35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

The effective presence of women in the world of cinema is not only limited to acting and directing, they are screenwriters, producers, cinematographers, editors, production managers, critics and even Stunts have shown time and time again that they can stand up to men with authority. From the talented and ambitious stars who amazed the audience in the golden age of Hollywood to the powerful figures of modern cinema, you can get to know the influential, progressive and important women in the history of cinema.

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

The effective presence of women in the world of cinema is not only limited to acting and directing, they are screenwriters, producers, cinematographers, editors, production managers, critics and even Stunts have shown time and time again that they can stand up to men with authority. From the talented and ambitious stars who amazed the audience in the golden age of Hollywood to the powerful figures of modern cinema, you can get to know the influential, progressive and important women in the history of cinema.

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1- Kathryn Bigelow

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Director
  • Years Activity: 1978 to date
  • Famous for: "The Hurt Locker", "Near Dark", "The Map of Failure" Point Break), "Thirty minutes after midnight" (Zero Dark Thirty)

The first woman in history to win the Academy Award for Best Director, the Best Director BAFTA Awards and the Directors Guild of America Award; For Kathryn Bigelow, gender is never a limitation, in fact nothing can stop her. From his first short film, "Scene Making" (1978), which explored violence in cinema, he quickly became one of the authors of the action genre, whose works are laced with philosophy, tough heroes and analysis of social problems.

2- Alice Gay-Blaschi

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BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Screenwriter, Director, Producer
  • Activity years: 1896 to 1922
  • Famous for: "The Birth, Life and Death of Christ" (La vie du Christ), "The Great Adventure", "Cupid & The Comet"

The first woman writer and director in history who produced feature films and Undoubtedly, one of the most prolific with more than a thousand projects, most of which are unfortunately lost or destroyed. In the first ten years that she stepped into the cinema, Alice Gay-Blaschi was the only female director in the world; He borrowed the cameras of his boss, Leon Gaumont, and made films with them.

His daring works inspired greats such as Alfred Hitchcock, and although Gay-Blachy's influential role in cinema is in most histories of the silent film era. It is not very bold, but about 140 of his works are available, and by watching them, you can understand the importance of this filmmaker.

3- Kathleen Kennedy

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Producer
  • Years of activity: 1979 to date
  • Famous for: E. E.T., Star Wars: The Force Awakens, Jurassic World, Back to the Future, Rogue One (Rogue One)

Kathleen Kennedy begins her adventures in Hollywood as an assistant and then becomes a secretary who is not very good at typing but has big ideas. Kennedy was lucky because she caught the attention of Steven Spielberg, who says, She was terrible at taking notes but she knew how to interrupt. When we had an exchange of ideas, he had to write down these ideas, but suddenly he would put down his pencil and give an idea." Kennedy produced most of Spielberg's films over the next three decades and was such an influential figure that he collaborated with other great filmmakers such as Martin Scorsese, Clint Eastwood and Robert Zemeckis. In 2012, he became the head of Lucasfilm studio and was entrusted with the task of managing one of the most important film series in history, "Star Wars". He also started working on "Indiana Jones 5", which is currently in production.

4- Alison Bechdel

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  • Cartoonist
  • Years of activity: 1983 to present
  • Famous for: "The Bechdel Test"

The Bechdel Test that Alison Bechdel used in one of her comic strips in introduced in 1985, has been one of the issues that critics have discussed many times in recent decades. If you haven't heard of this test, it asks if the two female characters in the story talk about anything other than the men in a movie. do they do or not Undoubtedly, most films fail this test.

The Bechdel test alone does not determine whether a film is feminist or misogynistic, but it provides a general view of some films. A few years ago, Swedish cinema decided to test all its films with the Bechdel test before release. These achievements are no small feat for someone who has never made a film. Alison Bechdel published the comic book "The Secret of Superhuman Power" last year, which was successful and was chosen by the New York Times as one of the best graphic novels of the year.

