30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

Once upon a time in the world of cinema, the classic western genre was unique and directors like John Ford were the most respected and close to the audience with their westerns. At that time, the legendary narratives of men and women in the Wild West had many fans; The story of the men who established justice by force of arms and delivered the right to the rightful. This glorious era lasted until the Second World War and a film like "Stagecoach" by John Ford could be called the best. But with the darkness of the world after the Second World War, this type of cinema also lost its skin and there were films that slowly formed a separate subgenre called anti-western or revisionist western. In this list, 30 important films of this important subgenre have been examined throughout the history of cinema.

BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

Once upon a time in the world of cinema, the classic western genre was unique and directors like John Ford were the most respected and close to the audience with their westerns. At that time, the legendary narratives of men and women in the Wild West had many fans; The story of the men who established justice by force of arms and delivered the right to the rightful. This glorious era lasted until the Second World War and a film like "Stagecoach" by John Ford could be called the best. But with the darkness of the world after the Second World War, this type of cinema also lost its skin and there were films that slowly formed a separate subgenre called anti-western or revisionist western. In this list, 30 important films of this important subgenre have been examined throughout the history of cinema.

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To understand the elements of the anti-western or revisionist western subgenre, we must first see what are the characteristics of the western in general. We all know that all the films whose story is geographically in the Wild West (somewhere between the Midwest and the American West) and temporally in the 19th century, especially the decades after the American Civil Wars (the war between the North and the South in 1861 until 1865), Westerners say. In these stories, there are mainly men who are trying to establish order in a primitive society as the positive pole of the story. On the other hand, negative characters (mainly red-skinned) disrupt this order, so the conflict between these two spectrums makes the story of the film.

But other people are also present in this middle. People like the good-hearted but evil women of the city who fall in love with the hero of the drama or the chaste women whom the hero falls in love with. In general, the incident threatens one of these two types of women, and the Westerner must save women after going through many hardships and find the love of a chaste woman. It is in such a frame that one can compare the story of the heroes of the western cinema with the legendary and mythological stories and the stories of the ancient knights in which the hero went through the seven kingdoms to reach the goal.

But the anti-westerns are all this. They took the elements and made another use of them. For example, the hero of the story was not always a good-hearted and pure-minded man, and there was no news of a hero in the classical sense, and everyone became an anti-hero. The people of the city were not all good-natured and benevolent, and the distance between the negative pole and the positive pole kept getting smaller and smaller. Some films like this used elements of western cinema against themselves. For example, in the same list and in the movie "McCabe and Mrs. Miller", the main character of the story does not even have the ability to shoot a revolver, let alone to defend the rights of the men and women of the city. Or the woman in front of him is also not a good person and is stuck in one place.

So the anti-westerns had a dark world and their stories were more realistic than previous works or classic westerns. The reason for this is quite clear; Although the story of Western movies takes place in the 19th century, they were always narrating and reflecting the spirit of the times, and the world after the Second World War was also a dark world that could not be approached with optimism before that era. This issue became even more intense with the growing up of the generation after that war and the beginning of the Vietnam War, and most of the anti-western works were made in the 1960s and 1970s with the beginning of the new wave of Hollywood cinema and the youth of this generation.

It is in such an era that even a director like John Ford goes to restore the dignity of the red-skinned people and makes a film like "Autumn of the Cheyenne Tribe" or in a film like "Sergeant Rutledge", much earlier than the present era, to defend the rights of black people. It deals in the 19th century. In addition to the change of negative characters, the image of the city also changes in these new movies and there is no news of those lively cities full of desire and hope for life. In this era, it is possible to find the head of a film like "Nimroz" which has cowardly and self-interested inhabitants or there are films like "McCabe and Mrs. Miller" or "Shane" in which there is no place in a city even in the sense of a western. .

Before getting to the movies themselves, one point should be kept in mind; There is no news of modern westerns in this list. The same films whose story takes place in the present era but in perspectives similar to western cinema. I believe they should be classified under the subgenre of neo-westerns, not anti-westerns; Although there are similarities between them, such as the darkness of space, with anti-western cinema. But other types, such as spaghetti westerns or the so-called acid western (Pauline Kiel first used this term in her review of Alexander Khodorovsky's El Topo), can be considered as part of a larger anti-western complex. brought Of course, in the end, it is vital to mention that anti-western cinema or revisionist westerns are all ultimately under the western mother genre. they take. And of course, don't forget that anti-westerns are not always made in the negation of classic westerns.

30. One-Eyed Jacks

BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

  • Director: Marlon Brando
  • Actors: Marlon Brando, Karl Malden and Ben Johnson
  • Product: 1961, USA
  • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.1 out of 10
  • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 61%

We know Marlon Brando mostly as an actor. But he also directed a movie called "Soldiers of One Eye" in which he plays the main role. The great Stanley Kubrick was supposed to direct the film; If that had happened, the film would have turned into a work of a different head, and today we could witness the collaboration of one of the greatest actors in the history of cinema with one of the greatest directors in the history of cinema. But eventually Kubrick was left out and Brando himself took the helm of the film.

Due to Brando's inability to direct and his strange obsession, the filming time was very long. On the other hand, Brando had a 5-hour version of the film in mind for release, but the company finally released a 142-minute film. All this caused the annoyance of the director and the actor of the film, but contrary to the opinion of many, the movie "Soldiers of One Eye" did not turn out to be a bad movie at all and was even successful at the box office. Especially, Marlon Brando himself did one of his best performances, which is also one of the best performances in the history of cinema, in this film, so that the work is an important and debatable work, at least for those interested in acting.

Name The film refers to soldiers who close one eye while shooting and aim at someone from a distance by looking at the camera on the gun. This point emphasizes that in this type of killing, the identity of the victim and his identity are not important for the killer, and it is enough for him to commit the crime in a safe place. What the negative character of this movie also does is actually such a thing; He exposes his friend and colleague after a robbery to get more share. In fact, he closes his eyes to a part of reality. On the other side, there is a hero who thirsts for revenge. Like yesterday's friend and today's rival, he closes his eyes to a part of reality and thinks only of settling scores. Once Andre Bazen, the great theorist of cinema, said that "if cinema means movement, then the western is the most sublime type." It is filmmaking". Bazan's speech observes the vibrancy and pursuits and behaviors of people who are constantly struggling and moving according to the primitive nature of Western cinema. But in "Soldiers of One Eye" there is no such news. Marlon Brando made a calm and quiet film in which the main character is constantly struggling with himself and it is more confusing than these words to constantly sing rags and ask for a breather like the heroes of the classic western cinema. The same way he played and his staring somewhere outside the frame and sitting quietly, made the movie "One Eyed Soldiers" an anti-western that has no parallel in the history of cinema. They interfere. Langort then exposes Rio and runs away with the money. Ryu manages to escape from prison after many years, while he is thirsty for revenge...

29. First Cow

BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

  • Director: Kelly Rykard
  • Actors: John Magaro, Erion Lee
  • Product: 2019, USA
  • IMDb rating for the movie: 7.1 out of 10 Rotten Tomatoes rating for the movie: 96% Two Three years have passed since this controversial film by Kelly Rijkaard and it is still a debatable work for many. He had already made a good anti-western with Meek's Cutoff, in which female characters play a key and non-stereotype role. But here he went beyond the story of the friendship of two men in a time that was full of violence and primitiveness, he made a human story about an expanding and progressing civilization in which two people plan to survive and live.

    There is no news of those clichd stories here. There is no hierarchy to establish order and justice, there are no innocent and defenseless women who look forward to the hero's abilities and passions, there are no bad and scarred women who are ready to pledge their hearts to a good-natured man and Not primitive red-skinned people who think of protecting their lands from the white-skinned Turkestan; In short, a city has not yet been established that has a police station or revolvers dueling in its streets from one side to the other. They are busy cooking. They make and sell sweets, but they get the milk needed to make the sweets by stealing the cows of a rich and influential lord; In this way, they go to the cow at night and one of them guards and the other while stroking the cow in question, Milking that creature gets busy.

    Believe that Kelly Rijkaard was able to make a good movie out of this very simple story. It is true that there is no conflict and shooting until the last third (just the final shooting is fundamentally different from conventional westerns), but the story of the presence of a cow in a very primitive place has become a film about the importance of civilization and how it is formed. To understand this, it is enough to notice how the presence of a cow brings happiness to the lucky people of that area, even if it is owned by a rich lord, there are still people who share the blessing of its presence with others.

    The most important driving element of the story is the friendship of the two main characters. From the very beginning and the introduction of the characters, the audience will think that it is impossible for such delicate men to survive in such a harsh environment. But in a true design, Rykard presents each as a complement to the other, drawing a detailed relationship that can only come from female-spirited filmmaking. America joins. There, he meets a Chinese immigrant named King Lu. They are penniless and homeless. So they decide to use Otis' cooking ability. But there is not much to cook in those areas. until one day the lord of that area buys a cow. Now cow's milk can be used to cook sweets, but no one is allowed to go near the cow. until..."

    28. The Power Of The Dog

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Jane Campion
    • Stars: Benedict Cumberbatch, Christian Dunst and Cody Smith McPhee
    • Product: 2021, New Zealand, Australia, America, England and Canada
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 6.9 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie:> 93%

    Another new film from another female filmmaker, in a genre that seems to be essentially male. Jane Campion also approached her characters with a feminine perspective in the heart of a harsh and primitive environment and discussed the stories of people who are on the verge of entering the gates of civilization, but this issue has caused them anxiety and urgency.

    Jane Campion disrupts the world of classic westerns to tell the story of a helpless woman who seeks shelter in this man's world but unfortunately has to rely on a man. He has a son who is the last reliable person in the Wild West; Because he has not benefited from any of the abilities needed by a man in the wild west. In such a situation, Jane Campion takes his story in a direction that no one imagines to show the strength of will of this young man. Escaping the characterization of today's market cinema, it focuses on making the inner motivations of the characters right and spreads the required information step by step and patiently throughout the story until it reaches the unexpected ending of the film and makes it right. .

    The director does this by placing seemingly small but very important cues throughout the duration of the film; Signs that may not be visible at first glance. For example, the film begins with the voice of the narrator; The voice of a young man named Peter who claims to help his mother. It takes time for him to reveal himself and the audience realizes that he is miles away from that initial claim, but the main point here is that, strangely, the filmmaker no longer uses the narrator and plants that initial voice like a seed at the beginning of the story until finally pick it up at the right place, which is the end of the film.

