22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Reading a play is a different experience compared to reading novels, stories, memoirs, travelogues and in general different types of literature. Accompanying the story and characters of the play, which are a unique manifestation of dramatic literature, is a pleasant event. By reading each play, the audience gets to know the author's intellectual world, concerns, expression of feelings, and method of conveying concepts. If in the story, we hear everything in the voice of the narrator, in the play the characters speak to us with their own voice. Each of them with the thoughts, worldview, philosophical and artistic views of prominent playwrights - Arthur Miller, Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus, Tennessee Williams, David Mamet, Marguerite Duras, Sam Shepard, Friedrich Durnmatt, Martin McDonough, Neil Simon, Mikhail Bulgakov and... get to know each other.

BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Reading a play is a different experience compared to reading novels, stories, memoirs, travelogues and in general different types of literature. Accompanying the story and characters of the play, which are a unique manifestation of dramatic literature, is a pleasant event. By reading each play, the audience gets to know the author's intellectual world, concerns, expression of feelings, and method of conveying concepts. If in the story, we hear everything in the voice of the narrator, in the play the characters speak to us with their own voice. Each of them with the thoughts, worldview, philosophical and artistic views of prominent playwrights - Arthur Miller, Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus, Tennessee Williams, David Mamet, Marguerite Duras, Sam Shepard, Friedrich Durnmatt, Martin McDonough, Neil Simon, Mikhail Bulgakov and... get to know each other.

1. The book "Death of a Salesman"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

This play is the most important and famous work of Arthur Miller, an outstanding American playwright, which is one of the best plays It is known as the 20th century. This two-act play has thirteen characters. Willy Loman is the show's central character, a middle-aged itinerant who returns home after an unsuccessful business trip. Retired Willy is not in a good financial situation, suffers from dementia and confuses the present and the past.

He cheated on his wife when he lived away from his family in another city, and tries to reconcile with her. to share The main character of the play, after comparing his and his children's lives with those around him, concludes that they are failed people. His family tries ways to get rich but still fails. Willy makes a difficult and unusual decision in order to fix his financial situation and make up for the past.

This play, which presents a new definition of the tragic hero as a person with infinitely big but unrealistic dreams, translated by Hossein Maleki. It has been released by Bidgol Publishing.

In a part of the book "Death of a Salesman", we read:

"Willy: Beef! What are you doing while you're closing?

Biff: Why didn't you answer? I have been knocking on the door for five minutes, I also called you. Willy: I heard now. I was in the bathroom, the door was closed. Did something happen at home?

Beef: I took your father away.

Willy: What do you mean?

Beef: Father...

Willy: Beefy, what do these words mean? (He puts his hand on Biff's shoulder.) Let's go downstairs and get a glass of milk to drink.

Biff: Dad, I failed math.

Willy: Why didn't you fail the semester?

>

Biff: I failed the whole semester. I didn't get enough marks to get a degree.

Willy: You mean Bernard refused to give you the answers?

Biff: Why, reach out, he tried, but I didn't get more than 60s. .

Willy: He refused to give you four grades?

Biff: Birnbaum refused. I begged him, papa, but he didn't give me a grade. You should talk to him before school closes. Because when he sees what kind of man you are, if you talk to him in your own way, I am sure he will be short about me. The classes fit right into my training, it's just that I couldn't go to class enough. Do you talk to him? She must like you, papa. You know how to talk.

Willy: You're right. We're going to ride now.

Biff: Oh, father, what a good job! I'm sure he will fix it because of you!"

Buy the book Death of a Salesman from BingMag

2. The book "Waiting for Godot"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Waiting for Godot" by Samuel Beckett, a well-known Irish short story writer and playwright about the absurdity of life Is. In this play, he wrote the story of two friends named Estragon, who is called Gogo in the book, and Vladimir, who is called DD. They are sitting in what looks like a barren desert, waiting for someone named Godot, although they do not know who he is, why he is coming, or what they want from him?

Estragon has spent the night in a pit. He was beaten by unknown people and now, recounting the memories of last night, he remembers the violence of people... Estragon complains about his tight boots that hurt his feet and Vladimir about his hat that makes his head itch. The two of them regret why they didn't go to the top of the Eiffel Tower when they were young and throw themselves from the top.

Anyway, time passes and the two of them are still waiting for Godot to come until the courier arrives and the news He gives: Godot will not come tonight, but he will definitely come tomorrow...

The play "Waiting for Godot" translated by Najaf Daryabandari was published by Karnameh Publishing House.

In a part of the book "Waiting for Godot" We read:

"(Estragon sits on a low hill, trying to take off his boot. He pulls it on with both hands, panting. He stops, from Out of breath, he rests, tries again. like before. Enter Vladimir.)

ESTRAGON: (Gives up again.) Nothing can be done.

VLADIMIR: (With short, heavy steps, legs wide apart.) I am just coming to this conclusion. All my life I tried to keep this away from me, I said, Vladimir, be wise, you haven't tried everything yet. And I resumed the fight. (Thinks, thinks of fighting. Turns to ESTRAGON.) So here you are again.

ESTRAGON: Am I?

VLADIMIR: Glad to see you back. I thought you were gone forever.

Estragon: Me too.

Vladimir: Together again! We should celebrate this. But how are you? (Thinks.) Get up and let me hug you.

Estragon: (temperarily) Not now, not now.

Vladimir: (Annoyed, coldly) Can you ask, my lord? Where did they spend the night?

Estragon: Inside the waterway.

Vladimir: (admiring) The waterway! Where?

Estragon: (without pointing) Over there.

Vladimir: And they didn't beat you?

Estragon: They beat me? It is certain that they hit.

Vladimir: The same usual group?

Estragon: The same? I don't know.

Vladimir: When I think... all these years... if it wasn't me... where would you be now? (firmly) You've been nothing but a bunch of bones until now, no doubt about it.

Estragon: Now what?

Vladimir: That's too much for one man. (Pause. With happiness) On the other hand, there's no point in getting discouraged now, that's what I'm saying. We should have thought of this a million years ago, in the late 19th century.

Estragon: Oh, stop being a bitch and help me get this damn thing out.

Vladimir: Hand in hand. From the top of the Eiffel Tower, among the first. We were respectable people in those days. It is too late now. They don't even let us go up. (Estragon kicks his boot.) What are you doing?

Buy the book Waiting for Godot from BingMag

3. The book "Glass Zoo"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Glass Zoo" is a play written by Tennessee Williams, the most important American playwright after World War II. , which was first published in 1945. The play tells the life of Amanda, a mother of a family, a disabled daughter and her son, Tom. At dinner, Amanda tells Laura, her daughter, to take care of her appearance for her suitors. Although the girl has no proposal and is not waiting for anyone. After a few days, the mother finds out that her daughter has dropped out of school. Amanda sets out to find a suitor for her lazy, athletic daughter who is always busy playing with glass animals. He takes help from his son. Tom's friend Jim shows up and Laura changes. But can the family members put aside their fantasies and live in the real world?

The play "Glass Zoo" translated by Hamid Saarigian has been published by Qatre publishing house.

In a part of the book " "Glass Zoo" we read:

"Inside the apartment is dark. There is a weak light in the alley. When the scene begins, the sound of the church bell is heard and announces five o'clock.

Tom appears in the alley. After each roar of the tower bell, the tom rattles; It is as if it expresses the small power of man in front of the power and greatness of the Almighty. From this work and his unbalanced progress, it is clear that he is drunk. At the same time as he climbs the fire escape stairs, the inside of the apartment lights up. Laura, in her pajamas, looks at Tom's empty bed in the front room. Tom looks in his pockets for the key. In this process, he takes out various things such as a chain of cinema tickets and an empty bottle. Finally he finds the key; But when he comes to put it in the lock, it falls out of his hand. He lights a match and becomes a doula.

Tom: (angrily) Where the hell are you lost!

Laura opens the door.

Laura: Tom! Tom! What are you doing?

Tom: I'm looking for my key.

Laura: Where have you been so far at night?

Tom: Cinema.

Laura: Until now?

Tom: Their schedule was long. It was a Garbo movie; One of Mickey Mouse, one about travel, news of the day and promotion of future programs. One of them was playing the organ and they collected money to buy milk for poor children... which ended up in a nasty fight between a fat woman and a cinematographer.

Laura: (innocently) You should have seen it all? style="text-align: left;">Buy Glass Zoo book from BingMag

4. The book "Sweet Doctor"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The king of comedy plays is none other than Neil Simon, who was born on July 4, 1927 in Manhattan, New York. He was born. He completed his studies at the creative writing schools of New York and Colorado universities and worked as a film critic on the radio. He started his career by writing the play "Come to Badme in Shipport" in 1961. He wrote more than 50 plays and several screenplays, many of which won him numerous awards. Neil Simon is the only playwright whose works have been performed the most after Shakespeare They have had a Broadway theater.

"Sweet Doctor" is one of the most famous works of this master playwright, based on the stories of Anton Chekhov. This work depicts a reflection of human relationships in two acts and eleven scenes.

"Sweet Doctor" narrates the story of a writer who sits in the room and tells his life in the first scene of the play. After meeting people, the main character of the play describes them carefully, including an ordinary employee of the municipality and his wife.

Neil Simon with an attractive and satirical prose about the story of the employee sneezing on the head of the general, asking for forgiveness and banishing his nose. narrates.

The play "Sweet Doctor" translated by Aho Khordmand was published by Nei Publishing House.

In a part of the book "Sweet Doctor" we read:

"The light comes up. The writer is standing by the stage.

The writer: Again, there is another end for those who are hurt by this angry hard life. Because her simplicity and innocence were being abused, Julia stopped working and went back to her parents and continued her life in poverty. I want to write a book one day... to include thirty-seven short stories so that they all end in the same way. I really want to do this. You know that man is the only creature that can laugh and this is what separates humans from other creatures. However, there must be something wonderful about this theory that makes us giggle when we examine something. Let me tell you more clearly. For example, pain... pain... I don't need to say that pain is not funny, of course, unless someone else takes the pain. Why is it funny to see someone whose tooth is swollen to the size of an orange and is in pain? Not funny at all, not at all. But in a village in Astemoku, where there is not much entertainment, someone's toothache can make them laugh for weeks. Of course, Sergei Veniglasov, the minister of the church, does not see anything funny in this matter.

(The light comes up. An operating room with a chair on one side of the stage and on the other side a table with various medical equipment on it. The minister of the church He enters. He is the stoutest man ever seen in a priest's garb. He is a priest of the Russian Church, a handkerchief tied round his face, and his jaws are strangely distended. He walks across the middle of the stage, groaning in pain.)

When he was coming to the hospital, people on the street laughed at him more than sympathized with him, do you know why? Because everyone knew that the dentist of the city has left the wedding of his daughter and his assistant, who is a student interested in dentistry, in his office. The child of the church servant. He was the only one who didn't know.

In the middle of his monologue, the writer wears the assistant's white coat, which is not very clean, and lights a cigar. When the church servant knocks on the door, he immediately picks up a thick book with the word "teeth" written on it. 5. The book "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Edward Albee, who, like Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams and Eugene O'Neill, is one of the greatest American playwrights, he created a new movement in the dramatic literature of the United States, who considered him equal to Samuel Beckett or Harold Painter in Europe. It is a husband who invites a young couple to their house at night. The story takes place in the same night and lasts until the early hours of the morning. During the conversations between the characters, the ruins of their lives are revealed. Loves and hates are interwoven with biting humor and a story is created that will not be forgotten.

"Twelve times a week" Uta Hagen, the famous American actress, answered the question of how many times she would like to play the role of Martha in the play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Audiences and critics, like an artist who gives life to one of the characters of this play, cannot get enough of watching this work. This play is a black comedy that tells the story of Martha and George, a husband and wife in a dangerous and somewhat fun night. At the end of the night, the revelation of a special issue creates a high point that has shocked the audience for years. p>

In a part of the play "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf" we read:

"Martha: As these things went on... I don't know why I did it... I put on a pair of boxing gloves... You know, without tying the thread... I sneaked up behind George, of course, I just wanted to joke and shouted: "Hey George" and at that moment I threw my right fist at him... I just wanted to joke, do you understand?

Nick: Okay, okay.

Martha: ... and George just at that moment, turned on his heel towards me and my right fist hit him in the cheek... Grumb! (Nick laughs) I didn't want it to happen I really didn't. But... Gromb! It hit him right in the chin... and he lost his balance... it had to be like this... he stumbled a few steps and went back and then bomb. It fell on the ground... long and long... on the bushes of Qaraqat! (Nick laughs. Honey lets out a whoop whoop whoop and shakes her head.) It was really horrible. It was funny, but it was really scary. (Thinks with a muffled laugh indicating a regretful reminder of the past event.) I think that incident left an impression on our whole life. I really think so. Anyway, it was a joke. (Now George enters. He holds his hands behind his back. No one sees him.) Anyway, he knows this is the reason why his work is tied up and why... he didn't get anywhere. (George approaches. Honey sees him.)