5- Thelma Schoonmaker

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  • Editor
  • Activity years: 1967 to date
  • Famous for: "Raging Bull", "The Aviator", " Shutter Island, Silence, The Departed

Contrary to popular belief, there have been famous women editors in Hollywood, because in the past, editing It was done analogically, this task was usually assigned to women. Famous figures include Margaret Boot (who worked with D.W. Griffiths and won an honorary Academy Award), Ann V. Coates" (editor of "Lawrence of Arabia" and "The Elephant Man") and "Dorothy Spencer" (editor of "Dilijan" by John Ford and "Lifeboat" by "Alfred Hitchcock") mentioned. "Sally Menke" should not be forgotten, who showed off her editing skills with "Pulp Fiction", "Jackie Brown", "Kill Bill" and "Damn Bastards".

Meanwhile, Thelma Schoonmaker has a special place because her work with Scorsese has always been brilliant. His collaboration with Scorsese began in the 1960s with Who's Knocking on My Door, continued with Raging Bull in the 1980s, and continues to this day. He is the second editor in history with the highest number of Oscar nominations and has taken home this award three times, which is a record. 6- Leni Riefenstahl : center;">BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Director
  • Years Activity: 1932 to 2002 Famous for: The Triumph of the Will, Olympia, Impressionen unter Wasser)

Not all female pioneers of cinema have been on the positive side of history. Leni Riefenstahl started his career as an actor but later became a filmmaker and his classic documentary works, especially around sports photography, are still very important. The only problem is that he made these documentaries for the Nazis, and although he was never charged with any crime, it is almost proven that Riefenstahl was a supporter and admirer of Adolf Hitler. For this reason, in the history of cinema, he has the same situation as DW Griffiths: another mainstream filmmaker whose art and talent are usually overshadowed by his political thoughts and orientation.

7- Pauline Keel

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Critic
  • Activity years: 1953 to 1991
  • Famous for: books "Kiss Kiss Bang Bang", "Film Love" ( Movie Love), "5001 nights at the cinema"

He is sometimes described as "the Elvis or the Beatles of film criticism"; Pauline Keel became famous for her bold and aggressive writing style. He used to say: "Misjudgment is not fatal, but being stressed while judging why" and he used this point of view in his writings, where there is no sign of stress and worry.

Pauline Keel in many movies Mahboob considered "Tears and Smiles" (1965) and "West Side Story" (1961) to be a disaster, and he also had major problems with "Orson Welles"! But he was not one of those critics who wanted to destroy anyone in order to be seen, and in the late sixties and seventies, he admired the works of filmmakers such as Brian DePalma, Robert Altman, and Sam Peckinpah. Kiel sent Paul Schrader (writer of "Taxi Driver") to art school, and his reviews greatly influenced Tarantino. Pauline Keel had a good relationship with the new generation of critics and trained many of them.

8- Luella Parsons and Hedda Hopper

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  • Journalist and columnist
  • Years of activity: 1914 to 1965 (Parsons), 1937 to 1966 (Hopper)
  • Known for: Articles and writings for Hearst (Parsons) and Los Angeles Times (Hopper) )

Perhaps the most influential columnists of the 20th century who had a crazy competition to write celebrity news. Parsons was a little kinder, but he could also be ruthless, especially towards those whom his boss William Randolph Hearst hated, such as Charlie Chaplin and Ingrid Bergman. The studios, seeing him as a threat and aware of his dominance over the cinema audience, decided to His direct rival, Hedda Hopper, supported them, but they didn't know that they had created a bigger threat! "Helen Mirren" plays the role of Hopper and shows well how he destroyed some people's careers with his writings. At their peak, Parsons and Hopper had a total of 75 million readers and paved the way for modern bloggers and paparazzi like Perez Hilton and Nikki Fink.

9- Edith Head

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Costume Designer
  • Years of activity: 1924 to 1981
  • Famous for: the films "All About Eve", "Vacation In Rome (Roman Holiday), "The Sting"

With eight awards and 35 nominations, Edith Head has an Oscar record that even Meryl Streep should envy. slow From the era of black and white silent films to Technicolor, Edith Head turned each film into a different work with her designs. Even though she had no academic training, almost everyone agrees that she is a rare genius in the field of costume design.