    The most brilliant of these references is located in a place in the film where at first glance, the sequence may not be understandable at all, but in re-examination, it has a higher value than the rest of the sequences for He gets to know the boy's motivations; When a boy always helps his drunken mother and promises her to do something to get rid of this misfortune. At first glance, it is not clear which tragedy he is talking about, but by remembering the small hints of the film, such as hiding his mother's drink, it will be clear that he was never unaware of her problems. "The power of the dog". Unlike other characters, he talks constantly but rarely expresses his feelings. He always hides his emotional desires and hides his signs like a hidden secret in a remote place. Beloved is the person who reminds him of the past and actually spends his time recalling his memories. Now that he sees that interest lost, he looks for its replacement in the company of his brother Pashmeh, and when he does not see it, he starts to rebel. It keeps moving forward until a full-blown tragedy is created. In such a frame, Benedict Cumberbatch's acting becomes the main leaf of the filmmaker in acting.

    "1925, Montana." Burbank farm brothers meet a motel owner. This woman, whose name is Rose, was her husband many years ago He has lost himself and has a teenage son who is not properly educated for that harsh environment. One of the brothers named George falls in love with Rose and marries her. Meanwhile, Phil, the other brother, believes that Rose married him because of his brother's wealth. The film clearly teases Rose and does the same to her son. Rose turns to alcohol to get away from him, while Rose's teenage son seems to be plotting revenge on Phil. But the boy is too naive to do such a thing than..."

    27. The Rider

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Chloe Zhao
    • Stars: Brady Yandro, Lily Yandro and Lynn Scott
    • Product: 2017, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.4 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 97%

    A boy is in the center of the drama, who is responsible for running the farm and organization together with his father. He has a sister with serious mental problems to take care of. In the meantime, due to an accident in a horse riding accident, his head was broken and he was on the verge of death. He, who knows nothing but riding a horse and galloping, now has to make an important choice; Either he will give up his love and think about taking care of his old father and his sick sister, or he will ride a horse again and risk losing his life.

    Meanwhile, there is a boy in the film who It is the legend of all horse riders in those areas. A long time ago, he had an accident in a dangerous horse race and now he remains a dead person who only breathes and is unable to do anything. His life today can be exactly the future of the hero of the drama; A future full of pain that will make both himself miserable and his family, who rely heavily on his help, will be devastated. These two moral ways become the driving force of the drama.

    The case becomes interesting and of course bitter when we know that part of the story of the film is real and for example the young man on the hospital bed really exists and is not an actor. . This awareness makes the story of the film formidable and the risks that these young people take become tangible for the audience.

    Maybe the question arises, why is there a film whose story takes place in the present day in this list? The reason for this is simple; The movie "Rider" takes place in the world of riders and open plains rather than being related to the environment and modern human civilization. To tell its story, you only need a few horses and a few riders, nothing more.

    "Brady is a rider who has just been discharged from the hospital and is recovering. He had an accident while riding a horse and still loses control sometimes because of the blow to his head. Despite this condition, he has to leave home to help his father in the farm work. In the meantime, his friend, who had a similar accident before, was not so lucky and is hospitalized. Now Brady has to choose; Either he should return to the competitions and accept the risk of death, or he should not care about this sport and think about his family..."

    26. The Shootist

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Don Siegel
    • Stars: John Wayne, James Stewart and Lauren Bacall
    • Product: 1976, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.6 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 87%

    This is John Wayne's last movie as an actor, and the old crowd is also a part of that crowd. John Wayne is next to James Stewart to revive the memory of John Ford's glorious film "The Man Who Killed Liberty Valance". Like Lauren Bacall Always, even when he is old, he is unique and can make the audience aware of his warm presence. The time is the 70's and it is slowly fading away, the extremes of the early decade are giving way to healing wounds and a new life is slowly starting in America. History passes but is not forgotten, but a new era has just begun. All this means a final goodbye; Farewell to John Wayne and a brilliant movie that he was one of its true symbols; A magnificent farewell to the man whom the audience cheered for years.

    That's why the movie "Shooter" remains a farewell ceremony. We know that John Wayne was suffering from hand cancer at that time and the character he played also had such a disease; A famous gunslinger suffering from an incurable disease was John Wayne himself. For this reason, the movie "Sniper" is more than anything a tribute to the eternal image of John Wayne as the traditional hero of the western genre. The fact that his famous past doesn't stop him even on the verge of death and doesn't let him die in peace refers to the same protests of John Wayne's last years of life during Hollywood revisionism and turns the film into an anti-western work.

    From this point of view, the movie "Sniper" is an important work for examining Western cinema. John Wayne is the most important western star in the history of cinema. So, if Dan Siegel's film is a tribute to him, why has it become an anti-western work? The reason for this comes from the fact that although the director avoided the elements of classic westerns, this was due to the requirements of the time and John Wayne's age. In addition, anti-westerns are not always made in the negation of classic western cinema.

    The movie "Sniper" is an adaptation of the book of the same name written by Glenden Swartot, and there are some unique dialogues of the novel in the movie, and of course The dialogue writing of the film is excellent and if we consider that most of them come out of the mouths of great actors like Wayne, Stewart and Bacal, they stand out even more. The opening of the film grabs the audience by the collar from the very beginning and determines what kind of film the audience is facing, and of course the name of the film also shouts this issue; The legendary image of John Wayne riding a horse and getting rid of a bandit in a fraction of a second, that too in old age, shows why the movie is called "Sniper". Stewart is also on the screen. After this film, he acted in four other films, none of which are significant films. Lauren Bacall also looks great and is a perfect match for John Wayne in double frames. Don Siegel has also done his job well.

    "The time is 1901. John Bernard Box is known as a shooter. He enters the city of Carson City in the state of Nevada and goes to his friend Dr. Hostetler. The doctor has bad news for him because he finds out that John has cancer. John will live only a few more days; This is despite the fact that his past as a sniper does not leave his head..."

    25. Sergeant Rutledge

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: John Ford
    • Stars: Woody Ostrwood, Geoffrey Hunter, Constance Towers and Billy Burke
    • Product: 1960, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.4 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 90%

    There are not many actors of color in John Ford's cinema. The same small number were used in the form of transitional roles or specific types such as servants and so on. Of course, this issue was not only limited to John Ford's films, and at that time it was the custom of Hollywood cinema to use black actors in such roles. Even in ceremonies like the Oscars, they had a separate place and could not sit next to white actors and agents. Years had to pass before a great actor like Sidney Poitier was found and gave blacks a face in American cinema.

    It is in such a framework that a great director like John Ford understands the changing conditions of the times much earlier than most. and makes a film centered on the historical oppression of blacks; And not in a movie whose story takes place in the present day, but in a Western work, that is, in the 19th century. You must remember that during the Civil War, the black soldiers of the Northern Army were free men, and after the war, in order not to be confused with a slave, they wore their military uniforms to emphasize their freedom. With this background, we can go to the story of the film. In fact, after John Ford made a number of films centered on the lives of white people in the American West and their lives and problems in overcoming the hardships of a primitive environment. by making the film "Sergeant Rutledge" and telling a story about the defense of a black man's life and depicting the racism of white people, he created a different world that seemed to have nothing to do with his cinema, and this story is actually a defense that He against the attacks of opponents of his works has constructed; A work like the movie "Cheyenne Reservoir" to show that he and his cinema are not racist and only small minds and short-sighted people fuel it.

    From the very beginning, John Ford signs his work. correctly drawing the courtroom and creating an all-white environment where a black man is supposed to be tried; A man who claims to be innocent and all the evidence in the court is fake. From the very beginning, John Ford correctly defines the place of Adams in this court and makes clear the insignificant importance of the life situation and fate of a black man for the white majority. Although the white women's laughter or the situation in the court at the beginning of the film seems a bit exaggerated, but if we consider that these laughters and this way of filming are to create an environment where the life of a black person is worthless, we will understand that The filmmaker has done his job properly. The fact that John Ford creates such an image of the white American man and woman in the 19th century and distances himself from the stereotyped images common in Western works; It turns "Sergeant Rutledge" into an anti-western work.

    John Ford made the movie "Sergeant Rutledge" at the height of his career and artistic flourishing. Somewhere among his best films; Among masterpieces like "The Searchers" and "The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance". The West, which he built step by step and was attached to from the very beginning of his activity, was slowly taking shape and only a few stories were left here and there that he had to complete in order to create this new civilization of his own legend and also Have your own storyteller. It is in such a world that we know him as the greatest Western epic writer.

    "A black sergeant named Braxton Rutledge is accused of murdering and raping a white girl. He is sent to a court-martial and a man named Tom Cantrell, who is also his superior officer, is appointed to defend Rutledge. The witnesses stand one by one and tell their story of what they saw. At the same time, there is clearly a racist atmosphere in the court..."

    24. The Outlaw Josey Wales

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Clint Eastwood
    • Actors: Clint Eastwood, Sandra Luck
    • Product: 1976, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.8 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 90%

    Rather, he is a man with salt in his head. The thrill of revenge for the destruction of his life and family. This makes us see him as a man who, like all Western heroes, is in search of individual justice. Justice that will be carried out with blood and for which one must embark on a long and dangerous journey.

    This is where the film becomes an anti-western work; The dark world that the director paints is not the usual black and white world of western cinema. The place where he could safely sit next to the good-hearted hero of the film and at least enjoy the absence of evil and passion around him. Here, in the middle of the war, everything is too bitter to know whether it is black or white. Legends in which the heroes reached their goal by passing through different khans and gained self-knowledge by facing many obstacles. In such a framework, Eastwood's work to show this hero in the heart of the landscapes of the American virgin lands in the 19th century and during the civil wars can be considered.

    So, we can safely consider "Josie Wells the Outlaw" as an anti-war film. Western of the 1970s. Films in which western makers experimented differently in this genre and used some of its familiar rules against themselves. Because it is very influenced by that time full of fog and despair, and the director is not interested in telling his story in the straightforwardness of classic westerns.

    Josie Wells of this movie joins a gang to take revenge. But his decision to participate in the civil war is not political, and for personal reasons he goes to fight against the northern conquerors of the American civil war, so his motivation gives way to different interpretations of America during the period of rebellion and rebellion of the 70s and his own era.

    Another point that brings the film closer to the revisionist western is the image it presents of the soldiers and regiments of the northern army. We all know that the victors of that battle were the northerners, otherwise today's America would be a divided country and there would be two different countries in that region. Meanwhile, historically The Northern Army was the main military force of the country according to the law and the defender of freedom. So it is natural that Western cinema gives a good image of them. But Eastwood doesn't, and this could be a reference to the time the film was made and his hatred of the Vietnam War.