Martha: It happened it was really bad! (George pulls a gun with a small barrel from his back and slowly aims it at the back of Martha's head. Honey screams... jumps up. Nick jumps up and just then Martha turns and looks at George. It falls and George fires.)

George: Bang!

(Bang! A large yellow and red Chinese parasol comes out of the barrel of the gun and opens. Honey He screams again, but this time with less intensity and more out of relief and confusion.) You are dead! Bang! You're dead.

Nick (laughing): Good God.

Martha (happy): Where did you get that, you bastard?"

Buying the book Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? From BingMag

6. The book "Three Narratives of Life"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Yasmina Reza, a well-known French playwright, was born to a Hungarian mother and an Iranian-Russian father. . Yasmina Reza's different childhood experiences and memories of her family's migration form the main theme of her works. Creating strange characters, dealing with social issues and using irony and humor are the signs of his work. Reza is an outspoken critic of intellectual and fashionable gestures in today's societies.

The play "Three Narratives of Life" depicts the story of a night out between a boss and an employee in three acts. In each of the scenes, the characters experience different emotions and show different reactions. In this work, the author has tried to scrutinize the inner and passive layers of today's man and expose their inner reality. Ney has been published.

In a part of the play "Three Narratives of Life", we read:

"Sunset.

The same living room.

Sonia Rab is wearing Duchambre. He is reading a file.

Henri enters.

With a kind tone.

Henri: He wants sweets.

Sonia: His teeth are fresh. He brushed his teeth.

Henri: Of course.

A period of time passes.

Sonia is immersed in her case again, Henri is standing. He hesitates.

Henri: What, should we give him a slice of apple?

Sonia: What is the difference between a sweet and a slice of apple?

Henri:... Apples contain less sugar. Yes.

Sonia: Apple has more sugar, maybe even more than sweets.

Henri: Have you noticed that he gets very hungry in bed? Doesn't this kid eat his dinner very early?

Sonia: He eats dinner at half past seven. Like children of the same age.

Henri: What if he brushes his teeth afterwards?

Sonia: After what?

Henri: After eating sweets. He can eat a sweet and then immediately brush his teeth.

Sonia: He can only eat sweets before going to bed. That is, right before brushing your teeth.

Henri: Yes.

Sonia: You made a mistake, you gave him sweets.

Henri: I didn't give him anything.

>

Sonia: Why.

Henri: Half of a finger biscuit. This. I was very strict.

(Some time passes.)

What should I tell him?

Sonia: What should you tell him?

Henri: Him Should I say apples without apples?

Sonia: Now you gave him finger biscuits. Both finger biscuits and apples can't be made.

Henri: I call him apple without apple.

Sonia: Tell him apple without apple, tell him lala.

Henri: Lala.

Henri leaves and comes back.

Henri: Very cute. I gave him Rouky and Rox.

(A little later.)

What's the appetizer?

Sonia: How about grapefruit?

Henri : It's a little classless, isn't it?

Sonia: Cantaloupe?

Henri: With lamb ragout.

Sonia: (showing her file)

Listen, Henri

Henri: Cantaloupe.

(A little later.)

How about artichokes?

Sonia: Great.

Henri: Artichoke or cantaloupe?

Sonia: Henry!

Henri: Even with crab salad. This is more effective.

Sonia: Crab salad, that's it. 7. The book "Caligula"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Caligula" is a play written by Albert Camus, a philosopher, author and storyteller of French origin, which is from a father French and Spanish mother was born in Algeria. His father was killed in the First World War. His mother raised two children alone.

Camus grew up in poverty; Therefore, he always defended the oppressed and the poor. He was a football player for a while; But when the symptoms of tuberculosis appeared, he had to give up this sport. He studied philosophy from the Greek philosophers The classical era and Nietzsche were influenced and helped to develop the school of absurdism. Critics believed that Camus was an existentialist; But he has denied this claim.

This work in four acts tells the story of Caligula, the infamous ancient Roman emperor. He comes to power at the age of 21. The king seems sane but after the death of Drusilla, his sister, who is also his lover, he realizes the nature of death and goes mad. It kills people. He assaults the wives of nobles. makes prostitution official and legal in order to tax it. Rome sinks into an aura of darkness and fear. The senate is afraid of Caligula's behavior, it cannot control him with any law, so it takes a serious decision.

The play "Caligula" translated by Abolhassan Najafi was published by Nilofar Publishing House.

In a part of We read the play "Caligula":

"The senators, including one of them who is very old, are gathered in one of the halls of the palace and they are all nervous.

The first senator is still unknown. .

The elderly senator was neither in the morning nor in the evening.

We have not heard from the second senator since three days ago.

Elderly senator Messengers go, messengers come back. They shake their heads and say: "Nothing."

The second senator has been checked all over the plain, nothing can be done.

The first senator why should we worry in advance? wait. Maybe he will come back the same way he left.

I saw the elderly senator leave the palace. He had a strange look.

The first senator was also there and I asked him what happened.

Did the second senator answer?

The first senator only said one word, "Nothing." ."

Helican, while eating an onion, enters.

Second Senator (still nervous.) This situation is alarming.

First Senator, don't be too hard, All young people are like that.

Elderly Senator Of course, with age, these are all forgotten.

Do you imagine the second senator to be like this?

The first senator hopefully forgotten. Slow down.

Elderly Senator Of course, if you lose one person, you will find ten instead.

But how did you come to think that love is involved?

What other reason do you think the first senator has?

However, maybe liver problem or very simple disgust of seeing your face every day. A person can tolerate his contemporaries better if they occasionally change their face and face. But no, nothing changes, it's the same soup and the same bowl."

Buy Caligula book from BingMag

8. The book "Dirty Hands"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Dirty Hands" by Jean-Paul Sartre, a prominent French philosopher and writer, is the first It took place on the second day of April 1948 in Paris. This work is a political drama that takes place in the fictional country of "Illyria" between 1943 and 1945 and tells the story of the murder of a prominent politician.

The story is about a man who, according to the party's decision, should be one of the leaders who will follow the policy. It is based on an alliance with the bourgeoisie. "Hugo" becomes angry with the leader's wife "Hoderer" in the trap of this mission. The mission is completed and Hugo is imprisoned. At this time, the policy of the party changes and now Hoeder is the national champion. Hugo is released but everything has changed. Hugo says somewhere: I don't know why I killed Hoederer, but I know why I had to kill him: because he was using bad politics, because he was lying to his comrades, and because he was running the risk of corrupting the party. If I had had the courage to shoot him when I was alone with him in the office, he would have died because of it, and I could think of myself without shame. I am ashamed of myself because I killed him afterwards.

The author allows his characters to talk and live easily. Maybe it is because this work is still dynamic and readable regardless of all its subtexts. The good translation of Parviz Shahadi, published by Parse Translation and Publishing Company, has helped this issue. ? Did you really kill him for Jessica?

My Hugo I killed him, because I had opened the door. That's all I know. If I hadn't opened that door there she was, holding Jessica, her lips and chin red. It was disgusting. I have been living in a world of tragedy for a long time. I shot to save the tragedy.

Olga, weren't you jealous?

Hugo jealous? Maybe. But not about Jessica.

Olga, look at me and answer honestly, because what I'm asking you is very important. Are you proud of your card? Would you take it? Would you do it again if you had to do it over again?

Hugo, did I do it alone? It was not me who killed, it was an accident. If I had opened the door two minutes earlier or two minutes later, I wouldn't have surprised them in an embrace, I wouldn't have shot them.

[pause] I would have come to tell him I would accept his help.

Olga Well.

Hugo accident, like in bad detective novels, I shot three times. By accident, you can start ifs: "If only I had stayed a little longer among the oak trees, if only I had gone to the end of the garden, if only I had returned to the Hatter's Mansion." But me, what will I do in the meantime? Then it becomes a murder without a murderer. [Pause] I often asked myself in prison: What would Olga say if she was here? What did you want me to think?

OLGA [dryly] Next?

Hugo Ah! I know very well what you were saying. "Hugo, be humble," you said. We mock your reasons, your motives. We asked you to kill this man and you killed him. What counts is the result." I Olga, I am not humble. I could not separate the murder from these motives. Olga, I prefer this. The book "La Musica and La Musica II"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The book "La Musica and La Musica II" is a play written by Marguerite Duras, a contemporary fiction writer. France is He wrote novels and plays and made movies all his life and produced valuable works. When publishing his first novel, he decided to use the pseudonym Duras, the name of his father's hometown. Duras was one of those writers who includes experiences and events in his life in his works; Therefore, his works are tangible and believable for the audience. In addition to winning the prestigious Goncourt Award, the author was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Screenplay.

Duras wrote "La Musica" in 1965 for British television. It took twenty years for him to write "The Second Music" and publish it in 1985. Duras chose the name of this work "La Musica II" so that both acts of this play will be published in one volume.

This work tells the story of a couple who stay in a hotel for a night. The first half of the night is spent in arguments. The two are in the midst of a divorce and are trying to repair their relationship. They don't fight in the second half. They seem to know there is no hope. Gloomy and depressed, they mourn for lost love. The second act tells the story three years later. The same characters are talking in the same hotel room. This time, their conversation lasts until the morning, and the morning is the inevitable end of the night and the relationship of these two people. p>In a part of the play "Lamusica and Lamusica II" we read:

"Woman: Thank you. I don't go up I just came for the telegraph... I thought I'd go for a walk.

Old Lady: You'd be surprised how much has changed here. The area around the railway station has completely changed.

Woman: Laboisie how?

Old lady: [confused] Laboisie? Oh, I think it's the same in many ways... but of course I don't go out here much, if I do, I don't go that far...

Woman: Well, I won't be long.

Old lady: Very well, madam.

Pause.

Anne-Marie: Coming to the waiting room. He puts the telegram in his bag. Michelle sees Nolte and stops.

The man looks at her and bows in respect.

The woman just nods in gratitude.

Man: I just wanted to. Let me tell you... if there is something I can do... [with a forced smile]... for example, the furniture that is in the warehouse... if you want, I can arrange to send it so that you don't get into trouble.

Woman: Furniture? [Then he remembers.] Ah, yes. No, thank you. [Pause.] I still don't know what to dokeep them or notthanks anyway. [Pause.] Good night.

Man: Good night. h2>10. The book "Caucasian Chalk Circle"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Caucasian Chalk Circle" is one of the most famous plays by Bertolt Brecht, a German writer, about a girl. It is a peasant and a poor man who saves a child from the wealthy class of the society and becomes a mother for him, which his real mother did not do. is taken care of while his real mother only gave birth to him. The city is burning in the fire of civil war. A servant girl goes through everything to protect an abandoned child. After making peace, the child's mother arrives to take her son back from the girl. But the story is not that simple. The judge, who has a strange and humorous personality, is supposed to determine with whom the boy will stay. But in the world full of corruption and trickery of this story, who will win?

The play "Caucasian Chalk Circle" translated by Hamid Tsaryanyan has been published by Ghatre Publishing.

In part We read from the play "Caucasian Chalk Circle":

"Among the ruins of a war-torn village in the Caucasus, people from two different kolkhozes are sitting in a circle while drinking wine and smoking. Most of them are women or wise men, but I saw some soldiers among them

An expert from the State Commission for Modernization, who has just arrived from the capital, is among them. On those hills, we stopped three of the Nazi tanks. But our apple seedlings were gone.

An old rural man: (from the right) our beautiful fields have become ruins!

A young woman: (tractor driver, from the left) (Silence) Expert: Now listen and see what the meeting minutes are. Representatives of Galinsk herders collective farm came to Noka. When Hitler's army was approaching, the residents of this kolkhoz moved their goat herds to the east according to the government's order, now this kolkhoz is planning to return and is studying and investigating the situation. After a thorough inspection of the village and fields, their representatives noticed a large amount of destruction. (Representatives sitting on the right nod.)

The neighboring kolkhoz, the fruit-growers kolkhoz "Rosa Luxemburg" (points to the right.) Suggests: the former pasture of the Galinsk kolkhoz, like a valley for growing Grass is not very suitable to be considered for orchards and vineyards in the new renovation plan. As a technical expert of the Renovation Commission, I have gathered the representatives of both kolkhozes here so that they can agree whether the Galinsk kolkhoz will return to this point or not."

Buying the Caucasian chalk circle book from BingMag

11. The book "Oleana"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Oleana", the most controversial and perhaps the most important play of David Mamet, the prominent American playwright, until the end of the decade is ninety Apart from the highly political and social content of the text, which has provoked many controversies in all its performances, its language and dramatic structure are extremely attractive, unique and informative. Despite its deceptive and realistic appearance, in the end, this play cannot be considered completely realistic.

Despite adhering to some rules of realistic drama, this work actually destroys the mechanisms of realism from within. "Oleana" uses the triangular structure of Aristotelian drama. In three climaxing acts, the play forms an acute conflict between two active characters. Therefore, the common structure of Aristotelian drama with its distinct beginning, middle and end is prominently present here. The characters are fully active and have clear individual characteristics.