At that time, most female stars requested Edith Head, and unlike her male counterparts such as Adrienne', she talked to the actors about their roles to design their costumes based on the characters. "Ginger Rogers", "Bette Davis", "Elizabeth Taylor" and "Audrey Hepburn" sometimes agreed to act in a film only if Edith Head designed their costumes. The character "Edna Mad", the eccentric costume designer of "The Incredibles" animation, was inspired by Edith Head.

10- Jane Goldman

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  • Screenwriter and producer
  • Years of activity: 2007 to present
  • Known for: The Woman In Black, X-Men: First Class , "Kick-S"

With her hair dyed red or pink, Jane Goldman is reminiscent of female superheroes, so perhaps it's not so surprising that she became one of the first women to write superhero movies. is writing. Along with Matthew Vaughn, he brought Mark Miller's graphic novel, Kick-S, to the world of cinema, which was a hit.

Their next collaboration was even more interesting, a different X-Men whose story It happened in the sixties. He then adapted The Woman in Black by Susan Hill and later wrote Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children for Tim Burton. These days, Goldman is busy writing "The Little Mermaid" for the "Disney" company.

11- Sue Mengers

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Talent scout and program manager
  • Years of activity: 1955 Until 1988
  • Program manager for stars such as "Barbara Streisand", "Steve McQueen", "Ellie McGraw", "Anthony Perkins"

Sue Mengers is not only one of the most successful He was the director of Hollywood programs, but at one point in the seventies, he was considered the most influential and the biggest director of the American cinema program. Negotiating with Mangers was a challenge for any studio; Sometimes, out of compassion, he was strict with his clients so that they wouldn't make a mistake, don't go for drugs or play a role in a bad movie. Warren Beatty convinced him to work in the Paramount studio production team, but it didn't last long and he briefly returned to his previous job. Mengers died in 2011 at the age of 79 due to pneumonia.

12- Jennifer Lawrence

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Actor
  • Years of activity: 2006 to present
  • Famous for: movies "Winter's Bone", "Silver Linings Playbook", "The Hunger Games" , "Mother", "American Hustle", "Joy"

Lawrence is the youngest actor to be nominated for an Oscar three times, and perhaps it goes without saying that He has been one of the most popular actors of the past few years. With his jokes and funny behavior, Lawrence completely changed the Hollywood rules for young stars.

As he says, "They want me to be lovable all the time, and I'm not." Lawrence received $20 million for Passengers and Red Sparrow, and $25 million for Don't Look Up, making her one of the most expensive actresses of all time. In 2013, she was included in the list of 100 most influential people in the world by "People" magazine.

13- Mae West

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Actor, screenwriter, singer and comedian
  • Years of activity : 1907 to 1978
  • Famous for: She Done Him Wrong, I'm No Angel No Angel), "Goin' To Town" (Goin' To Town)

Mae West is remembered as one of the symbols of Hollywood glamor in the 30s, but she is also a playwright, screenwriter and comedian. He was also talented as he started acting from a young age and turned from a vaudeville to a big movie star. In 1935, he received the highest salary in the United States after William Randolph Hearst, a record for a 39-year-old actor. In 1999, the American Film Foundation ranked West as the 15th legendary actress of all time. He also has a famous sentence that is worth hearing: "You only live once, but if you live it right, that's enough."

14- Chantal Ackerman

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Director and screenwriter
  • Activity years: 1968 to 2015
  • Famous for: "Zandani" (The Captive), "News from Home" ( News From Home), "Jeanne Dielman" (Jeanne Dielman)

The death of this Belgian genius in 2015 made us lose one of the most unique avant-garde filmmakers of cinema. He is remembered for the film Jean Dillman (1975), which narrated a realistic slice of the life of a housewife. The film quickly became a cult work and even in 2012, it was included in the list of the 100 best films of all time by the critics of "Sight and Sound". It is a gender issue. As seen in his latest work "Home Movie No" (2015), we are faced with a work that is simultaneously a documentary, a work of fiction and a personal essay. Great directors such as "Michael Hanke", "Gus Van Sant" and "Sally Potter" have been inspired by Akerman, and his influence on European cinema and experimental cinema cannot be ignored.

