Hollywood is known for its freedom of narrative. It is no secret that cinematic adaptations of literary works are often weaker than the original sources. One of the main reasons is that a movie has a limited duration and must narrate the book in a concise way in a short time; With these descriptions, some of the inevitable details are removed. The same thing is clearly happening with historical films and biographies. In this category of works, events and characters are usually added to the main narrative in order to present an exciting or more effective story to the audience by giving it leaves.
This method is very much as long as it does not harm the main narrative. This is good, but the main problem is that filmmakers sometimes prefer to make the narrative more interesting by distorting an important part of the historical facts. These works are usually incredibly different from what really happened.
Of course, many famous directors like Quentin Tarantino do it delicately, combining historical narratives and imagination with first-rate creations. He says that all audiences are aware of his surreal world, such as "Inglourious Basterds" or "Once Upon a Time in Hollywood". Instead, there are works that practically distort history and important facts. Are shown upside down. Some of these films are so influential that most audiences find their narratives credible and few seek to understand the truth.
* Warning: Read more This is part of the story of the films.
- Release year: 1992
- Director: Katie Ortega
- Cast: Christian Bale, Jeremy Jordan, David Moscow, Gabriel Damon
- Score > IMDb Movie: 6.9 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Movie Score: 39 out of 100
What about the story of young boys singing and dancing in the streets of New York in protest of rising newspaper prices? Probably the first answer that comes to mind is their overjoyedness, which we have to say, since the newsagent is a musical film, in this case it goes through its normal course; So let's stop dancing and singing for a moment to explore the obvious historical distortions of the film. Due to the sudden rise in price of the New York World newspaper published by Joseph Pulitzer, he and his colleagues find it difficult to buy and sell newspapers and decide to stage street strikes to protest the injustice.
This story is inspired by a real event that happened in 1899. A group of traveling newspaper sellers went on strike in the streets for several days in a row due to the sudden rise in prices of the New York World newspaper and the New York Journal, but there are noticeable differences between the story of the film sellers and this real event, which is a distortion of history.
But if we want to talk about the characters of the newspaper sellers, we must say that almost all the characters are imaginary; For example, in reality there was no person named Jack Kelly and he can be considered a combination of the real leaders of this uprising. One of the main criticisms of the film is the portrayal of the selfish and arrogant faces of the famous Joseph Pulitzer, if he was in fact a good man. Also, the ending of the film is fundamentally different from reality. In fact, not only did the prices of the newspapers return to normal, but they also decided to buy the newspapers that were not for sale at the same price from the sellers.
According to it, in 2011, a musical on Broadway was staged, which also won the Tony Award.
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9- Tears and Smiles ( The Sound of Music )
- Release year: 1965
- Director: Robert Wise
- Actors: Julie Andrews, Christopher Plummer, Doris Lloyd, Richard Hayden, Eleanor Park
- IMDb movie rating: 8 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz movie rating: <83 out of 100
"The Sound of Music", known in Iran as Tears and Smiles, is one of the most popular and heartwarming musicals based on a true story. But there are slight differences in the narrative of the film and the reality. The film's story is about the von Trapp family, one of the most famous singing groups in the world, and is told in the midst of World War II.
Maria is a young nun who loves to sing and dance. He is sent by the monastery to take care of Captain von Trapp's children, and gradually develops a passion for music in the family, and eventually marries the father of the family. The Von Trapp family's joy ends with the start of the war for Austria's accession to Germany and the deployment of the captain to the front. One of these differences is the change of names and ages of the children of the family and the removal of the three children who were the result of the marriage of Maria and Captain von Trapp. They were also actually married a decade before the war.
One of the twists and turns of the tears and smiles is the von Trapp family fleeing to America, crossing difficult mountain roads, when in fact they They take their train to the United States and do not endure this amount of hardship.
Finally, Johannes von Trapp is pleased with the overall result of the film and considers these changes to be suspenseful and exciting. Of course, audiences like him are satisfied with the overall result and consider tears and smiles as one of the best musicals of their lives.
8- Marie Antoinette </</strong> strong> )
- Release year: </2006>
- Director: Sophia Coppola
- Actors: Christine Dunst, Jason Schwartzman, Judy Davis, Rip Thorne
- Score IMDb Movie: 6.5 out of 10
- Score Raton Tomitoz Movie : 57 out of 100
One of the most famous quotes about Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XIV, is that she is informed that people are protesting because there is bread for They do not eat and the queen says in surprise, "Why do not they eat cake ?!" The historical authenticity of this quote is still shrouded in ambiguity, just like Sophia Coppola's film, which is not historically clear how close to reality it is. It refers to the Queen of France and her visit to Paris, and does not mention the story of the French Revolution and the painful fate of her and her family. The film has a stunning costume design and is eye-catching, but that's one of its main problems; In fact, at that historical moment, there was no such volume of color and pattern on the fabrics at all, and women had a simpler, lighter, more glazed appearance.