The two characters of the play explore destructive academic relationships in three acts. Carol, a female university student, meets her male professor privately. Carol is worried about not getting a passing grade and blames it on not understanding the professor's long lectures and vocabulary. At first, John, the university professor, is formal and serious, but when he hears Carol's words, he shows sympathy towards her. The professor asks the student to discuss material matters in order to get a full grade. The professor's position in the university is jeopardized by the student's accusation. John's unsuccessful attempts to convince Carol to withdraw her accusations against him lead them both to destruction. We read a part of the play "Oleana":

"John is talking on the phone. Carol is sitting across the table from him.

JOHN: (on the phone) And what about the land. (Pause) Earth. And what about the land? (pause) What about that? (Pause) No. I do not understand. Well, yeah, I, I no, I'm sure it matters I'm sure it matters. (Makt) Because it's important... Did you call Jerry? (Pause) Because... no, no, no, no, no, what did they say...? Did you talk to the company where is the woman?

Well, well, okay. Where are his notes? Where are the notes we took with it? (Pause) I thought you were? No, no, sorry, I didn't mean that, I just thought I saw you when we were there what? I thought I saw you there with a pencil. why now I say that well. That's why I say, "Call Jerry."

Well, I can't come now. Chu...no. I have no plans Grace: I have no I know very well that Look: Look. Did you call Jerry? Are you calling Jerry? Because I can't now. I'm coming, I'm sure I'll be there in a quarter to twenty minutes, that's my intention. No, we don't miss it. We will not lose this house. Look: Look, I'm not underestimating."

Buy Oleana's book from BingMag

12. The book "The God of Hell"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Sam Shepard, playwright, actor and theater and cinema director, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1979. Received for the best play of the year (Buried Child). Shepard began his career in the off-off-off-Broadway theater in New York in the early 1960s, and later in the decade he made his way to the movies, including co-writing the screenplay for Michelangelo Antonioni's Zabriskie Point (1970). His first role was in Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven (1978); The late Henry Moss (2000) is one of the most successful plays he staged.

The author wrote "God of Hell" in reaction to the right-wing policies of the American government after the events of September 11, 2001, and he himself described it as "an attack on the fascism of the Republican Party". The play is the story of Frank and Emma, who have a ranch in Wisconsin and live a peaceful life, but when a government agent arrives at their farm in search of one of Frank's old friends, everything goes completely wrong. This play was first staged in New York in October 2004 under the direction of Lujikob and with the company of Tim Roth and Randyquid, and then it was performed in London and other European cities. Bidgol's publication has been published.

In a part of the play "The God of Hell", we read:

"Emma is busy with the same normal everyday tasks, constantly going back and forth, from the kitchen sink to the pitcher of water fills and waters the pots. Haynes is sitting on the sofa, almost with his back to the audience; He drinks coffee and watches Emma, who is still watering the pots. A moment's pause. Haines takes a sip from his coffee cup every now and then.

Emma: [watering the pots] You're up early today.

Haines: Yes... where's Frank?

Emma: He is feeding the calves. This is what he does from morning to night.

Haines: What a world he has for himself.

Emma: That's right. He's dedicated his life to this.

Haines: I'm glad he finally made a corner for himself.

Emma: Yeah. You two went completely different ways.

Haines: What do you mean?

Emma: Well, I mean your job your research.

Haines : My research?

Emma: Yes. Whatever it is... I don't know. His work is different.

Haines: How is it different?

Emma: With your work. Frank went to another field.

Haines: Ah, yes, well. I understand.

Emma: I want to say that Frank never had such ambitions. Right here, in his own world, he is satisfied. Living outside the city, farming, ranching. Crossbreeding, that sort of thing.

Haines: Yeah. I understand what you mean. Crossbreeding?

Emma: Whereas you, well, you went into government work, and you did very important research.

Haines: I'm not in research. I'm not a research person at all. The book "The Woolly Gorilla"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Eugene O'Neill, the prominent American playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936 with the play "The Woolly Gorilla" He tried to say that in the 20th century, tragedy with the form and themes common in Greek tragedies is still possible. In this respect, he can be considered, like his teacher, Ibsen, engaged in new experiences in dramatic literature and theater. But what distinguishes this play from his other works is the prominence of his expressionist style.

This play, which was staged in 1922, was a horrifying picture of a sinister and scary life and a hard slap on the face of traditionalists, whether in society. And what about theater work. However, crowds of the same people watched this play and enthusiastically praised it while metaphorically and ironically slapping it. What was interesting to the audience was the meaning hidden in this blow. The author believed: the crowd sat in the theater and listened to words that were completely contrary to their daily thoughts and habits; However, he loves what he sees and hears.

The play "The Furry Gorilla" translated by Behzad Qadri was published by Bidgol publishing house.

In a part of the play "The Furry Gorilla" we read:

"Ahh, the whiskey of the life of the dead.

Whiskey for my dear friend (the others repeat this line.)

Ahh, the whiskey made my dad crazy

>

Whiskey, whiskey, my friend

Ahh, whiskey is driving my daddy crazy,

Whiskey for my dear friend.

Yanke: (towards them again (turns back. In a contemptuous tone) Ah, the dead! Enough of the nonsense they read in sailing ships! You know what, this crap belongs to Ahed Bokeh. You damned old Irishman, I'm the owner of Ahed Boghi, but you're not. Look, don't worry, leave us alone. You guys cut that noise. (With a bitter chuckle) Can't you see, Corinne, that I'm farting?

All: (They repeat the word "thought" in the same pessimistic and mocking tone.) Thought! (Singing this word has a dry, soulless and rusty echo. It's as if their throats are the speakers of old gramophones. After saying this word, they all laugh out loud, like a howl.) Don't be pressured.

- If you think about your life, you will get a headache.

- Rasi, do you know something? From the old saying, "When you are thinking about grief, drink." hahaha! They sing. With these wives, they kick their feet on the chairs.)"

Buy the book The Woolly Gorilla from BingMag

14. The book "Hotel of two worlds" BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Inn of Two Worlds" is written by Eric Emmanuel Schmidt, a well-known French writer and playwright. He was born to parents who were athletes and physiotherapists. The roots of his interest in writing and theater go back to the time when he went to the theater with his mother to watch a play by "Edmund Rostan".

Schmidt grew up in the suburbs of Lyon. In 1985, he graduated from the Ecole Normale School of Philosophy and Music in Paris. Three years later, he received his doctorate in philosophy from Sorbonne University.

His trip to the Ahagar desert in 1989 was an extraordinary spiritual experience and paved the way for his writing. He was teaching in high schools and colleges, and his plays made him famous in the 90s.

The play "Hotel of Two Worlds" narrates the life of Julien Portal, the main character of the play. He, who is the editor of the sports newspaper, is disappointed and depressed and his sense of emptiness is destroyed. He took the bottle to compensate for his shortcomings. Julien does not believe in life after death and has filled his existence with false hope. Death is the end of everything for him. But after his car collided with a tree, he fell into a coma. He enters the guesthouse between two worlds. Julien is distraught and anxious. Lily, the psychic girl, comes to him and says welcome. After some time, Dr. Ace also welcomes him to inform him of his current situation on earth, that a new party is coming.

In a part of the play "Guesthouse of Two Worlds", we read:

"Julien: Tell me about yourself. Be early, from yourself! Be quick, I only have a minute. Where do you live?

Laura: In a big house by the sea, with windows as wide as the horizon.

Julien: Does it have a beach?

Laura: Yes, Long, white and blue. I love being taken for a walk on the beach.

Julien: And then? What else do you like to do?

Laura: I like to dream. listen to music And when I listen to music, I hear the silence around me.

Julien: And then?

Laura: Then I like to read books, madly, to experience all the lives that I could not know.

Julien: What else?

Laura: I still think... that I wanted to be in love.

Chief: Unbelievable! They behave as if we are fat!

Occult student: (frightened) Mr. Rais!

Mari: (shocked) This gentleman is not wrong, I am really fat!

Chief: Wow!

Oscientist: Mr. Chairman, no one has been given special advice here.

Chief: Do you mean human equality? This disease of the republic has spread everywhere like a plague. It is not clear who is who. The value of people doesn't matter at all anymore.

Occult student: In my opinion, what makes a person worth is being a person and nothing else.

Chief: What rubbish! He is also one of those dangerous wastes!

Marie: (to the occult student) Mr. is right: a person who cannot compare a fat man with a boss.

Boss: Yes, you see! Even he knows! And dear lady, what do you think is the difference between them?

Marie: Well, what can I say...

President: Why, why, be sure to tell me. So that our friend (loudly) and the doctor... if they hear our voice, they will learn. What do you think is the difference between a company president and a fat man?

Marie: In my opinion? Well, the first is the difference in the office.

Boss: (applauds him.) Yes?

Marie: A boss makes his office dirty while a fat man cleans it.

Osculty learner: (He is excited.) Continue.

Marie: The way they speak is different. A boss talks to everyone as if people are trash, while a fat man talks as if he himself is trash. A boss carries a lot of titles before and behind his name: Mr. Mr. So-and-so Chairman, Chairman of Bahman Construction Company, member of the central council of the administration, I don't know what, the badge of honor, God knows what... a fat one has only his name, but that too very soon. He loses and only his little name remains for him and that's it. What can I say... It's better that her name is Mari already, because in any case, since the business owners don't have a good memory, sooner or later her name will be Mari."

Buying the book Guest House of Two Worlds from BingMag

15. The book "hand cutting ceremony in Spokane"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Martin McDonough was born in London in the early seventies. He was fourteen years old when he decided to become a writer after seeing the play "American Buffalo" by David Mamet. He dropped his studies and wrote stories and screenplays for eight short years and sent them to wherever he could think of. All of them were rejected. At the age of twenty-four, he was still living with a government stipend of fifty dollars a week when he decided to write a play. At some point, he spends his whole day writing. He wrote seven plays until 9 months later; He was not satisfied with one, but the other six plays soon became classics of the English theater, and at least the first of them, "Beauty Queen Linain", is one of the best plays of all time. It was read.

The play "Ceremony of amputation in Spokane" is undoubtedly one of the influential and thought-provoking works of "Martin McDonough". This author, who is known for writing anti-hero, black and violent works, has been able to show his writing art to the world in this work. and be uncomfortable. Nothing strange happened, only the innocent boy was harassed by some strange men. They brutally cut off his greatest asset, his hand, and took it with them. This is the beginning of the boy's wandering story. Someone who travels around the world for years to find these men might be able to get his hand back from them. Although now that many years have passed, it is unlikely that there is any trace of those people left in this world.

This boy, who might one day be a great and influential man in the world, has become a terrified and rebellious being. He is named Carmichael, who is half alive without his hand and wanders around frantically to find a trace of his sweet hand. He is imperfect. They took away a part of him that belonged to him, was part of his possessions, was attached to his body, now he cannot feel complete and happy without it. But Carmichael is not a bad person. He is the victim. He doesn't even know why someone should do such a thing to a child? Carmichael's severed hand is a symbol of injustice and corruption in the world.

The play "Ceremony of Amputation in Spoken" translated by Behrang Rajabi was published by Bidgol Publishing House.

In a part of the play " "Marilyn: [scared] Who? Did you promise you wouldn't hurt him?

Carmichael: Do you want to know how long I've been looking for this, Marilyn?

Marilyn: Did I say a damn hand?

(Carmichael very He turns around to look at Marilyn...)

I mean damn it.

(Pause. Carmichael very patiently points to the back of Marilyn's head. To the comed he shot her in.)

What is he doing there?

Carmichael: I can tell you that he is not dancing.

(At the same time Carmichael carefully and carefully starts to open closing. Marilyn goes to the closet in a panic. Doodles and Treswallers opens the door and looks in. Bends over. Puts her hand over her mouth.)

Marilyn: What have you done with it?

Carmichael: I didn't do anything with it.

Marilyn: Unconscious.

Carmichael: Not unconscious. (He goes and looks in the closet.) No, you are right. really stupid I think he passed out when I shot him.

(Carmichael returns just in time; Marilyn is looking at him.)

I shot him in the side of the head.

Marilyn: That's a terrible thing!

Carmichael: I think.>

16. The book "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Friedrich Dornmatt, a prominent Swiss playwright and novelist, on January 5, 1921, in one of the nearby villages The city of Bern was born in Switzerland. His father was a devout and pious priest and his grandfather was a witty and well-known poet who was known as an aggressive political poet for his politically critical poems. The influence of these two people on prospects was huge. Its signs can be seen in most of the playwright's writings.

Durnmat immigrated to the capital with his family at the age of 13. He entered the university and studied religious sciences, philosophy and German literature. Worked as a writer. He wrote theater reviews and crime novels. He wrote the book "Problems of Theater" and made a good life for his wife and children by writing radio plays.