    Josie Wells has no qualms about living as an outlaw after avoiding civilization. He can kill and slaughter in order to lead a different life than at the beginning of the movie.

    "A man named Josie Wells after his family is killed by Northern forces in the civil war and He sees his farm lost, he joins the army of the south to take his revenge on the other side...

    23. Dances With Wolves

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Kevin Costner
    • Stars: Kevin Costner, Mary McDonnell and Graham Greene
    • Product: 1990, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 8 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 83%

    Here we are with an army officer who is sent on a mission after proving his worth. The civil wars have just ended and now the American statesmen are thinking of expanding their territory and they see the red skins as an obstacle. So the battle that started to abolish the slavery law, gives its place to another racist battle. In this way, the man becomes interested in the customs of the red-skinned people and finds life in nature better than living in that half-and-half civilization.

    So, in fact, Kevin Costner is the traditional antagonist in "Dancers with Wolves". Western stories replace rednecks with traditional protagonists, the Westerner and the good-hearted revolver. The red-skinned people in this film are not only predatory and bloodthirsty, but they enjoy a kind of spiritual and peaceful life that the white-skinned people have never smelled. On the other hand, the white people are only thinking about their mission and they are depicted as slaves who are in the service of their political masters.

    Love for nature and living peacefully next to it, against life. It takes place in the city and the protagonist leaves everything to be a part of it. In such a frame, there is no other way than to consider the movie "Dancers with Wolves" as an anti-western work, arising from thoughts that like to attack classic westerns and create a new plan. However, Kevin Costner is not interested in making political statements and focuses on his character and what is happening to him.

    Perhaps the biggest problem with the film is its long running time. The filmmaker devotes a lot of time to the discovery, intuition, and meditation of his hero, and sometimes the rhythm of the film runs out of breath. It was possible to make a cassette and a more coherent work from these times that still has the same content and of course is more effective.

    "Dancers with Wolves" is adapted from a book written by Mike Blaine.

    "1860s. After participating in the civil wars, an officer from the northern army is assigned to go to the American West, to the land of the red skins. He has to negotiate with them and since he likes to stay away from the crowd and live in isolation after the war, he accepts this mission. His liaison in carrying out this mission is a white woman who lost her parents when she was a child and is not in good mental condition even now. Over time, the officer realizes that the army wants to separate the red-skins from their land at any cost, and since he is used to them, he cannot tolerate this happening. Meanwhile...

    22. Heaven's Gate

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Michael Cimino
    • Stars: Kris Kristofferson, Christopher Walken, Jeff Bridges, Isabelle Hooper and Joseph Cotton
    • Production: 1980, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 6.7 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 59%

    Michael Cimino was truly a child of his time. Of those great directors of the 1970s who stayed in the same decade and could not get rid of the sharp bites they hit the system. It was as if a part of those bites sank into their bodies and made them forget. Michael Cimino didn't cope with the changing times and couldn't stand the luxuriant era of Ronald Reagan, and that's why his last movies failed badly at the box office. They have been living since the 1970s. Kris Kristofferson, the lead actor with Acting in movies like "Pat Garrett And Billy The Kid" by Sam Peckinpah or "Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore" directed by Martin Scorsese or singing songs related to Joe The 1970s had become a symbol of that era and it was natural to appear in the cinema in the form of men with familiar characteristics of that period. Like Harvard, he goes about his life and turns his back on his wealthy family. Years later, instead of shining in his field, he lives as a violent sheriff. This behavior reminds the audience of hippies and young people running away from their families in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and that is why it moves towards anti-western cinema.

    Henceforth, the hero of the drama It starts a bloody battle with a herdsman who is supposed to destroy a number of immigrants and seize their land. In the hands of Michael Cimino, this honorable battle becomes a means to tell the life of a man who loses everything he is and is not in the heart of the formation of the new America.

    Michael Cimino, the formation of modern America and New, the same America links the capitalist world to its era. The same greedy society that can be the slaughterhouse of fiery love or make a man turn his back on his fellow races. In the meantime, although there is a hero who protects others and defends the rights of the oppressed, the world is too dark for someone to be saved at the end of the battle. In this deep quagmire, even the hero himself remains and fails.

    The performance of the movie "Heaven's Gate" at the box office is one of the most famous stories in the history of Hollywood. The film, which was supposed to be made with a budget of 11 million dollars, was made with a budget of 35 million due to Michael Cimino's obsessions, and it was so long that no one bothered to watch it. In the end, the studio pulled it from the screens and re-released it by removing an hour from it, but in the end it sold for less than 5 million dollars until United Artists Company went bankrupt. But today, it is clear how unforgivable the audience of that time rejected this good work and ignored the taste and aesthetics of Cimino's fight.

    "Year 1870. James is graduating from Harvard University. While he seems to have a bright future ahead of him, he suddenly turns his head from the west and goes on his way. Now twenty years have passed and he is the sheriff of Johnson County. James learns that the herd is planning to kill 125 of the settlers. This shepherd has hired a group of revolvers. James goes to his beloved and begs her to leave but...

    21. There Will Be Blood

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Paul Thomas Anderson
    • Actors: Daniel Day-Lewis, Paul Deno
    • Product: 2007, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 8.2 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 91%

    It is quite clear why the movie "Blood Will Be" should be included in this list. Although the story of the film takes place in the same time and place when the gunmen and red skins were fighting or men and women were trying to overcome the dangers and find a place to live, Paul Thomas Anderson goes his own way and the story defines another from that era. A story that can be just as important: the story of the formation of the new America with the discovery of oil.

    Paul Thomas Anderson has been the narrator of a part of the history of his country's people over the years. With his unique perspective, he portrays life in America today by criticizing the country's past; What kind of path has been taken and what happened so that the American man can reach such a life in the present age. Although over time, his cinema became more abstract and he constantly referred to the history of cinema itself, but in the same film, "Blood will be on the feet", he told about a period of life in America, which can be called one of the sensitive turns of history.

    But he does this retelling of historical events in his own way. Here, the men in his story are depicted as people who struggle with their repressed male complexes and choose between a normal life and a crazy life. Daniel Plinio, brilliantly played by Daniel Day-Lewis, is such a man. Although he is a symbol of the founding fathers of industrial America, as much as he is a life-giver and pushes his country forward, he himself morally declines to be a symbol of the capitalist world.

    Thus Paul Thomas Anderson It deals with today's industrialized America, which has forgotten spirituality and has sold its soul to the devil called oil, and by the way, if you look at the year of the film's production and release, and take a look at the events in the Middle East at that time and the role of America, you will notice the sting and irony. You will be Paul Thomas Anderson.

    From Another priest is present in the movie, played by Paul Deno, who is supposed to represent the same inner dimension and humanity in the movie. But with the influx of money and capital, he also loses his way and wants a share of the found treasure. The final confrontation of these two is the confrontation of everything that is born from the heart of a country where wealth and money are more important than anything else. But Anderson knows that he shouldn't close the door of hope and show everything ruined, so he puts a boy in the movie who cuts both sides and goes his own way so that maybe he can make a better world.

    Game Daniel Day-Lewis is a mix of controlled play and outgoing play. He looks like a hungry, greedy wolf at the right time, and at the right time he sinks into the defensive lacquer and looks harmless. But that rough side of him naturally shows more. In addition, Daniel D. Lewis obviously tried to make even his face look like an animal and remind the audience of a predatory animal; A job that has been done in an excellent way.

    "The story of the film begins with Daniel Plinio in 1898, who is looking to find a silver mine, but is injured while exploding a pit. He got into oil in 1902 when he established his own drilling company. While drilling one of the oil wells, the well explodes and someone dies, and Daniel takes care of the man's young child. On the other hand, a religious preacher nearby has a request from Daniel..."

    20. Dead Man

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Jim Jarmusch
    • Stars: Johnny Depp, Gary Farmer, John Hart and Robert Mitchum
    • Product: 1995, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.5 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 71%

    Dead Man is considered by many to be one of the best acid westerns of all time. Jonathan Rosenbaum believes that acid westerns, unlike classic westerns, do not touch the sanctity of the west. In these films, the West is not a place where a person achieves spiritual perfection, but a place that causes his death. On the other hand, these Westerns were very dependent on the characteristics of the counter-culture movement in the 1960s and 1970s, and in fact, the thinking behind them was the patriarchal anti-capitalist thinking that saw the American man as an immortal hero. From this point of view, it is possible to interpret and interpret the character played by Johnny Depp and the path he goes. It is no longer in Western cinema. He is not at all the typical hero character of this cinema and the mood of the film is also in an unreal world; A place full of illusions where even the existence of the character itself is questioned. Therefore, Johnny Depp consciously gave a fantasy aspect to his acting, as if he lives in a world similar to Tim Burton's films, not in the wild west and in a violent place. And from the characterization of the modern world. Here, the character is not struggling with external events, nor is he suffering from internal torment. What is happening to him cannot be easily put into words. Understanding the world of the film escapes from the other side of any door you approach. In fact, Jim Jarmusch uses the platform of Western cinema to play with the audience's expectations and establish his unique cinematic world. In such a situation, the geography and the Western world becomes just a toy in the hands of the filmmaker to create a new plan and present a different face of cinema.

    This is perhaps the most important achievement of a director like Jim Jarmusch. He has always played with the traditional world of genres to prove that it is always possible to break from the framework of stereotypes and go another way. It is possible to make a crime film without giving in to clichs or even making fun of them: like "ghost dog: the way of samurai", which touches on mafia and gangster cinema but stays away from comedy. And arranges a poetic world around his character.

    Here too, Jim Jarmusch does the same thing with western cinema. The main character and his Indian companion, whatever they are and whatever they are going to do, has nothing to do with heroic deeds. They are waiting for death which is certain and only makes the taste of life different. This makes the main character of the story a ghost who wherever he goes, sees the world in a way that others are unable to understand. Even the name of this character is brilliantly reminiscent of the famous English poet and painter of the 18th and 19th centuries, who created a romantic world in his poems and looked beyond material life to human existence as if like a ghost.

    "William" Blake is an accountant. After the death of her parents and separation from her fiance, she leaves her town and takes a train to the west to find another accounting job. He stops in a city called Machine and goes to his factory thinking that he is going to work for a rich man named Dixon, but he realizes that he already gave his work to someone else. have given. On his return to the city, he meets a girl, but...