15- Mary Pickford

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  • Actor, producer and founder of a film studio "United Artists"
  • Activity years: 1905 to 1949
  • Famous for: "Coquette" ), "Pollyanna", "The Taming of the Shrew"

In the first three years of his career in silent cinema, Pickford was not only acting, He also produced his works and supervised the editing, scripts and acting team; He produced nearly 51 films a year, which is an astonishing figure. This likable actor mostly played innocent characters, but behind the scenes, he was a real boss and businessman, earning $10,000 a week in 1916!

He starred alongside DW Griffiths in "Charlie Chaplin and his wife, Douglas Fairbanks, opened United Artists to get a bigger share of the film's profits and to have more control over the production works. He made many humanitarian efforts in both world wars and continued to produce films until 1949.

16- Lina Wertmuller

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  • Director and screenwriter
  • Years of activity: 1963 to 2004
  • Famous for: "Seven Beauties", "Swept Away", "A Night Full of Rain" ), "Love and Anarchy", "Ferdinando e Carolina" (Ferdinando e Carolina)

An artist whose full name is longer than you might expect (Arcangela Felice Assunta Wertmller von Elgg Spanol von Braueich), must also make films with equally long and strange titles. Italy's Lina Wertmuller became the first woman to be nominated for an Academy Award with The Beautiful Seven (1977). In 2019, she also received an honorary Oscar to become the second woman in history to win this award.

Lena Wertmuller started her career on the stage of the theater and then under Federico Fellini. He was trained (Fellini's traces can be seen in his films). With "Lizards" (1963) he made his first film work and quickly became one of the critics' favorite filmmakers. He completed his illustrious career with "Too much romance, it's time to fill the pepper" (2004) and did not make another film until his death in 2021.

17- Lois Webber

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Actor, director, screenwriter and producer
  • Activity years: 1908 to 1934
  • Famous for: "Suspense", "hypocrites" (Hypocrites), "The Blot"

A child genius and concert pianist who directed at least 135 films as an adult (and may have made close to 400 films) but unfortunately He has only 20 films left. Louis Weber is as important as DW Griffiths in the development of cinema and introduced innovations that had not been seen in films before (such as the split screen). By 1914, an estimated five to six million people were watching Weber's work every week.

She was also the first woman director to produce a feature film and one of the first to make a sound film. Weber also directed the first film adaptation of "Tarzan" and many silent film stars owe their fame to him. Decades before contemporary female filmmakers, Weber addressed themes such as abortion and contraception in her works, which were, as expected, banned from these films.

18- Debra Hill

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  • Screenwriter and Producer

Debra Hale entered the world of cinema as a stage secretary and assistant director, but realized that she was talented in other fields. In 1978, he wrote the script for Halloween with John Carpenter and produced it. The film was a huge success and started a new wave in the horror genre. His collaboration with Carpenter continued with The Fog (1980) and Escape from New York (1981), after which Hill decided to continue producing. She was diagnosed with cancer in 2004 and died a year later at the age of 54.

19- Dorothy Arzner

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  • Director, editor and screenwriter
  • Years of activity: 1919 to 1943
  • Famous for: Blood and Sand, The Covered Wagon, Sarah and Son (Sarah and Son)

The most prominent female filmmaker of the studio system, Arzner started her career as a screenwriter and editor, but her passion was directing, but she was not allowed to do so; So he threatened to leave the Paramount studio if they did not allow him to make films. Arzner became a successful director but eventually left Hollywood to make wartime training films and later commercials for the Coca-Cola Company (at the request of Joan Crawford).

He studied at the University of California, Cinema He taught and had a great influence on "Francis Ford Coppola". In addition, Dorothy Arzner developed the boom microphone with Clara Bow for her first sound film, which was a big deal, but she did not patent it.

20- Jon Mattis

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  • Screenwriter, producer and production manager
  • Activity years: 1916 to 1927
  • Famous for: "The Four Horsemen of the Fate" Apocalypse), Greed, Blood and Sand

Metis wrote more than 100 screenplays and his screenwriting style is close to modern works. He also had innovations, for example in his writings, there were additional explanations that helped the actors to play their roles better. As director of the screenwriting department of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer studio, he suggested an unknown actor named Rudolph Valentino to appear in the movie The Four Horsemen of Destiny, who became a star.