In the play "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi" the deep and philosophical thoughts of the author are presented in a beautiful format. This work narrates the life of the prosecutor of an anonymous country who wants to establish absolute justice in the world in the form of the law of Moses. The main character is proud to have executed 350 death sentences by force during his 30 years of service as a prosecutor. He visits Anastasia, the widow of the owner of the sugar beet factory, who killed her husband.

The play "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi" translated by Hamid Thargyan was published by Ghatre publishing house.

In part of We read the play "The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi":

"Mississippi: It was a kind of childhood memory that my wife remained faithful to. If I had heard Anastasia's scream, many things might not have happened. If my effort to revive the world was wasted by spreading the law of Moses, at least this sad situation that happened to us two would have been avoided. Anyway, although the second marriage was mentally and morally exhausting for me, it was still the best years of my life. Even my career plan progressed during this marriage. Because I managed to increase the number of those sentenced to death from two hundred to three hundred and fifty. And out of these people, only eleven people escaped from the grip of execution due to the powers that the prime minister had, and that too with a lot of fuss and noise. Our marriage, regularly, according to the plan It happened as predicted. My wife, as predicted, raised her character considerably and also developed religious feelings. He calmly observed the execution ceremony next to me, without his habit of doing this, destroying his undoubted feelings towards the condemned."

Buy the marriage book of Mr. Mississippi from BingMag

17. The book "Red Island"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Mikhail Bulgakov, a prominent Russian writer and playwright, was born on May 15, 1891 in Kiev, Ukraine. He was born to teacher parents. In the fall of 1901, he went to the most famous high school in the city and his independent and self-opinionated personality was formed. He did not participate in any of the political associations of the school. He loved medicine. He graduated from medical school in 1916. He was called to military service. He wrote the memories of his service in the book "Notes of a young doctor". He served as a doctor in the White Guard during the Russian Revolution and the Civil Wars. The defeat of the White Army in the spring of 1920 was a painful disaster. He tried to leave the country. But struggling with a severe and chronic disease changed his fate. Get enough time to think and make a decision. After regaining health, he gave up medicine. He worked as a journalist and writer. Seven novels - Murshid and Margarita, Notes of a Young Doctor, Heart of a Dog, Black Snow, Ominous Eggs and Manuscripts Don't Burn - and ten plays - Zoya's House, Red Island, Dead Souls, Last Days, Batum, Adam and Eve, Peter the Great , Ivan Vasilievich, Moliere (based on the life of Moliere, the famous French comedian) and Don Quixote (a theatrical adaptation of Cervantes's masterpiece). Artistically and creatively written, it is a form taken from the 19th century French journalistic tradition, which even in Bulgakov's time seemed a little old, and it was a remnant of the French tradition of felton at the beginning of the 19th century. In the 19th century, mass-circulation newspapers offered the reader an extra page in the newspaper, with content written in everyday language. Later, this extra page made room for readers and increased the circulation of newspapers. Bulgakov brought his play closer to this genre of journalism and created a literary-cultural entertainment for ordinary people in the revolutionary Soviet atmosphere of the twenties.

The play "Red Island" translated by Mehran Sepehran has been published by Qatre publishing house.

In a part of the play "Red Island", we read:

"Gonnadi: What are you mimicking like a parrot?" Speak correctly.

Metelkin: By eyes. "Mary Stewart's" back is burnt, Gennady Panfilovich.

Gnady: That means I will come and fix her back for you. I'm going to talk about unnecessary things... refucari! Just a while ago, I went downstairs and saw that stage workers could be seen through it... (The phone rings on the table.)

Gonnadi: Fix it. (Picks up the phone.) Yes? We do not have free tickets. We have a conscience. (Hangs up the phone.) It's very strange. Sitting in the tram, they don't ask the controller for a free ticket, as soon as they enter the theater, it's like we opened a charity, they expect it to be free. This is shameless. Hey... Shameless"

Buying the Red Island book from BingMag

18. The book "The story of panda bears according to a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Matei Wisnik, writer, poet, journalist and The French-Romanian playwright was born in 1956 in the city of Radiotes, Romania. After graduating from the School of Philosophy and History of the University of Bucharest, he worked as a playwright. He was 31 years old when he came to Faghan from the oppression and tyranny of the Romanian communist regime and fled to France. In that country, he became a busy and popular writer and wrote 40 plays in Romanian and 20 plays in French. After the fall of the Communist government, he returned to his country and resumed his literary and artistic activities. Man in the Night of Dijour begins and ends with deep philosophical implications. The story is narrated in 9 days and their conversations captivate the audience like an exciting journey.

The play "The Story of Panda Bears Narrated by a Saxophonist Who Has a Friend in Frankfurt" translated by Tinush Nazmjo was published by Ney Publishing.

In a part of the play "The story of panda bears according to a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt", we read:

"Sixth night

The man enters.

He turns on two lights in the hall.

He puts his letters on the table.

He enters the kitchen and opens the refrigerator door.

He returns with a bottle of Heineken.

He drinks.

He listens to his messages on the answering machine.

Woman's voice: (on answering machine.) Where have you been? I came, you weren't there. Do you want to run away from me? You promised to wait for me at home. You went to look for your letter I hope you haven't opened them yet. Go back and put them in the box. OK? But be careful that no one sees you. I'm very sorry, but I can't come tonight. But we will definitely see each other tomorrow night. I left my gloves somewhere in the morning. I think I put it on the pillow... can you see? You can let them be. I like to think you sleep on my fingers. Okay. Look, be a good boy and try to sleep early tonight and especially don't try to listen to this message a second time. OK? do you promise? Tell me you promise. Louder to hear your voice...

Man: Yes...

Woman's voice: Louder. I don't hear anything.

Man: yes...yes...yes...

Woman's voice: Thank you...I trust you...I hold you tight...see you tomorrow. Don't forget to put the letters in the box; OK? I am yours with you even now. OK? So, see you tomorrow.

Tom tom even now. OK? So, see you tomorrow.

The message ends.

Long silence.

The man presses the repeat button again and listens to the message again, simultaneously He enters the kitchen.

He opens a can of carrots and eats it.

Woman's voice: (On the answering machine.) Where have you been? I came, you weren't there. Do you want to run away from me? You promised to wait for me at home. Did you go to look for your letters? I hope you haven't opened them yet. Go back and put them in the box. OK? But be careful that no one sees you. I'm very sorry, but I can't come tonight. But we will definitely see each other tomorrow night. I left my gloves somewhere in the morning. I think I put it on the pillow... can you see? You can let them be. I like to think you sleep on my fingers. Okay; Behold; Be a good boy and

Buy the book The Story of Panda Bears by a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt from BingMag

19 . The book "Our Town"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Our Town" by Thornton Wilder is an outstanding American storyteller and playwright, which was written in 1897 in He was born in Wisconsin, USA. His father was a famous journalist and diplomat. 9-year-old Thornton went to Hong Kong with his family and settled in the US Embassy. But they returned to America six months later. Five years later, they all reunited in Shanghai. At the age of eighteen, he began studying Greek and Roman languages at Yale University and wrote his first play, "The Trumpet Will Be Blown." After twenty-three years, he became famous by creating the play "Our Town" and won the Pulitzer Prize.

This three-act play tells the story of an imaginary city called Gravers in the year 1911. It refers to human concerns. Each act of the play deals with everyday life, marriage and death.

The play "Shahr Ma" translated by Marjan Mousavi Kosha was published by Ney Publishing House.

In part of the play " Our city" we read:

"In the old park, lonely and frozen a while ago, two ghosts passed by. Their eyes are lifeless and their lips are loose, their words are hardly heard. In the old park, alone and frozen, two ghosts remembered the past. Do you remember the glory of our old days? Why do you want me to remember them? Does your heart still beat only in my name? Do you still see my life in your dreams? - No. - Oh, the days of our indescribable happiness when our lips connect. Unbelievable. How azure the sky was, and our hope was wide! Hope fled, defeated, to a black sky. They used to take such a step in the empty oat, and he sat alone at night listening to their words."

Buy our city book from BingMag

20. The book "A Raisin in the Sun"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Lauren Hensberry, an African-American playwright and director, the first black woman whose works appeared on Broadway. He was born on the 30th day of May 1930 in a rich family. He was fifteen years old when he was evicted from his home in the gentrified neighborhood of Chicago due to the complaint of white neighbors. This event had a great impact on his life and led him to write. He tried to acquaint the American society with the plight of blacks.

Hansbury wrote "A Raisin in the Sun" in 1959, which was staged immediately after its release on Broadway. In this play, it narrates the hopes, dreams and struggle of a black family in the south of Chicago.

The Younger family has become homeless. The father of the family has just died and all the family members are hoping for the small check that was promised for his life insurance. Lena, the mother of the family, is thinking of moving their house to a better place, but Walter, the son of the family, is thinking of investing and getting rich. He is tired of his situation and that of the blacks, and he is looking to improve the value and position of the blacks in the society by investing and becoming rich overnight. Benitha, the daughter of the family, is not in the garden and wants to study and find the roots of her race.

The play "Moizi Der Aftab" translated by Behzad Qadri and Hossein Zamani Moghadam was published by Qatre Publishing House.

In a part of the play "A Raisin in the Sun" We read:

"The show takes place inside a simple one-unit, three-bedroom house at 406 Claiborne Street in the northwest suburbs of downtown Chicago. A living room opens to the front door, an oak fireplace and plaster surround, and a revolving dining area leads to the kitchen. There is also a staircase to go to the second floor, under the staircase there is a door to the basement. There is an entrance corridor and a door for the bathroom.

Purchase Moizi Der Aftab book from BingMag

21. The book "Alice in Bed"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Susan Sontag, an American writer, screenwriter and director, was born in New York in 1933. He is best known for his articles and critical writings. But the fans of novels and short stories remember him with the novel "The Volcano Lover".

By writing critical articles, Sontag became an influential critic in the fields of politics and literature. "Alice in Bed" is the only play of this author. This eight-act work, which is about women's pain and suffering and their awareness of themselves, is written based on the life of a real woman named Alice James, who has been struggling with depression since she was a teenager. He was the youngest child of an American family who at the age of 30 got permission from his father to commit suicide and then remained bedridden for the rest of his life.

Although the main character of the play "Alice in Bed" suffers from illness and He doesn't have the ability to take steps, but he doesn't put any limits on his mind and imagination and uses his brain to achieve his desires. In parts of the play, we travel with Alice to her imaginary world and get to know people and scenes. In a part of this play, Alice holds a tea party and is surrounded by the women she has chosen - Emily Dickinson, the poet, Margaret Fuller, the reporter, etc. It has been published by Rozbahan.

In a part of the play "Alice in Bed", we read:

"Alice: I think you are against suicide.

Margaret: You didn't understand what I meant. Anyway, we'll die very soon.

Alice: (gets up and sits down.) We let Condry go too; Someone who I'm sure felt most comfortable lying next to us.

Margaret: Even the Condrey you are talking about is not interested in suicide.

Alice is lying on the mattress again. He smokes and packs a hookah.

Alice: I needed some advice; From a woman I respected. All my life, I heard advice from people.

Margaret: People always gave me advice. They wanted my advice. The truth was that they didn't want me to embarrass them.

Alice: Exactly.

They both laugh.

Alice: I don't have a sister.

Margaret: Women's grief comes in many forms. I saw this. We can be very close."

Buy the book Alice in Bed from BingMag

22. The book "Psychosis 4:48" BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Psychosis 4:48" by Sarah Keane, one of the most controversial figures in playwriting He is a British contemporary and one of the writers following the "aggressive theater" movement. Aggressive theater is a theater that "takes its audience by the collar and shakes them enough to understand the message of the theater. Empiricism, sensitivity, violence and shock actions to excite the audience, projecting new and unusual aspects in various fields such as structure, tone, language and images, questioning moral norms and breaking taboos, showing the suffering and hardship under the skin and behind the face of contemporary people with Attacking their privacy and unseen points is one of the characteristics of this type of theater.

This work, as its name suggests, is an unusual play with a jumbled structure that cannot be defined as an independent theme or identity. It is an interwoven collection of dialogues, monologues, speeches and delusions of a psychopathic mind in confrontation with itself, its inner self and the world of psychology. /p>

In a part of the play "Psychosis 4:48" we read:

"- I am tired and dissatisfied with everything and everyone. As a human being, I am a total failure, I am guilty, I am wrong, I am taking revenge, I want to kill myself. I used to be able to cry, but now I'm done with tears and sighs, I've lost interest in other people, I can't make decisions, I can't eat, I can't sleep, I can't think, I can't overcome my loneliness and isolation, my fear Because of my hatred, I have become fat, I can't write, I can't fall in love, my brother is dying, my lover is dying, I am killing them both. I overflow, I am afraid of my own death, of the drugs I take. I don't like to die, I'm so scared and tormented by the truth that I decide to commit suicide, I don't want to live..."