    19. Django

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Sergio Corbucci li>
    • Actors: Franco Nero, Gino Pernice
    • Product: 1966, Italy and Spain
    • Rating of the movie on the IMDb website: 7.2 out of 10
    • Rating of the movie on the Rotten Tomatoes website: 93%

    The movie "Django" is one of the most important and history-making westerns of the cinema, even though it is in a bad situation due to its small budget. Because it is one of the first spaghetti westerns in the history of cinema. At a time when Americans were tired of making westerns, Italians stepped forward and breathed new life into this most American genre in history and created a new plan so that western cinema could continue its life for a few more days. Although the mood of their films was far away from the mood of classic westerns, you could still hear the sound of horses running and triggers dripping.

    In fact, Sergio Corbucci, along with Sergio Leone, founded a way that It led to the creation of a part of our important memories of cinema. Later, great directors became famous in this type of cinema with their flair, and the audience was able to get to know new heroes of this cinema after the era of John Wayne and Gary Cooper; Heroes who were played by actors like Clint Eastwood, Giuliano Gemma and Franco Nero himself.

    Everything seemed messed up in this cinema. The cities were dirtier than the cities of the classic western cinema, and there was less news of men and women from families. The inhabitants of the cities are mostly bad-working women or nameless and bad-natured prostitutes, and if there is a family member among them, he is a prisoner in the prison of these oppressors. There is no more news of those familiar stereotypes where on one side there were benevolent women and heroic men, and on the other side there was an innate devil who only thinks about his own desires. In fact, the hero of the film is not a good person and he cannot be considered a noble or good human being.

    On the other hand, there was no place for complex plots or plots in this type of cinema. The narratives were simple and based on the conflict of two positive and negative poles, the story progressed so that in the end one would win over the other and the film would be completed. Naturally, in such a framework, critics and audiences accustomed to traditional Westerns found an angle with these films, and many even attacked the Italians and demanded to stop making these films.

    In this first Spaghetti Western, Franco Nero played the role of a man Naam plays Django, who enters a city and helps the people there to get rid of a lot of bandits. This narrative was a familiar narrative in the cinema of that time, and some directors used the attack of some bandits as a symbol of the exploitation of human life and the world in the capitalist world.

    It is said that the budget of the film was so small. It was not even possible to make up the actors every day. For this reason, the director put a red mask on the faces of the negative characters to get rid of this part. Later, the character of Django became one of the most popular characters in Spaghetti Westerns, and several films centered on him were released. The city has been defunct for a long time and looks abandoned. A man named Django enters the city dressed as the Northern Army carrying a coffin. Some are interested in knowing what is in that coffin, but...

    18. Cheyenne Autumn

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: John Ford
    • Starring: Richard Widmark, James Stewart, Carol Baker and Karl Malden
    • Production: 1964, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 6.7 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 60%

    It's as if John Ford intended to destroy everything he had done so far by making the movie "Cheyenne Tribe Reservoir"; Every legend and every legendary character has found a place in his cinema and every symbol of the struggle between primitiveness and civilization. Unlike "The Seekers", unlike "Dalijan" and unlike many of his Westerns, he changed the place of American history makers and even from a legend like Wyatt Earp who portrayed him as a hero in the movie "My Darling Clementine". He was slow and in a crazy episode he made a clown and put James Stewart in his place. It's as if everything, even the achievements of this symbol of law and order, can become a joke for the true mythologist of the American West.

    Perhaps all of this can be considered a product of America in the 1960s; America was shedding its skin, which was gradually sinking into the maelstrom of the Vietnam War, and its young people, brought up in the prosperity that came after the Second World War, did not have much love for the traditions of their fathers. In such a framework, the dreamy image of filmmakers like John Ford from the Wild West with all the glory and all the one-rider heroes, It was no longer what the previous generation imagined. Some time should have passed before it became clear that the short-sighted views and attribution of Ford's cinema to racism only come from some superficial people.

    For this reason, the movie "Cheyenne Tribe Reservoir" is considered an anti-western work. John Ford is as far away from all the stereotypes of traditional Westerns as he can be. The red-skinned people were no longer the negative pole of the drama, falling like rain on Dilijan's head, which was a symbol of civilization, or setting fire to a house in the movie "The Seekers". The red-skinned people in this film are oppressed people who are victims of the oppressive power of the white man.

    On the other hand, the hero of the story is not a man who can overcome all the problems and deliver the right to the rightful. He is an agent and excused. He should sit in a corner and see the injustice that he doesn't believe in, but he doesn't do much to correct it. At all, he cannot be considered a hero in the usual sense according to the characteristics of classical cinema; Rather, he is an observer who only grumbles sometimes.

    John Ford was a child of his time and the American elegiac he knew; American whose history owes to his mastery in storytelling and illustration. Neither black nor white nor red mattered to him. For him, what was important was the constant struggle of the primitives who settled in the depths of the desert and a civilization where a home and a family could be found. A place where there was a woman and a man who did farming and ranching and lived this life together anyway.

    In the first half of the film, the images of John Ford are mind-blowing. The departure of the red-skinned people and the sufferings they endure on this way are beautifully depicted, and John Ford's poetic sky, as always, announces its crushing presence over everyone and everything. In such a framework, the actors of the film have played their roles well; Karl Malden and Richard Widmark have taken over the director's frames, and James Stewart is happy in a crazy episode. be sent within 1500 miles. The government has promised them help, but there is no news of help, and these men and women are struggling with disease and hunger. Some decide to return to their hometown. Meanwhile, a white teacher and some army cavalry are accompanying them..."

    17. Django Unchained

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Quentin Tarantino
    • Stars: Jamie Foxx, Christoph Waltz, Leonardo DiCaprio and Samuel L. Jackson
    • Product: 2012, USA li>
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 8.4 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 87%

    Quentin Tarantino loves spaghetti westerns. He has always said about his interest in the movie "Good, Bad, Ugly" and Sergio Leone; Because he considers that movie one of the most popular works of his life. Here too, he went to one of the traditional heroes of this type of cinema, but he confiscated it for his own benefit. The hero of Sergio Corbucci's films is Django.

    Under the movie "Django" it was mentioned that the Italians made this movie and even the main actor was a white Italian. But the first thing Tarantino does is to change the identity and race of this hero, which has now become a classic. He puts black acting in his mold and adapts it to today's mood. On the other hand, it tells the story in a completely racist context and places an intellectual and ethical man next to the hero, who can be the hero's meaning and suffer from the historical oppression of the whites against the blacks. Of course, if Tarantino designed this character, he would definitely introduce him as a strange person; Here too, this intellectual and unique person is an award-winning Haft Khat, who makes a living through the income from his awards. It puts the main character's inner motive of revenge against his love for his wife, puts the worldview and intellectualism of Dr. King Schultz, played by Christoph Waltz, against the simplicity and ignorance of Django, and even the characterizations of black people are based on these two poles of awareness and ignorance.

    It is in such a framework that Samuel L. Jackson, perhaps in his best performance, presents one of the most vicious images possible of a black man who is willing to bend his back to the white master in order to preserve his meager power. But don't show prejudice towards blacks and other people for a moment. But the best performance of the movie is definitely from Christoph Waltz. He has played the role of a good-hearted doctor and at the same time a professional in killing others that right now it can be called one of the best games of this century so far. The path taken by the film is actually the path of his character, and the hero of the drama follows this character, which is why Christoph Waltz's performance has turned the film into a masterpiece.

    In summary, Tarantino has given his art of storytelling and characterization to some excellent actors and narrated his western story with such mastery that the time of the film passes like lightning and wind without the audience noticing its passage. Along with all its strengths, Django Unchained is one of Quentin Tarantino's most entertaining films. This film was able to take home two Oscars in the same year of its release; One Oscar for the best supporting actor for Christoph Waltz's masterful performance and the other Oscar for the best original screenplay for Quentin Tarantino.

    "Dr. King Schultz is looking for three men. He, who is a bounty hunter and has German origins, plans to kill these three men in order to get their bounty money. He buys a black man named Django; Because Django knows these three men and can help him. King Shultz promises Django that in exchange for finding all three of those people, he will help him get Django's wife back from the heartless white master

    16. For A Fistful Of Dollars

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Sergio Leone
    • Actors: Clint Eastwood, Gian Maria Volonte
    • Production: 1964, Italy, Spain and Germany Western
    • IMDb rating for the movie: 7.9 out of 10
    • Rating for the movie on Rotten Tomatoes: 98%

    Sergio Leone loved western cinema very much. At first, he started making historical films but did not see much success. His interest eventually led to the making of the film that popularized the term spaghetti western. It was impossible to imagine that an Italian director would make a movie on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean, whose story and characters are based on the people of the American west coast in the 19th century. But with the discovery of directors such as Sergio Leone and Sergio Corobucci, very soon everything was messed up and in this chaotic market and in the midst of the decline of the western genre in America, a genre emerged in Italian cinema that was far from the life of the Italian people. It was different. The reason for choosing this name goes back to the pessimistic views that critics had of this type of film at that time, and because it was Italian, they called it this way with a mocking tone. Something similar to the so-called Persian film in our own cinema.

    One of the reasons critics at that time opposed a film like "For a Fistful of Dollars" was that it messed up all the rules of the Western genre, which makes us consider it an anti- Consider Western. In this place, there was no news of that good-hearted hero of the past cinema, who at the end, after establishing order, made his way and left, and during his stay, he only stood on the side of good people and adhered to certain moral values. In fact, the main character of the movie "For a Fistful of Dollars" does not have any special moral value system. Of course, there is still time to make the movie "Once Upon a Time in the West" or the movie "Good, Bad, and Ugly" when the hero becomes completely brutal and becomes more inclined towards the anti-hero.

    Sergio Leone when he decided to make a movie He got it "for a handful of dollars" that he had seen the movie "Yojimbo" by Akira Kurosawa. In that samurai-oriented film, the main character of the story arrives like a westerner and in an apocalyptic city built on the edge of the gates of civilization, like the cities of western movies, stirs up dust and finally leaves without an eye. Sergio Leone took the same bitter character, increased his pessimism, put a revolver in his hands and a cigarette in the corner of his mouth to meet his enemies this time in a city with the image of the Wild West.