John Mattis in the decade 20 AD, she was the first female production manager of Metro Goldwyn Mayer and at the age of 35, she received the highest salary of a production manager in Hollywood. The two major films Matisse produced during that period, The Greed and Ben-Hur, became major commercial failures but did not affect his status. Unfortunately, Mathis' adventures ended very soon and he died of a heart attack at the age of 38.

21- Dorothy Dandridge

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  • Actor
  • Years of activity : 1933 to 1965
  • Famous for: "Carmen Jones", "Porgy & Bess"

Dandridge was not the first African-American actress to be nominated for an Oscar (Hattie McDaniel took home Best Supporting Actress for Gone with the Wind), but she was the first black woman to be nominated for Best Actress. became the lead actress (with Carmen Jones in 1954). During the years of his career, Dandridge usually could not find suitable roles and after receiving an Oscar nomination, it became even more difficult for him. He had a special talent in singing and had a great influence on stars such as Halle Berry, Cecily Tyson and Whitney Houston.

22- Elaine May

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Actor, comedian and screenwriter
  • Activity years: 1958 to 2000
  • Famous for : "The Heartbreak Kid", "Ishtar", "The Birdcage"

Modern comedy without Elaine May might be different He took As an actor, his collaborations with Mike Nichols inspired a generation of comedians such as Steve Martin, Lily Tomlin and the original cast of Saturday Night Live. As a screenwriter, he wrote The Heartbroken Child and A New Leaf (1971) and wrote the screenplays for other works such as Tootsie (1982), Hazarto (1986), Dangerous Minds (1995) and Primary Colors. (1998) had a role, which was nominated for an Oscar for the last one.

Elaine May also experienced filmmaking with Ishtar, but was not very successful in this field. However, even the commercial failure of Ishtar didn't make her lose her sense of humor, May says: "If all the haters of Ishtar had actually watched it, I'd be a rich woman." .

23- Penny Marshall

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Director, actor and producer
  • Activity years: 1968 to 2018
  • Famous for: "Big", "Awakenings", "The Preacher's Wife"

In recent decades, we have had a few female filmmakers who, although successful But they have not been paid much attention by festivals and media, Penny Marshall is one of these filmmakers. Before he was diagnosed with cancer and died, he worked as a producer and sometimes directed TV series. She also hoped to make a film based on the life of Ifa Manley, but this dream never came true.

But at one point, Marshall was one of the most successful female filmmakers in history; The first female director whose film crossed the $100 million mark (with a big one). That movie may not be a special work in terms of direction, but Marshall showed that he knows how to combine drama and comedy.

24- Thida Bara

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  • Actor
  • Years of activity:

In 1914, when Theda Barra appeared in the film "The Stain", she was on the verge of 30 years old. He quickly gained attention and thanks to his different face, he became one of the symbols of Hollywood glamor in the silent era. Bara became world famous by playing the role of seductive women and was known as "vamp" (vampire). Between 1914 and 1926, he appeared in more than 40 films, unfortunately, most of them were destroyed in a fire in the archive room of the "Fox" studio. After marrying "Charles Brabin", Bara appeared in only two other silent films and then announced her retirement for unknown reasons.

25- Nora Ephron

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Screenwriter and Director
  • Activity years: 1973 to 2012
  • Famous for: "When Harry Met Sally", "Insomnia in Seattle" Sleepless In Seattle), "Silkwood" (Silkwood)

Nora Ephron approached the world of cinema with journalism and article writing, but then she started writing screenplays to continue the path of her parents. The daughter of famous screenwriters of the 40s, "Phoebe and Henry Efron", Nora brought the family's familiar comedy style to her writings; The peak of his skills in the film can be seen when Harry saw Sally, where the female characters in the film are as smart and funny as the men in the story. Ryan" and even Meryl Streep to reach a new level of fame. He then wrote and directed Insomnia in Seattle, which, although it was not as big as when Harry saw Sully, but it became a cult film and turned Efron into one of the prominent figures of romantic-comedy works.