Buy the book Psychosis 4048 from BingMag

22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Reading a play is a different experience compared to reading novels, stories, memoirs, travelogues and in general different types of literature. Accompanying the story and characters of the play, which are a unique manifestation of dramatic literature, is a pleasant event. By reading each play, the audience gets to know the author's intellectual world, concerns, expression of feelings, and method of conveying concepts. If in the story, we hear everything in the voice of the narrator, in the play the characters speak to us with their own voice. Each of them with the thoughts, worldview, philosophical and artistic views of prominent playwrights - Arthur Miller, Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus, Tennessee Williams, David Mamet, Marguerite Duras, Sam Shepard, Friedrich Durnmatt, Martin McDonough, Neil Simon, Mikhail Bulgakov and... get to know each other.

BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Reading a play is a different experience compared to reading novels, stories, memoirs, travelogues and in general different types of literature. Accompanying the story and characters of the play, which are a unique manifestation of dramatic literature, is a pleasant event. By reading each play, the audience gets to know the author's intellectual world, concerns, expression of feelings, and method of conveying concepts. If in the story, we hear everything in the voice of the narrator, in the play the characters speak to us with their own voice. Each of them with the thoughts, worldview, philosophical and artistic views of prominent playwrights - Arthur Miller, Samuel Beckett, Albert Camus, Tennessee Williams, David Mamet, Marguerite Duras, Sam Shepard, Friedrich Durnmatt, Martin McDonough, Neil Simon, Mikhail Bulgakov and... get to know each other.

1. The book "Death of a Salesman"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

This play is the most important and famous work of Arthur Miller, an outstanding American playwright, which is one of the best plays It is known as the 20th century. This two-act play has thirteen characters. Willy Loman is the show's central character, a middle-aged itinerant who returns home after an unsuccessful business trip. Retired Willy is not in a good financial situation, suffers from dementia and confuses the present and the past.

He cheated on his wife when he lived away from his family in another city, and tries to reconcile with her. to share The main character of the play, after comparing his and his children's lives with those around him, concludes that they are failed people. His family tries ways to get rich but still fails. Willy makes a difficult and unusual decision in order to fix his financial situation and make up for the past.

This play, which presents a new definition of the tragic hero as a person with infinitely big but unrealistic dreams, translated by Hossein Maleki. It has been released by Bidgol Publishing.

In a part of the book "Death of a Salesman", we read:

"Willy: Beef! What are you doing while you're closing?

Biff: Why didn't you answer? I have been knocking on the door for five minutes, I also called you. Willy: I heard now. I was in the bathroom, the door was closed. Did something happen at home?

Beef: I took your father away.

Willy: What do you mean?

Beef: Father...

Willy: Beefy, what do these words mean? (He puts his hand on Biff's shoulder.) Let's go downstairs and get a glass of milk to drink.

Biff: Dad, I failed math.

Willy: Why didn't you fail the semester?

>

Biff: I failed the whole semester. I didn't get enough marks to get a degree.

Willy: You mean Bernard refused to give you the answers?

Biff: Why, reach out, he tried, but I didn't get more than 60s. .

Willy: He refused to give you four grades?

Biff: Birnbaum refused. I begged him, papa, but he didn't give me a grade. You should talk to him before school closes. Because when he sees what kind of man you are, if you talk to him in your own way, I am sure he will be short about me. The classes fit right into my training, it's just that I couldn't go to class enough. Do you talk to him? She must like you, papa. You know how to talk.

Willy: You're right. We're going to ride now.

Biff: Oh, father, what a good job! I'm sure he will fix it because of you!"

Buy the book Death of a Salesman from BingMag

2. The book "Waiting for Godot"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Waiting for Godot" by Samuel Beckett, a well-known Irish short story writer and playwright about the absurdity of life Is. In this play, he wrote the story of two friends named Estragon, who is called Gogo in the book, and Vladimir, who is called DD. They are sitting in what looks like a barren desert, waiting for someone named Godot, although they do not know who he is, why he is coming, or what they want from him?

Estragon has spent the night in a pit. He was beaten by unknown people and now, recounting the memories of last night, he remembers the violence of people... Estragon complains about his tight boots that hurt his feet and Vladimir about his hat that makes his head itch. The two of them regret why they didn't go to the top of the Eiffel Tower when they were young and throw themselves from the top.

Anyway, time passes and the two of them are still waiting for Godot to come until the courier arrives and the news He gives: Godot will not come tonight, but he will definitely come tomorrow...

The play "Waiting for Godot" translated by Najaf Daryabandari was published by Karnameh Publishing House.

In a part of the book "Waiting for Godot" We read:

"(Estragon sits on a low hill, trying to take off his boot. He pulls it on with both hands, panting. He stops, from Out of breath, he rests, tries again. like before. Enter Vladimir.)

ESTRAGON: (Gives up again.) Nothing can be done.

VLADIMIR: (With short, heavy steps, legs wide apart.) I am just coming to this conclusion. All my life I tried to keep this away from me, I said, Vladimir, be wise, you haven't tried everything yet. And I resumed the fight. (Thinks, thinks of fighting. Turns to ESTRAGON.) So here you are again.

ESTRAGON: Am I?

VLADIMIR: Glad to see you back. I thought you were gone forever.

Estragon: Me too.

Vladimir: Together again! We should celebrate this. But how are you? (Thinks.) Get up and let me hug you.

Estragon: (temperarily) Not now, not now.

Vladimir: (Annoyed, coldly) Can you ask, my lord? Where did they spend the night?

Estragon: Inside the waterway.

Vladimir: (admiring) The waterway! Where?

Estragon: (without pointing) Over there.

Vladimir: And they didn't beat you?

Estragon: They beat me? It is certain that they hit.

Vladimir: The same usual group?

Estragon: The same? I don't know.

Vladimir: When I think... all these years... if it wasn't me... where would you be now? (firmly) You've been nothing but a bunch of bones until now, no doubt about it.

Estragon: Now what?

Vladimir: That's too much for one man. (Pause. With happiness) On the other hand, there's no point in getting discouraged now, that's what I'm saying. We should have thought of this a million years ago, in the late 19th century.

Estragon: Oh, stop being a bitch and help me get this damn thing out.

Vladimir: Hand in hand. From the top of the Eiffel Tower, among the first. We were respectable people in those days. It is too late now. They don't even let us go up. (Estragon kicks his boot.) What are you doing?

Buy the book Waiting for Godot from BingMag

3. The book "Glass Zoo"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Glass Zoo" is a play written by Tennessee Williams, the most important American playwright after World War II. , which was first published in 1945. The play tells the life of Amanda, a mother of a family, a disabled daughter and her son, Tom. At dinner, Amanda tells Laura, her daughter, to take care of her appearance for her suitors. Although the girl has no proposal and is not waiting for anyone. After a few days, the mother finds out that her daughter has dropped out of school. Amanda sets out to find a suitor for her lazy, athletic daughter who is always busy playing with glass animals. He takes help from his son. Tom's friend Jim shows up and Laura changes. But can the family members put aside their fantasies and live in the real world?

The play "Glass Zoo" translated by Hamid Saarigian has been published by Qatre publishing house.

In a part of the book " "Glass Zoo" we read:

"Inside the apartment is dark. There is a weak light in the alley. When the scene begins, the sound of the church bell is heard and announces five o'clock.

Tom appears in the alley. After each roar of the tower bell, the tom rattles; It is as if it expresses the small power of man in front of the power and greatness of the Almighty. From this work and his unbalanced progress, it is clear that he is drunk. At the same time as he climbs the fire escape stairs, the inside of the apartment lights up. Laura, in her pajamas, looks at Tom's empty bed in the front room. Tom looks in his pockets for the key. In this process, he takes out various things such as a chain of cinema tickets and an empty bottle. Finally he finds the key; But when he comes to put it in the lock, it falls out of his hand. He lights a match and becomes a doula.

Tom: (angrily) Where the hell are you lost!

Laura opens the door.

Laura: Tom! Tom! What are you doing?

Tom: I'm looking for my key.

Laura: Where have you been so far at night?

Tom: Cinema.

Laura: Until now?

Tom: Their schedule was long. It was a Garbo movie; One of Mickey Mouse, one about travel, news of the day and promotion of future programs. One of them was playing the organ and they collected money to buy milk for poor children... which ended up in a nasty fight between a fat woman and a cinematographer.

Laura: (innocently) You should have seen it all? style="text-align: left;">Buy Glass Zoo book from BingMag

4. The book "Sweet Doctor"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The king of comedy plays is none other than Neil Simon, who was born on July 4, 1927 in Manhattan, New York. He was born. He completed his studies at the creative writing schools of New York and Colorado universities and worked as a film critic on the radio. He started his career by writing the play "Come to Badme in Shipport" in 1961. He wrote more than 50 plays and several screenplays, many of which won him numerous awards. Neil Simon is the only playwright whose works have been performed the most after Shakespeare They have had a Broadway theater.

"Sweet Doctor" is one of the most famous works of this master playwright, based on the stories of Anton Chekhov. This work depicts a reflection of human relationships in two acts and eleven scenes.

"Sweet Doctor" narrates the story of a writer who sits in the room and tells his life in the first scene of the play. After meeting people, the main character of the play describes them carefully, including an ordinary employee of the municipality and his wife.

Neil Simon with an attractive and satirical prose about the story of the employee sneezing on the head of the general, asking for forgiveness and banishing his nose. narrates.

The play "Sweet Doctor" translated by Aho Khordmand was published by Nei Publishing House.

In a part of the book "Sweet Doctor" we read:

"The light comes up. The writer is standing by the stage.

The writer: Again, there is another end for those who are hurt by this angry hard life. Because her simplicity and innocence were being abused, Julia stopped working and went back to her parents and continued her life in poverty. I want to write a book one day... to include thirty-seven short stories so that they all end in the same way. I really want to do this. You know that man is the only creature that can laugh and this is what separates humans from other creatures. However, there must be something wonderful about this theory that makes us giggle when we examine something. Let me tell you more clearly. For example, pain... pain... I don't need to say that pain is not funny, of course, unless someone else takes the pain. Why is it funny to see someone whose tooth is swollen to the size of an orange and is in pain? Not funny at all, not at all. But in a village in Astemoku, where there is not much entertainment, someone's toothache can make them laugh for weeks. Of course, Sergei Veniglasov, the minister of the church, does not see anything funny in this matter.

(The light comes up. An operating room with a chair on one side of the stage and on the other side a table with various medical equipment on it. The minister of the church He enters. He is the stoutest man ever seen in a priest's garb. He is a priest of the Russian Church, a handkerchief tied round his face, and his jaws are strangely distended. He walks across the middle of the stage, groaning in pain.)

When he was coming to the hospital, people on the street laughed at him more than sympathized with him, do you know why? Because everyone knew that the dentist of the city has left the wedding of his daughter and his assistant, who is a student interested in dentistry, in his office. The child of the church servant. He was the only one who didn't know.

In the middle of his monologue, the writer wears the assistant's white coat, which is not very clean, and lights a cigar. When the church servant knocks on the door, he immediately picks up a thick book with the word "teeth" written on it. 5. The book "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Edward Albee, who, like Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams and Eugene O'Neill, is one of the greatest American playwrights, he created a new movement in the dramatic literature of the United States, who considered him equal to Samuel Beckett or Harold Painter in Europe. It is a husband who invites a young couple to their house at night. The story takes place in the same night and lasts until the early hours of the morning. During the conversations between the characters, the ruins of their lives are revealed. Loves and hates are interwoven with biting humor and a story is created that will not be forgotten.

"Twelve times a week" Uta Hagen, the famous American actress, answered the question of how many times she would like to play the role of Martha in the play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Audiences and critics, like an artist who gives life to one of the characters of this play, cannot get enough of watching this work. This play is a black comedy that tells the story of Martha and George, a husband and wife in a dangerous and somewhat fun night. At the end of the night, the revelation of a special issue creates a high point that has shocked the audience for years. p>

In a part of the play "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf" we read:

"Martha: As these things went on... I don't know why I did it... I put on a pair of boxing gloves... You know, without tying the thread... I sneaked up behind George, of course, I just wanted to joke and shouted: "Hey George" and at that moment I threw my right fist at him... I just wanted to joke, do you understand?

Nick: Okay, okay.

Martha: ... and George just at that moment, turned on his heel towards me and my right fist hit him in the cheek... Grumb! (Nick laughs) I didn't want it to happen I really didn't. But... Gromb! It hit him right in the chin... and he lost his balance... it had to be like this... he stumbled a few steps and went back and then bomb. It fell on the ground... long and long... on the bushes of Qaraqat! (Nick laughs. Honey lets out a whoop whoop whoop and shakes her head.) It was really horrible. It was funny, but it was really scary. (Thinks with a muffled laugh indicating a regretful reminder of the past event.) I think that incident left an impression on our whole life. I really think so. Anyway, it was a joke. (Now George enters. He holds his hands behind his back. No one sees him.) Anyway, he knows this is the reason why his work is tied up and why... he didn't get anywhere. (George approaches. Honey sees him.)

