It may sound ridiculous, but throughout history, repressive regimes have often created the most artistic works. Perhaps this is precisely because of their repressive nature; Because they subconsciously force filmmakers to use humor, delicacy, and symbolism to present personal views and critique of society. The 36-year dictatorship of Francisco Franco in Spain is no exception. Under his regime, which severely censored the film industry, a wave of filmmakers, including Luis Garcia Berlanga, Juan Antonio Bardem and Carlos Saura, rose to fame and created the new Spanish cinema. These people seriously changed the world of Spanish film, ending the reign of stereotypes and watery melodramas by making a collection of black comedies, feature films, and poetic dramas.
Virtually all of the works on this list They are considered masterpieces of classic Spanish cinema and form the basis of any Spanish film made after this period. Chefs familiar with this period of Spanish cinema will also be pleased to see Jose Luis Lpez Basquez on the list; A prominent actor who is mentioned as an example of an ordinary Spanish man. In this article, we will look at 10 spectacular Spanish films made during the reign of Francisco Franco.
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10. (Mi querida seorita/My Dearest Seorita)
- Director: Jaime de Arminian
- Actors: Jose Luis L pez Basquez, Julietta Serrano, Antonio Francis and
- Product: <1972
- Raton Tomitoz Score: -
- IMDb Movie Score: 7/1 out of 10
- Director: Miguel Picasso
- Actors: Aurora Bautista, Carlos Estrada, Lali Soldovilla and
- Product: 1964
- Raton Tomitosis Score: -
- IMDb to Movie Score: 7/6 out of 10
- Director : Fernando Fernand Gomez
- Actors: Carlos Laraniaga, Tota Alba, Jess Franco and
- Product: 1964
- Raton Tomitoz Score: -
- IMDb Movie Score: 7/8 out of 10
- Director: Carlos Saura
- Actors: Ismail Merlow, Alfredo Mayo, Jose Maria Prada and
- Product: 1966
- Raton Tomitoz Score: 86 out of 100
- IMDb to Movie Score: 7/6 out of 10
- Director: Antonio Mercero
- Cast: Jose Luis Lpez Basquez, Agustn Gonzlez, Tito Garca and
- Product: 1972
- Raton Tomitoz Score: -
- IMDb Score to Movie: 7/9 out of 10
- Director: Juan Antonio Bardem
- Actors: Luca Bose, Alberto Closas, Antonio Casas, Othello Toussaint and
- Product: 1955
- Raton Tomitosis Score: 100 out of 100
- IMDb to Movie Score: 7/7 of 10
- Director: Luis Garcia Berlanga
- Actors: Inino Manfredi, Guido Alberti, Emma Penhia, Jose Luis Lpez Basquez and
- Raton Tomitoz users rating: 90 out of 100
- IMDb movie rating: 8 out of 10
- Director: Victor Erise
- Actors: Fernando Fernand Gomez, Anna Torrent, Teresa Gimpra, Lali Soldovilla and
- Product: 1973
- Raton Tomitosis Score: 96 out of 100
- IMDb to Movie Score: 7/9 out of 10
- : 1961
- : 96 100
- IMDb : 8/1 10
- : 1953
- : 96 100
- IMDb : 8 10
- (Plcido) : : 1961
- (Surcos/Furrows) : : 1951
- (Furtivos/Poachers) : : 1975
- (El ngel exterminador/The Exterminating Angel) : : 1962
Discussions in Franco-dominated Spain were quite taboo; "My Dear Seniorita" was the most dangerous experience of his life; But this is the main reason why the film is exceptional. The sensitive nature of its content led the Basques to present an engaging yet elegant display. In the end, the many challenges and risks that the Armenians had to go through to make the film were all well received. It offers new things to the audience after each viewing. The film not only critiques the rigid ideas of governments and society, but also addresses themes such as loneliness, fusion with modernity, the various challenges of urban life, and the collapse of the Franco monarchy. Is identity; Hidden identities during the dictatorship, the transformation and perhaps the disappearance of identities, and what Michel Foucault calls the "happy purgatory of anonymity." "My Dear Seniorita" was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 45th Academy Awards, and eventually went to "The Hidden Charms of the Bourgeoisie," directed by Luis Buol.