26- Reese Witherspoon

BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

  • Actress and producer
  • Years of activity: 1991 to date
  • Famous for: "Legally Blonde", "Wild" ), "Walk The Line", "The Morning Show" series. has taken an important Witherspoon in 2012, of all studios Asked what works were being developed for women, the Hollywood mogul recalled that "literally, only one studio had a project for women over 30."

    Hence, Witherspoon decided to take action personally and start new projects. The result of his efforts was The Wild and The Lost Girl, both of which were nominated for Oscars. She also launched a campaign to force journalists to stop asking actresses about what they're wearing during awards season.

    27- Lauren Shuler Danner

    p style="text-align: center;">BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

    • Producer
    • Years of activity: 1978 to present
    • Famous for: Any Given Sunday, X-Men series, Deadpool, Logan

    Lauren Shuler was a cameraman for a local news network until a car accident left her housebound for months and led her on a different path. . After recovering, Shuler never looked back and entered the production field. In the very first step, he convinced "John Hughes" to write "Mr. Mother", which turned Hughes into a reliable author. With "Superman" and "Lethal Weapon" under his belt, he decided to produce more action titles and eventually became the producer of the X-Men film series. He was one of the reasons that the superhero genre was revived at the beginning of the 21st century and conquered the cinema in the following years. In this regard, Lauren Shuler should be considered one of the most influential Hollywood women of the last few decades.

    28- Jane Campion

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    • Director, screenwriter and producer
    • Years of activity: 1980 to present
    • Famous for: "The Power of the Dog", "Bright Star", "Portrait of a Lady" Portrait Of A Lady), "Piano"

    The only female filmmaker to be nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Director and the first woman to win the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival alone. When Campion started making films in the late 1980s, few expected him to be a huge success, but against the odds, he changed the way people look.

    Campion is a master of creating complex characters and worlds. For this reason, it is not surprising that you can see the peak of his power not only in the cinema, but also in the world of television. He left a great impact on filmmakers and even if he didn't make another film after Piano, maybe that film would be enough to secure his place in the history of cinema. Campion has undoubtedly made better films that challenge Piano in terms of quality and even surpass it in some respects, but there is a magic in this film that makes it stand as Campion's best work, even in the presence of the power of the dog. which was praised by critics and audiences last year.

    29- Julia Phillips

    BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

    • Producer
    • Years of activity: 1973 to 1991
    • Famous for: Sting, Taxi Driver, Close Encounters Of The Third Kind

    When Julia Phillips He made history as a producer and won the 1974 Academy Award for Best Picture for Sting, under the influence of "diet pills, some cocaine, joints, a few Valium pills and alcohol." So it was a typical night for the mega-producer, who had produced some of the biggest films of the 1970s before his downfall.

    He spent most of his earnings on drugs and his memoir, You Never Had Lunch in This Town. You will not eat" was so controversial that it took fourteen months for the lawyers of the publishing company to get permission to print it. But Phillips never expressed regret and saw the problem elsewhere: "If I were a man, they would be lining up for me. They hated that I was a woman". jpg">

    • Director, screenwriter and producer
    • Years of activity: 1975 to the present day
    • Famous for: Sugar Cane Alley, A Dry White Season, Simon

      Eughan Palsi actually has two "godfathers". His French godfather is Franois Truffaut, who tutored him and helped him make his first film, Sugar Cane Alley, which won the Silver Lion at the Venice Film Festival and Best Picture at the Csar Awards. His American godfather is Robert Redford, who invited him to filmmaking classes at the Sundance Film Festival. His next film, Dry White Season, convinced Marlon Brando to come out of retirement; The criticism of the apartheid system of this film was so strong that it was banned from being released in South Africa. Eugene Palsey was also the first black director to have his work financed by a major Hollywood studio, a feat that is still rare.