Martha: It happened it was really bad! (George pulls a gun with a small barrel from his back and slowly aims it at the back of Martha's head. Honey screams... jumps up. Nick jumps up and just then Martha turns and looks at George. It falls and George fires.)

George: Bang!

(Bang! A large yellow and red Chinese parasol comes out of the barrel of the gun and opens. Honey He screams again, but this time with less intensity and more out of relief and confusion.) You are dead! Bang! You're dead.

Nick (laughing): Good God.

Martha (happy): Where did you get that, you bastard?"

Buying the book Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? From BingMag

6. The book "Three Narratives of Life"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Yasmina Reza, a well-known French playwright, was born to a Hungarian mother and an Iranian-Russian father. . Yasmina Reza's different childhood experiences and memories of her family's migration form the main theme of her works. Creating strange characters, dealing with social issues and using irony and humor are the signs of his work. Reza is an outspoken critic of intellectual and fashionable gestures in today's societies.

The play "Three Narratives of Life" depicts the story of a night out between a boss and an employee in three acts. In each of the scenes, the characters experience different emotions and show different reactions. In this work, the author has tried to scrutinize the inner and passive layers of today's man and expose their inner reality. Ney has been published.

In a part of the play "Three Narratives of Life", we read:

"Sunset.

The same living room.

Sonia Rab is wearing Duchambre. He is reading a file.

Henri enters.

With a kind tone.

Henri: He wants sweets.

Sonia: His teeth are fresh. He brushed his teeth.

Henri: Of course.

A period of time passes.

Sonia is immersed in her case again, Henri is standing. He hesitates.

Henri: What, should we give him a slice of apple?

Sonia: What is the difference between a sweet and a slice of apple?

Henri:... Apples contain less sugar. Yes.

Sonia: Apple has more sugar, maybe even more than sweets.

Henri: Have you noticed that he gets very hungry in bed? Doesn't this kid eat his dinner very early?

Sonia: He eats dinner at half past seven. Like children of the same age.

Henri: What if he brushes his teeth afterwards?

Sonia: After what?

Henri: After eating sweets. He can eat a sweet and then immediately brush his teeth.

Sonia: He can only eat sweets before going to bed. That is, right before brushing your teeth.

Henri: Yes.

Sonia: You made a mistake, you gave him sweets.

Henri: I didn't give him anything.

>

Sonia: Why.

Henri: Half of a finger biscuit. This. I was very strict.

(Some time passes.)

What should I tell him?

Sonia: What should you tell him?

Henri: Him Should I say apples without apples?

Sonia: Now you gave him finger biscuits. Both finger biscuits and apples can't be made.

Henri: I call him apple without apple.

Sonia: Tell him apple without apple, tell him lala.

Henri: Lala.

Henri leaves and comes back.

Henri: Very cute. I gave him Rouky and Rox.

(A little later.)

What's the appetizer?

Sonia: How about grapefruit?

Henri : It's a little classless, isn't it?

Sonia: Cantaloupe?

Henri: With lamb ragout.

Sonia: (showing her file)

Listen, Henri

Henri: Cantaloupe.

(A little later.)

How about artichokes?

Sonia: Great.

Henri: Artichoke or cantaloupe?

Sonia: Henry!

Henri: Even with crab salad. This is more effective.

Sonia: Crab salad, that's it. 7. The book "Caligula"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Caligula" is a play written by Albert Camus, a philosopher, author and storyteller of French origin, which is from a father French and Spanish mother was born in Algeria. His father was killed in the First World War. His mother raised two children alone.

Camus grew up in poverty; Therefore, he always defended the oppressed and the poor. He was a football player for a while; But when the symptoms of tuberculosis appeared, he had to give up this sport. He studied philosophy from the Greek philosophers The classical era and Nietzsche were influenced and helped to develop the school of absurdism. Critics believed that Camus was an existentialist; But he has denied this claim.

This work in four acts tells the story of Caligula, the infamous ancient Roman emperor. He comes to power at the age of 21. The king seems sane but after the death of Drusilla, his sister, who is also his lover, he realizes the nature of death and goes mad. It kills people. He assaults the wives of nobles. makes prostitution official and legal in order to tax it. Rome sinks into an aura of darkness and fear. The senate is afraid of Caligula's behavior, it cannot control him with any law, so it takes a serious decision.

The play "Caligula" translated by Abolhassan Najafi was published by Nilofar Publishing House.

In a part of We read the play "Caligula":

"The senators, including one of them who is very old, are gathered in one of the halls of the palace and they are all nervous.

The first senator is still unknown. .

The elderly senator was neither in the morning nor in the evening.

We have not heard from the second senator since three days ago.

Elderly senator Messengers go, messengers come back. They shake their heads and say: "Nothing."

The second senator has been checked all over the plain, nothing can be done.

The first senator why should we worry in advance? wait. Maybe he will come back the same way he left.

I saw the elderly senator leave the palace. He had a strange look.

The first senator was also there and I asked him what happened.

Did the second senator answer?

The first senator only said one word, "Nothing." ."

Helican, while eating an onion, enters.

Second Senator (still nervous.) This situation is alarming.

First Senator, don't be too hard, All young people are like that.

Elderly Senator Of course, with age, these are all forgotten.

Do you imagine the second senator to be like this?

The first senator hopefully forgotten. Slow down.

Elderly Senator Of course, if you lose one person, you will find ten instead.

But how did you come to think that love is involved?

What other reason do you think the first senator has?

However, maybe liver problem or very simple disgust of seeing your face every day. A person can tolerate his contemporaries better if they occasionally change their face and face. But no, nothing changes, it's the same soup and the same bowl."

Buy Caligula book from BingMag

8. The book "Dirty Hands"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Dirty Hands" by Jean-Paul Sartre, a prominent French philosopher and writer, is the first It took place on the second day of April 1948 in Paris. This work is a political drama that takes place in the fictional country of "Illyria" between 1943 and 1945 and tells the story of the murder of a prominent politician.

The story is about a man who, according to the party's decision, should be one of the leaders who will follow the policy. It is based on an alliance with the bourgeoisie. "Hugo" becomes angry with the leader's wife "Hoderer" in the trap of this mission. The mission is completed and Hugo is imprisoned. At this time, the policy of the party changes and now Hoeder is the national champion. Hugo is released but everything has changed. Hugo says somewhere: I don't know why I killed Hoederer, but I know why I had to kill him: because he was using bad politics, because he was lying to his comrades, and because he was running the risk of corrupting the party. If I had had the courage to shoot him when I was alone with him in the office, he would have died because of it, and I could think of myself without shame. I am ashamed of myself because I killed him afterwards.

The author allows his characters to talk and live easily. Maybe it is because this work is still dynamic and readable regardless of all its subtexts. The good translation of Parviz Shahadi, published by Parse Translation and Publishing Company, has helped this issue. ? Did you really kill him for Jessica?

My Hugo I killed him, because I had opened the door. That's all I know. If I hadn't opened that door there she was, holding Jessica, her lips and chin red. It was disgusting. I have been living in a world of tragedy for a long time. I shot to save the tragedy.

Olga, weren't you jealous?

Hugo jealous? Maybe. But not about Jessica.

Olga, look at me and answer honestly, because what I'm asking you is very important. Are you proud of your card? Would you take it? Would you do it again if you had to do it over again?

Hugo, did I do it alone? It was not me who killed, it was an accident. If I had opened the door two minutes earlier or two minutes later, I wouldn't have surprised them in an embrace, I wouldn't have shot them.

[pause] I would have come to tell him I would accept his help.

Olga Well.

Hugo accident, like in bad detective novels, I shot three times. By accident, you can start ifs: "If only I had stayed a little longer among the oak trees, if only I had gone to the end of the garden, if only I had returned to the Hatter's Mansion." But me, what will I do in the meantime? Then it becomes a murder without a murderer. [Pause] I often asked myself in prison: What would Olga say if she was here? What did you want me to think?

OLGA [dryly] Next?

Hugo Ah! I know very well what you were saying. "Hugo, be humble," you said. We mock your reasons, your motives. We asked you to kill this man and you killed him. What counts is the result." I Olga, I am not humble. I could not separate the murder from these motives. Olga, I prefer this. The book "La Musica and La Musica II"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The book "La Musica and La Musica II" is a play written by Marguerite Duras, a contemporary fiction writer. France is He wrote novels and plays and made movies all his life and produced valuable works. When publishing his first novel, he decided to use the pseudonym Duras, the name of his father's hometown. Duras was one of those writers who includes experiences and events in his life in his works; Therefore, his works are tangible and believable for the audience. In addition to winning the prestigious Goncourt Award, the author was also nominated for the Academy Award for Best Screenplay.

Duras wrote "La Musica" in 1965 for British television. It took twenty years for him to write "The Second Music" and publish it in 1985. Duras chose the name of this work "La Musica II" so that both acts of this play will be published in one volume.

This work tells the story of a couple who stay in a hotel for a night. The first half of the night is spent in arguments. The two are in the midst of a divorce and are trying to repair their relationship. They don't fight in the second half. They seem to know there is no hope. Gloomy and depressed, they mourn for lost love. The second act tells the story three years later. The same characters are talking in the same hotel room. This time, their conversation lasts until the morning, and the morning is the inevitable end of the night and the relationship of these two people. p>In a part of the play "Lamusica and Lamusica II" we read:

"Woman: Thank you. I don't go up I just came for the telegraph... I thought I'd go for a walk.

Old Lady: You'd be surprised how much has changed here. The area around the railway station has completely changed.

Woman: Laboisie how?

Old lady: [confused] Laboisie? Oh, I think it's the same in many ways... but of course I don't go out here much, if I do, I don't go that far...

Woman: Well, I won't be long.

Old lady: Very well, madam.

Pause.

Anne-Marie: Coming to the waiting room. He puts the telegram in his bag. Michelle sees Nolte and stops.

The man looks at her and bows in respect.

The woman just nods in gratitude.

Man: I just wanted to. Let me tell you... if there is something I can do... [with a forced smile]... for example, the furniture that is in the warehouse... if you want, I can arrange to send it so that you don't get into trouble.

Woman: Furniture? [Then he remembers.] Ah, yes. No, thank you. [Pause.] I still don't know what to dokeep them or notthanks anyway. [Pause.] Good night.

Man: Good night. h2>10. The book "Caucasian Chalk Circle"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Caucasian Chalk Circle" is one of the most famous plays by Bertolt Brecht, a German writer, about a girl. It is a peasant and a poor man who saves a child from the wealthy class of the society and becomes a mother for him, which his real mother did not do. is taken care of while his real mother only gave birth to him. The city is burning in the fire of civil war. A servant girl goes through everything to protect an abandoned child. After making peace, the child's mother arrives to take her son back from the girl. But the story is not that simple. The judge, who has a strange and humorous personality, is supposed to determine with whom the boy will stay. But in the world full of corruption and trickery of this story, who will win?

The play "Caucasian Chalk Circle" translated by Hamid Tsaryanyan has been published by Ghatre Publishing.

In part We read from the play "Caucasian Chalk Circle":

"Among the ruins of a war-torn village in the Caucasus, people from two different kolkhozes are sitting in a circle while drinking wine and smoking. Most of them are women or wise men, but I saw some soldiers among them

An expert from the State Commission for Modernization, who has just arrived from the capital, is among them. On those hills, we stopped three of the Nazi tanks. But our apple seedlings were gone.

An old rural man: (from the right) our beautiful fields have become ruins!

A young woman: (tractor driver, from the left) (Silence) Expert: Now listen and see what the meeting minutes are. Representatives of Galinsk herders collective farm came to Noka. When Hitler's army was approaching, the residents of this kolkhoz moved their goat herds to the east according to the government's order, now this kolkhoz is planning to return and is studying and investigating the situation. After a thorough inspection of the village and fields, their representatives noticed a large amount of destruction. (Representatives sitting on the right nod.)

The neighboring kolkhoz, the fruit-growers kolkhoz "Rosa Luxemburg" (points to the right.) Suggests: the former pasture of the Galinsk kolkhoz, like a valley for growing Grass is not very suitable to be considered for orchards and vineyards in the new renovation plan. As a technical expert of the Renovation Commission, I have gathered the representatives of both kolkhozes here so that they can agree whether the Galinsk kolkhoz will return to this point or not."

Buying the Caucasian chalk circle book from BingMag

11. The book "Oleana"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

"Oleana", the most controversial and perhaps the most important play of David Mamet, the prominent American playwright, until the end of the decade is ninety Apart from the highly political and social content of the text, which has provoked many controversies in all its performances, its language and dramatic structure are extremely attractive, unique and informative. Despite its deceptive and realistic appearance, in the end, this play cannot be considered completely realistic.

Despite adhering to some rules of realistic drama, this work actually destroys the mechanisms of realism from within. "Oleana" uses the triangular structure of Aristotelian drama. In three climaxing acts, the play forms an acute conflict between two active characters. Therefore, the common structure of Aristotelian drama with its distinct beginning, middle and end is prominently present here. The characters are fully active and have clear individual characteristics.

