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Andy Warhol; Charlatan or the greatest artist of the twentieth century?

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

Andy Warhol was a materialist and popular artist whose reality prophecy, reality TV, Facebook, Instagram, selfies and ticketing all came true. Consider: that in the future everyone will be famous for 15 minutes. At least at first glance it looks like this. But this is not the real Andy Warhol. Warhol was a prophecy whose mysterious inwardness was hidden behind the appearance of his delusion. "What people think of Andy Warhol is not Andy Warhol," quotes Tracy Emin, an avant-garde artist who follows Warhol in many ways.

To understand this Do an experiment. Start recording a video and sit in front of the camera for three minutes. You have no right to speak. You have no right to get up from the chair. Just look at the camera. "be yourself." But who exactly is your reality?

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

image of Factory, Studio, and Hangout Andy Warhol and Surrounding Man in the 1960s

In the 1960s, Warhol conducted such an experiment on those who took acting tests at The Factory, his New York studio. . It was clear from the faces of these people that they were tormented by being under a magnifying glass. They could not win. Everything they did was filmed motionless by the motionless camera. Bob Dylan was portrayed in his portrait; He was clearly disgusted with the experiment, and said that in exchange for agreeing to the test, he took one of Warhol's paintings from Elvis as "wages." However, this face became his final portrait, a portrait that is a painful image of a raw youth. Another of his portraits belongs to Lou Reed's youth. In the first portrait, Reed looks gentle and vulnerable, but in future portraits he has learned the rules of the game, or at least thinks he has. In one of the portraits, he tries to hide his true self from the camera with his smoked glasses, in a sarcastic gesture to Warhol's popular artwork, drinking from a Coca-Cola glass. This portrait is a perfect reflection of Lou Reed's true identity at that moment in his life. If social media were like Warhol's acting test, we would always be confessing our sins in church. We lived by following the truth.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

Photo Warhol by Lou Reed

One of Warhol's most famous portraits will be auctioned at Christie's Auction House in New York in May this year: his portrait of Marilyn Monroe, the most iconic figure Popular art. Warhol first created it in 1962, the year Monroe committed suicide. He took one of Monroe's promotional photos for one of his early films, Niagra, and focused exclusively on his face. He then created a silk screen printing net so that he could print as many as he wanted and add hand-held colors to the printed copies. This is probably one of his most famous works. "If we want to take Christie's advertising text seriously for her work, it is" one of the rarest and most sublime images available. " Christie also compared the portrait to the Mona Lisa and Venus Botticelli. If Christie's estimate is correct, her painting, Shot Sage Blue Marilyn, will sell for $ 200 million. This means that this painting will be recognized as the most expensive auctioned work of art in the twentieth century. The current record belongs to Picasso. Thus, Andy Warhol will achieve a greater position than Pablo Picasso and will be named the greatest artist of the modern age; At least according to the financial and artistic valuation he had founded.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

In 1962, Warhol printed dollar bills, but his goal was not to counterfeit. , But was the creation of a work of art. Popular art believed that money was beautiful. He later took a philosophical approach to the subject:">

But what makes Marilyn Blue so valuable? In 1964, a visitor to Warhol Studios, Dorothy Podber, pulled a rifle out of his pocket and fired a shot at Marilyn's forehead, which had just been printed in silk screen, creating his own performing art. The arrow went through the canvases lined up behind Marilyn's photograph. In the painting sold today The bullet effect is still visible. The historical signature of violence and unrest is an effective heating market to raise prices. But all this fuss is a way for the market to come to terms with the bizarre and controversial fact that Andy Warhol was the greatest and most profound artist to begin work after 1945.

Warhol's Portrait of Marilyn Summary of Identity So is he. He was the one who popularized the word "superstar". He called anyone who caught his eye and could survive in the ironic atmosphere of a "factory" amphetamine, a superstar. His studio and hangout, with its silver foil walls, became one of the identifying elements of Manhattan in the 1960s, and is often portrayed in films as an imaginative party destination. Warhol praised "real" stars such as Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor and Elvis Presley, but also believed that anyone could become a celebrity, even for a moment. Judy Garland is said to have once attended a party at the factory, but was severely ignored. Warhol also became a celebrity, paving the way for many contemporary artists. He participated in all kinds of media formats to present himself; From chat shows to melodramatic series (Soap Opera) and even a hamburger commercial that has gone viral after his death. The Polaroid portraits he made in the 1970s even encouraged celebrities and the wealthy to surrender to Warhol to be defined by his art. He created a fake identity for himself as a mysterious figure, half of whose face was always hidden in the shadows.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

A view of a famous video in which Warhol pours and eats a hamburger without any explanation or introduction. This video is comparable to contemporary ASMR videos.