He had no understanding of popular life, no doubt, and many historians confirm this, but Sophia Coppola also went so far as to portray the Queen of France as a carefree teenager who, in addition to spending time shopping, Eating and having a relationship with Kenneth Axel Farsen has nothing else to do. These historical inaccuracies make the film boring and predictable and lack the initial traction.
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7- JFK ( JFK )
- Year of Release: 1991
- Director: Oliver Stone
- IMDb strong> Movie: 7.6 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Score Movie: 61 out of 100
Oliver Stone Special interest He builds historical monuments, but usually distorts reality with his personal orientations. In JFK, as his name implies, he assassinates US President John F. Kennedy and tries to shed light on the unknown aspects of the story. Kevin Costner as Jim Grayson is the prosecutor who, after Kennedy's death, launched an extensive investigation into the conspiracies behind the assassination. Of course, his research remained theoretical and has not been proven so far, and still Lee Harvey Oswald, who was shot dead two days after his arrest and could not defend himself. Is known as the main defendant. Many people, however, believe that Oswald was in fact innocent or at least had other accomplices. In any case, Oliver Stone preferred to retell Mr. Grayson's claims as a home revelation to the audience.
Johnson is in Kennedy's assassination if there is still no solid evidence for the accusation, and even Grayson himself hypothesized it. Another case is about a suspect named David Frey who is being interrogated for involvement in the Kennedy assassination, but in fact he strongly denied all the accusations, while in a part of the film we see that Frey confesses under psychological pressure that he played a role in this case. JFK can not be considered as a documentary biographical narrative, and the creators' taste in ignoring some historical facts can be clearly seen in a few moments.
- Release year: 1995
- Director: Eric Goldberg
- Voice actors: Irene Badard , Judy Cohen, Mel Gibson, David Ogden Steers, John Cassie
- IMDb Score: 6.7 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Movie Score: 55 out of 100
Pocahontas is one of Disney's most colorful and glazed animations, which has been widely criticized. The reason for paying too much attention to m There were romantic performances and distortions of history. The animation tells the story of Pochahants, the brave daughter of the commander of the Indian tribe, Pohatan, who bravely confronts his father and rescues Captain John Smith, a British explorer also known as an Indian hunter. This courageous act of Pocahontas creates a fiery love affair between him and John Smith and improves his relationship with the Native Americans.
But the story of this animation is fundamentally different from reality; Pocahontas was a ten-year-old girl when she met John Smith, and the relationship between them was not at all romantic, as her marriage to another person in the years to come testifies to this. It is also interesting to note that Pocahontas was actually the nickname for this girl, which means "playful person" or "abusive girl," and her real name was Matuaka. Some of these historical distortions in order to moderate the bitter fate of Pocahontas and John Smith are understandable.
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5- Pearl Harbor ( Pearl Harbor )
- Release year: 2001
- Director: Michael B.
- Actors: Ben Affleck, Josh Hartnett, Kate Beckinsale, Cuba Gooding Jr., Tom Sizemore
- IMDb rating : 6.2 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Score Movie: 24 out of 100
Pearl Harbor A Port on the Hawaiian Islands Is. On December 7, 1941, Japan formally airlifted the port to the United States, which until then had been neutral in World War II; That's why this day is so important in American history. In Pearl Harbor, Michael B. tried to depict the adventures of this attack by intertwining the reality and challenges of a love triangle, but he was so careless in the historical details that the film can be considered a complete historical distortion.
But the most important historical mistake is related to the day of the attack. . In fact, American fighter jets did not go to Japan to bomb at all, while in the movie we see Danny and Reef flying over Japan with their planes. Also according to the documentation Japan's history suffered little damage in the attack if more than seven Japanese fighter jets were destroyed in the film. ; He gets so excited that he suddenly gets up from his wheelchair and makes an impactful speech to the crowd!
4- Braveheart ( Braveheart )
- Release year: > 1995
- Director: Mel Gibson
- Cast: Mel Gibson, Patrick McGuinn, Brendan Gleason, Sophie Marceau li>
- IMDb rating: 8.3 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz rating: 78 out of 100
Braveheart is one of those films that has been broadcast many times on Iranian radio and it is unlikely that you will find anyone who has at least one sequence of it. Has not seen. Many audiences think that Braveheart is a full-fledged historical epic that is completely true, but in addition to the main storyline, it is the birthplace of many writers.
Braveheart is the story of a Scottish warrior named William Wallace. Gibson) seeks to save his country from British rule. He led many wars against the British army.