      31- Sherry Lansing

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      • Actor, Producer and CEO
      • Activity years: 1968 to 2008
      • Famous for: "Fatal Attraction", "The Accused", " Indecent Proposal

      When she was chosen as the president of 20th Century Fox in 1980, Sherry Lansing was actually the first woman to head a Hollywood studio. . He started his career as an actor but was not satisfied with his performances, so he decided to work behind the scenes and become a producer. His high point was when he was chosen as the CEO of Paramount Studios and films such as "Brave", "Clues" and "Forrest Gump" were produced under his supervision. Lansing also played a role in the production of the movie "Titanic" and in the early 20th century, she was called one of the most powerful American women in the world.

      Lansing traveled a challenging path, but in the end, she reached a point that even she did not believe. One day a woman will get it: When I got a promotion at Metro Goldenmere, I asked for a raise to match the man who held the job before me. They told me that even now, as a single woman, I receive a decent salary. I am the one who said in an interview with Life magazine: No woman will be appointed as the head of a movie studio, and I really believed in this view." 32- Pam Greer "text-align: center;">BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

      • Actor
      • Activity years: 1970 to present
      • Famous for: Coffy, Foxy Brown, Jackie Brown (Jackie Brown)

      Pam Greer was one of the prominent figures of "black commercial cinema" and their leading actress who was hired by "Jack Hill" for her "influential and bossy presence". Between 1971 and 1981, he starred in 20 blockbuster films, but after that the genre began to decline in popularity, and at the same time, Greer took a break from acting to fight cancer. Therapy, she returned to the theater stage until Quentin Tarantino asked her to play a role in Jackie Brown. In this regard, Greer says: "I haven't been offered such an important role in years. I was doing other things until Quentin invited me [to appear in this film]. I know that all my films before Jackie Brown were to prepare for this role. This film started a new chapter for Greer and doubled his fame.

      33- Sigourney Weaver

      BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

      • Actor
      • Years of activity: 1976 to the present day li>
      • Famous for: Alien, Working Girl, Gorillas In The Mist, Ghostbusters , "Avatar" (Avatar)

      In 1979, Sigourney Weaver was an almost unknown actress who was chosen to appear in the movie Alien along with some more famous actors. Ellen Ripley was one of the characters you might have guessed would be killed off in the middle of the film, but it gradually became clear that this terrified but intelligent woman was indeed the main character. Weaver played this role three more times, the best of which was "Aliens" (1986), directed by James Cameron, and cemented Ripley's position as one of the most popular female heroes in the history of cinema. , was also nominated for an Oscar, which does not usually happen to actors in horror films. Sigourney Weaver pioneered a new direction for female protagonists and made them more valued.

      • 25 Best Action Movies With Female Heroes

      34- Helen Holmes

      BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

      • Actor, screenwriter, director, producer and stuntman
      • Activity years: 1912 to 1925
      • Famous for: "The Hazards of Helen", "The Lone Hand", "Hills of Missing Men"

      The second decade of the 20th century for actors The superwoman had a great time, they became international stars and did crazy things: jumping off bridges, jumping from trains and other dangerous things that men sometimes have trouble doing. In the meantime, the film series of Helen's risks has a special place; The collection that made Helen Holmes a popular figure. Unfortunately, with the saturation of the box office with similar works, these stars gradually lost their shine gave and went to the sidelines.

      Holmes made some western movies in the 20s, but then he decided to retire and devoted the rest of his life to raising animals. Helen Holmes and Pearl White remind us that the tradition of female action heroes goes back decades to Ellen Ripley.

      35- Rachel Morrison

      BingMag.com 35 influential women in the history of cinema; From actress Jennifer Lawrence to critic Pauline Keel

      • Videographer
      • Years of activity : 2002 to present
      • Known for: Seberg, Fruitvale Station, Mudbound, "Black Panther" (Black Panther)

      So far, more than six hundred films have been nominated for the best Oscar, but only one of them has a woman behind the camera. In 2017, Rachel Morrison became the first woman in history to be nominated for Best Cinematography at the Academy Awards for her film, Muddy. He came into the spotlight with Ryan Coogler's Fruitville Station, but you can see the peak of his skills in Black Panther, which became one of the most popular works in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. These days, he is busy directing his first film, in which actors such as "Ryan Destini", "Judy Greer" and "Brian Tyree Henry" play roles.

      Source: Telegraph< /a>

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