There is a better Warhol behind the Warhol we think we know. The greatest work of art he created from Marilyn was not Marilyn Blue. This honor belongs to Marilyn Diptych, who was painted in 1962, shortly after her death. On one side of the double, Marilyn is painted in bright colors, and on the other she is drowning in gray, white, and black, a sign of a memory that is being erased, a reputation that is fading, and when It's running out. In this work of art, Warhol reveals himself and tells us that he has concerns beyond fame and money in mind.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

Marilyn

Tracy Amin admits that she has just discovered the true nature of Warhol. Like all future artists and fans of David Bowie, who grew up in Margate, England in the 1970s, he was interested in Warhol. "When I was in school, I dreamed of sailing to New York, and when I got off the ship, Andy Warhol was waiting for me," he says. But later, as a young artist, he asked himself, "Who do you prefer to be: Andy Warhol or Joseph Beuys?" In those days, Boise's artistic vision, nicknamed Shaman, greatly influenced him. Boyce was one of the German pilots in World War II whose bombing hit and crashed over Crimea in Ukraine, but according to him, Tatar shamans rescued him and covered his wounds with fat and felt. For this reason, fat and felt became his main materials for creating works of art.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

A statue of Joseph Boyce made from fat and felt.

Unlike him, Warhol was born in 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Manhattan in the 1950s. He became a successful artist in the field of advertising (and shoe design for advertising) and turned to fine arts in the 1960s, as did a number of contemporary artists such as Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg and Roy Lichtenstein. They proved that art can also be created by using objects related to everyday life and popular culture. "It always seems like Warhol is looking at the outside world, but the real shaman was himself," says Amin. "A shaman is someone who can transform and enter other worlds to meet The spirits of the dead speak. Take, for example, Five Deaths On Orange, Warhol's 1963 painting. In this shocking work, which seems to have been taken from the newspaper's events page, Warhol uses a black and orange silk screen to show a young man and woman coming out of an overturned car with their chests swollen. They look at the tangled metal cage from which they escaped and see a woman among the corpses looking at you with hollow eyes. Is he dead, near death, or just confused? From his point of view it is clear that he saw things The living do not see. The two survivors look as if they are staring at the threshold between life and death, while the woman staring at us has crossed that threshold.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

Image of" Five Orange Deaths "

If it were to be $ 200 million from To spend my money on one of Warhol's works, I would undoubtedly buy one of his works in the Death & Disaster collection to which this painting belongs. In fact, the record price for Warhol's works so far belongs to the Silver Car Crash, which sold for $ 105 million in 2013.

Warhol, which we think we know, did not last long. In 1962, he held a watery exhibition of detailed paintings of Campbells Soup Cans at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. In 1963, he and his assistant, Gerard Malanga, searched through newspapers (some dating back to the 1940s) to find photos of every accident and suicide in which they were printed, using silkscreens to illustrate them. Black on purple, red, green and silver backgrounds. John F. Kennedy was assassinated the same year, and Warhol portrayed Jackie Kennedy at his funeral, with the scars from the national tragedy visible on his veiled face.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

Warhol believed that there was a certain beauty and art in the packaging of commercial products. His paintings of Campbell's soup cans were an attempt to show this beauty. The man was thrown out of the car and skewered on a tree. A car is burning under his hanging body. A passer-by is passing by carelessly, and apparently this heartbreaking scene is not the same as his dream.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

A picture of a green car accident

Many assume that it was Warhol's indifferent passer-by: a neutral spectator who admired indifference and stared at his camera like a cymbal bird. . Robert Hughes, one of Warhol's sharpest critics, described Warhol as "dry and insensitive" in an article in which he described Warhol as one of the "worthless heroes" of the media age. But in a green car accident, it is Warhol who criticizes insensitivity: the indifferent passer-by is even scarier than a burning car. What the passer-by ignores, what modern and secular human beings are taught to ignore, is a kind of miracle or transcendental sign in the midst of a terrible catastrophe. The man hanging from the tree is an allegory of Jesus Christ; His body is attached to the top so that everyone can see him.

