14 great famous directors who do not have university education

There is a simple unwritten rule that you have probably heard many times: if you want to become a professional at a job or work, you must study. People cannot become doctors or nurses, judges or lawyers without education. The university was created to teach us something that not all people in the society have the ability to do. With these details, a young person who aspires to make a film should definitely go to a film school or study in the field of cinema. This fact applies to most people working in the field of cinema and entertainment, most of them have an art-related degree and at some point they went to university, but some of the greatest masters of filmmaking in history took this path in a different way. They have not been trained in the principles of directing academically, some of them have dropped out of school, and others have entered fields that have nothing to do with cinema.

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

There is a simple unwritten rule that you have probably heard many times: if you want to become a professional at a job or work, you must study. People cannot become doctors or nurses, judges or lawyers without education. The university was created to teach us something that not all people in the society have the ability to do. With these details, a young person who aspires to make a film should definitely go to a film school or study in the field of cinema. This fact applies to most people working in the field of cinema and entertainment, most of them have an art-related degree and at some point they went to university, but some of the greatest masters of filmmaking in history took this path in a different way. They have not been trained in the principles of directing academically, some of them have dropped out of school, and others have entered fields that have nothing to do with cinema.

1- The Wachowskis

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

The Wachowski sisters have moved away from their prime, but they are still considered one of the most famous Hollywood filmmakers. They came into the limelight in 1999 with The Matrix, which they co-wrote, a groundbreaking work that revolutionized the action and sci-fi genre. This revolutionary film has many fans and you will find it on most lists of the best films of the 90s.

The Wachowskis have followed a different and unconventional path than other Hollywood filmmakers, especially since their starting point is graphic novels. have been. Lana went to Bard College in New York and Lily to Emerson College in Los Angeles, but both dropped out (Lily had taken at least one film-related course in college). In 1993, they channeled their artistic creativity into writing a comic book for Marvel and then decided to write a brand new graphic novel called The Matrix, an idea that eventually became a feature film. /p>

Before The Matrix, they had written the script for "The Assassins", which starred Sylvester Stallone and Antonio Banderas and turned into a commercial failure. This failure convinced the Wachowskis that they needed to personally take action to turn their ideas into films. Their first production, Limitation (1996) starring Gina Jershon, was not well received by critics but proved that they had a knack for filmmaking. And that's why the famous producer Joel Silver agreed to entrust them with the production of The Matrix, a film that stunned all moviegoers and critics.

2- James Cameron

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Cameron is one of the most successful filmmakers in history; He doesn't make many films, he spends years developing a project and usually uses new technologies to create an outstanding work. His creations usually become the best-selling films in history, and these successes are not accidental: in addition to creating great and epic works, he is a master of storytelling and pays special attention to details.

Cameron in his youth, in a "college "Regional" studied physics, then changed his major to English and finally dropped out to work as a truck driver. Although Cameron did not attend a film school, he spent a lot of time in the library of the University of Southern California reading the history of cinema and articles related to it. After watching "Star Wars" in 1977, Cameron became convinced that he wanted to become a filmmaker.

His starting point looks scary on paper. Cameron sold the rights to "The Terminator" for $1, but on one condition: that he direct it. Years later, when asked if film school was the right place to train young filmmakers, he replied, One of the best things that ever happened to me was that I didn't go to film school. The important thing is to pick up a camera and make a video. People sometimes ask me: How did you become a filmmaker? And I say: go home, find a camera and make a movie".

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Like other filmmakers on this list, Peter Jackson is one of the most important figures in the history of cinema. Is. With the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy, the complex and astonishing world of "J. R. R. Tolkien" in the best possible way, and received acclaim with "King Kong" (2005) and the "Hobbit" trilogy. Jackson knew since he was a teenager that he wanted to become a filmmaker, but the country of "New Zealand" did not provide a suitable environment for young filmmakers at that time, and Jackson did not want to go to another country to study cinema. The domestic cinema of this country was not very remarkable in the 80s, but Jackson He decided to change the situation and show the power of New Zealand filmmaking to the world. Jackson's crazy interest in movies made him drop out of school at the age of 16. He worked hard to earn money to buy the necessary equipment to make the film. After several years of trying, he managed to buy his first 16mm video camera. Buying such a camera was considered an important event for Jackson, and it was with this camera that he became a director. His first film, "Disgusting" (1987), was filmed with this magic camera and was shown at the Cannes Film Festival.