The two characters of the play explore destructive academic relationships in three acts. Carol, a female university student, meets her male professor privately. Carol is worried about not getting a passing grade and blames it on not understanding the professor's long lectures and vocabulary. At first, John, the university professor, is formal and serious, but when he hears Carol's words, he shows sympathy towards her. The professor asks the student to discuss material matters in order to get a full grade. The professor's position in the university is jeopardized by the student's accusation. John's unsuccessful attempts to convince Carol to withdraw her accusations against him lead them both to destruction. We read a part of the play "Oleana":

"John is talking on the phone. Carol is sitting across the table from him.

JOHN: (on the phone) And what about the land. (Pause) Earth. And what about the land? (pause) What about that? (Pause) No. I do not understand. Well, yeah, I, I no, I'm sure it matters I'm sure it matters. (Makt) Because it's important... Did you call Jerry? (Pause) Because... no, no, no, no, no, what did they say...? Did you talk to the company where is the woman?

Well, well, okay. Where are his notes? Where are the notes we took with it? (Pause) I thought you were? No, no, sorry, I didn't mean that, I just thought I saw you when we were there what? I thought I saw you there with a pencil. why now I say that well. That's why I say, "Call Jerry."

Well, I can't come now. Chu...no. I have no plans Grace: I have no I know very well that Look: Look. Did you call Jerry? Are you calling Jerry? Because I can't now. I'm coming, I'm sure I'll be there in a quarter to twenty minutes, that's my intention. No, we don't miss it. We will not lose this house. Look: Look, I'm not underestimating."

Buy Oleana's book from BingMag

12. The book "The God of Hell"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Sam Shepard, playwright, actor and theater and cinema director, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1979. Received for the best play of the year (Buried Child). Shepard began his career in the off-off-off-Broadway theater in New York in the early 1960s, and later in the decade he made his way to the movies, including co-writing the screenplay for Michelangelo Antonioni's Zabriskie Point (1970). His first role was in Terrence Malick's Days of Heaven (1978); The late Henry Moss (2000) is one of the most successful plays he staged.

The author wrote "God of Hell" in reaction to the right-wing policies of the American government after the events of September 11, 2001, and he himself described it as "an attack on the fascism of the Republican Party". The play is the story of Frank and Emma, who have a ranch in Wisconsin and live a peaceful life, but when a government agent arrives at their farm in search of one of Frank's old friends, everything goes completely wrong. This play was first staged in New York in October 2004 under the direction of Lujikob and with the company of Tim Roth and Randyquid, and then it was performed in London and other European cities. Bidgol's publication has been published.

In a part of the play "The God of Hell", we read:

"Emma is busy with the same normal everyday tasks, constantly going back and forth, from the kitchen sink to the pitcher of water fills and waters the pots. Haynes is sitting on the sofa, almost with his back to the audience; He drinks coffee and watches Emma, who is still watering the pots. A moment's pause. Haines takes a sip from his coffee cup every now and then.

Emma: [watering the pots] You're up early today.

Haines: Yes... where's Frank?

Emma: He is feeding the calves. This is what he does from morning to night.

Haines: What a world he has for himself.

Emma: That's right. He's dedicated his life to this.

Haines: I'm glad he finally made a corner for himself.

Emma: Yeah. You two went completely different ways.

Haines: What do you mean?

Emma: Well, I mean your job your research.

Haines : My research?

Emma: Yes. Whatever it is... I don't know. His work is different.

Haines: How is it different?

Emma: With your work. Frank went to another field.

Haines: Ah, yes, well. I understand.

Emma: I want to say that Frank never had such ambitions. Right here, in his own world, he is satisfied. Living outside the city, farming, ranching. Crossbreeding, that sort of thing.

Haines: Yeah. I understand what you mean. Crossbreeding?

Emma: Whereas you, well, you went into government work, and you did very important research.

Haines: I'm not in research. I'm not a research person at all. The book "The Woolly Gorilla"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Eugene O'Neill, the prominent American playwright and winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1936 with the play "The Woolly Gorilla" He tried to say that in the 20th century, tragedy with the form and themes common in Greek tragedies is still possible. In this respect, he can be considered, like his teacher, Ibsen, engaged in new experiences in dramatic literature and theater. But what distinguishes this play from his other works is the prominence of his expressionist style.

This play, which was staged in 1922, was a horrifying picture of a sinister and scary life and a hard slap on the face of traditionalists, whether in society. And what about theater work. However, crowds of the same people watched this play and enthusiastically praised it while metaphorically and ironically slapping it. What was interesting to the audience was the meaning hidden in this blow. The author believed: the crowd sat in the theater and listened to words that were completely contrary to their daily thoughts and habits; However, he loves what he sees and hears.

The play "The Furry Gorilla" translated by Behzad Qadri was published by Bidgol publishing house.

In a part of the play "The Furry Gorilla" we read:

"Ahh, the whiskey of the life of the dead.

Whiskey for my dear friend (the others repeat this line.)

Ahh, the whiskey made my dad crazy

>

Whiskey, whiskey, my friend

Ahh, whiskey is driving my daddy crazy,

Whiskey for my dear friend.

Yanke: (towards them again (turns back. In a contemptuous tone) Ah, the dead! Enough of the nonsense they read in sailing ships! You know what, this crap belongs to Ahed Bokeh. You damned old Irishman, I'm the owner of Ahed Boghi, but you're not. Look, don't worry, leave us alone. You guys cut that noise. (With a bitter chuckle) Can't you see, Corinne, that I'm farting?

All: (They repeat the word "thought" in the same pessimistic and mocking tone.) Thought! (Singing this word has a dry, soulless and rusty echo. It's as if their throats are the speakers of old gramophones. After saying this word, they all laugh out loud, like a howl.) Don't be pressured.

- If you think about your life, you will get a headache.

- Rasi, do you know something? From the old saying, "When you are thinking about grief, drink." hahaha! They sing. With these wives, they kick their feet on the chairs.)"

Buy the book The Woolly Gorilla from BingMag

14. The book "Hotel of two worlds" BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Inn of Two Worlds" is written by Eric Emmanuel Schmidt, a well-known French writer and playwright. He was born to parents who were athletes and physiotherapists. The roots of his interest in writing and theater go back to the time when he went to the theater with his mother to watch a play by "Edmund Rostan".

Schmidt grew up in the suburbs of Lyon. In 1985, he graduated from the Ecole Normale School of Philosophy and Music in Paris. Three years later, he received his doctorate in philosophy from Sorbonne University.

His trip to the Ahagar desert in 1989 was an extraordinary spiritual experience and paved the way for his writing. He was teaching in high schools and colleges, and his plays made him famous in the 90s.

The play "Hotel of Two Worlds" narrates the life of Julien Portal, the main character of the play. He, who is the editor of the sports newspaper, is disappointed and depressed and his sense of emptiness is destroyed. He took the bottle to compensate for his shortcomings. Julien does not believe in life after death and has filled his existence with false hope. Death is the end of everything for him. But after his car collided with a tree, he fell into a coma. He enters the guesthouse between two worlds. Julien is distraught and anxious. Lily, the psychic girl, comes to him and says welcome. After some time, Dr. Ace also welcomes him to inform him of his current situation on earth, that a new party is coming.

In a part of the play "Guesthouse of Two Worlds", we read:

"Julien: Tell me about yourself. Be early, from yourself! Be quick, I only have a minute. Where do you live?

Laura: In a big house by the sea, with windows as wide as the horizon.

Julien: Does it have a beach?

Laura: Yes, Long, white and blue. I love being taken for a walk on the beach.

Julien: And then? What else do you like to do?

Laura: I like to dream. listen to music And when I listen to music, I hear the silence around me.

Julien: And then?

Laura: Then I like to read books, madly, to experience all the lives that I could not know.

Julien: What else?

Laura: I still think... that I wanted to be in love.

Chief: Unbelievable! They behave as if we are fat!

Occult student: (frightened) Mr. Rais!

Mari: (shocked) This gentleman is not wrong, I am really fat!

Chief: Wow!

Oscientist: Mr. Chairman, no one has been given special advice here.

Chief: Do you mean human equality? This disease of the republic has spread everywhere like a plague. It is not clear who is who. The value of people doesn't matter at all anymore.

Occult student: In my opinion, what makes a person worth is being a person and nothing else.

Chief: What rubbish! He is also one of those dangerous wastes!

Marie: (to the occult student) Mr. is right: a person who cannot compare a fat man with a boss.

Boss: Yes, you see! Even he knows! And dear lady, what do you think is the difference between them?

Marie: Well, what can I say...

President: Why, why, be sure to tell me. So that our friend (loudly) and the doctor... if they hear our voice, they will learn. What do you think is the difference between a company president and a fat man?

Marie: In my opinion? Well, the first is the difference in the office.

Boss: (applauds him.) Yes?

Marie: A boss makes his office dirty while a fat man cleans it.

Osculty learner: (He is excited.) Continue.

Marie: The way they speak is different. A boss talks to everyone as if people are trash, while a fat man talks as if he himself is trash. A boss carries a lot of titles before and behind his name: Mr. Mr. So-and-so Chairman, Chairman of Bahman Construction Company, member of the central council of the administration, I don't know what, the badge of honor, God knows what... a fat one has only his name, but that too very soon. He loses and only his little name remains for him and that's it. What can I say... It's better that her name is Mari already, because in any case, since the business owners don't have a good memory, sooner or later her name will be Mari."

Buying the book Guest House of Two Worlds from BingMag

15. The book "hand cutting ceremony in Spokane"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Martin McDonough was born in London in the early seventies. He was fourteen years old when he decided to become a writer after seeing the play "American Buffalo" by David Mamet. He dropped his studies and wrote stories and screenplays for eight short years and sent them to wherever he could think of. All of them were rejected. At the age of twenty-four, he was still living with a government stipend of fifty dollars a week when he decided to write a play. At some point, he spends his whole day writing. He wrote seven plays until 9 months later; He was not satisfied with one, but the other six plays soon became classics of the English theater, and at least the first of them, "Beauty Queen Linain", is one of the best plays of all time. It was read.

The play "Ceremony of amputation in Spokane" is undoubtedly one of the influential and thought-provoking works of "Martin McDonough". This author, who is known for writing anti-hero, black and violent works, has been able to show his writing art to the world in this work. and be uncomfortable. Nothing strange happened, only the innocent boy was harassed by some strange men. They brutally cut off his greatest asset, his hand, and took it with them. This is the beginning of the boy's wandering story. Someone who travels around the world for years to find these men might be able to get his hand back from them. Although now that many years have passed, it is unlikely that there is any trace of those people left in this world.

This boy, who might one day be a great and influential man in the world, has become a terrified and rebellious being. He is named Carmichael, who is half alive without his hand and wanders around frantically to find a trace of his sweet hand. He is imperfect. They took away a part of him that belonged to him, was part of his possessions, was attached to his body, now he cannot feel complete and happy without it. But Carmichael is not a bad person. He is the victim. He doesn't even know why someone should do such a thing to a child? Carmichael's severed hand is a symbol of injustice and corruption in the world.

The play "Ceremony of Amputation in Spoken" translated by Behrang Rajabi was published by Bidgol Publishing House.

In a part of the play " "Marilyn: [scared] Who? Did you promise you wouldn't hurt him?

Carmichael: Do you want to know how long I've been looking for this, Marilyn?

Marilyn: Did I say a damn hand?

(Carmichael very He turns around to look at Marilyn...)

I mean damn it.

(Pause. Carmichael very patiently points to the back of Marilyn's head. To the comed he shot her in.)

What is he doing there?

Carmichael: I can tell you that he is not dancing.

(At the same time Carmichael carefully and carefully starts to open closing. Marilyn goes to the closet in a panic. Doodles and Treswallers opens the door and looks in. Bends over. Puts her hand over her mouth.)

Marilyn: What have you done with it?

Carmichael: I didn't do anything with it.

Marilyn: Unconscious.

Carmichael: Not unconscious. (He goes and looks in the closet.) No, you are right. really stupid I think he passed out when I shot him.

(Carmichael returns just in time; Marilyn is looking at him.)

I shot him in the side of the head.

Marilyn: That's a terrible thing!

Carmichael: I think.>

16. The book "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Friedrich Dornmatt, a prominent Swiss playwright and novelist, on January 5, 1921, in one of the nearby villages The city of Bern was born in Switzerland. His father was a devout and pious priest and his grandfather was a witty and well-known poet who was known as an aggressive political poet for his politically critical poems. The influence of these two people on prospects was huge. Its signs can be seen in most of the playwright's writings.

Durnmat immigrated to the capital with his family at the age of 13. He entered the university and studied religious sciences, philosophy and German literature. Worked as a writer. He wrote theater reviews and crime novels. He wrote the book "Problems of Theater" and made a good life for his wife and children by writing radio plays.