Aunt Tula (La ta Tula/Aunt Tula)
This film deals with the adventures of a 31-year-old woman named Tula; The person who has taken care of the children of his deceased sister. She lives with her nieces and nephew (Ramiro) and, in addition to expressing love for the children, has a good relationship with Ramiro. But this sincere behavior changes dramatically when Ramiro is willing to marry Tula.
Tula's cold behavior at Ramiro's request reflects his religious beliefs and reflects the strict traditions that exist at this time. He is surrounded. American viewers may expect Tula to surrender to Ramiro's request, providing a predictable ending for the audience. But with this Spanish film, Miguel Picasso disappoints those viewers and creates a surprising narrative.
Although Miguel Picasso is not the most well-known filmmaker on the list, "Aunt Tula" is worth watching. It may even be somewhat reminiscent of some of Buol's brilliant creation, Viridiana. "Aunt Tula" won all the important Spanish film awards, but failed to appear successfully in the international arena.
8. A strange journey (El extrao viaje/The Strange Voyage)
The cult film "Strange Journey", which was originally a complete commercial failure, is now considered one of the greatest Spanish films of all time. Fernando Fernand Gomez, best known as a prolific actor with a long and professional career of six decades, directed the film. A spectacular work that combines the trailer, suspense, black comedy and noir aspects to tell an absurd and morbid story; A story of three siblings who eventually arrange a meeting with each other.
This Spanish film was originally known as "Mazaron's Crime", which referred to real events in a small village; But Franco's censors did not allow such a direct reference. However, Gomez changed the title of the film to "Strange Journey" and, through his unique story, sharply criticized the hypocritical community that survived under Franco. Fernando Fernand Gomez cleverly used Ironically, humor, flashbacks, and his cast reflect well the repressive nature of the characters and society of the time. Inspired by a conversation with Carlos Saura and a collaboration with Luis Garcia Berlanga, he created an amazing work that may make it easier for today's Spanish cinematographers and current cinema audiences around the world to discover his true values. In 1996, Spanish critics and theorists selected "Strange Journey" as the seventh best film in the history of their country's cinema.
7. Hunting (La Caza/The Hunt)
Carlos Saura's first international success, "Hunting", blurs the fine line between a simple hunting film and a work centered on the Spanish Civil War. However, "Hunting" is an outstanding and unique psychological trailer. The story of this Spanish film follows the story of three civil war veterans - Jose, Paco and Luis - and one of Paco's relatives. They hunt rabbits in the town of Sensia, in the small province of Toledo; Men who each have a story and have set out on this journey with their own motivations.
At the time of the release of "Hunting", Spain began to open its borders and enter a period of economic recovery. But Saura's intricate and masterful film proves that the Civil War, or at least its memories, did not overwhelm Spain in the 1960s. The film's editing rhythm captures the visual and environmental effects, the suffocating and oppressive atmosphere, which in turn helps to portray the main characters' dementia.
Like Alfred Hitchcock, Saura is a master of suspense in this film. Shows the details, details and psychological deterioration of the men of the story; To the extent that the concept of hunting becomes an inverse factor. When psychological tensions and fears rise, the hunters hunt themselves. In the end, Carlos Saura leaves the viewer alone with a shocking and thought-provoking ending. Failed to receive this award. "Hunting" has had acceptable success at other film festivals in Spain and other countries, so that the film continues to be recognized as one of the most important works in Spain during the Franco era.
6. Telephone Kiosk (La cabina/The Telephone Box)
This 35-minute short film made for television, with virtually no dialogue, may not seem like much at first glance. During this half hour, however, Antonio Mercero conveys concepts that many are able to do in 120 minutes. Was considered modified in Spain; Because the film was released at the end of the Franco regime. Although the short film focuses on modern urban life and Spain's economic growth, it also captures the dark and obscure corners of the country. . He delivers a convincing physical performance and plays an ordinary man trapped inside a telephone kiosk. Although many efforts are made by him, no passer-by is able to help this unfortunate man. This process continues until the seemingly harmless kiosk gradually turns into a terrible nightmare.
Mercero presents his short story in a unique section. In the first part, he introduces the film as a work of comedy and social criticism against Spanish society; Because our poor man has put himself in an absurd position with the phone kiosk. The second part reveals the dramatic tension and suspension because the man realizes that he cannot escape. And in the third part, Antonio Merso's short film turns into a horror and terrifying work; Because the main character and the spectator finally realize the tragic end of this story.