John Richardson, a biographer of Picasso and a friend of Warhol, stated in a speech at Warhol's funeral in 1987 that Warhol would live He regularly went to church and secretly served soup to the needy in charitable kitchens. For more than three decades, the world has had the opportunity to memorize information about Warhol's religiosity, yet for many this fact is more bitter than can be accepted.

Blake Gopnik Gopnik, Warhol's latest biographer, tries to prevent Warhol from embracing the idea of being a Catholic artist. "Warhol's life did not conform to the principles of holiness," he says. "The obscene works of art he created and the great sins he committed were beyond the reach of a devout Catholic conscience - at least by the definitions of his time." But the question is, since when have Catholic artists been pure and innocent? From the works of Caravaggio to the novels of Evelyn Waugh and Graham Greene, the most powerful Catholic works of art have always been associated with a sense of curse and divine condemnation. "Warhol had a spiritual approach to everything," Amin is quoted as saying. You can see the cans of soup as part of a sacred ceremony and the mysterious face of Marilyn Monroe in the form of a Byzantine icon. Warhol's parents were originally from eastern Slovakia and he also grew up with the Byzantine Catholic religion. In Marilyn's bible, she explicitly uses the artistic tradition of medieval altarpiece design to portray Monroe as a modern martyr.

If these interpretations seem exaggerated to you, it is worth noting that Warhol He managed to leave the final proof of his worldview: a series of epic paintings on the theme of the Last Supper, which Warhol copied from a cheap, expensive copy of Da Vinci's masterpiece into silkscreen in 1986, a year before his death. From In 1968, when Valeria Solanas shot Warhol, he was not in good health. He showed his wounded chest to Richard Avedon to photograph it and allowed Alice Neel to paint it, as if trying to paint a picture of himself as a tormented saint and a whipped Christian. Amin, who is now Warhol's age at the time of his death and recently survived cancer after undergoing sensitive surgery, is particularly interested in Warhol later in life. "I have a lot of respect for what Warhol did after the shooting. He said that all the debts he owed should be paid and his account cleared, he grew up. He left the factory and set up an official office instead, where everyone wore a suit and tie. "He realized that the only thing he could do was be an artist." He is at his last banquet. In my opinion, the apostles sitting at the table are the people who were the mainstay of the factory: Candy Darling, Edie Sedgewick, Billy Name, Ondine.

BingMag.com <b>Andy</b> <b>Warhol;</b> <b>Charlatan</b> or the <b>greatest</b> <b>artist</b> of the <b>twentieth</b> century?

The Last Supper According to Warhol

The factory is just a hangout Not for a party. Warhol's factory was the riskiest investment in discovering the ultimate in sin and redemption; The theater was a theater of human potential and torment, in which the actors did not finish their work after two hours, but continued to play their roles as long as they were there. Describing it as the starting point of multimedia art and the death of painting does not do justice to the artist's strange power and the special atmosphere he has created around him. When Warhol distanced himself from the fine arts, his goal was to become more accustomed to street life, a life in which the choices you make also have a moral aspect and are not merely aesthetic. "Andy Warhol made the reality more real," says Amin. "Do you think when Eddie jumps off the canvas, he lets us film him?" He apparently hoped that Eddie Sejwik would commit suicide in front of the camera. However, he himself was a character in this Morality Play or Catholic novel. Is Warhol the person of the devil who leads sinners to hell on an amphetamine-soaked path? Is he the equivalent of a bad Samaritan who lays hands and does nothing? Is he an angel who oversees everything and everyone?

In Warhol's acting tests, his camera is the eye of God. Nothing is hidden from view.

If you find these descriptions a bit romantic, it's because Warhol was exactly that. He was one of the few recent artists to turn the nineteenth-century ideal of the artist's personality into reality and to look like someone who can see things that are beyond the comprehension of others. He took Romanticism to the new realm of modernity by adopting a mysterious and inaccessible personality and filling his distance from people who all lived on the edge. He injected such artistic turmoil into society that he was shot.

It is no surprise, then, that the artist, who was so mysterious and surprising, is going to surpass Picasso and meet the standards. Economically, become the god of modern art. But is it possible to kill what we love? Warhol has a special kind of darkness that prevents him from entering the mainstream of culture smoothly. The constant reversal of popular culture, which seemed to be one of his main interests, is what has made him so enduring. The sale of one of his portraits of Marilyn, which is less emotional than the others, seems to praise an intellectual saint, but he was not. As Amin puts it: "Andy Warhol was not a popular artist. He was an alternative artist; "An alternative to everything that was going on."


Source: Guardian

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