One of the most important historical distortions of the brave heart is about the origin of William Wallace; He is portrayed in the film as a poor, self-made warrior if he was in fact a noble knight. The next case is about his relationship with Queen Isabella, the wife of King Edward II of England, which has no historical record at all, because Isabella was very young at the time of William Wallace's attack and did not marry the king at all, but the film does not suffice with this historical forgery. He goes further and introduces Isabella's son, Edward III, as the result of his relationship with William.
Finally, we come to the reconstruction of William Wallace's wars and attackers. These wars were in fact quite strategic and were pre-planned obsessively, but in the film we see more irregular and aimless attacks that are more similar to the Barbarian wars!
The end of the film is fundamentally different from reality and has a bitter fate. William is not portrayed, although this was probably due to the dramatic reduction of the story; Because, in fact, he is torn to pieces after being beheaded, and every part of his body is left in a corner of Britain to learn from others.
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3- Shakespeare in Love ( Shakespeare in Love )
- Release year: 1998
- Director: John Madden
- Cast: Gwyte Paltrow, Joseph Finns, Jeffrey Rush, Colin Firth, Ben Affleck
- IMDb Movie Score: 5.6 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Movie Score: 16 out of 100
Almost everyone has heard of William Shakespeare, but many are unaware of the path that led to the success of this British playwright, just like the creators of Shakespeare in Love!
William's film's story Shakespeare follows the young man as if he were the source of creativity when writing the play Romeo and Juliet. She suddenly stops fussing, but his love for a girl named Viola gives him the impetus to complete the play. The beautiful and rich have enough reason to finish Romeo and Juliet in Shakespeare. The film is also full of inattention to historical details; For example, in different scenes, utensils and utensils are used that did not exist at all at that time, or in that period, the presence of women on the theater stage was not very common, while here the viola is one of the main roles in the play.
Finally, it is necessary to mention that the creators of Shakespeare in Love never emphasized its authenticity, but many audiences consider this narrative to be based on reality.
2- Alexander ( Alexander )
- Release Year: 2004
- Director: Oliver Stone
- Cast: Colin Farrell, Jared Leto, Angelina Jolie, Wall Kilmer, Anthony Hopkins
- IMDb Score stron g> Movies: 7.1 out of 10
- Raton Tomitoz Movie Score: 92 out of 100
Alexander's Movie, as its name implies, covers parts of Alexander the Great's life from childhood and adolescence to battle. Deals with Darius III and invades India and Morocco. Oliver Stone's distortions in this seemingly historical film are so great that they have attracted the voices of many scholars from all over the world and have been met with strong protests from Iranians and Greeks; Greece sued Oliver Stone for distorting Alexander the Great's character. In the first place, most of the story is told in Babylon, and not much is said about Susa, where Susa was the capital of the Achaemenids at that time, and Babylon was only one of the great trading cities. The next thing that was met with a lot of protests is the lack of knowledge of the builders about ancient Iran, so that all the soldiers of the Achaemenid corps were depicted in modest and chaotic clothes and in the most erratic possible condition while all the soldiers of the corps of Alexander are trained and They start the attack in a certain order. In the meantime, Darius III does nothing but command the attack and escape from the battlefield!
It is the burning of Persepolis that not only is not mentioned in this film, but he also seems to like Persepolis. Also, three important historical battles, namely Granikos, Asus and Gogmel, were portrayed in this film as a battle. And killed many innocent people in the most heinous way possible, but in Oliver Stone, it is the kind and compassionate leadership that evokes the sympathy of the audience.
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- Release Year: 2006
- Director: Zack Snyder
- Cast: Gerard Butler, Lina Heidi, David Vanham, Dominic West, Rodrigo Santoro
- IMDb rating: 7.6 10
- Raton Tomitoz Movie Score: 61 out of 100
Movie 300 is one of those noisy works that should usually be viewed with caution. They approached but I'm going to in this part Give a fairly detailed explanation of this film and examine the much-criticized historical distortions. First of all, let's look at the source of the 300 adaptation.
If you're a big fan of comic book tablets, you probably know Mr. Frank Miller. He is one of the most famous comic writers and some of his works have become famous cinematic adaptations, such as "Iron Police" (RoboCop) and some of the Batman DC movies. In 1998, Miller published a comic book called 300, inspired by historical events, which dealt with the Battle of Thermopylae and its environs; So far we have seen that the source of the 300 film adaptation is based on Frank Miller's imagination and is based solely on reality, but the question is, where did this amount of sensitivity come from because of a fantasy story?