    Since In this type of films, the West does not have Arabs on the threshold of local civilization, and time and place are just an excuse for the directors of that time to announce their cinematic manifesto, the film "For a Fistful of Dollars" has a villain who symbolizes all the ugliness. And he is the cause of all the city's troubles. This villainous character is exactly what Leone needs to express his words, and this makes his film a distinct work from Kurosawa's. In Kurosawa's film, there is no such character, and both sides of the fight are equally guilty of the poverty and disaster. Gian Maria Volonte plays the role of this evil villain and copes with his role so well that he actually affects even Clint Eastwood's performance. is important Maybe if this movie didn't exist and Sergio Leone didn't go towards making spaghetti westerns and his dollar trilogy centered on him, there would be no news of one of the greatest actors and directors in the history of cinema. Someone who will continue the western cinema and later create some great masterpieces in this genre and leave some gems for us by experiencing different genres. Today, many people know Clint Eastwood, after John Wayne, as the symbol of the Wild West and Western cinema. What he did with Western cinema music is exactly what Sergio Leone did with Western cinema itself; that's mean Disrupting all the rules and making music that, although it has similarities with those classic works, is completely different and intends to paint another world. The film is part of the trilogy known as Dollar, directed by Sergio Leone.

    "A village on the border of Mexico and the United States is run by two criminal gangs. These two have done such a thing with this settlement that the smell of death comes from every corner of it. In addition to the fact that no one can drink water without their permission, they are constantly fighting with each other and making heaps of dead people. Now a nameless stranger arrives and enters this village..."

    15. Unforgiven

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Clint Eastwood li>
    • Stars: Clint Eastwood, Morgan Freeman, Richard Harris and Gene Hackman
    • Product: 1992, USA
    • IMDb site rating for the movie: 8.2 out of 10
    • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 96%

    The movie "Unforgiven" can be called a kind of American cinema's farewell to the hero of the Wild West. Because here we are dealing with an aging hero who, even at the height of his youth, was not the good-natured person of Western cinema. At the same time, he was a prize-winner and a hard-hearted man who created terror and struck fear into hearts.

    At the beginning of the 90s, we are no longer facing a politicized America like in the 70s. Bukhari refers to his time and its ups and downs. The times have changed, and this makes Eastwood easily criticize his lasting image and in general the images of westerns in the history of cinema, and actually make a satire on them. But his work becomes more complicated when he does it with people's expectations from western cinema and finally with his own image. have Unaware that Eastwood had another dream for them. It was said that one of the recurring characters in Western movies are bad-natured but good-natured women who are helped by the Western movie, and in the end, they compensate for this act by saving the hero at the last moment; Although they call for the hero, there is no young hero that a woman can fall in love with. In this way, Eastwood plays with all our expectations from the western cinema, which he himself is one of the lasting icons, and shows that he can also get hurt and scream and is no longer the good-hearted but violent man who came to administer justice. p>

    What makes the film an anti-western work is Eastwood's demythologizing of the traditional western hero image. That his hero is a man who has reached the bottom of the line and has only one thing to do; Proving that he can be redeemed in the end. In this way, he also has a companion, someone who can be the strength of the heart for the hero to be able to walk the dangerous road ahead; Although he is not a young man like the main character.

    The cast of the film is enviable. Eastwood alongside Richard Harris, Morgan Freeman and Gene Hackman; Four acting giants of American cinema. But it must be admitted that the best performance in the movie is by Gene Hackman. This action game in the form of the negative pole of the story brought an Oscar to Gene Hackman.

    "1880, Wyoming State. Two cruel cowboys disfigure the face of a prostitute and harass her. The sheriff of the city does not pay much attention to the woman's complaint and only fines them to leave the palace. But the prostitutes of the city unite and collect a thousand dollars and set a reward for the execution of justice and the death of the two cowboys. William, who was a well-known and skilled sniper, learns about this issue, but he has not touched a pistol for a long time, and in fact, his time has come to an end...

    14. The Assassination Of Jesse James By The Coward Robert Ford

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Andrew Domenick
    • Starring: Brad Pitt, Casey Affleck, Sam Rockwell and Sam Shepherd
    • Product: 2007, USA
    • IMDb website rating for the movie: 7.5 out of 10
    • Movie rating on the website Rotten Tomatoes: 76%

    Sometimes you can make a poetic western that plays with all the expectations of the audience from western cinema. In the form of the main character, a well-known actor is also put so that the audience imagines that they are watching a traditional and classic movie. He also chose the story from a part of the life of a legendary American man whose life was full of dangers and ups and downs. All these presuppositions definitely make the audience think that they are going to see a movie with that familiar mood. But this is not news, and the movie "The Murder of Jesse James the Outlaw by the Coward Robert Ford" completely distances itself from those stereotypes and becomes an anti-Western work.

    Jesse James after the American Civil Wars and The victory of the northern army was to attack government trains and banks, and in this way, as well as killing many people, he had made a reputation for himself. His act caused him to become a legendary figure after his death for the southerners who lost in the war, and many epics and stories were created around him, which differed from the earth to the sky with his real self.

    Such a subject could Turn the movie into a work like Sam Peckinpah's "Pat Garrett and Billy DeKid" in which Kris Kristofferson has such a character and Peckinpah has made him like a rebellious man from the 1970s. That story was accompanied by many ups and downs and the pattern of hunting and hunter made the audience watch an exciting movie. But Andrew Domenic wants his hero to walk in another world; It is as if the main character is meditating and discovering and intuition.

    The poetic image that the filmmaker shows us from the West is clearly different from what we are used to and actually expect from Western cinema. has it. In this world, people and Westerners are not so violent that they solve everything with bulging veins caused by anger and bursts of testosterone. These westerners are sometimes alone with themselves and seek to know themselves and the world around them, and it seems that they are looking for a certain style and way of life through theft and embezzlement, not acquiring wealth and wealth. This is exactly the point that the Robert Ford movie does not understand; That for Jesse James, money is not important in the first place, but it is that free life and that worldview that is worth it.

    Brad Pitt's performance in the movie "The murder of Jesse James the outlaw by the coward Robert Ford" is one of the high points. It is his work record. He has been able to remove the bright shadows of this character's life and create a perplexed person with a penetrating look whose every step is the news of a death of mystical consciousness that has led him to lead an ascetic life. Drawing and coloring these complexities made his game to be praised by critics. Of course, Casey Affleck's performance in the role of Robert Ford was also much appreciated, even more than Brad Pitt's performance.

    It is impossible to mention this film by Andrew Dominique and forget the brilliant work of Roger Dickens as its director of photography. win. His camera has created perspectives suitable to the story and characters and has left no stone unturned in getting closer to the characters. Unfortunately, the members of the Academy did not notice his brilliant work that year, otherwise Roger Dickens would not have left the Oscar ceremony empty-handed. participate with the James brothers. Although he is initially rejected by Jesse James, he stays by his side from this time until the last minutes of Jesse James' life..."

    13. Blazing Saddles

    BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

    • Director: Mel Brooks
    • Actors: Cleon Little, Jane Wilder
    • Product: 1974, USA
    • IMDb rating for the movie: 7.7 out of 10 Rotten Tomatoes rating for the movie: 89% for Mel Brooks was considered a playground anywhere. He could touch any genre and any cinema to inject his sting and irony into the system. It's weird enough to have the sheriff of that town be black in a western movie, but to turn this playground into a place where nothing is out of place and then destroy everything and everyone is something. Which can only come from someone like Mel Brooks.

      Brooks starts making his audience laugh from the very beginning of the film. How to save a black worker and then escape from a city as a sheriff is one of the funniest openings in the history of cinema. After that, Mel Brooks starts to introduce a character who is a regular presence in traditional Westerns and of course Spaghetti: a Westerner who has a high ability to shoot a revolver and use a gun and is always on the good side of the story. But after introducing this character, Brooks jokes with the common stereotypes of these men.

      After that, it is the turn of the city where the events of the story take place. None of the men and women in this town look like the men and women of other Westerns, and they all look a bit bland. On the other hand, the halls of Western cities are also used as gathering places for city dwellers, and in a magnificent sequence, Mel Brooks looks at the popular art of that era and satirizes it.

      But if you imagine that This is the end of the story and the director's work with western cinema is over, you are very wrong. One of the models of western cinema is to place a story on the edge of the expansion of the railway in the west and in fact the movement of this wild and unruly nature towards human civilization. Mel Brooks holds the same process as a joke in his story. But again, this is not the end of the road and in the continuation of his satire, he reaches the cinema itself and in a magnificent ending, he takes all the characters of the film to a musical film production studio so that all the actors of that film are beaten by the crew of his own film! We are on the side of such a crazy movie.

      But why does Mel Brooks do these things? She He was a great comedian who, like all the important satirists of history, suffered from the inadequacies in the system and society and tried to express these inadequacies in the form of jokes and humor. This issue could be the issue of racism, which Western cinema was known as one of its main manifestations. Well, it's natural that Mel Brooks would do all of this to reach his goal.

      "A black American railroad worker is elected as a city sheriff for the first time in this country. This city is supposed to be destroyed due to the expansion of the railway, and the reason for choosing a black sheriff is to scandalize him. At first, the townspeople make fun of the new sheriff because of his skin color, until they realize that he has the ability to turn the town around and make it a safe place. In this way, the revolver accompanies the sheriff's ability. Nothing happens that these two are forced to face the mercenaries hired by the railway company..."

      12. Vera Cruz

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Robert Aldrich
      • Stars: Gary Cooper, Burt Lancaster, Ernest Borgnine and Dennis Darcel
      • Product: 1954, USA
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 81%

      The pairing of Burt Lancaster and Gary Cooper together, in a movie, can mean a classic western. Gary Cooper has been known for many years as the tall and tall heroes of such traditional films, and for example, he plays one of the most iconic roles of this type of cinema in "The Westerner" by William Wyler; He plays the role of a man who helps others to establish justice and in the end, he has no eyes but a pure love. had He collaborated with Aldrich on the film Apache, which resulted in a revisionist work that could have been on this list. Later, he collaborated with the same Robert Aldrich in other western works or in a movie like "Gunfight At O.K. Corral" (Gunfight At O.K. Corral) directed by John Sturgess and alongside Kirk Douglas.

      Robert Aldrich both He sends the man in black and white clothes (which is a sign of their inner good and evil) to Mexico to help the Mexicans in a decisive battle. Of course, these two are in the heart of a movement in the form of mercenary men to hire the bad side of the story, but the story is not that simple and the mood of the film is constantly changing.

      Perhaps the most important achievement of Robert Aldrich with To make "Vera Cruz" is to make a multi-layered work that is constantly accompanied by plot twists and constantly changes direction. Such work for an unskilled director remains a kind of artistic suicide and turns the film into a lost work, but if the filmmaker knows his work, not only these continuous twists will fit well and find their place in the film, but also to the point. The main strength of the film is transformation.

      The next point is that Robert Aldrich was a master of multi-layered mise-en-scnes. In this way, his works became debatable films that encapsulated the mood of the film in one sequence or in a general plan, or by showing several events at the same time, challenging the lazy audience to fully focus their attention while watching.