Henry Jackson's career started with a horror film, and he continued to make similar works until one To be called one of the new talents of this genre. Finally, with the film "Celestial Creatures" (1994), he was noticed on a global scale, and the doors of Hollywood were opened to him to make "The Fearmakers" (1996). The challenging path that Jackson entered was gradually paved so that he could find the opportunity to make Lord of the Rings and become immortal in the history of cinema.

4- Eva DuVernay

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Duvernay entered the field of filmmaking later than the others on this list. He was 32 years old when he first picked up a video camera and changed careers. First, he was a reporter and, for example, on the trial case of "O.J. Simpson" but for various reasons, he became disillusioned and decided to do other things. After that, he worked in public relations until he decided to make films. In one of her interviews, she says: "The fact that a black woman didn't go to film school and became a director proves to you that whatever path you're on, you don't necessarily have to stay on it. If you're on a path you don't want to be on, you can get out, you can move, and your age, race, and gender don't matter. It's important to take steps and get to where you want to be.

His first film, I Will Follow (2010), was a small independent project that received positive reviews and allowed Eva DuVernay Daed to take on bigger projects. He says about the experience of making this work: "I made this film without going to film school. One of the biggest lessons I learned was that you have to choose and manage the people around you properly. DuVernay is also considered the first black woman in history to make a film with a budget of 100 million dollars.

5- Tim Burton

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Burton has been one of the most creative filmmakers of the last few decades and there is no doubt that his creativity has made him reach this level of popularity and fame. He used to make short stop-motion animations at his home before directing films such as Batman (1989), Beetlejuice (1988) and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005). He went to the "California Institute of the Arts" to learn more about animation, and continued to produce top-notch short films such as "Giant Celery" (1979). "Walt Disney" attracted him and he went to them for an internship and after passing the basic training, he worked as a graphic designer, art director, storyboard designer and animator. He helped create works such as "Tron" (1982), "The Black Cauldron" (1985) and "The Fox and the Hound", but most of his ideas and designs were not used. He continued to make short films and gained attention once again with Vincent (1982). After watching this short film, the American producer Paul Reubens was persuaded to choose Burton to make Peewee's Big Adventure (1985). From then on, Burton moved from animation to The director changed his job, but he never strayed from his style and signature. His filmmaking style is now described as "Bertonian" and few filmmakers in recent decades have succeeded in replicating the atmosphere and magic of Burton's works. He has produced some of the most remarkable films of recent years without training.

6- Terry Gilliam

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Gilliam was the only American member of the famous comic group "Monty Python" who spent most of his time creating animations for the group. He also worked as an actor and directed the group's first feature film, "Monty Python and the Holy Grail" (1975) alongside "Terry Jones" in front of the camera; A film that achieved many successes. In his youth, Gilliam never had a plan to become a director, he worked as an animator and cartoonist and studied political science, but his fate took him in a different direction.

Through his drawings for "Help" magazine. , met John Cleese and after moving to England, met Eric Idle, Michael Palin and Terry Jones. Gilliam has said many times that he doesn't consider film schools to be very efficient or credible. He says there are many filmmaking schools and most of them do not help young enthusiasts. He also believes that if someone only learns the technical aspects of filmmaking, he will not be prepared for filmmaking.

In 2011, Gilliam provided further explanations on his personal Facebook page: "Live and learn how to make movies. I didn't go to film school, I just watched movies in theaters and my only education was when I actually made movies, so all you hear from me is: watch movies, pick up a camera, make movies. And if you repeat this, you will gradually learn how movies are made".

7- Quentin Tarantino

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Tarantino is one of the most successful independent filmmakers in history and he doesn't need to be praised, just watch his work for a few minutes. He entered Hollywood by writing screenplays and his first screenplay, "True Love Story" (1993) was directed by Tony Scott. His first feature film as a director, "Barn Dogs" (1992), surprised critics, but his second film, "Popular Tales" made him a special place in Hollywood history. Tarantino went on to show that his successes were not accidental and that he is a filmmaking genius who does not have a similar example. Then, for five years, he worked at a movie rental store, where he studied cinema on his own. Tarantino has talked many times about not studying cinema and not attending directing classes: "Trying to make a film without a budget is the best filmmaking class for you."

