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10 spectacular films of German Expressionism for fans of nightmarish horror movies

German Expressionism is one of the most well-known styles of silent cinema. Nevertheless, it is sometimes difficult to give a comprehensive definition. Expressionism is a school of art that first appeared in poetry and the visual arts at the beginning of the twentieth century, and after World War I also found its way into mediums such as theater, architecture, and cinema. Expressionism, influenced by German novelism, presents the horror of human characters through their nightmarish environment by presenting a mental representation of the world. Gives. The Italian term chiaroscuro is often used to describe the high-contrast arrangement of light and dark, but German critic Lut Eischner uses a term from his native language: Helldunkel. He describes the word as "a kind of wolf in the German spirit who expresses himself through mysterious and dark interiors or in hazy and unrealistic scenery."
  • 30 German films superior to The Age of Expressionism to the Modern Age

German Expressionist cinema began to flourish after years of war and the economic devastation caused by the war. Several films can be described as pure expressionist cinema; Movies like "Dr. Caligari's Office." But this cinematic movement, which flourished during the Weimar years, gradually thinned out and began to merge with other genres, including the realist films of the "new objectivity." This instability persisted for decades in the classic noir films and their sharp angles and shadows. Eisner also states that he has added the features of other filmmaking styles and, at one point, parodies the form. If you want to experience the breadth of German expressionist silent films, there are a few classic examples to watch; Examples made by those who call themselves "apocalyptic teenagers" and whose dark angles continue to haunt cinema.

1) Dr. Caligari's Cabinet> BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1920
  • Duration: 51 minutes
  • Director: Robert Wien
  • Actors: Kenard Wade, Hans Heinrich von Towardowski, Werner Cross And/
  • users rating IMDb to movie: 8 out of 10

Undoubtedly, one of the most iconic and influential films in the history of cinema is "Dr. Caligari's Office". With distorted and disturbing angles from its painted backgrounds, the film narrates a character named Francis who tries to uncover the secret behind a series of murders. He suspects that a mad hypnotist named Dr. Caligari and Caesar were involved in the assassinations.

This film is often interpreted as an allegorical reaction to World War I. Caesar is seen as representing the innocent soldiers who were forced to kill by order of an abusive authoritarian government (symbolized by Caligari). Characters such as dysfunctional police officers and unscrupulous employees who are portrayed in unambiguous terms are also likely to address a wide range of issues.

2) From Morn to Midnight.="https://bingmag.com/picsbody/2205/20387-3.jpg" alt="BingMag.com 10 spectacular films of German Expressionism for fans of nightmarish horror movies" loading="lazy">

  • Product: 1920
  • Duration: 73 Minutes
  • Director: Karl Heinz Martin
  • Actors: Ernest Deutsch, Erna Morena, Roma Ban and
  • User rating IMDb to movie: 6/9 out of 10

From morning Still Shocking "Midnight" is one of the most daring examples of German expressionist cinema. The film is based on a play by one of the most important expressionist figures, Georg Kaiser. The story of the film tells the story of a bank cashier who falls in love with one of his customers and steals money. He drowns in Jupiter's air and asks him to run away together, but Jupiter laughs at him. The cashier, who finds himself forced to return home and lead a brutal daily life, runs away alone to find the joy and passion he has lost. But the image of death constantly haunts him, and his connection to the stolen money is soon revealed.

Martin directed the same text on the stage before making the film; Where he had tried to separate the work from external reality as much as possible. He continued this approach in the film and, using a minimalist and patterned style, advanced the work towards the cashier's mental feelings.

3) Golem: How he came to this world (The Golem: How He Came into the World)

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • product: 1920
  • Duration: 85 minutes
  • Director: Paul Wagner and Carl Boes
  • Actors: Paul Wagner, Lida Salmonova, Greta Schroeder and
  • IMDb users rating: 2.7 out of 10

The third and only surviving part of the Golem trilogy, made by Paul Wegner, is the background for his previous films. In a ghetto in Prague, Rabbi Lou builds a golem out of clay to protect society from the horrific tragedy predicted by the stars. After making Golem, Lou summons the spirit of Astaroth to learn from him the magic word that brings Golem to life.

This film, like Dr. Caligari's office, was made to have a lasting effect. The film envisions a number of his later works in the original depiction of Astaroth summoned, as well as in the peaceful interaction between the "monster" and a young girl; These include Weimar's contemporaries such as Murano "Faust" or later Hollywood works such as Frankenstein James Will.

4) Nosferatu

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1922
  • Duration: 81 minutes
  • Director: Friedrich Wilhelm Morenao
  • Cast: Max Shrek, Greta Schroeder, Gustaf von Wangenheim and
  • User rating IMDb to movie: 7/9 out of 10

"Nosferato" which Something like an anomaly in the body of expressionist cinema, instead of constructing its world in a studio, it goes to real places and uses them, thus returning to the roots of expressionism, which is German romanticism. There is a kind of poetic poetry and lyrical beauty in the early scenes of Nosferatu. But as the film progresses, the images become more and more terrifying, and Murano works with familiar images to make them look weird. He imbues real places with expressionist illusions and very slowly takes us from reality to nightmares. 1890 Moves to Germany in the 1830s, transforming the vampire into a transcendental tooth force symbolizing the inevitability and inevitability of death. Bram Stoker's widow sued Stoker over the illegal use of Stoker's text, and the court ruled that all copies of the film should be lost. But fortunately the versions had already been widely distributed and the film survived the destruction.