After watching the Spanish film "Telephone Kiosk", you will undoubtedly admit its unique, misleading and influential nature. Perhaps this is why the film tells the common story of sudden and forced disappearances during the Franco dictatorship and depicts Spain in the Buol era; A country that laughs at the misery of others, a society that abuses its inhabitants, and a neighborhood and people who are indifferent to the cruel fate of a human being. In addition to success in his home country and receiving domestic awards, he also won an Emmy Award.
5. Death of a Cyclist M (Death of a Cyclist)
Juan Antonio Bardem was a staunch communist and a staunch advocate of experimentation, social critique, and deeper concepts in Spanish cinema. In this realist and social drama, Bardem expresses his views and criticisms of the Franco regime wholeheartedly; The film resembles a murder mystery and a classic noir.
In the opening minutes of "Death of a Cyclist," the film's title is fully captured. Juan, a professor of mathematics, and Maria Jos, a wealthy woman, have a secret affair. On their way back, they hit an unfortunate cyclist. After a brief reflection on their next move, they finally leave the victim on the side of the road to die; Because in their opinion, keeping this relationship secret is more important. The sequel to the Spanish film focuses on the psychological effects of their actions, and Juan Antonio Bardem illustrates well how their fear and guilt turn into uncontrollable paranoia.
Although the film is a forbidden romance. It begins, but "Death of a Cyclist" is not about a love triangle. In fact, this is an unreliable triangle between Juan, Maria Jose and Rafa - the art critic and regular guest of Juan's epochs. The anxiety of Juan and Mario Jose increases due to the misunderstanding that Rafa may have witnessed the couple on the road. But in the end, his presence in the affair takes place in a different and surprising way. These elements are combined with the most prominent feature of Bardem's style, the use of techniques such as jumppots, the social environments of the bourgeoisie and the working class. In doing so, Bardem criticizes Spanish society; A society in which the rich are above the law and the bourgeoisie seeks only the exploitation of the rich.
The "death of a cyclist" has endless layers for analysis. The Spanish film consistently draws a fine line between knowledge and power and justice and injustice. If you are a serious and persistent fan, you will probably be fascinated by some of the outside facts of this film. For example, you might be interested to know that the voice of Luca Boze, the Italian actress who plays Maria Jose, has been dubbed for the original Spanish release of the film. In addition, Juan Antonio Bardem (director) is the uncle of Javier Bardem, a famous film actor.
4. Executioner (El Verdugo/The Executioner)
Berlanga, with the help of his old friend and screenwriter Rafael Ascona Go around and make this fascinating black comedy. The film tells the life story of Amadeo, a retired executioner who forces a funeral worker to marry his daughter and continue her long-standing job. Like many of Berlanga's films, "The Executioner" relies on a mainstream joke, but culminates in a humorous story full of irony and brilliant dialogue presented by a lively group.
The film ends. The Spanish are based in part on the true story of Jose Monroe; An executioner during Franco's reign who did not want to do his main job. He executed only one man, Heinz Chase, and then left the profession. It looks more effective. Finally, "Executioner" is a sharp critique of the death penalty, the social values of the Franco era, and the moral vices that society can easily impose on us. In addition to receiving Spain's domestic awards, Luis Garcia Berlanga also won the Pfeiffer Award at the Venice Film Festival and was nominated for a Golden Lion.
3. Rand of Honey (El espritu de la colmena/The Spirit of the Beehive)
"The Beehive Spirit" is Victor Erise's first film and one of only three feature films of his career; A film that has no shortage of masterpieces. The story of this Spanish film follows in 1940 - right after the defeat of the Republicans against Franco's army in the Spanish Civil War. Where a teenage girl named Anna falls in love with "Frankenstein" (1931, directed by James Will) after entering a mobile theater in her small town.
Although released in the final years of the Franco regime, But it was still subject to widespread restrictions and censorship. But in spite of all the difficulties and strictures, Victor Erise portrayed his social critiques with the subtlety of artistic symbolism. The "honeycomb spirit" is such that a Spanish film critic or historian can spend hours discussing its hidden meanings; .
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Source: taste of cinema