He also a few years ago in "When people ask me if I went to film school, I say no, I went to the movies," the Cannes streamer said (referring to going to the movies). Tarantino adds in another interview: "When you're not interested in many things, you have to be better [at what you're interested in]. I didn't like to study, I didn't like to do sports, my only interest was movies".

Buy Quentin Tarantino's book; Everything we need to know about BingMag

8- Ethan Coen

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

You know Ethan Coen together with "Joel" as "Coen Brothers". Since 1984 and the movie "Simple Blood", it was Joel who was called the director of their works, and Ethan's name was first mentioned as a filmmaker with the movie "Old Woman Killers" (2004). In any case, both of them have played a role in writing, producing and directing all the films and have presented great films such as "Fargo" (1996), "The Big Lebowski" (1998), "No Place for Old Men" (2007). /p>

Joel went to film school and earned a BA in Film and Television from New York University. Of course, Etan also went to university, but in a different field; He earned a bachelor's degree in philosophy from Princeton University. If you've seen the films of these two brothers, their philosophical dimension comes from Ethan Coen's knowledge, but in any case, a degree in philosophy has nothing to do with filmmaking. At the press conference of the film "Hail Caesar!" (2016) Ethan spoke about his education: I was definitely well educated I don't know how [philosophy] prepared me [for filmmaking]. But that's what free art is. I feel the university helped me and prepared me".

9- Julie Taimur

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

From the 80s to today, Taimur has been one of the leading figures in the theater field, a world that knows it well. Before stepping into the world of filmmaking, Taimur staged several works, most of which were universally acclaimed. In 1997, his adaptation of "The Lion King" became one of the most watched shows on Broadway, and according to statistics, it is still the best-selling theater show in history. She also won a Tony Award for directing this musical, the first woman to achieve such success.

Julie Taymor did not study film because it was not her main interest, but she gradually changed her mind. became. While studying mythology and popular culture at Eberlin College, he became interested in the world of movies. His creations have a theatrical atmosphere and structure that results from his past history in other fields, this different structure becomes more clear in works such as "Frida" (2002) and "From this side to the other side of the world" (2007). There have been many people who have not been able to have an acceptable performance after entering the cinema world from the theater world, and a theater director does not necessarily become a good film maker, but Taimur should be considered a completely successful example.

He was in the early decade He entered cinema in 1990 and worked on various adaptations, including the TV movie "Odip Shahriar" (1993). His first feature film was Titus (1999), an adaptation of the play Titus Andronicus. Written by "William Shakespeare", it satisfied the critics and soon became a cult film. Although his recent works such as "The Storm" (2010) and "Gloria" (2010) have not been very successful, they have their own fans.

10- Steven Spielberg

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Spielberg is the best-selling director of all time and one of the most influential filmmakers of the last two centuries. Since his childhood, Spielberg had a strong love and interest in filmmaking and was fully aware of which direction he wanted to go in the future. He made his first film at the age of 12 and later directed a 9-minute film called The Last Duel, for which he was honored by the Boy Scouts of America. He continued to make short films with his father's 8mm camcorder.

Unlike the other figures on this list, Spielberg was interested in studying filmmaking but was accepted by the University of California and the University of Southern California due to poor grades. It didn't happen. He didn't have any dreams or goals other than filmmaking, and even the lack of opportunity to attend university didn't make him give up. He attended filmmaking classes at California State University but dropped out after signing a contract to make a short film. The result was a small romantic film called Amblin (1968), which caught the attention of producers, and Spielberg signed a seven-year contract with Universal as a television director; He also became the youngest filmmaker in history to work with a major Hollywood studio. It is unbelievable that such a special talent was not accepted by universities, and it raises the question of who else could have become a great filmmaker in recent decades, but because of not being accepted by universities, they have decided to go for other jobs. It goes without saying that a few decades later, after 33 years away from studying, Spielberg returned to the university (in 2002) to complete his studies.