5) Warning Shadows

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1923
  • Duration: 90 minutes
  • Director: Arthur Robinson
  • Cast: Gustaf von Wangenheim, Lily Herder, Fritz Courtner and
  • IMDb for movie: 6/7 out of 10

in Arthur Robinson's 1923 film An illusionist uses the famous revelatory shadows, which are signs of German Expressionism, to create a moral show for a group of wealthy friends gathered in a mansion. Kent (Fritz Courtner), who has invited guests to dinner, becomes jealous of his beautiful young wife, and his moral portrayal acts as a warning about the consequences of infidelity. Fritz Courtner's protruding eyes and twisted limbs represent aspects of the classical expressionist style, as her unnatural emotions, when represented in expressionism, turn her face and body into something far removed from the human.

Film Made without a script, just like the show that takes place inside, it makes its story simply by playing with shadows. Guests watch in horror as the puppets command their shadows and display their true selves on the wall through the shadows. The truth is revealed in the dark; For one, Kent's shadow falls on the dried head of a hunted animal and shoots its shadow like a betrayal.

6) The Hands of Orlac

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1924
  • Duration: 90 minutes
  • Director: Robert Wayne
  • Cast: Kenard Wade, Alexandra Sorina, Carmen Cartelliri and
  • IMDb User rating for the movie: 7 out of 10

In this horror story, the body is a pianist Paul Odrak is forced to have a hand transplant after being injured in a train accident. Paul Oudrak's life is ruined when he realizes that the bonds once belonged to a murderer named Wasour. No longer able to play the piano, he is even afraid of being petted by his wife and constantly thinks that new bands may lead him to violence.

Conrad Wade, who plays the injured pianist Plays, presents a flawless expressionist presentation of a man who fears being dragged into the abyss of violence. The shrewd Firtz Kurtz also has an acceptable performance in the role of Nera, Vassour's colleague, who rises from under Orcal's bed in a memorable way. Helldunkel's filming of Gunter Krampf's character reinforces the atmosphere of sadness. Overlock Hands has been remade twice and has inspired more. But few of these inspirational films can match the power of this film in expressing emotions.

7) Waxworks

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1924
  • Duration: 84 minutes
  • Director: Paul Lenny and Leo Brinsky
  • Cast: Kenard Wade, William Dieterl, Emile Jennings and
  • User rating IMDb to movie: 6.5 out of 10

movie "Wax Structures" using The pattern of films such as "Destiny" is a collection of three stories that take place in different times and countries. This film is the story of a young poet who, on the way to an exhibition, tries to attract the attention of the owner of the exhibition by creating strange stories from the wax exhibitions of Aaron Al-Rasheed, Ivan the Terrible and Jack the Killer.

Lenny He was a designer from moving to directing. Here he gives each section a distinctive style to suit their different spaces: the story of Harun al-Rasheed is marked with onion curves to emphasize its erotic playfulness, while the narrow spaces of the dreaded porch's story evoke a sense of paranoia and persecution of the tsar. Highlights. At the same time, the double exposure of the killer jack highlights its feverish and nightmarish quality.

8. Variety -9.jpg ">

  • Product: 1925
  • Duration: 72 minutes
  • Director: Ewald Andre Dupont
  • Cast: Emile Janings, Leah de Putty, Charles Lincoln and
  • strong> IMDb users rating for the movie: 7.4 out of 10

"Variety" in the opening credits titled Described as the "tragedy of an acrobat," it is an expressionist melodrama far removed from the expressionist horror cycle. The film has a story reminiscent of "From Morning to Midnight". A former acrobat named Behnam Bass, after succumbing to the advances of a younger woman, leaves his wife and child to both listen to his breath and try to regain the glory of his buttocks.

Today The film is perhaps best known for its stunning camera movements, which cameraman Karl Freund invented last year with "The Last Laughter." But the camera movements in this film never cause the style to go beyond nature; The techniques are at the service of the film and are used to express the feelings of the story.

9) The Student of Prague

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1926
  • Duration: 91 minutes
  • Director: Henrik Gallin
  • Cast: Kenard Wade, Paul Wagner, Werner Cross and
  • User Rating strong> IMDb to the film: 6/9 out of 10

The "Prague Student" film, which is a remake of a 1913 film of the same name Is an adaptation of the story of Edgar Allan Poe, and Henrik Gallin's interpretation of the Faust legend. Gnter Krampoff's warm-hearted sets and magical cinematography turn The Prague Student into an expressionist film that, ironically, brings together two of the film's key actors; Werner Krauss and Conrad Wade. Wade plays a student named Baldwin. Baldwin gives his soul to her in exchange for a loan from a mysterious stranger (Cross). Baldwin's shadow, which is now in the service of the stranger, haunts and harasses him throughout the film; A symbol of Baldwin's self-contradictory nature and a harbinger of his death. Yes, reach its peak.

10) Metropolis

BingMag.com 10 <b>spectacular</b> <b>films</b> of <b>German</b> <b>Expressionism</b> for <b>fans</b> of <b>nightmarish</b> <b>horror</b> movies

  • Product: 1927
  • Duration: 114 minutes
  • Director: Fritz Lang
  • Cast: Brigitte Helm, Gustav Frolinesh, Alfred Abel and
  • User rating IMDb to movie: 8.3 out of 10
  • Top 10 Fritz Lang films; The Excellence of German Cinema in the Heart of America

Metropolis, one of the most famous German silent films, combines expressionist style with Gothic style and futuristic aesthetics. Something that is often repeated in contemporary science fiction cinema. The film's extremist view of a fully-fledged society, with the rich breathing fresh air in the bright light above the city and the workers working in the dark, is an expressionist interpretation of the economic imbalance in Walmar's German hyperinflation. The use of Helldunkel here not only reflects the character's emotional horror, but also a kind of social criticism.

In Metropolis, the crowding itself is an expressionist feature of the film. Workers operate in symmetrical, convulsive, and machine patterns. The crowd obediently follows Maria in such a way that we remember Caesar falling asleep at the behest of Dr. Caligari.


Source: BFI

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