In the play "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi" the deep and philosophical thoughts of the author are presented in a beautiful format. This work narrates the life of the prosecutor of an anonymous country who wants to establish absolute justice in the world in the form of the law of Moses. The main character is proud to have executed 350 death sentences by force during his 30 years of service as a prosecutor. He visits Anastasia, the widow of the owner of the sugar beet factory, who killed her husband.

The play "Marriage of Mr. Mississippi" translated by Hamid Thargyan was published by Ghatre publishing house.

In part of We read the play "The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi":

"Mississippi: It was a kind of childhood memory that my wife remained faithful to. If I had heard Anastasia's scream, many things might not have happened. If my effort to revive the world was wasted by spreading the law of Moses, at least this sad situation that happened to us two would have been avoided. Anyway, although the second marriage was mentally and morally exhausting for me, it was still the best years of my life. Even my career plan progressed during this marriage. Because I managed to increase the number of those sentenced to death from two hundred to three hundred and fifty. And out of these people, only eleven people escaped from the grip of execution due to the powers that the prime minister had, and that too with a lot of fuss and noise. Our marriage, regularly, according to the plan It happened as predicted. My wife, as predicted, raised her character considerably and also developed religious feelings. He calmly observed the execution ceremony next to me, without his habit of doing this, destroying his undoubted feelings towards the condemned."

Buy the marriage book of Mr. Mississippi from BingMag

17. The book "Red Island"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Mikhail Bulgakov, a prominent Russian writer and playwright, was born on May 15, 1891 in Kiev, Ukraine. He was born to teacher parents. In the fall of 1901, he went to the most famous high school in the city and his independent and self-opinionated personality was formed. He did not participate in any of the political associations of the school. He loved medicine. He graduated from medical school in 1916. He was called to military service. He wrote the memories of his service in the book "Notes of a young doctor". He served as a doctor in the White Guard during the Russian Revolution and the Civil Wars. The defeat of the White Army in the spring of 1920 was a painful disaster. He tried to leave the country. But struggling with a severe and chronic disease changed his fate. Get enough time to think and make a decision. After regaining health, he gave up medicine. He worked as a journalist and writer. Seven novels - Murshid and Margarita, Notes of a Young Doctor, Heart of a Dog, Black Snow, Ominous Eggs and Manuscripts Don't Burn - and ten plays - Zoya's House, Red Island, Dead Souls, Last Days, Batum, Adam and Eve, Peter the Great , Ivan Vasilievich, Moliere (based on the life of Moliere, the famous French comedian) and Don Quixote (a theatrical adaptation of Cervantes's masterpiece). Artistically and creatively written, it is a form taken from the 19th century French journalistic tradition, which even in Bulgakov's time seemed a little old, and it was a remnant of the French tradition of felton at the beginning of the 19th century. In the 19th century, mass-circulation newspapers offered the reader an extra page in the newspaper, with content written in everyday language. Later, this extra page made room for readers and increased the circulation of newspapers. Bulgakov brought his play closer to this genre of journalism and created a literary-cultural entertainment for ordinary people in the revolutionary Soviet atmosphere of the twenties.

The play "Red Island" translated by Mehran Sepehran has been published by Qatre publishing house.

In a part of the play "Red Island", we read:

"Gonnadi: What are you mimicking like a parrot?" Speak correctly.

Metelkin: By eyes. "Mary Stewart's" back is burnt, Gennady Panfilovich.

Gnady: That means I will come and fix her back for you. I'm going to talk about unnecessary things... refucari! Just a while ago, I went downstairs and saw that stage workers could be seen through it... (The phone rings on the table.)

Gonnadi: Fix it. (Picks up the phone.) Yes? We do not have free tickets. We have a conscience. (Hangs up the phone.) It's very strange. Sitting in the tram, they don't ask the controller for a free ticket, as soon as they enter the theater, it's like we opened a charity, they expect it to be free. This is shameless. Hey... Shameless"

Buying the Red Island book from BingMag

18. The book "The story of panda bears according to a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Matei Wisnik, writer, poet, journalist and The French-Romanian playwright was born in 1956 in the city of Radiotes, Romania. After graduating from the School of Philosophy and History of the University of Bucharest, he worked as a playwright. He was 31 years old when he came to Faghan from the oppression and tyranny of the Romanian communist regime and fled to France. In that country, he became a busy and popular writer and wrote 40 plays in Romanian and 20 plays in French. After the fall of the Communist government, he returned to his country and resumed his literary and artistic activities. Man in the Night of Dijour begins and ends with deep philosophical implications. The story is narrated in 9 days and their conversations captivate the audience like an exciting journey.

The play "The Story of Panda Bears Narrated by a Saxophonist Who Has a Friend in Frankfurt" translated by Tinush Nazmjo was published by Ney Publishing.

In a part of the play "The story of panda bears according to a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt", we read:

"Sixth night

The man enters.

He turns on two lights in the hall.

He puts his letters on the table.

He enters the kitchen and opens the refrigerator door.

He returns with a bottle of Heineken.

He drinks.

He listens to his messages on the answering machine.

Woman's voice: (on answering machine.) Where have you been? I came, you weren't there. Do you want to run away from me? You promised to wait for me at home. You went to look for your letter I hope you haven't opened them yet. Go back and put them in the box. OK? But be careful that no one sees you. I'm very sorry, but I can't come tonight. But we will definitely see each other tomorrow night. I left my gloves somewhere in the morning. I think I put it on the pillow... can you see? You can let them be. I like to think you sleep on my fingers. Okay. Look, be a good boy and try to sleep early tonight and especially don't try to listen to this message a second time. OK? do you promise? Tell me you promise. Louder to hear your voice...

Man: Yes...

Woman's voice: Louder. I don't hear anything.

Man: yes...yes...yes...

Woman's voice: Thank you...I trust you...I hold you tight...see you tomorrow. Don't forget to put the letters in the box; OK? I am yours with you even now. OK? So, see you tomorrow.

Tom tom even now. OK? So, see you tomorrow.

The message ends.

Long silence.

The man presses the repeat button again and listens to the message again, simultaneously He enters the kitchen.

He opens a can of carrots and eats it.

Woman's voice: (On the answering machine.) Where have you been? I came, you weren't there. Do you want to run away from me? You promised to wait for me at home. Did you go to look for your letters? I hope you haven't opened them yet. Go back and put them in the box. OK? But be careful that no one sees you. I'm very sorry, but I can't come tonight. But we will definitely see each other tomorrow night. I left my gloves somewhere in the morning. I think I put it on the pillow... can you see? You can let them be. I like to think you sleep on my fingers. Okay; Behold; Be a good boy and

Buy the book The Story of Panda Bears by a saxophonist who has a friend in Frankfurt from BingMag

19 . The book "Our Town"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Our Town" by Thornton Wilder is an outstanding American storyteller and playwright, which was written in 1897 in He was born in Wisconsin, USA. His father was a famous journalist and diplomat. 9-year-old Thornton went to Hong Kong with his family and settled in the US Embassy. But they returned to America six months later. Five years later, they all reunited in Shanghai. At the age of eighteen, he began studying Greek and Roman languages at Yale University and wrote his first play, "The Trumpet Will Be Blown." After twenty-three years, he became famous by creating the play "Our Town" and won the Pulitzer Prize.

This three-act play tells the story of an imaginary city called Gravers in the year 1911. It refers to human concerns. Each act of the play deals with everyday life, marriage and death.

The play "Shahr Ma" translated by Marjan Mousavi Kosha was published by Ney Publishing House.

In part of the play " Our city" we read:

"In the old park, lonely and frozen a while ago, two ghosts passed by. Their eyes are lifeless and their lips are loose, their words are hardly heard. In the old park, alone and frozen, two ghosts remembered the past. Do you remember the glory of our old days? Why do you want me to remember them? Does your heart still beat only in my name? Do you still see my life in your dreams? - No. - Oh, the days of our indescribable happiness when our lips connect. Unbelievable. How azure the sky was, and our hope was wide! Hope fled, defeated, to a black sky. They used to take such a step in the empty oat, and he sat alone at night listening to their words."

Buy our city book from BingMag

20. The book "A Raisin in the Sun"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Lauren Hensberry, an African-American playwright and director, the first black woman whose works appeared on Broadway. He was born on the 30th day of May 1930 in a rich family. He was fifteen years old when he was evicted from his home in the gentrified neighborhood of Chicago due to the complaint of white neighbors. This event had a great impact on his life and led him to write. He tried to acquaint the American society with the plight of blacks.

Hansbury wrote "A Raisin in the Sun" in 1959, which was staged immediately after its release on Broadway. In this play, it narrates the hopes, dreams and struggle of a black family in the south of Chicago.

The Younger family has become homeless. The father of the family has just died and all the family members are hoping for the small check that was promised for his life insurance. Lena, the mother of the family, is thinking of moving their house to a better place, but Walter, the son of the family, is thinking of investing and getting rich. He is tired of his situation and that of the blacks, and he is looking to improve the value and position of the blacks in the society by investing and becoming rich overnight. Benitha, the daughter of the family, is not in the garden and wants to study and find the roots of her race.

The play "Moizi Der Aftab" translated by Behzad Qadri and Hossein Zamani Moghadam was published by Qatre Publishing House.

In a part of the play "A Raisin in the Sun" We read:

"The show takes place inside a simple one-unit, three-bedroom house at 406 Claiborne Street in the northwest suburbs of downtown Chicago. A living room opens to the front door, an oak fireplace and plaster surround, and a revolving dining area leads to the kitchen. There is also a staircase to go to the second floor, under the staircase there is a door to the basement. There is an entrance corridor and a door for the bathroom.

Purchase Moizi Der Aftab book from BingMag

21. The book "Alice in Bed"BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

Susan Sontag, an American writer, screenwriter and director, was born in New York in 1933. He is best known for his articles and critical writings. But the fans of novels and short stories remember him with the novel "The Volcano Lover".

By writing critical articles, Sontag became an influential critic in the fields of politics and literature. "Alice in Bed" is the only play of this author. This eight-act work, which is about women's pain and suffering and their awareness of themselves, is written based on the life of a real woman named Alice James, who has been struggling with depression since she was a teenager. He was the youngest child of an American family who at the age of 30 got permission from his father to commit suicide and then remained bedridden for the rest of his life.

Although the main character of the play "Alice in Bed" suffers from illness and He doesn't have the ability to take steps, but he doesn't put any limits on his mind and imagination and uses his brain to achieve his desires. In parts of the play, we travel with Alice to her imaginary world and get to know people and scenes. In a part of this play, Alice holds a tea party and is surrounded by the women she has chosen - Emily Dickinson, the poet, Margaret Fuller, the reporter, etc. It has been published by Rozbahan.

In a part of the play "Alice in Bed", we read:

"Alice: I think you are against suicide.

Margaret: You didn't understand what I meant. Anyway, we'll die very soon.

Alice: (gets up and sits down.) We let Condry go too; Someone who I'm sure felt most comfortable lying next to us.

Margaret: Even the Condrey you are talking about is not interested in suicide.

Alice is lying on the mattress again. He smokes and packs a hookah.

Alice: I needed some advice; From a woman I respected. All my life, I heard advice from people.

Margaret: People always gave me advice. They wanted my advice. The truth was that they didn't want me to embarrass them.

Alice: Exactly.

They both laugh.

Alice: I don't have a sister.

Margaret: Women's grief comes in many forms. I saw this. We can be very close."

Buy the book Alice in Bed from BingMag

22. The book "Psychosis 4:48" BingMag.com 22 best contemporary plays in the world for theater lovers

The play "Psychosis 4:48" by Sarah Keane, one of the most controversial figures in playwriting He is a British contemporary and one of the writers following the "aggressive theater" movement. Aggressive theater is a theater that "takes its audience by the collar and shakes them enough to understand the message of the theater. Empiricism, sensitivity, violence and shock actions to excite the audience, projecting new and unusual aspects in various fields such as structure, tone, language and images, questioning moral norms and breaking taboos, showing the suffering and hardship under the skin and behind the face of contemporary people with Attacking their privacy and unseen points is one of the characteristics of this type of theater.

This work, as its name suggests, is an unusual play with a jumbled structure that cannot be defined as an independent theme or identity. It is an interwoven collection of dialogues, monologues, speeches and delusions of a psychopathic mind in confrontation with itself, its inner self and the world of psychology. /p>

In a part of the play "Psychosis 4:48" we read:

"- I am tired and dissatisfied with everything and everyone. As a human being, I am a total failure, I am guilty, I am wrong, I am taking revenge, I want to kill myself. I used to be able to cry, but now I'm done with tears and sighs, I've lost interest in other people, I can't make decisions, I can't eat, I can't sleep, I can't think, I can't overcome my loneliness and isolation, my fear Because of my hatred, I have become fat, I can't write, I can't fall in love, my brother is dying, my lover is dying, I am killing them both. I overflow, I am afraid of my own death, of the drugs I take. I don't like to die, I'm so scared and tormented by the truth that I decide to commit suicide, I don't want to live..."

Buy the book Psychosis 4048 from BingMag

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.