11- Stanley Kubrick

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Another of the greatest filmmakers in history, whose works have become a source of inspiration for many directors. Kubrick's initial interest was not cinema and was more oriented towards imaging and photography technologies. Although he was working as a photographer, he did not enter university even for this dream. After finishing school, he sold his photos to Look magazine to earn money and later became one of the editorial members of this magazine.

Kubrick always loved movies and after a while, He left photography to become a filmmaker. He spent all his savings on renting a camera and making short films. Kubrick personally studied the technical aspects of cinema and finally entered the cinema industry. In a 1969 interview, he said that he learned filmmaking by experience, without having a teacher or professor. Moreover, because he was forced to work on all the technical aspects of his first two films (from the script to editing and shooting), he soon learned everything that was necessary: "The best education is to make films. I suggest all budding directors try to make a film on their own. Even a three-minute short film can teach you a lot. All the things I did in the beginning are the same things I do now as a director and producer".

12- Federico Fellini

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Fellini is one of the most popular Italian filmmakers in history and his great works such as "Sweet Life" (1960), "Rome" ( 1972) and "Eighty Nine" (1963) have been watched by all serious movie lovers. He is often described as "the master of Italian cinema" and sixteen Oscar nominations are only a part of his honors. Fellini received an honorary Oscar in 1993.

Fellini had no goals or plans related to filmmaking at the beginning of the journey. After finishing school, he went to law school to please his mother, but he was not interested in this field. Instead, he mostly worked in the field of writing and painting. He was then hired to write a column for a newspaper called "Are You Listening to What I'm Saying?" write the This job changed the course of his life and helped him to go into screenwriting. Of course, World War II disrupted his plans.

After Roberto Rossellini found him in a caricature shop, Fellini was faced with a new opportunity to flourish. Rossellini enlisted the help of Fellini in writing the screenplay for "Rome, the Defenseless City" (1945) and from there on, this talented young man stepped into the world of cinema to make some of the best films of the 20th century and was the source of inspiration for other great filmmakers such as "Martin to become Scorsese, without having an academic education in the field of cinema.

Buy the book Interview with Federico Fellini from BingMag

13- Akira Kurosawa

BingMag.com 14 great famous directors who do not have university education

Like Federico Fellini, Kurosawa is considered his country's greatest filmmaker. This legendary Japanese filmmaker made some of the greatest films of all time such as "Chaos" (1985), "Hidden Fortress" (1958) and "Seven Samurai" (1954) and was a source of inspiration for greats such as Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and Francis. Ford Coppola. In his youth, Kurosawa planned to become a painter and pursued this dream, but the politicization of art in Japan and the unfavorable economic conditions forced him to pursue other jobs instead of painting. He ended up working as an assistant director at PCL (now Toho).

He spent the next few years in this job and contributed to more than 25 films. In 1943, Kurosawa directed his first film, Sanshiro Sugata. You can see the interest in art and painting in the works of this filmmaker, and the poetry of his films are still influential after several decades. Although Kurosawa did not go to film school, in recent decades, various schools have been named in his honor, Akira Kurosawa, including the Kurosawa School of Filmmaking at Anaheim University in California and the Kurosawa School of Filmmaking in Tokyo, which is run by his son.

Alfred Hitchcock Everyone knows and you don't have to be a fan of horror or horror to be familiar with Hitchcock's works. He has made more than 50 films, which are usually shown to cinema students. His unique filmmaking style is called "Hitchcock" and although many filmmakers have tried to make works similar to him, it is not easy to imitate this great director. Hitchcock, however, had taken a completely different path in his youth.

He was studying engineering, but the sudden death of his father and the start of World War I made it difficult for him. Hitchcock then started doing miscellaneous work and spent his free time studying and watching American cinema. When the Paramount studio opened a new branch in England, Hitchcock started working there to get one step closer to the cinema. During this period, he was involved in the development of several silent films (as intertitle designer). He then joined Gainsborough Pictures to work as an assistant director.

Hitchcock worked as an assistant director on various films, and in 1925, he made his first feature film, Pilgrimage. He made "Garden" (1925). He went on to make films to create some of the greatest classics of all time, including "Psycho" (1960), "Vertigo" (1958) and "Rear Window" (1954). Hitchcock didn't go to film school, and it was only in 1968 that he received an honorary degree from the University of California, Santa Cruz.

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