      But what makes the film an anti-western work is the presentation of its bleak moral world. Robert Aldrich's chosen men are both a part of this dark world and its victims. Both initially fled war-torn America, but never sought a shred of goodness. Both of them are looking for a place that has more material benefit for them; They happen to find it, but there are obstacles in their way.

      The pair of Burt Lancaster and Gary Cooper persuades every audience interested in classic cinema to watch this work.

      "1866" . The Mexican Revolution is underway. Major Benjamin Terrin, a former member of the failed Southern Army, travels to Mexico with Joe Erin, a stray gunfighter, to fight for whoever pays the most. At first, they face a woman named Nina. The girl asks them to give their power to the people of Mexico and stand by them. But both men are drawn to the Emperor's people, who pay more. An aristocratic lady from the emperor's family makes these two members of a group that is supposed to escort a cargo full of gold. This drawer carries gold that is supposed to be used to buy weapons, but...

      11. The Hired Hand

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Peter Fonda
      • Actors: Peter Fonda, Warren Oates and Verna Bloom
      • Product: 1971, USA
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 81%

      Peter Fonda was a strange person. Although the son of the great actor of the era He was considered the classic of cinema, Henry Fonda, but he had a different life than his father and literally lived the counterculture movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Here he has made a western that breaks the tradition, which is miles away from what his father played in and goes in a different direction. In other respects, it avoids all older films. Here, the social status of men and women is clearly different from traditional westerns and is more related to the movements of the 1970s than to western cinema. Well, this issue is completely natural and nothing else is expected from a director like Peter Fonda. On the one hand, we are dealing with a man who does not adhere to certain morals and is ready to leave his home and life at any moment, and on the other hand, we see a man who cannot bear the burning flames of love in his heart, so he leaves and leaves. /p>

      The most important difference between the film and traditional westerns is in the treatment of its three main characters. Here, the life of a husband and wife is messed up and the man sleeps in the hay barn. A woman has her own authority and manages her affairs, and if there is a man in her life, he will only help her by doing farm work. In fact, she loves whenever she wants and does not need any man to live her life.

      On the other hand, the men in the story are not very fond of staying and living as family men. They prefer to be free and free and experience free love like the youths who belonged to the counter-culture currents at the time the film was made. Even their heads and statuses have such a sign.

      But another point lies in the stylized styling of the film. Peter Fonda deliberately creates a poetic world and avoids realism. Of course, this poetic world is closer to a sinful and violent poem than a poem based on tenderness. We all enjoy watching works that have stood the test of time, but watching a film that directly represents a part of the time that has passed and has drawn that era in precise detail is another pleasure. "Hired" has such a place in the drawing of the 1970s, and watching it can be effective for understanding a moment of time and the way of life in the early America of that decade. They arrive nowhere. While Harris and Ed argue about moving forward, Collins suddenly announces that he plans to return to his wife and child after many years. Ed leaves the group of friends and goes to buy some supplies but is brutally killed by the men of a man named McVeigh who runs the town. Collins and Harris manage to escape but return at night and cripple McVeigh after a fight. Both of them quickly leave the city and after months of wandering, they arrive at Collins's former home, but Collins' wife gives a cold welcome to her husband..."

      10. El Topo

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Alejandro Khodorovsky
      • Actors: Alejandro Khodorovsky, Brontes Khodorovsky. Alfonso Arau Production: 1970, Mexico IMDb rating for the movie: 7.2 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes movie rating: 80%

      El Topo is definitely the weirdest movie on this list. Alejandro Khodorovsky made a surreal and full of illusion film, the story of which takes place in a place similar to Western cinema, but it is very dependent on legends and myths, and escapes as much as possible from the familiar storytelling method, both in Western cinema in particular and cinema in general. he does. Pauline Keel, the famous critic of the New Yorker magazine, was the first to use the name "acidic western" in her review of this film, which refers to a psychedelic substance, because the story of the film takes place in a world full of illusions and scary fantasies and has no earthly logic. is not. It was after this movie that acid western entered the movie books as a sub-branch of western cinema.

      The story of the movie refers to the hardships of a man who is forced to endure them in order to reach a spiritual perfection; Something like passing Haft Khan. But the beauty of the work is that, like any other good surreal film, it escapes from any simple and convenient interpretation and gives way to different views so that in the end the emotion it conveys is important.

      Khodorowsky here. It combines several concepts and different fields; First, it seems that we are dealing with a religious work that is inspired by religious stories. But the unrelenting presence of violence makes the arena open to such an interpretation and opens the way to other interpretations. After mixing religion and violence, mysticism returns to the story and makes the work more complicated than before. Finally, it borrows a little from different mythologies. It is strange that all of this happens in the context of a western and in the familiar perspectives of that cinema.

      So the world of Khodorovsky in the film "El Topo" cannot be just a world of dreams. called Personally, I prefer to use the word "illusion" instead of the word "dream". Because it is borrowed from the meaning behind the acid western and watching it is like watching a work that was made after experiencing the trance state caused by hallucinations and taking a drug.

      But why Khodorovsky? It does so. We know that traditional Westerns represented the traditional values of American society as a kind of symbol. The directors of this cinema were all guardians of the American values that he knew. On the other hand, we know that Khodorovsky hated American imperialism and what this country did to his native Chile. So, he took the canvas of his art and took it to the land that seemed to be the most American of all, and with his own language, he galloped to its values. For this reason, "El Topo" should be included in this list and be known as a work belonging to this type of cinema.

      "El Topo" is the name of the main character of this story and it means blind mouse.


      "A strange and surrealist story that takes place in an area similar to the Wild West." In the beginning, El Topo, along with his son Brontis, arrive in a city where all living creatures have been massacred. After passing through the city, the two enter a monastery that is threatened by the General's men, who seem to be responsible for the massacre. El Topo kills everyone and leaves his son Brontis with the monks of the monastery and leaves there with Mara to take a step on a spiritual path..."

      9. Little Big Man

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Arthur Penn
      • Actors: Dustin Hoffman, Martin Balsam and Faye Dunaway
      • Product: 1970, USA
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.6 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 96%

      By making films like "Chase" starring Marlon Brando and of course Robert Redford and "Bonnie And Clyde" in the 1960s, Arthur Penn showed that he is a director who intends to Go away and distance yourself from classic cinema. In "The Pursuit", he criticized the concept of justice and its implementation in conservative America and created a society and a city that lives in fear and can easily prosecute a man, and in "Bonnie and Clyde" he not only expanded that world. instead, he accompanied his law-breaking man and wife and depicted two bankers in a romantic way.

      It was said that in the 1960s and 1970s, many American values were criticized by the youth of this country. took We addressed these criticisms in many of the films on this list, but one of the most important criticisms at that time was aimed at the official history of the Wild West; The same place that was depicted in traditional westerns. The same place where the white men were good-hearted and family-friendly and the red-skinned savages. To criticize history, Arthur Penn goes to one of the famous battles between the white-skinned army and the red-skinned tribes; The famous battle of "Little Big Horn" which leads to the defeat of the white army from the reds. Many considered General Custer, the commander of the American army, a legendary man who was killed by the Indians in this famous battle. In this way, he entered the history books and was known as an American martyr. Today, this perception has changed to a great extent.

      "Little Big Man" goes to the story of this battle and defamiliarizes the white men and women, and by the way, he considers these red-skinned men and women brave and rightful. . Kevin Costner may do this with the movie "Dancers with Wolves", but much earlier than him, inspired by a real incident, Arthur Penn attacks one of the American myths and shows a different image of the red-skins.

      One of the film's strengths is Dustin Hoffman's acting. With that small size, he is the last actor who might come to mind to appear in a western movie. But everything in this movie shows a departure from the fixed elements of western cinema. A historian enters a nursing home to talk to a 121-year-old man named Jack Crabbe. The man has many memories of the wild west of the last century. This old man claims to be the only living person who remembers the famous battle of Little Big Horn between General Custer and the Indians

      8. Once Upon A Time In The West

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director : Sergio Leone
      • Starring: Charles Branson, Claudia Cardinale, Jason Robards and Henry Fonda
      • Product: 1969, America and Italy
      • IMDb rating for the movie: 8.5 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes rating for the movie:> 95%

      The dark world of the movie "Once Upon a Time in the West" is full of men who only think about their own interests. Four men can be considered as important characters in this story; First, there is a nameless man who burns with a thirst for revenge and can even reach out to a woman; Although the foot pulls back until Just think about your revenge. Charles Branson plays this man. The second is the leader of a gang of bandits played by Jason Robards, who is considered to be the last survivor of his generation.

      The third is a man played by Gabriele Farzetti, who is known as the manager of the railway organization and thinks that He can own everything with his wealth. Leone has brilliantly painted this sick man. Fourth, he is a clever man who knows how to play everyone to reach his goal, the only problem of this man is that a nameless and unknown man is planning to take revenge on him for an unknown reason. The actor of this role is also the legendary Henry Fonda.

      There is no good-hearted hero of western stories in this movie. On the other hand, there is also a woman in the film, whose role is played by Claudia Cardinale. She has a sad past and now that she is married to a man, she finds him dead. Therefore, without shelter and no one, he wades in a swamp. So, there is no news of the stereotypical women of Western classic cinema either. But Leone shows him as the only source of hope and the only way to get rid of the many misfortunes that have occurred.

      Sergio Leone intended to summarize his wild west adventures by making the movie "Once Upon a Time in the West". And after those fatalistic and despairing films, make a story in which the hero becomes the cause of peace and progress, the same nameless hero that Clint Eastwood used to play. He was actually finishing his unfinished business. Here, the familiar men of Leone's cinema are struggling to survive, but something is changing; What is displayed in the form of a railway extension. This railway and its expansion means changing the way of life and saying goodbye to those one-rider heroes of the Wild West. The times have changed, but Sergio Leone has provided a platform to make this farewell in the most magnificent way possible.

      The five central characters of the film have five separate storylines, which makes it possible to use Sergio Leone to define this flawlessly. He praised the story. And by the way, the thought-provoking point of the film is the same: the creation of characters that are properly consistent and the audience can feel close to all of them and accompany them. On the other hand, the one that stays in your and mine's mind the most is Frank's character, the negative pole of the story. This happens for two clear reasons: firstly, the producers who have created an attractive character, and secondly, the great actor who played this role; Because we are not used to seeing that actor Henry Fonda as such a villain.