In response, we must say that Comic 300 and its cinematic adaptation have deliberately altered clear parts of the history and culture of one of the most civilized ancient societies, and many audiences consider its fiction to be synonymous with historical facts; Therefore, instead of grumbling about the distortions and insults of this film, it is necessary to talk about these deviations so that audiences who have little information about the history of our country do not confuse the disturbing adventures of 300 with the historical facts. The basis of one of the most important battles that took place during the reign of Xerxes is written. Before we get into the story of the Battle of Thermopylae, let's take a look at the political and geographical structure of Greece in 480 BC; Greece at that time consisted of 11 separate sections, one of which was the famous Sparta, which played an important role in the Battle of Thermopylae. Sparta was one of the cities known for its legendary warriors. They received special military training as children and were, in fact, like slaughtering machines that did their job best. Xerxes, the son of Darius I, decided to march on Athens following his predecessors, and this started three great battles, one of which was Thermopylae. After this campaign, Leonidas, the king of the Spartans, decides to ground the Iranian army with an army of 300 trained soldiers, so they ambush in the Strait of Thermopylae with several thousand allies from other parts of Greece to prevent The arrival of the Iranian army in Athens and somehow buy time to evacuate the city. The Strait of Thermopylae was geographically located between the mountains and the sea, and was practically the only way for the Achaemenids to reach Athens. Of course, this resistance did not last long, and Xerxes finally found a way to bypass the strait and besiege the Spartans, and with a gas attack, the remaining members were annihilated and the Achaemenids finally reached Athens. According to historians around the world, this is the most accurate thing that can be said about the Battle of Thermopylae, but it is very different from the story of the film 300, which we will mention below:
1- No messenger sent by Xerxes to the Spartans Failed. If we want to look at the situation logically, Iran wanted to conquer Athens, so what were the Spartans doing in the middle to send them a message? If there is a message, it should be sent to Athens. The next case is about the murder of an Iranian envoy, which is probably mixed with the story from the time of Xerxes's father, Darius. Apparently once Darius I sends a message to Athens and they get angry and throw the messenger into the well. Of course, later, fearing the consequences of their actions, they apologize to the Achaemenid court and pay compensation. And contemporary historians were amazed at some of his magnifications. One of these magnifications is about the number of people on both sides of the war, which, ironically, has also been mentioned as one of the documents in the 300 film. Herodotus estimates the number of members of the Iranian corps at more than 2 million. However, according to recent studies and environmental studies in the strait, this number is not possible at all, and the number of IRGC personnel was probably between 100,000 and 300,000. Of course, Herodotus was honest in saying that the number of Spartan troops was really 300, but the problem is that these 300 did not stand alone against the Iranians, and in the course of the war, many soldiers from other parts of Greece were added to them. Contemporary estimates put the number at 4,000 to 7,000.
The next distortion is about the exaggerated abilities of the Spartans. There is no doubt that the soldiers were trained, but they were just as ruthless, and killing slaves to show their physical fitness was one of their hobbies; So the real Spartans were by no means as innocent as the movie 300. On the other hand, their high physical strength did not mean that the armies of other parts of Greece were like beet leaves, because if it were so, the Spartans would have taken all of Greece under their banner, if this had never happened in history, but in The film only talks about the bravery of the Spartans in the Battle of Thermopylae, and the other Greek soldiers are portrayed as cowardly creatures.
So that in most moments they are more similar to strange animals and creatures than to the history of the most adorned people of that period!
The ornament hangs on itself; However, all historians, even Herodotus, spoke clearly about the luxurious clothes of the Iranians, and why should we go far at all? The image of Achaemenid kings and soldiers is still displayed in Persepolis. Xerxes's character is so distorted that it looks more like a mad and bloodthirsty creature instead of one of the world's superpowers!
6- Remember that the Achaemenids were the most powerful dynasty in the world at that time; Therefore, any common sense recognizes that they must have a strong army, in a voice that in 300 we do not see any specific strategy in the Achaemenid army, and instead we see many barbarians and savages who attack the other side for no apparent reason and in deficit. They will be killed by the zealous Spartan army from the second./p>
8- No matter how ugly the Achaemenid army is portrayed, the Spartans are handsome and do not believe in armor with their muscular bodies. Historical sources, on the other hand, often mention the special armor of the Spartans, which completely covers the abdomen and chest. What was going on in Mr. Miller's brain that sent these 300 people to the battlefield in such a state that the arrow was fired from everywhere is surprising.
9. In a part of the film where one He betrays the allies of the Spartans and shows Xerxes bypassing the strait, while this narration is not historically documented and shows this route to one of the local shepherds to the Iranian army.
10- End of the film The arrow marks the half-dead body of history and shows that after the oppressed massacre of the Spartans, the rest of the Greeks change and decide to attack Xerxes. From which historical event is this case fairly adapted? Xerxes after After capturing Athens, he returns to his home and life, and only a few years later, the Achaemenid army under the command of Mardonia decides to capture Athens in the battle of Plata, but they are defeated.
Source: movieweb <// p>