes great claims, but is actually not very coherent, and the weakness of the narrative logic is also evident in it. /p>

BingMag.com Criticism of the film “Negative Answer” (Nope); Jordan Peele makes the impossible possible

No answer with all these problems, a fascinating cinematic experience It brings back good memories of the past. From Peele's references to Jaws, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Independence Day, Signs, Entry, and of course Akira, to taking on the idea of UFOs and offering a new take on it, the film dwells in the past but intends to repeat. It has no past. No is Visually Peele's best work, but in terms of theme and screenplay, it is far from his previous two works (especially Get Out). Still, Peele is to be admired for his ambitions, a filmmaking that doesn't set out to repeat itself. In this chaotic market of the cinema industry, which is only focused on famous collections, sequels and prequels, he is one of the few figures who reminds us that creative and talented artists still have a strong place in mainstream cinema by creating innovative content.

Nope

Writer and Director: Jordan Peele
Actors: Daniel Kaluuya, Keke Palmer, Steven Yen, Brandon Priya, Keith David
Rotten Tomatoes film score: 83 out of 100
Metacritic film score: 77 out of 100
Author score: three and a half out of five
Synopsis: After the death of his father, " "Oji" and "Emerald" become aware of the presence of an unknown flying object around their place of residence and decide to achieve wealth and fame by recording its image. It is not necessarily the position of BingMag.

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