      One cannot write an article about the movie "Once Upon a Time in the West" without mentioning Ennio Morricone's unique music. This is one of those musics that, beyond accompanying the drama, is an essential part of it, and the main knot of the story is opened by it.

      The film "Once Upon a Time in the West", the first film of the trilogy known as the Rozi trilogy. There is a time in Sergio Leone's career.

      "A newly married woman, upon arriving home, discovers that her husband and adopted children have been murdered by a group of suspicious people. The house that her husband built for her, passes right next to the train tracks under construction, and this causes others to covet it; Because its price has suddenly increased. On the other hand, the sniper gets off the train; He came to take revenge for the murder of his family from a man who is nearby..."

      7. The Great Silence

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Sergio Corbucci
      • Stars: Jean-Louis Trentinan, Klaus Kinski and Frank Wolff
      • Production: 1968, Italy and France
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.7 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 100%

      It is rare that a director in western cinema does not leave any hope at the end of his film or shows a nihilistic picture of life. Because if there was no hope and purpose, men and women would not gather their things to settle in the middle of a wild nature and tame nature to establish a nascent civilization. But Sergio Corbucci actually did that by making the movie "The Great Silence". So it must be considered an anti-western movie.

      "The Great Silence" is one of Sergio Corobucci's masterpieces along with "Django" and is considered one of the exemplary movies and perhaps the best movie of the spaghetti western genre. A film with a not so complicated story but with a cold and bitter atmosphere that has few examples in the history of cinema.

      The cast of the film is a strange combination. A strange actor like Klaus Kinski, who we know more for creating crazy characters in Werner Herzog's movies, is next to a serious and dignified actor like Jean-Louis Trentinan. Such a combination of actors indicates that we are dealing with an unconventional film in Western cinema. Trentinan doesn't speak a word in this movie, but Klaus Kinski sings as hard as he can. Trentinan has enough time to play with his eyes only. But Klaus Kinski keeps talking. The difference in characterisation The roles of these two actors, in the heart of the drama, ended in a conflict between two completely separate poles that moves the film forward.

      In the movie "The Great Silence", unlike many western works, there is news of burning sun and perspectives The movie is not a desert and everything takes place in the cold and snow. In addition, here we are not going to face a conventional Western whose characters are symbols of good and evil, and at the end of the story, the good side of the story returns good to the city by crossing the barrier of problems. For this reason, the characters in the story are not supposed to adhere to morals, and only their confrontation with each other and their distance and proximity from the good pole of the story determines their relationship with others.

      The magic of composer Ennio Morricone makes the audience It reminds me of spaghetti western movies, especially the works of Sergio Leone. But he did not only honor Leone's Spaghetti Westerns with his musical instruments, but he was also with other Italian filmmakers of this genre and composed one of his best ballads for this film, "The Great Silence".

      Maybe today Corbucci We know Tarantino's movies, especially the movie "Django" because of his performance, but he is the most important Spaghetti Western filmmaker after Leone, and by the way, he is more straightforward in telling stories; In the sense that his stories deal with less twists, but the excitement of the film is just as high. After all, his name and memory should be honored by preserving the western genre after its decline in America; Because it was not clear that without him, even Leone and of course Eastwood would exist as one of the main symbols of western cinema. It is tied to revenge and the other end to hatred. But the most important aspect of Corbucci's works, which can be identified in this one, is the nihilistic aspects of the stories and the atmosphere that dominates the films. There is no news of a peaceful and waiting world in the background of people's conflicts, and with the departure of the heroes, nothing will see the color of peace. Someone is not going to be found and fix everything, because there was nothing good in the first place.

      So the meaning of the nihilism hidden in the film is not that despair waves in the atmosphere of the work, but worse than that. ; There is no meaning even in the revenge and actions of the men in the story. These are the walking dead who are acting out what the circumstances have given them, as if they have no choice or there is no purpose behind their behavior. To avenge her husband's death from a group of bounty hunters hiding in the mountains of Nevada...

      6. Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (Butch Cassidy And the Sundance Kid)

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director : George Roy Hill
      • Stars: Paul Newman, Robert Redford and Katherine Ross
      • Production: 1969, America
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 8 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 89%

      The first is that George Roy Hill has used a story as the basis of his film, in which two robbers are at the center. This is where his film departs from traditional western films. Second, the law does not guarantee the implementation of justice here, and the men who support it are not very good people. The third one goes back to the lifestyle of the two men, they do the robbery not to make money, but for the thrill of it. And, of course, Bitzande, they also benefited from humor and gentle humor. Movies like "Sting" by George Roy Hill starring Robert Redford and Paul Newman and of course "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" are among these movies. These films do not have the dream world of the classical era, nor do they have any full-fledged pessimism of the paranoia era of the 1960s and 1970s. rather, they stand somewhere in the middle, and of course they try to criticize the values of the previous world.

      Criticism that questions the good values of the past and tells about an era that was led to corruption due to adherence to the same values or It has brought devastating wars to the human race. The new generation had another idea in mind and wanted the style and form of its cinema to be its own, so it took all the filmmaking methods of the past era, confiscated the desirable for its own benefit and created a cinema that was fundamentally different from the cinema of its predecessors. In such a framework, the western movie at that time was no longer similar to the magnificent westerns of John Ford or Raoul Walsh. Of course, the movie "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" is different from other bitter anti-westerns of that time. If the Western heroes of that era are either men who regret their past or rebellious youths who go alone to fight an invisible enemy, here we are with two cheerful men who can even stare into the eyes of death and keep a smile. do These two laugh and laugh even in the most difficult situations and live as if they are not alive the next moment.

      The relationship between them The presence of the third person is strengthened. These three people want nothing but each other and have the whole world together. It is for this reason that one of the most magnificent chapters of the film is dedicated to the company of these three people and that sequence of Paul Newman and Catherine Ross' bicycle fight. Of course, this relationship somehow refers to the time when the film was made and the height of the counterculture movement and hippies and enjoying independence and free love, and it is not unaffected by the atmosphere of the time. It is in such a framework that watching the movie "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid" becomes not only a pleasant experience, but also introduces the audience to one of the best westerns in the history of cinema and two of the most famous characters of this cinema.

      The characterization of the film is one of its main strengths. Butch, played by Paul Newman, is the mastermind behind all the plans and was once the leader of a group of bandits. Now imagine that such a man is a bit cowardly, and of course, at the time of the events of the story, he is not a very skilled shooter, and when he gets into trouble, he constantly talks nonsense and tries to find an escape route for himself. Paul Newman has done a great job in implementing all these different aspects. On the other hand, the character of Sundance Kid, played by Robert Redford, is a vengeful gunfighter who is feared by everyone, but is always quiet and not very thoughtful. In addition, it is not possible to be killed in a dangerous shooting, but he may die in a river because he does not know how to swim. These two characters complement each other so much that one of their characteristics cannot be changed to make the film a better work. The trains are busy. When one of the heists goes wrong, the gang is disbanded, leaving only Butch and Sundance. Meanwhile, the authorities have managed to find their traces. After many chases, Butch and Sundance realize that the authorities have no intention of leaving them alone, so they decide to flee the country. At the same time, Sundance is bringing its lover...

      5. Shane

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: George Stevens li>
      • Stars: Alan Ladd, Van Heflin, Jane Arthur and Jack Palance
      • Product: 1953, USA
      • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.6 out of 10
      • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 97%

      Perhaps, at first glance, this movie is completely compatible with traditional western cinema. Maybe the audience of this writing imagines that the story of the life of a mysterious man whose head and head are found out of nowhere and by fixing everything and establishing order in a place that needs his presence very much and at the end without any eyes, he takes the rain and leaves. It's fading into the horizon, it shouldn't be on this list. Your premise is absolutely correct, but the movie "Shane" has several unique features that make it worthy of being on this list and make us recognize it as a revisionist Western.

      Firstly, that The protagonist is not without eyes. During his stay in the city, he falls in love with a married woman. Although he never says this and the filmmaker shows it only in a few gestures, but this issue becomes one of the most important concepts of the film. The reason for this is clear. You never see in a traditional western movie that the good-hearted hero falls in love with a married woman or there is a love triangle centered around such a woman. Film City is not a very lively place. It is a dead city that comes to life only during a fight and there is no mention of home and family. It is just a place to show off the power of a man who wants to take over all the property of a man from the house and family. Another point is that this city looks so empty that it is more like a cemetery than a western movie city with a street in the middle and houses and shops on both sides of it.

      On the other hand, like Robert Aldrich in the film "Vera Cruz" by George Stevens openly dresses the representatives of both sides in white and black clothes to identify the good and bad side of his story. On one side, there is Alan Laddy, who plays the role of the happy-go-lucky character of the story, and is dressed in white, and on the other side, Jack Palancey, who always looks good in the role of the devil's men, and is dressed in black. The duel between these two is one of the most interesting duels in the history of cinema.

      But perhaps the most important thing is the effect that the main character of the drama has on the child of the man who gave him a place. The boy clearly sees Shane as his hero, when the father of his family should be. With such an ending, "Shane" will not only be remembered as a great anti-western, but also make his name permanent in the western cinema as a whole.

      "Joe and Marion in a house far from the city with their child They have a simple life. They like to live peacefully and have nothing to do with others, but a person named Riker keeps bothering him with his men. Everything goes like this until a man named Shane arrives. He is a mysterious gunman who came from nowhere and no one knows him. After helping Joe, Shane becomes his and his family's guest for a while, but...

      4. The Wild Bunch

      BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

      • Director: Sam Peckinpah
      • Stars: William Holden, Ernest Borgnine and Robert Ryan
      • Production: 1969, USA
      • The story of the Western movie "This Fierce Band" takes place at a time when the law-based way of life was replacing the old way of life in the Wild West; An era in which men earned their rights by force of arms and of course their own efforts and did not need anyone's help. But now and with the change of times, they have been marginalized. Now, maybe for the last time, a bunch of them can come to the text of the new city from under the heavy shadow of oblivion, to both announce its existence and, in its own way, hold the oppressor accountable.

        The new order is slowly coming. And it changes everything. The symbol of this new order is the automobile, whose head is found somewhere in the middle; So the era of horses and men riding horses is coming to an end. The world is molting and many times have passed. Old shackles not only have no place in this new world, but can also be considered dangerous for society. So Sam Peckinpah makes a movie and gives them the last chance to fight.

        The story of the movie clearly reminds the story of the movie "Vera Cruz" made by Robert Aldrich, and even in terms of the theme, it has affinities with that epic work. A few gunmen attack a city and run away after robbing a bank. But the bank managers, the managers of this new order, hire people to trap this group of bandits. But this new world has not yet been able to expand its scope to the whole world, and non-urban places are still the playground of men from the old generation. So a man from the same era is needed to lead this pursuit.

        The leader of the chasing group is one of the old comrades of the leader of the opposite group. His loneliness makes the audience emotional more than the loneliness of the opposite group; Because at least they have each other, but this man lives next to those who don't even have mercy on dead bodies for money. This is how Sam Peckinpah criticizes this new world and depicts its representatives as some stupid and bloodthirsty people who do not adhere to any moral principles.

        And at the end of the transition, everyone falls to Mexico. A country that seems to have been created to be a refuge for American men who are unfortunate and lonely, men who are running away from a wound in their past and cannot find a cure for it. It is in such context that the final fight takes place, but not between the two chasing and wanted groups, but between the Americans and the Mexican warlord who knows no other way than to kill. Robert Ryan in the role of the lonely and lonely man of the film is in the center of the frame of one of the best endings in the history of cinema, and William Holden in the role of the leader of his group gives life to one of the most attractive characters in the history of Western cinema. There is also Ernest Borgnine, who alone can save a film and pull it up.

        "1914. Pike and his men enter a town near the Texas-Mexico border and rob a bank there after a detailed fight. After the robbery, they flee to the Mexican border. Meanwhile, the bank managers have hired a group of mercenaries to arrest them; The leader of this group is a man who was Pike's closest friend in the past..."

        3. McCabe and Mrs. Miller

        BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

        • Director: Robert Altman
        • Actors: Warren Beatty, Julie Christie
        • Product: 1971, USA
        • Some films are somewhat successful in showing the elements of Western cinema upside down, and some only criticize some of them. A film that criticizes this type of cinema based on everything and shows everything upside down and is successful has few examples in the history of cinema. Robert Altman has done so, and from the same magnificent opening sequence, he has sharply attacked the clichs of this cinema.

          From the credits, the myth of the man riding a horse and his relationship with his horse is clearly different from traditional western cinema. Warren Beatty's fall and rise riding is not similar to those galloping and constant cheerfulness in the western movie credits. Even the music used on this title is different from what people like Dimitri Tiomkin have done in the past. Leonard Cohen's voice in collaboration with the images of the film Angar Abduh It reminds one of the gates of heaven.

          In the continuation of the director's work, he reaches Western City. In fact, there is no city here at all. This garbage dump, close to a mine, does not even have a shelter for cold and heat, and the same half of the place is at the disposal of thugs who have no honor. It is here that Altman goes to the most important clichs of Western cinema; It means the characterization of the protagonist and his lover.

          There is no hero in "McCabe and Mrs. Miller". The main character played by Warren Beatty is not even a decent person. He is neither a sheriff nor a farmer. Nothing comes out of him except dirty work. He doesn't even have a revolver and he loses himself in the face of danger and goes to a lawyer to file a complaint! Robert Altman can no longer criticize the traditional hero of western cinema.

          There is a woman in front of him who is not much better than him. He is also engaged in something unpleasant and is not even capable of expressing love. Her behavior is far different from the behavior of women in traditional westerns, and Robert Altman has actually achieved this character by combining the bad-hearted but good-hearted women of those westerns with chaste women that men fell in love with. Of course, it goes a little further and shows him addicted to opium.

          But among all these, Robert Altman has presented one of the strangest and at the same time most regrettable romances in the history of cinema to the audience by making this film. . The heroes of "McCabe and Mrs. Miller" do not look like people who can easily fall in love or even imagine love in their existence, but Altman puts these helpless people together and weaves their relationships in such a way that such a feeling emerges. Regret in their existence seems inevitable.

          The beginning and the end of the film are among the most magnificent sequences in the history of cinema. That image of Julie Christie and Warren Beatty at the end and leaving the audience alone with endless regret and that initial hopeless ride of Warren Beatty who seems to be just struggling to survive for a few more days and is not even benefited from the constant warmth of western cinema, always It stays in the audience's mind.

          "John McCabe escapes from his past. He moves to the state of Washington and opens a salon there with a thousand hardships and punishments. He gets help from an English woman to set up his business, until he finds a bully and asks her to give up his business, but he refuses...

          2. Johnny Guitar

          BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

          • Director: Nicholas Ray
          • Actors: Joan Crawford, Sterling Hayden and Mercedes McCambridge
          • Product: 1954, USA
          • IMDb site rating for the movie: 7.6 out of 10
          • Rotten Tomatoes site rating for the movie: 94%

          Nicolas Ray can take the rules of any genre and make something fresh out of it by passing them through his mental filter. Therefore, here, as much as we are dealing with a western film, we are dealing with a romantic film in which a man and a woman are in a difficult situation. If directors like John Ford or Quentin Tarantino chose the central character of their story from black men and made unconventional westerns, Nicholas Ray does it by placing a woman in the center of his frame.

          We said that female characters in traditional westerns are divided into two categories; Either they are bad-hearted but good-hearted women who fall in love with the hero of the drama, or women and girls from home and family whom the hero of the western cinema falls in love with. Appropriately, in western movies, you can see housewives, women in transit, or girls on the road. But the majority of important female characters in traditional Westerns are these two categories.

          Now Nicholas Ray has brought his story to another playground. Joan Crawford, as one of the best actresses in the history of cinema, has been placed in the center of her frame as a strong and determined woman who can single-handedly overcome all the problems that in the past were fought by tough men played by actors like John Wayne. come up In her social life as well as in her struggles, she needs a man by her side less, but all this has come at the cost of losing her feminine feelings. Everything is normal until a man arrives and his presence brings with him the fragrance of life before these problems. Not only in Western cinema, but in the cinema as a whole, it was customary for this feeling to have the opposite trend, and when a man finds the head of an old love, he feels the mood of the past and struggles with himself again. So Nicholas Ray goes against the flow even in the framework of macro cinema.

          But the story does not end there. In traditional western stories, bad men are always placed in the form of negative poles of the story. They put obstacles in Westerner's way and force him to fight. Sometimes red-skinned people do this. But here, a woman stands against the hero of the drama and leads the mob of the city. It is even more anti-western in the middle You can't make a movie in the 1950s.

          "Johnny Guitar" is an important movie in the history of cinema. Not only because of all its charms, but also because of the emergence of some of the most interesting polemics in the history of film literature or film criticism. The critics of that time, led by Francois Truffaut and Andr Bazin, took it very seriously and even considered it to be among the best in the history of cinema.

          "Vina is a woman who lives like a Westerner. Because he is the owner of the cafe and the land around it, he has many enemies and for this reason he is forced to put aside his feelings. Soon the railway will reach that area and the price of the land will increase many times. His enemies, led by a woman named Small, are determined to take all the lands of Veena from him. As the problems surrounding Veena are mounting, her old lover, a guitarist known as Johnny Guitar, arrives in town

          1. High Noon

          BingMag.com 30 best anti-western films of all time; From worst to best

          • Director: Fard Zineman
          • Stars: Gary Cooper, Grace Kelly
          • Product: 1952, USA
          • Score The IMDb site for the movie: 8 out of 10
          • The rating of the movie on the Rotten Tomatoes site: 95%

          When "Nimroz " was made, the complaints of fans of traditional Westerns were raised. At the head of these plaintiffs was the great Howard Hawks, who could not believe what he saw on the screen. It was still 1952 and there were many years left until the beginning of the 1970s and the beginning of counterculture movements. But Fard Zineman made a film in the same era that was as biting and sharp as the progressive films in terms of attacking the conservatism of the World War II generation.

          But why? What did Zineman do with his film? He presented a different image of the city as a symbol of America. Here, there is no news of a determined and empathetic city whose residents stand up to problems and do not give up. Rather, the audience is on the side of a conservative city with cowardly people whose inhabitants do not even appreciate their hero. It was quite natural that many in America did not like it at that time. It was exactly 7 years after the Second World War, when the Americans were proud of their achievements and also their alliance at that time.

          But is it only for these reasons that the movie "Nimroz" stands in such a position? Definitely not; Because it is one of the magnificent works of western cinema and one of the best in the history of western cinema. The story revolves around an hour and a half of the life of a police officer who has to make an important decision to choose between survival on the one hand and maintaining his honor on the other hand. Fard Zineman is a master of portraying the lives of men and women who, being in a moral dilemma, are forced to make humane choices in order to keep their conscience at ease and their good to reach others; The people around them may not appreciate them in time, but these heroes are not afraid to risk their lives.

          The screenplay written by Carl Furman is unique and is written in such a way that the pace of the film increases moment by moment and the situation increases. Make the protagonist more complicated. The director of Zineman uses the same model and by placing symbols in the place of the effect of this approach to death, he makes his desire appear formidable and at the same time destined. It is an evil and his inability to turn a blind eye to it. He has become the only man in that so-called civilized city who cannot turn away to be a so-called wellness seeker and sit in a corner and spend the rest of his life in the comfort of carelessness. One of the constant themes of Western movies is to depict men who cannot go their own way and not look at what is disrupting the order of civilization and making it primitive and savage again. If they do so, they will be ashamed of themselves until the end of their lives.

          In China, the frame of "Nimroz" contains some of the best sequences in the history of cinema, which depicts the loneliness of a person in the heart of a crowded city. Two of them are now among the lasting sequences in the history of cinema: one is the church sequence and the sheriff's request to the townspeople to accompany him, and the other is Crane with the glory and pause on the loneliness of the hero in the middle of the main street: it is as if death has been sprinkled on these people.

          Gary Cooper's performance as Sheriff Will Kane is one of the most famous roles in the history of cinema. His always raised stature is accompanied by a kind of stooping: it is as if he is carrying a heavy load and his strength is running out. Through this lens, the film is as much related to this character as it is to the cowardice of the city's residents and the emptying of their sheriff's backs in a sensitive historical moment. On the other hand, the sheriff gets his help from someone who doesn't expect anything from him.

          The role of this helper is played by the wonderful Grace Kelly. A raw woman who, with the help of a burning love, is not ready to see the death of her lover in front of her eyes. If we pay attention to the process these two characters go through during the drama, we will understand the meaning of that symbolic final sequence.

          "Sheriff Will Kane has just married his wife. He plans to leave the city and with May Khushi continue to live. Right after the marriage sermon, the news comes that Frank Miller, a dangerous person who was imprisoned by Kane himself a few years ago, has been released and is going to return to the city to take revenge. He is on a train that arrives in the city at 12:00 noon and his kids are waiting for him at the train station..."

          • Clint Eastwood and the impact of the Italian Western

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